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Encyclopedia > Kadambas

Kadambas was an ancient royal dynasty of Karnataka, who ruled from their capital of Banavasi from (345-525AD) later branched into Goa, Hanagal and Chandavar. Karnataka or Karnātakā (ಕನಾ೯ಟಕ in Kannada) is one of the four southern states of India. ... Goa (गोआ in Devanāgarī) is Indias smallest state in terms of area and the fourth smallest in terms of population after Sikkim, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh. ... This is place in Haveri District ( old Dharwad District) in Karanataka. ...


The dynasty was founded by Mayura Sharma in circa 345 AD. Ancestors were said to have migrated from the foothills of the Himalayas. Subjected to some sort of humiliation at the court of the Pallavas, the young Brahmin renounced his hereditary priestly vocation and took to the life of a fierce warrior and battled the Pallavas, who were forced to recognize him as a sovereign, when he crowned himself at Banavasi. One of his successors, Kakusta Varma (circa 435) was such a powerful ruler that even the Guptas cultivated marital relationships. The great poet Kalidasa is said to have visited his court. Tiring of the endless battles and bloodshed, one of the later descendants, King Shivakoti adopted Jainism. Events Births John Chrysostom, Christian bishop and preacher Deaths Pachomius, early monasticist (approximate date) Bishop Nicholas of Myra, Roman priest (or 352). ... The Himalaya is a mountain range in Asia, separating the Indian subcontinent from the Tibetan Plateau. ... The Pallavas were hereditary Hindu rulers who dominated southeastern India between the 4th and 9th centuries. ... Events August 3 - Nestorius is exiled by Imperial edict to a monastery in a Sahara oasis. ... Silver coin of the Gupta King Kumara Gupta I (414-455) CE. The Gupta Empire was an Indian empire ruled by the Gupta dynasty in ancient India from around 320 to 550 CE. // Origins The origins of the Guptas are shrouded in obscurity. ... Pre-Kushana Ayagapatta from Mathura Jainism (pronounced in English as //), traditionally known as Jain Dharma (जैन धर्म) , is a religion and philosophy originating in the prehistory of South Asia. ...


The Kadambas went on to build numerous Jain temples that are scattered around Banavasi, Belgaum, Mangalore and Goa. Kings and Queens of the dynasty were renowned for their support of literature, arts and liberal grants to temples and educational institutions. Several descendants are scattered around present day Goa, Belgaum, Mangalore and Bangalore. Belgaum is a town located in the northwest region of the state of Karnataka in India. ... Mangalore, originally called Mangalooru, is the chief port city of the state of Karnataka, India. ... Goa (गोआ in Devanāgarī) is Indias smallest state in terms of area and the fourth smallest in terms of population after Sikkim, Mizoram and Arunachal Pradesh. ...


Kadambas were the first rulers to use Kannada as the official administrative language. The Adikavi (First known poet of Kannada) Pampa highly spoke of this kingdom in his writings. Following are his famous quotes on Banavasi: "Aaramkushamittodam nenevudenna manam banavasi deshamam", (I shall cherish the sweet memories of Banavasi even when tortured), Maridumbiyagi mEN Kogileyagi puttuvudu nandanadol Banavasi deshadol"(As a bee or as nightingle should one born here in this beautiful country of Banavasi). The Madhukeshwara (Lord Shiva) temple built by them still exists in Banavasi, the then capital of Kadamba kingdom. Built in 10th century Ad and renovated many times, the temple is a very good piece of art. The stone cot with wonderful fine carvings is one of the main tourist attractions in the temple. Kannada (ಕನ್ನಡ ; also, less commonly, Kanarese) is one of the major Dravidian languages of southern India. ... For the poet called Pampa (902–975 CE), see Kannada literature. ... Lord Śiva. ...


Kadambotsava ("The festival of Kadamba) a festival is celebrated every year by Government of Karnataka in memory of this kingdom.


On May 31, 2005 Defence minister Pranab Mukherjee commissioned India's most advanced and first dedicated military naval base named INS Kadamba after the Kadamba dynasty, in Karwar. Karwar Karwar is the capital of Uttara Kannada district in Karnataka in India. ...


Origin of Kadambas

The Devagiri Plates of Krishna Varman I connect the Kadamba family with the Nagas. Another account speaks of the Nanda origin of the Kadambas. There is also a Jain tradition according to which Mauryavarman was the son of the sister of Ananda Jinavritindra. These legends do not in any way put the speculations to rest; and they cannot explain the origin of the Kadamba family. The only plausible account of the origin of the Kadamba dynasty is available in the Talagunda pillar inscription of Santivarma. According to Dr. B. L. Rice, " It gives what appears to be a realistic and true account of the Kadamba line of Kings, free from numerous legends that are current regarding it". It describes at length the circumstances that led to the founding of the Kingdom by Mayurasarman, who by his Kshatriya demeanour came to be known as Mayuravarma. Daulatabad (from Persian دولت‌آباد meaning Built by the Government), also called Deogiri or Devagiri, is a hill-fortress in Maharashtra state, India, in about 40 miles northwest of the city of Aurangabad in Aurangabad district. ... The word Naga can refer to several different things. ... JAIN is an activity within the Java Community Process, developing APIs for the creation of telephony (voice and data) services. ...


