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Encyclopedia > Kaesong
Kaesong City
Korean Name
McCune-Reischauer Kaesŏng-si
Revised Romanization Gaeseong-si
Hangul 개성시
Hanja 開城市
Short Name Gaeseong (Kaesŏng;
개성; 開城)
Population 145,000 (est. circa 2000)
Area 1309sq km
Government City in North Hwanghae; former Directly Governed City
Split from Gyeonggi, 1951
Joined North Hwanghae, 2003
Dialect Seoul
Location Map
(Note: Map shows boundaries of former Kaesŏng Directly Governed City)
Kaesong, North Korea
Kaesong city centre
Kaesong city centre

Kaesŏng (Gaeseong) is a city in North Hwanghae Province, North Korea, a former Directly Governed City, and the capital of Korea during the Koryo Dynasty. The city is near Kaesŏng Industrial Region. McCune-Reischauer romanization is one of the two most widely used Korean language romanization systems, along with the Revised Romanization of Korean, which replaced (a modified) McCune-Reischauer as the official romanization system in South Korea in 2000. ... The Revised Romanization of Korean (Korean: 국어의 로마자 표기법; 國語의 로마字 表記法) is the official Korean language romanization system in South Korea. ... Hangul also refers to a word processing application widely used in Korea. ... It has been suggested that Sino-Korean be merged into this article or section. ... North Hwanghae (Hwanghae-pukto) is a province of North Korea. ... In North and South Korea, Special cities, Metropolitan Cities, and Directly Governed Cities are cities that have a status equivalent to that of Provinces (Do). ... Gyeonggi is the most populous province in South Korea. ... 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... North Hwanghae (Hwanghae-pukto) is a province of North Korea. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Korean language is spoken in a number of different dialects around the Korean peninsula. ... The Seoul dialect is the basis of the standard dialect of Korean in South Korea. ... From German Wikipedia File links The following pages link to this file: Kaesong Kaesong Industrial Region Categories: GFDL images ... Image File history File links Kaesong. ... Image File history File links Kaesong. ... North Hwanghae (Hwanghae-pukto) is a province of North Korea. ... In North and South Korea, Special cities, Metropolitan Cities, and Directly Governed Cities are cities that have a status equivalent to that of Provinces (Do). ... Korea (한국, Hanguk, or ì¡°ì„ , ChosÇ’n) is a civilization and geographical area situated on the Korean Peninsula in East Asia, bordering China to the northwest and Russia to the northeast, with Japan situated to the southeast across the Korea Strait. ... ... Kaesŏng Industrial Region (Kaesŏng Kongŏp Chigu) is a special administrative region of North Korea. ...

When Yi Songgye overthrew the Koryo Dynasty in 1392 and established the Choson Dynasty, he moved the Korean capital from Kaesŏng to Hanyang (modern-day Seoul). Kaesŏng remained a part of Kyonggi Province until the Korean War. In 1951, the city (which had been part of South Korea) came under North Korean control, and the area around the city was organized into "Kaesŏng Region" (Kaesŏng Chigu; 개성 지구; 開城 地區). In 1955, Kaesŏng became a "Directly Governed City" (Kaesŏng Chikhalsi; 개성 직할시; 開城 直轄市). In 2002, Kaesŏng Industrial Region was formed from part of Kaesŏng. In 2003, the remaining part of Kaesŏng (exluding the Industrial Region) became part of North Hwanghae Province. Taejo of Joseon (1335-1408), born Yi Seonggye, was the founder and the first king of Koreas Joseon Dynasty, overthrowing the Goryeo Dynasty. ... Events December 16 - Emperor Go-Kameyama of Japan abdicates in favor of rival claimant Go-Komatsu, ending the nanboku-cho period of competing imperial courts James of Jülich is boiled alive for pretending to be a bishop and ordaining his own priests Korean founder of the Joseon Dynasty General... The Joseon Dynasty (alternatively, Choson or Chosun) is usually preceded with the title Great. The House of the Junju Yi-Shi, The Royal Family of the Joseon Dynasty, or Ishi Wangjo, was the final ruling Imperial dynasty of Korea, lasting from 1392 until 1910. ... Seoul (IPA: , (help· info)) is the capital and largest city of South Korea (Republic of Korea). ... Gyeonggi is the most populous province in South Korea. ... Combatants UN combatants: South Korea, United States Communist combatants: North Korea, Peoples Republic of China Strength Note: All figures may vary according to source. ... 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday; see its calendar. ... North Korea, officially the Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea (DPRK; Korean: Chosŏn Minjujuŭi Inmin Konghwaguk; Hangul: 조선민주주의인민공화국; Hanja: 朝鮮民主主義人民共和國), is a country in eastern Asia, covering the northern half of the peninsula of Korea. ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For the Cusco album, see 2002 (album). ... Kaesŏng Industrial Region (Kaesŏng Kongŏp Chigu) is a special administrative region of North Korea. ... 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... North Hwanghae (Hwanghae-pukto) is a province of North Korea. ...

