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Encyclopedia > Kabul province
Kabul
کابل
Map of Afghanistan with Kabul کابل highlighted.
Capital
 • Coordinates
Kabul
 • 34.00° N 69.00° E
Population (2006)
 • Density
3,138,100 [1]
 • /km²
Area
4,462 km²
Time zone {{{time_zone}}}
Main language(s) Persian (Dari)
Pashto

Kābul (Persian: کابل), situated central region of the country, is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan. The capital of the province is Kabul City, which is also the nation's capital and is situated at an elevation of about 1800m (5,900 ft) above sea level, making it one of the highest capital cities in the world. In the early 13th century, Kabul was considered one of the most educated and beautiful places in the world. It has since been demolished in heavy wars and strong political movements as well as invasions of foreign powers. It's also one of the country's most cosmopolitan area and is the center of government. The current governor of Kabul province is Haji Din Mohammad. Image File history File links Afghanistan-Kabul. ... Subnational entity is a generic term for an administrative region within a country — on an arbitrary level below that of the sovereign state — typically with a local government encompassing multiple municipalities, counties, or provinces with a certain degree of autonomy in a varying number of matters. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... For other places with the same name, see Kabul (disambiguation). ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Dari (Persian: ) is the official name for the Persian language in Afghanistan, popularly and locally known as Farsi. ... Pashto (‎, IPA: also known as Pakhto, Pushto, Pukhto ‎, Pashtoe, Pashtu, Pushtu or Pushtoo) is a language spoken by Pashtuns living in Afghanistan and western Pakistan. ... Farsi redirects here. ... The Provinces of Afghanistan (locally recognized as wilayats) are the primary political subdivisions of Afghanistan. ... Kabul (34°32′ N 69°10′ E, Kâbl, in Persian کابل) is the capital and largest city of Afghanistan with a population variously estimated at 2 to 4 million. ... Haji Din Mohammed is an Afghan politician and the present Governor of the Kabul Province. ...

Contents

Geography

Kabul City
Kabul City

Kabul is located between Latitude 34-31' North and Longitude 69-12' East at an altitude of 1800 m (6000 feet) above sea level, which makes it one of the world's highest capital cities. Kabul is strategically situated in a valley surrounded by high mountains at crossroads of north-south and east-west trade routes. One million year ago the Kabul region was surrounded from south-east between Lowgar and Paghman Mountains; Charikar in the north and the Ningai Ghar mountains in the west. This region formed an icy sea. In the Silurian time, at the end of ice era, the icebergs are melted gradually and the territory of this region was poured by water under heavy raining. Some deep wells in the region of today's Poli Charkhi in the east part of city are the evidence of that time. Kabul is surrounded by Koh-e Paghman Mountain from the east, Koh-e Qrough Mountain from the south-west, Koh-e Shirdarwaza Mountain from the north-east. Kabul has only one river which is called Kabul River. Kabul River rises at the Paghman Mountain toward South Pass about 70 km (45 miles) west of Kabul. It flows in an easterly direction, past Kabul, and through Jalalabad city, and then on to Dakka where it enters Pakistani territory and finally runs into the Indus at Attock. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 468 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 468 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... The Logar (also Lowgar) is a river and valley of Afghanistan. ... Paghman is a town in the hills near Kabul, Afghanistan. ... Capital of Parvan one of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan. ... Kabul River or Kabal River (Persian: دریای کابل) is a river that rises in the Sanglakh Range of Afghanistan, separated from the watershed of the Helmand by the Unai Pass. ... For the city in Kyrgyzstan, see Jalal-Abad. ... Akbars Fort at Attock Attock (Urdu: اٹک) is a city located in the northern border of the Punjab province of Pakistan, and also a border district on the river Indus. ...


The climate within region of Kabul is considered to be arid to semi-arid steppe. Because of the very low amounts of precipitation, especially from May to November, Kabul can be very dry and dusty. Extreme temperature changes occur from night to day, season to season, and from place to place. The chief characteristic of Afghanistan's climate is a blue cloudless sky with over 300 days of sunshine yearly. Even during the winter, skies usually remain clear between snowfalls, which are on average 15 to 30cm annually. The daily temperature in winter is -15 to -20 degrees Celsius (°C), and in summer +15 to +30°C. The coldest month of the year is January when the average temperature is -12°C, and the hottest month is July when the average is 25°C. The maximum temperature has been recorded as +36.9°C in July and the minimum as -21.7°C in February. This article is about arid terrain. ... Semi-arid generally describes regions that receive low annual rainfall (25 to 50 cm /10 to 20 in) and generally have scrub or grass vegetation. ... This article is about the ecological zone type. ... For other uses, see Celsius (disambiguation). ...


