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Encyclopedia > Kaikoura

Kaikoura is a town on the east coast of the South Island of New Zealand. It is located on State Highway 1 180 km north of Christchurch. Image File history File links Wiki_letter_w. ... Image File history File links Location map of Kaikoura, New Zealand File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Location map of Kaikoura, New Zealand File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... South Island The South Island forms one of the two major islands of New Zealand, the other being the North Island. ... The New Zealand State Highway Shield. ... For other uses, see Christchurch (disambiguation). ...


According to the 2001 census, the permanent resident population is 2,104, a 5% decrease since the 1996 census. The New Zealand government Department Statistics New Zealand conducts a census of population and dwellings every five years. ...

A view of the bay in Kaikoura showing the mountains.
A view of the bay in Kaikoura showing the mountains.

The Kaikoura Peninsula extends into the sea south of the town, and the resulting upwelling currents bring an abundance of marine life from the depths of the nearby Hikurangi Trench. The town owes its origin to this effect, since it developed as a centre for the whaling industry. The name 'Kaikoura' means 'To eat crayfish' ('kai'- to eat, 'koura' - crayfish) and the crayfish industry is a major contributor to the economy of the region. However Kaikoura has now become a popular tourist destination, mainly for whale watching (the Sperm Whale watching is perhaps the best and most developed in the world) and swimming with or near dolphins. There is also a large and readily observed colony of Southern Fur Seals at the eastern edge of the town. At low tide, better viewing of the seals can be had as the ocean gives way to a rocky base which is easily navigable by foot for quite some distance. Download high resolution version (1024x680, 67 KB)A view of the bay in Kaikoura. ... Download high resolution version (1024x680, 67 KB)A view of the bay in Kaikoura. ... The Kaikoura Peninsula is located in the northeast of New Zealands South Island. ... The Hikurangi Trench lies in the Pacific Ocean off the east coast of New Zealand. ... The crew of the oceanographic research vessel Princesse Alice, of Albert Grimaldi (later Prince Albert I of Monaco) pose while flensing a catch. ... Families Astacoidea   Astacidae   Cambaridae Parastacoidea   Parastacidae Crayfish, often referred to as crawfish or crawdad, are freshwater crustaceans resembling small lobsters, to which they are closely related. ... Tourists at Oahu island, Hawaii Tourism is the act of travel for predominantly recreational or leisure purposes, and also refers to the provision of services in support of this act. ... Whale watching off the coast of Bar Harbor, Maine. ... Binomial name Physeter macrocephalus Linnaeus, 1758 Sperm Whale range (in blue) The Sperm Whale (Physeter macrocephalus) is the largest of all toothed whales and is the largest toothed animal alive, measuring up to 18 metres (60 ft) long, as well as being the largest known predator ever to exist, apart... Genera See article below. ... Binomial name Arcetocephalus fosteri Lesson, 1828 The New Zealand (or Southern) Fur Seal is a species of fur seal found around the south coast of Australia, the coast of the South Island of New Zealand, and some of the small islands to the south and east of there. ...


It is also one of the best reasonably accessible places in the world to see open ocean seabirds such as albatrosses. The Sooty Tern is highly aerial and marine and will spend years flying at sea without returning to land. ... Genera Diomedea Thalassarche Phoebastria Phoebetria Albatrosses, of the biological family Diomedeidae, are large seabirds allied to the procellariids, storm-petrels and diving-petrels in the order Procellariiformes (the tubenoses). ...

Town of Kaikoura as seen from the peninsula. Photo by Roderick Eime
Town of Kaikoura as seen from the peninsula. Photo by Roderick Eime
Seaward Kaikoura Range from Kaikora town.
Seaward Kaikoura Range from Kaikora town.

While technically not part of Marlborough, the town boasts the southernmost winery of the Marlborough region. Town of Kaikoura with Seaward Kaikoura Range in background File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Town of Kaikoura with Seaward Kaikoura Range in background File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2580x1932, 810 KB) Self-taken photo from the beach in Kaikoura, New Zealand, facing west towards the Seaward Kaikoura Mountains File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2580x1932, 810 KB) Self-taken photo from the beach in Kaikoura, New Zealand, facing west towards the Seaward Kaikoura Mountains File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...


The town has a strikingly beautiful setting, as the Kaikoura mountains, a branch of the Southern Alps come nearly to the sea at this point on the coast. Because of this, there are many walking tracks up and through the mountains. A common one for tourists is the Mt. Fyffe track, which winds up Mt. Fyffe, and gives a panoramic view of the Kaikoura peninsula at the summit. The Kaikoura Ranges are two parallel ranges of mountains in the northeast of the South Island of New Zealand. ... The Southern Alps is a mountain range which runs along the western side of the South Island of New Zealand. ...


Mt. Fyffe owes its name to the first family to settle in Kaikoura, the Fyffe family. The cottage that they lived in still stands, and is now a tourist attraction.


Transport

The town is on State Highway One and the northern section of the South Island main trunk railway. The town is served by the TranzCoastal long-distance passenger train. State Highway 1 State Highway 1 is the most significant single element of the New Zealand roading network State Highway 1 can be considered as a single highway running the length of both main islands, a total of 2027 km. ... The Main North Line, sometimes referred to as part of the South Island Main Trunk Railway, is an important railway line in New Zealand that runs north from Christchurch up the east coast of the South Island to Picton. ... The South Island Main Trunk Railway runs down the east coast of the South Island of New Zealand, from Picton to Bluff. ... The TranzCoastal is a long-distance passenger train between Picton and Christchurch in the South Island of New Zealand. ...


External links

  • Official Kaikoura Whalewatch Website
  • Official tourism and information site
  • "Where Mountains Meet The Sea" by Roderick Eime

Coordinates: 42°25′S 173°41′E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Encyclopedia: Kaikoura District (1312 words)
Kaikoura is a town on the east coast of the South Island The South Island forms one of the two major islands of New Zealand, the other being the North Island.
Kaikoura Peninsula extends into the sea south of the town, and the resulting upwelling currents bring an abundance of marine life from the depths of the nearby The Hikurangi Trench lies in the Pacific Ocean off the east coast of New Zealand.
Kaikoura mountains, a branch of the The Southern Alps is a mountain range which runs along the western side of the South Island of New Zealand.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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