The city is close to the Demilitarized Zone that divides North and South Korea. Map of the Korean DMZ. The DMZ is given in red. ...


Former Administrative Divisions

Before 2002, Kaesŏng Directly Governed City was divided into 1 city (Kaesŏng itself) and 3 counties. For the Cusco album, see 2002 (album). ...

  • Kaesŏng-si (개성시, 開城市)
  • Changp'ung-gun (장풍군; 長豊郡)
  • Kaep'ung-gun (개풍군; 開豊郡)
  • P'anmun-gun (판문군; 板門郡)

In 2003, P'anmun-gun and part of Kaesŏng-si were separated from Kaesŏng Directly Governed City and merged to form Kaesŏng Industrial Region. The remaining part of Kaesŏng joined North Hwanghae in 2002. 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

It was formally named Songdo while it was the ancient capital of Koryo. It prospered as a trade center that produced Korean Ginseng, which is famous internationally. It is now the DPRK's light industry centre.


Located in central Korea, along with Kyonggi Province, North Hwanghae Province, South Hwanghae Province and Kangwon Province. Kanghwa Island of Inchon Municipality lies just south, beyond a narrow channel. It covers an area of 1,309 km², the urban district is surrounded by Mountain Songal (489m) and Mountain Pongmyong. Ganghwa Island is an island in the estuary of the Han River, on the west coast of South Korea. ... Incheon Metropolitan City is a metropolitan city and major seaport on the west coast of South Korea, near Seoul. ...


Kaesŏng is connected to Pyongyang and other cities by rail, highways and a dual purpose military and civilian air station.


Koryo Songgyungwan University (Light Industry), Communist University and Art College are located in Kaesŏng. Kaesong history museum has a lot of Koryo arts and cultural relics including Chomsongdae, Manwol Pavilion, Kaesong Nam Gate, Anhwa Temple, the Tomb of King Wanggon and the Tomb of King Kongmin. The suburbs have vestiges of the palaces of the previous royal dynasties. Twenty-four km north of Kaesŏng is the Pagyon Falls and Taehung Castle.


Kaesŏng is DPRK’s light industry centre. The urban district is equipped with a jewel processing factory, ginseng processing factory and an embroidery factory.

See also

  • List of Korea-related topics

This is a list of Wikipedia articles on Korea-related people, places, things, and concepts. ...

External links

  • Travel guide to Kaesong from Wikitravel
  • Korea Tourist Map (English, Korean, Japanese, Chinese)
  • German Website about the City of Kaesong

Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ...

Administrative divisions of North Korea Flag of North Korea
Directly Governed Cities
P'yŏngyang | Rasŏn
Former Directly Governed Cities

Ch'ŏngjin | Hamhŭng | Kaesŏng | Namp'o Administrative divisions of North Korea As of 2004, North Korea consisted of two directly-governed cities (Chikalshi; 직할시;直轄市), three special administrative regions with various designations, and nine provinces (Do, singular and plural; 도; 道). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_North_Korea. ... Pyongyang (평양 / 平壤) is the capital city of North Korea, located in the bottom third (almost direct center) of the country, situated on the Taedong River. ... Rasŏn (formerly Rajin-Sŏnbong) is a Directly Governed City in North Korea, which borders with Jilin province of China and Primorsky Krai of Russia. ... Chŏngjin (Chŏngjin-si), North Koreas third largest city. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Nampo (North Korean official spelling: Nampho) is a city and seaport in South Pyŏngan Province, North Korea. ...

Special Administrative Regions
Kaesŏng Industrial Region | Kŭmgangsan Tourist Region | Sinŭiju Special Administrative Region
Chagang | North Hamgyŏng | South Hamgyŏng | North Hwanghae | South Hwanghae | Kangwŏn | North P'yŏngan | South P'yŏngan | Ryanggang

  Results from FactBites:
Travel in Kaesong - North Korea - Asia - History - WorldTravelGate.net®- (323 words)
One of the oldest cities of Korea, Kaesong was the capital city of Koryo, which was the first unified state on the Korean peninsula, for about 500 years beginning from 918, where the Koryo culture flourished.
Since early times Kaesong enjoyed a certain level of development of the handicraft industry that produced Koryo ceramics, brassware, paper, Indian ink and other stationery and bamboo goods that were in great demand in the Song dynasty of China as valuable goods.
Kaesong is important chiefly for its exports of ginseng, a valuable medicinal root, that has been exported to China and Southeast Asian countries since ancient times.
AllRefer.com - Kaesong, Korea (Korean Political Geography) - Encyclopedia (243 words)
Wang, founder of the Koryo dynasty, made Kaesong his capital; the city, then called Songdo, remained Korea's capital until 1392, when the Yi dynasty moved the capital to Seoul.
Intersected by the 38th parallel, Kaesong served as the main contact point between North and South Korea from 1945 to 1951 and passed from United Nations to North Korean forces several times during the Korean War.
The armistice talks, first held at Kaesong, were later transferred to Panmunjom.
  More results at FactBites »



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