History

Kabul's history dates back more than 5,000 years. It was once the center of Zoroastrianism [1] and subsequently also a home for thousands of Buddhists and Hindus. The Arabs tried to conquer the area in the 7th century, but they were defeated by the Hindu Shahi's of Kabul. The area was conquered by Mahmud Ghaznavid in 1002, when the Hindu Shahi King Jay Pala committed suicide. It was overshadowed by Ghazni and Herat until Babur made it his capital in 1504. It remained under Moghul rule until its capture in 1738 by Nader Shah of Persia followed by Ahmad Shah Durrani. It succeeded Kandahar as Afghanistan's capital in 1776. Zoroastrianism is the religion and philosophy based on the teachings ascribed to the prophet Zoroaster (Zarathustra, Zartosht). ... Statues of Buddha such as this, the Tian Tan Buddha statue in Hong Kong, remind followers to practice right living. ... This article is about the Hindu religion; for other meanings of the word, see Hindu (disambiguation). ... Languages Arabic other minority languages Religions Predominantly Sunni Islam, as well as Shia Islam, Greek Orthodoxy, Greek Catholicism, Roman Catholicism, Alawite Islam, Druzism, Ibadi Islam, and Judaism Footnotes a Mainly in Antakya. ... The 7th century is the period from 601 - 700 in accordance with the Julian calendar in the Christian Era. ... Mahmud and Ayaz The Sultan is to the right, shaking the hand of the sheykh, with Ayaz standing behind him. ... Ghazni (Persian: غزنی , Ğaznī) is a city in eastern Afghanistan, with an estimated population of 149,998 people. ... Herāt (Persian: ‎ ) is a city in western Afghanistan, in the province also known as Herāt. ... Zāhir ud-Dīn Mohammad, commonly known as Bābur (February 14, 1483 – December 26, 1530) (Chaghatay/Persian: ; also spelled ), was a Muslim Emperor from Central Asia who founded the Mughal dynasty of India. ... The Mughal Empire (alternative spelling Mogul, which is the origin of the word Mogul) of India was founded by Babur in 1526, when he defeated Ibrahim Lodi, the last of the Delhi Sultans at the First Battle of Panipat. ... Nāder Shāh Afshār (Persian: ; also known as Nāder Qoli Beg - نادر قلی بیگ or Tahmāsp Qoli Khān - تهماسپ قلی خان) (August 6, 1698[1] – June 19, 1747) ruled as Shah of Iran (1736–47) and was the founder of the Afsharid dynasty. ... Map showing the pre-2004 Khorasan Province in Iran Khorasan (Persian: خراسان) (also transcribed as Khurasan and Khorassan, anciently called Traxiane during Hellenistic and Parthian times is currently a region located in north eastern Iran, but historically referred to a much larger area east and north-east of the Persian Empire... See Ahmad Shah Qajar for the Persian ruler (1909-1925). ... This article is about the city in Afghanistan. ...


During the Afghan Wars in 1839, the British army took over Kabul. In 1842, the withdrawing British troops were ambushed and almost annihilated after the Afghans had promised them safe conduct; in retaliation another British force partly burned Kabul. The British again occupied the city in 1879, after their resident staff were massacred there. On December 23, 1979, Soviet armed forces landed at Kabul International Airport to help bolster a Communist government. A series of three wars between the United Kingdom and Afghanistan in the 19th century and early 20th century was formerly called the Afghan Wars but is now referred to as the Anglo-Afghan wars perhaps to distinguish them from the civil strife in the 1980s. ... Kabul International Airport (IATA: KBL, ICAO: OAKB) also known as Khwaja Rawash Airport is located 16 kilometers (9 miles) from downtown Kabul, Afghanistan. ...