The Talagunda inscription narrates how Mayurasarma proceeded to Kanchi, along with his guru, Virasarma to prosecute his Vedic studies at a Ghatika. There, owing to some misunderstanding between him and a Pallava guard, a quarrel arose in which Mayurasarma was humiliated. In high rage, the Brahmana discontinued his studies, left Kanchi, swearing vengeance on the impudent Pallavas, and had recourse to arms. The inscription does not miss the opportunity to provide a dramatic effect to the event, and says: " with the hand dexterous in grasping the Kusa grass, the fuel and the stones, the ladle, the melted butter and the oblation vessel, unsheathed a flaming sword, eager to conquer the Earth". An open rebel against the Pallava authority and arrogance, Mayurasarma collected an army and routed the Pallava officers guarding the frontier and occupied the area of Sriparvata (Srisailam). He then subdued the Brihad-Bana and other kings and collected tributes from them. Unable to tame the power of Mayura, the Pallava rulers thought it wise to compromise with him and acknowledged his sway over the territory from the Western Ocean to Prehara. Kanchipuram, Kanchi, or Kancheepuram (also sometimes Conjeevaram) is the name of a temple town and the headquarters of Kanchipuram district in Tamil Nadu, India. ... References ^ Tirha, B. B. A Taste of Trascendence, (2002) p. ... The adjective Vedic may refer to The Vedas, the oldest preserved Indo-Aryan texts. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Brahmana (Sanskrit ब्राह्मण) are part of the Hindu Shruti; They are composed in Vedic Sanskrit, and the period of their composition is sometimes referred to as the Brahmanic period or age (approximately between 900 BC and 500 BC). ...


Politically, the success of Mayurasarma should be viewed, as scholars like Dr. G. M. Moraes and Prof. K. A. Nilakanta Sastri have pointed out, in context of the confusion that prevailed in the South after the invasion of Samudragupta. Mayura was successful in exploiting the situation to his advantage. It has also been argued that the whole event was a reflection of the revolt of the Brahmanas against the Kshatriya misrule and tyranny. In fact, Mayura, after he successfully defied the Pallava authority, preferred to change his surname 'Sarma' to 'Varma', which was indicative of the Kshatriya status. Samudragupta, ruler of the Gupta Empire (c. ...


The political career of Mayura did not stagnate after he secured a base for his ambition. He soon defied the authority of the Pallavas and proclaimed his independence. His Chandravalli record says that he subdued the Traikutas, Abhiras, Pallavas, Pariyatraka, Sakasthana, Mokhari, Punnata and Sayindhakas. Pariyatraka was the region of the Western Ghats between the Aravalli and the Vindhyas. Sayindhakas were the Sendrakas governing a part of the Shimoga area while Punnata was the Heggadadevanakote region. Dr. P.B. Desai thinks that though it is not improbable that Mayurasarma came into conflict with some of these kings, it is doubtful he went as far as the Sakasthana and Mokhari which are identified with the territories of the Sakas of Ujjaini and the Maukharis of Rajasthan. Dr. K. P. Jayaswal is convinced that Mayurasarma's Kingdom was confined to Karnataka. However, it is said that in commemoration of his spectacular victories, Mayura performed the Aswamedha sacrifice to advertise his sovereignty. Enlarge this map of South India to see details about Western Ghats Nelliampathi mountains, Kerala A view from Ponmudi The Western Ghats or Sahyadri mountains (as they are known in the state of Maharashtra) run along the western edge of Indias Deccan Plateau, and separate the plateau from a... The Aravalli Range is a range of mountains in western India running approximately 300 miles northeast-southwest across Rajasthan state. ... The Vindhya range The Vindhya Range is a range of hills in central India, which geographically separates The Indian subcontinent into northern India and Southern India. ... Shimoga (ಶಿವಮೊಗ್ಗ in Kannada, locally known as Shivamogga) is a city in west-central Karnataka state, India. ...


Prakrit had the status of an official language under the early Kadamba rulers. But by the time of Kakusthavarma, Sanskrit came to be increasingly adopted. Kannada too was assuming greater importance by the 5th century A.D. as evidenced by the Halmidi inscription. Prakrit (Sanskrit prakrta: natural, usual) refers to the broad family of the Indic languages and dialects spoken in ancient India. ... Sanskrit ( संस्कृतम्) is a classical language of India and a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. ...


The contribution of the Kadambas to the architectural heritage of Karnataka is certainly worthy of recognition. Dr. G. M. Moraes believes that the Kadamba style can be identified and that it has a few things in common with the Chalukyan and the Pallava styles. They also drew from the architectural tradition of the Satavahanas. It has also been pointed out that in architecture and sculpture, the Kadambas contributed to the foundation of the later Chalukya-Hoysala style.


External links

  • http://www.kamat.com/kalranga/deccan/kadamba.htm
  • About the Kadambas of Banavasi (Ref. History of Karnataka by Dr.Arthikaje)

 
 

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