Kabul became the Soviet command center for approximately 10 years during their stay in Afghanistan. In February 1989, Soviet forces withdrew from the city after they were defeated by the Afghan Mujahideens. In spring of 1992 the government of Mohammad Najibullah collapsed, Kabul fell into the hands of Mujahideen forces. Destruction of the city increased as the coalition of the parties broke into rival warring factions, and much of Kabul was damaged. In 1996 the Taliban took over the city and started a new strict Islamic Sharia law which included Islamic schools, government, clothing, food, and recruitment to Al Qaeda, impacting the Afghan people's daily life. Some people happier with the strict Islamic laws, while some were unhappy. For the Iranian opposition group, see Peoples Mujahedin of Iran. ... Dr. Mohammad Najibullah (Pashto/Persian: ‎ ; born 1947, died September 27, 1996) was the fourth and last President of the communist Democratic Republic of Afghanistan. ... For the Iranian opposition group, see Peoples Mujahedin of Iran. ... The Taliban (Pashto: , also anglicized as Taleban) are a Sunni Muslim and ethnic Pashtun movement [2] that ruled most of Afghanistan from 1996 until 2001, when their leaders were removed from power by a cooperative military effort between the Northern Alliance, United States, Canada, Australia and the United Kingdom. ... This article is about Islamic religious law. ...


On September 11, 2001, the World Trade Center was hit by Osama bin Laden's Al Qaeda group. On November 12, 2001, American military forces finally took over Kabul City, the Taliban forces fled by then. Kabul was under a new regime, and re-construction of new buildings, schools, and universities slowly began. is the 254th day of the year (255th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... For other uses, see World Trade Center (disambiguation). ... Osama bin Muhammad bin Awad bin Laden (Arabic: ‎; born March 10, 1957[1]), most often mentioned as Osama bin Laden or Usama bin Laden, is a Saudi Arabian militant Islamist and is widely believed to be one of the founders of the organization called al-Qaeda. ... Map of major attacks attributed to al-Qaeda Al-Qaeda (also al-Qaida or al-Qaida or al-Qaidah) (Arabic: ‎ , translation: The Base) is an international alliance of terrorist organizations founded in 1988[4] by Osama bin Laden and other veteran Afghan Arabs after the Soviet War in... is the 316th day of the year (317th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Kabul (34°32′ N 69°10′ E, Kâbl, in Persian کابل) is the capital and largest city of Afghanistan with a population variously estimated at 2 to 4 million. ...


Politics

Kabul has been long known for its politics and different warlords. It was under the control of many political groups and warlords when Mohammad Najibullah's government collapsed. Kabul city was in the hands of many political groups who fought for power until it was taken over by the Taliban in 1996 and its politics was changed. Kabul's politics become more aligned with the Islamic regime and new laws were introduced by the Taliban. There was only one leader for Afghanistan Mullah Omar, the head of Taliban who ran Kabul's political party until the US invaded on October 7, 2001. New laws and humanities came in effect to enable Kabul to recover from the destruction caused by the Taliban. Loya Jirga took place to solve the current political problems and situations in Kabul and introduce new laws. Kabul citizens have been given the right to vote. A warlord is a person with power who has de facto military control of a subnational area due to armed forces loyal to the warlord and not to a central authority. ... The Taliban (Pashto: , also anglicized as Taleban) are a Sunni Muslim and ethnic Pashtun movement [2] that ruled most of Afghanistan from 1996 until 2001, when their leaders were removed from power by a cooperative military effort between the Northern Alliance, United States, Canada, Australia and the United Kingdom. ... Mullah Mohammed Omar (Pashto: ملا محمد عمر) (born c. ... is the 280th day of the year (281st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... [[Image:Loya_Jirga_2002. ...

Politicians of Afghanistan having lunch with President Hamid Karzai and visiting U.S. President George W. Bush in Kabul on March 1, 2006.
Politicians of Afghanistan having lunch with President Hamid Karzai and visiting U.S. President George W. Bush in Kabul on March 1, 2006.

After being re-scheduled twice, Afghanistan's presidential elections were held on October 9, 2004. Over 8 million Afghans voted in the elections. The Joint Electoral Management Body of Afghanistan certified the elections on November 3rd, and declared Hamid Karzai, the interim President, the winner with 55.4% of the vote. Karzai's strongest opponent, Yunis Qanooni, received 16.3% of the vote. The elections were not without controversy; allegations of fraud and ballot stuffing were brought up by many of the presidential candidates including Yunis Qanooni. Many felt that Hamid Karzai had an unfair advantage over the other candidates as he had access to financial and logistical resources that many of the other candidates did not have. A panel of international experts was set up to investigate the matter. The panel did find evidence of voting irregularities, however, they said that it was not enough to affect the outcome of the elections. Some people claimed that they were forced to vote for the current president and some claim that they were paid to do so. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Afghanistan has only intermittently been a republic - between 1973-1992 and from 2001 onwards - at other times being governed by a variety of kings, emirs and (under the mujahideen and Taliban regimes in the 1990s) Islamist rulers. ... Hamid Karzai (Pashto: حامد کرزي) (b. ... For the pop band, see Presidents of the United States of America. ... George Walker Bush (born July 6, 1946) is the forty-third and current President of the United States of America, originally inaugurated on January 20, 2001. ... An election is a decision making process whereby people vote for preferred political candidates or parties to act as representatives in government. ... is the 282nd day of the year (283rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Hamid Karzai (Pashto: حامد کرزي) (b. ...


With help from the United States and the United Nations, Afghanistan adopted its new constitution, establishing the country as an Islamic Republic, in early January 2004. According to the constitution, the Afghan government consists of a powerful and popularly elected President, two Vice Presidents, and a National Assembly consisting of two houses: the House of People (Wolesi Jirga), and the House of Elders (Meshrano Jirga). There is also an independent Judiciary branch consisting of the Supreme Court (Stera Mahkama), High Courts and Appeal Courts. The President appoints the members of the Supreme Court with the approval of the Wolesi Jirga. Assembly elections were planned for late 2005. The House of the People, also known natively as the The Wolesi Jirga is the lower house of the bicameral national assembly of Afghanistan. ... The House of Elders, also natively known as the Meshrano Jirga is the upper house of the bicameral national assembly of Afghanistan. ... The Afghan Supreme Court (Stera Mahkama) is the court of last resort in Afghanistan. ...


Economy

Most of Kabul's economy depended on its tourists in the 1960s and 1970s. Kabul had textile, cotton production, and carpet production industries, but most of its economy came through tourism which it lost during its destruction. Kabul's produces include: natural gas, cotton, wool, carpets, agriculture, and some small production companies. Kabul has trade partnerships with the UK, France, Germany, USA, India, South Korea, Turkmenistan, Kenya, Russia, Pakistan, China, Iran. Kabul's economy was influenced by the American power and has increased by almost 3500% after being down for 25 years. A new currency was introduced to Afghans which helped the economy. New business was in the new regime. Many American industries were interested in the new Kabul and many new companies have since then opened their branches in Kabul. The Kabul City Centre Mall was built and has nearly 100 shops. [2] The economy is in a boom level and is increasing dramatically. Home costs are going up as well as wages of employees. The cost of living has increased dramatically which is a problem for the non-educated Afghans, who cannot support themselves. The UN also helps Afghans in need of help by providing aid, food and school materials for schools. Many international aid organizations are contributing to the Afghanistan economy.


Demographics

Kabul province is made up of 15 districts.
Kabul province is made up of 15 districts.

Kabul is a mosaic of ethnic groups although the majority of its population speak the Persian language (usually of the Dari dialect). There is also a significant number of Pashto-speakers as well. Bilingualism is common in the area because of the large movements of people from other provinces into Kabul Province. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,056 × 816 pixels, file size: 32 KB, MIME type: image/png) Map of the districts of Kabul province of Afghanistan. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 776 × 600 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,056 × 816 pixels, file size: 32 KB, MIME type: image/png) Map of the districts of Kabul province of Afghanistan. ... Farsi redirects here. ... Dari (Persian: ) is the official name for the Persian language in Afghanistan, popularly and locally known as Farsi. ... Pashto (پښتو; also known as Afghan, Pushto, Pashto, Pashtoe, Pashtu, and Pukhto) is the language spoken by the ethnic Afghan otherwise known as the Pashtun people who inhabit Afghanistan and the Western provinces of Pakistan. ...


The ethnic Tajiks make up the largest percentage of the population of the province, while there are other important minorities like Pashtuns, Hazaras, Uzbeks, Turkmens, Balochis, Sikhs and Hindus that are found mainly in the capital city. Language(s) Persian (varieties of Dari and Tajiki) Religion(s) Islam (predominantly Sunni, with sizable Ithna Ashari and Ismaili minorities) Tājīk (Persian: ; UniPers: Tâjik; Tajik: ) is a term generally applied to Persian-speaking peoples of Iranian origin living east of Iran. ... The Pashtuns (also Pushtun, Pakhtun, ethnic Afghan, or Pathan) are an ethno-linguistic group consisting mainly of eastern Iranian stock living primarily in eastern and southern Afghanistan, and the North West Frontier Province, Federally Administered Tribal Areas and Baluchistan provinces of Pakistan. ... Language(s) Hazaragi/Dari (Hazaragi and Dari dialects) Religion(s) Shia, some Sunni Related ethnic groups Mongol, Turkic, Iranian The Hazara are an ethnic group who reside mainly in the central region of Afghanistan, called Hazarajat or Hazaristan. ... The Baloch (Persian: بلوچ alternative transliterations Baluch, Balouch, Balooch, Balush, Balosh, Baloosh, Baloush et al. ... Religions Sikhism Scriptures Guru Granth Sahib Languages English, Punjabi] A Sikh (English: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ) is an adherent to Sikhism. ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ...


About 85% of the population is Sunnite while 14% include Shi'ites. Sikhism and Hinduism form the remaining 1%. Sunni Islam (Arabic سنّة) is the largest denomination of Islam. ... Shī‘a Islam, also Shi‘ite Islam, or Shi‘ism (Arabic ) is the second largest denomination of the Islamic faith. ... Sikhism (IPA: or ; Punjabi: , , IPA: ), founded on the teachings of Guru Nanak Dev and nine successive gurus in fifteenth century Northern India, is the fifth-largest religion in the world. ... hinduism also involves the exchange of male pun. ...

District Headquarters Population[2][3] Ethnic composition[4]
Bagrami Bagrami 85,000 60% Pashtuns, 40% Tajiks
Chahar Asyab Qalai Naeem 32,500 Pashtuns and Tajiks are the majority followed by a few Hazaras
Deh Sabz Tarakhel 47,900 50% Tajiks, 50% Pashtuns
Farza Dehnawe Farza 19,100 Mixture of Tajiks and Pashtuns
Guldara Guldara 20,300 60% Tajiks, 40% Pashtuns
Istalif Istalif 29,800 Tajiks are majority followed by Pashtuns and Hazara
Kabul (capital) Kabul (capital) 2,536,300 45% Tajiks, 25% Pashtuns, 25% Hazaras, 2% Uzbek, 1% Balochi, 1% Turkmen, 1% others[5]
Kalakan Kalakan 26,900 90% Tajiks, 10% Pashtuns
Khaki Jabbar Khak-i Jabbar 75,000 75% Pashtuns, 25% Tajiks
Mir Bacha Kot Mir Bacha Kot 46,300 95% Tajiks, 5% Pashtuns
Mussahi Mussahi 30,000 90% Pashtuns, 10% Tajiks
Paghman Paghman 150,000 50% Tajiks, 50% Pashtuns
Qarabagh Qara Bagh 67,700 60% Tajiks, 40% Pashtuns
Shakardara Shakar Dara 72,900 90% Tajiks, 10% Pashtuns
Surobi Surobi 150,000 90% Pashtuns, and the rest are Pashais

Bagrami District is located in the central part of Kabul Province in Afghanistan. ... The town of Bagrami is situated very close to Kabul in the East on at 1797 m altitude. ... The Pashtuns (also Pushtun, Pakhtun, or ethnic Afghan; in referring to the period of the British Raj or earlier, sometimes Pathan) are an ethnic/religious group of people, living primarily in Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India who follow Pashtunwali, their indigenous religion. ... Language(s) Persian (varieties of Dari and Tajiki) Religion(s) Islam (predominantly Sunni, with sizable Ithna Ashari and Ismaili minorities) Tājīk (Persian: ; UniPers: Tâjik; Tajik: ) is a term generally applied to Persian-speaking peoples of Iranian origin living east of Iran. ... Char Asiab District is situated in the southern part of the Kabul province in Afghanistan. ... Qalai Naeem is a village in eastern Afghanistan. ... Language(s) Hazaragi/Dari (Hazaragi and Dari dialects) Religion(s) Shia, some Sunni Related ethnic groups Mongol, Turkic, Iranian The Hazara are an ethnic group who reside mainly in the central region of Afghanistan, called Hazarajat or Hazaristan. ... Deh Sabz District is situated northeast of Kabul City in Afghanistan. ... The village of Tarakhel is the center of Dih Sabz District in Kabul Province,Afghanistan. ... Farza District is a new district of Kabul province in Afghanistan. ... The village of Dehnawe Farza(Deh Now-ye Farzah) is the center of the Farza District, Kabul Province, Afghanistan. ... Guldara District is located in the northwestern part of Kabul Province in Afghanistan. ... The village of Guldara ( Gūḏāra,Gudara,Gowdārah) is the center of Guldara District in the Kabul Province,Afghanistan. ... The Istalif District is located in the northwestern part of the Kabul Province in Afghanistan. ... Istalif is a village about 18 miles northwest of Kabul, Afghanistan. ... For other places with the same name, see Kabul (disambiguation). ... For other places with the same name, see Kabul (disambiguation). ... The Kalakan District is located in the northern part of the Kabul Province, Afghanistan. ... The village of Kalakan is located on at 1610 m altitude. ... The Khaki Jabbar District is a mountainous district situated in the eastern part of the Kabul Province in Afghanistan. ... The village of Khak-i Jabbar is the center of Khaki Jabbar District,Kabul Province,Afghanistan. ... The Mir Bacha Kot District is situated in the central part of the Kabul Province in Afghanistan. ... The village of Mir Bacha Kot is the center of Mir Bacha Kot District,Kabul Province,Afghanistan. ... The Mussahi District is situated in the southern part of Kabul Province in Afghanistan. ... The village of Mussahi (Masai) is the center of Mussahi District of Kabul Province in Afghanistan. ... The Paghman District is situated in the western part of the Kabul Province in Afghanistan. ... Paghman is a town in the hills near Kabul, Afghanistan. ... The Qarabagh District is located 50 kilometers north of Kabul City in Afghanistan, and 20 kilometers southeast of Bagram Airbase. ... The town of Qara Bagh is the center of Qarabagh District,Kabul Province,Afghanistan. ... The Shakardara District is situated in the central part of the Kabul Province in Afghanistan. ... The village of Shakar Dara(Shaker Dareh) is the center of the Shakardara District,Kabul Province,Afghanistan. ... The Surobi District is situated in the north-eastern part of the Kabul Province of Afghanistan, approximately 70 km north of Kabul City. ... The town of Surobi(Sarobi,Surawbi,Surobay) is the center of Surobi District,Kabul Province,Afghanistan. ... Minority Afghan group living throughout Afghanistan but mostly in Nooristan, Kabul, Badakhshan, Konar and Laghman. ...

Transportation

Transportation in Kabul is improving as the numbers of new vehicles and experienced drivers are increasing. There is public transportation service in the Kabul vicinity, but many roads are in disrepair. Drivers are also impeded by the large number of cyclists. More vehicles are seen in the city because people are purchasing cars. Taxi cabs are found everywhere in the city, also in most of the districts of Kabul. Image File history File linksMetadata Millie_Bus_of_Kabul. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Millie_Bus_of_Kabul. ...


Kabul's Milli Bus (National Bus) system, which has about 800 buses, provides service to the city and nearby areas. There are several new highways in the province, and the government has scheduled to rebuild most of the smaller roads. Funding for the roads comes from current drivers who must pay toll charges for driving on highways and major roads. The money is collected by the government through issuing motorists monthly, quarterly or annual inspection certificates that are affixed to the windshield of their vehicles.


Trucks are used to transport goods from one district to another, or to other cities of the country. The Afghan government, with the help of foreign companies or organizations, have begun work on many of Kabul's roads. Auto companies like Honda, Toyota, Ford Motor Company, and Chevrolet have also been reintroduced in Kabul. This article is about the Japanese motor corporation. ... This article is about the automaker. ... “Ford” redirects here. ... Chevrolet (IPA: - French origin) (colloquially Chevy) is a brand of automobile, produced by General Motors (GM). ...


Education

School students in Kabul.

Kabul is Afghanistan's center for education. People from all over the world, including from all the provinces of the country come to Kabul for education. There are many schools and universities that have opened doors for men and women. In the 1970s, about 55% of Kabul's population was educated without materials or proper learning resources to get a proper education. Most of the young children are sent to work by their parents to support their living costs. The education rate has declined dramatically during the last 20 years. Most of the schools in Kabul were set as battle points during the wars and have been demolished. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


Kabul's education level is going up now by the help of many international organizations, and more people are being sent back to schools to get a degree. The value of education is being reintroduced in the communities, and they are encouraged to send their children to schools for a better education and a better life. Most of the people of Afghanistan, who took refuge in Pakistan, Iran and India, have returned to Kabul with their degrees and been able to obtain better jobs. Most of them are contributing their knowledge to the community by opening new courses and institutes. According to UNICEF, Kabul's education level is in a boom now and is getting better and better. UNICEF Logo The United Nations Childrens Fund or UNICEF (Arabic: ; French: ; Spanish: ) was established by the United Nations General Assembly on December 11, 1946. ...


List of Universities in Kabul

Kabul University (Persian: دانشگاه کابل) is located in Kabul, Afghanistan. ... Kabul Polytechnic is a university located in Kabul, Afghanistan and was established in 1963 in Karte Mamourin area ( ) beside Intercontinental Hotel. ... The American University of Afghanistan in Kabul, Afghanistan, is a new private university. ...

Sports

Teens playing soccer at Ghazi Stadium.
Teens playing soccer at Ghazi Stadium.

Kabul is the center of annual Buzkashi and Soccer tournaments, where teams from all over Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran, Uzbekistan, and Tajikistan participate. Sports is a daily routine for employees in Afghanistan, when they all join each other in tournaments and matches, specially soccer games. Afghanistan's Soccer Team also participated in many Asian Soccer Leagues. Many Afghans who were living as refugees in Pakistan and India returned back to their country, and they brought the game of cricket with them. Afghanistan now has national Cricket Team that plays internationally. They play mostly against Pakistani and Hindi Teams as well as some Arab nations in the Middle East. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 534 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,000 × 667 pixels, file size: 578 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 534 pixelsFull resolution‎ (1,000 × 667 pixels, file size: 578 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU... Game of Buzkashi in Mazari Sharif, Afghanistan Buzkashi, Kok-boru or Oglak Tartis (Persian: بزکشی buzkashī: goat grabbing) (Uzbek, Tatar, Turkmen: kökbörü, kök blue + börü wolf, Kazakh: көкпар, Kyrgyz: улак) is a traditional Central Asian team sport played on horseback. ... Soccer redirects here. ... This article is about the sport. ...


There are Boxing, Taekwondo, Volleyball, and Kung fu teams in Kabul, which participate in tournaments locally and go on tours to other Asian countries. One of the oldest and most popular stadiums in Kabul is Ghazi Stadium, where tournaments, concerts, and national celebrations take place, however the city has lost most of the stadiums it previously had. Ghazi Stadium is currently going through a reconstruction programme whereby a new design and a new system will be established for the stadium. There is also another new stadium under construction near Kabul City. Schools and universities encourage participation in team sports, and there is a group of Afghans are being trained in Kabul for the next Olympic Games. For other senses of these words, see boxing (disambiguation) or boxer (disambiguation). ... Taekwondo (also Tae Kwon Do, Taekwon-Do, or Tae Kwon-Do) is a Korean martial art and combat sport. ... For the ball used in this sport, see Volleyball (ball). ... Alternative meaning: Kung Fu (TV series) Kung fu or gongfu (功夫, Pinyin: gōngfu) is a well-known Chinese term used in the West to designate Chinese martial arts. ... Ghazi Stadium (Pashto: په غازي لوبغالي کې / Dari: غازى ستديوم) is a multi-use stadium in Kabul, Afghanistan. ... The five Olympic rings were designed in 1913, adopted in 1914 and debuted at the Games at Antwerp, 1920. ...


See also

Kabulistan (Persian: ‎ ) is a historical region around Kabul. ... The Kabul Golf Club is a nine-hole golf course located near the Karga Dam outside of Kabul, Afghanistan. ...

References

  1. ^ Central Statistics Office of Afghanistan LINK
  2. ^ Central Statistics Office of Afghanistan, LINK
  3. ^ AIMS (Afghanistan Information Management Services), UNHCR District Profiles LINK
  4. ^ AIMS (Afghanistan Information Management Services), UNHCR District Profiles LINK
  5. ^ National Geographic Society. Ethnic Groups [map].

Headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) (established December 14, 1950) protects and supports refugees at the request of a government or the United Nations and assists in their return or resettlement. ... Headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland, the Office of the UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) (established December 14, 1950) protects and supports refugees at the request of a government or the United Nations and assists in their return or resettlement. ...

External links

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Foreign missions in Kabul


  Results from FactBites:
 
Kabul Province - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2092 words)
It is in the east of the country and the province capital is the capital city of Afghanistan, Kabul.
Kabul is now in re-construction with new buildings, schools, universities and is under the control of the new Afghan Government and the US troops.
Kabul city was in the hands of many political groups who fought for power until it was taken over by the Talibans in 1996 and its politics was changed.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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