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Encyclopedia > Kabul

Coordinates: 34°31′59″N 69°09′58″E / 34.533, 69.166 Kabul is the capital city of Afganistan. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Kabul
کابل
Kabul City
Kabul City

Kabul
Province Kabul
Coordinates 34°31′59″N 69°09′58″E / 34.533, 69.166
Population (2005)[1]
2,994,000 (1st)
UN estimate of city proper
City Districts 18 sectors or boroughs
Area
 - Elevation

1,790 m (5,873 ft)
Time zone UTC+4:30 Kabul
Mayor Rohullah Aman
Chief of Police Asmatullah Dawlatzai[2]

Kābul (Persian: کابل), is the capital and largest city in Afghanistan, with population of about 3 million people. It is an economic and cultural center, situated 5,900 feet (1,800 m) above-sea-level in a narrow valley, wedged between the Hindu Kush mountains along the Kabul River. Kabul is linked with Ghazni, Kandahar, Herat and Mazari Sharif via a long beltway (circular highway) that stretches across the country. It is also linked by highways with Pakistan to the southeast and Tajikistan to the north. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 768 pixel, file size: 468 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... The Provinces of Afghanistan (locally recognized as wilayats) are the primary political subdivisions of Afghanistan. ... Kabul is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The following are politically, geographically or economically important places, many of which are cities, of Afghanistan. ... City district can be found as official designation for a country subdivision in Pakistan See also City Districts of Pakistan Category: ... For other places with the same name, see Kabul (disambiguation). ... Look up Borough in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Chief of Police is the title typically given to the head of a police department, particularly in the United States and Canada. ... Farsi redirects here. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... The Hindu Kush or Hindukush (هندوکش in Persian) is a mountain range in Afghanistan as well as in the Northern Areas of Pakistan. ... Kabul River or Kabal River (Persian: دریای کابل) is a river that rises in the Sanglakh Range of Afghanistan, separated from the watershed of the Helmand by the Unai Pass. ... Ghazni (Persian: غزنی , ÄžaznÄ«) is a city in eastern Afghanistan, with an estimated population of 149,998 people. ... This article is about the city in Afghanistan. ... Herāt (Persian: ‎ ) is a city in western Afghanistan, in the province also known as Herāt. ... Mazari Sharif, also known as Mazar-i Sharif or Mazār-e SharÄ«f (Persian: ‎ ), is the fourth largest city of Afghanistan, with population of 300,600 people (2006 official estimate). ...


Kabul's main products include munitions, cloth, furniture, and beet sugar, though, since 1978, a state of nearly continuous war has limited the economic productivity of the city. Munition is often defined as a synonyn for ammunition. ... It has been suggested that Textile be merged into this article or section. ... For the UK band, see Furniture (band). ... Two sugar beets - the one on the left has been cultivated to be smoother than the traditional beet, so that it traps less soil. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ...


Kabul is over 3,000 years old. Many empires long fought over the city, due to its strategic location along the trade routes of Southern and Central Asia. In 1504, Babur captured Kabul and made the city the capital of his Moghul Empire. Finally, in 1776, Timur Shah Durrani made it the capital of modern Afghanistan.[3] The population of the city is multi-cultural and multi-ethnic, reflecting the diversity of the entire country. Kabul is currently in the process of being rebuilt following decades of wars and chaos. This is a region of the continent of Asia that can have the following interpretations: The Indian Subcontinent and nearby islands in the Indian Ocean; see South Asia India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Maldives, Sri Lanka All of Asia that is considered to be Southwest, South and Southeast Asia. ... Map of Central Asia showing three sets of possible boundaries for the region Central Asia located as a region of the world Central Asia is a vast landlocked region of Asia. ... Zāhir ud-Dīn Mohammad, commonly known as Bābur (February 14, 1483 – December 26, 1530) (Chaghatay/Persian: ; also spelled ), was a Muslim Emperor from Central Asia who founded the Mughal dynasty of India. ... The Mughal Empire (alternative spelling Mogul, which is the origin of the word Mogul) of India was founded by Babur in 1526, when he defeated Ibrahim Lodi, the last of the Delhi Sultans at the First Battle of Panipat. ... For other uses, see 1776 (disambiguation). ... Timur Shah (1748 - 18 May 1793), the second son of Ahmed Shah Abdali and the second of the Durrani Dynasty, was the Shah of Afghanistan from 16 October 1772 until his death. ... Multiculturalism or cultural pluralism is a policy, ideal, or reality that emphasizes the unique characteristics of different cultures in the world, especially as they relate to one another in immigrant receiving nations. ... Multiethnic societies, in contrast to nationalistic societies, integrate different ethnic groups irrespective of differences in culture, race, and history under a common social identity larger than one nation in the conventional sense. ...

Contents

History

Kabul City is thought to have been established between 2000 BCE and 1500 BCE.[4] In Rig Veda (composed between 1700–1100 BCE) the word "Kubhā" is mentioned, which refers to Kabul River and a reference to the settlement Kabura by the Persian Achaemenids around 300 BCE. Kabul was known as Chabolo in antiquity[citation needed]. BCE is a TLA that may stand for: Before the Common Era, date notation equivalent to BC (e. ... Rig veda is the oldest text in the world. ... Kabul River or Kabal River (Persian: دریای کابل) is a river that rises in the Sanglakh Range of Afghanistan, separated from the watershed of the Helmand by the Unai Pass. ... The Persians of Iran (officially named Persia by West until 1935 while still referred to as Persia by some) are an Iranian people who speak Persian (locally named Fârsi by native speakers) and often refer to themselves as ethnic Iranians as well. ... Achaemenid Empire The Achaemenid Dynasty was a dynasty in the ancient Persian Empire, including Cyrus II the Great, Darius I and Xerxes I. At the height of their power, the Achaemenid rulers of Persia ruled over territories roughly emcompassing some parts of todays Iraq, Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Israel, Lebanon...

A view of Kabul City's walls, built between 650 and 670 CE by Kabul-Shahan

According to other scholars, the Sanskrit name of Kabul is derived from Kamboj.[5] It is mentioned as Kophes or Kophene in the classical writings. Gazetteer of Bombay Presidency 1904 maintains that the ancient name of Kabul was Kambojapura, which Ptolemy (160 CE) mentions as Kaboura (from Ka(m)bo(j)pura?). Hiuen Tsang refers to the name as Gaofu, which according to Dr. J. W. McCrindle, Dr. B. C. Law, Dr. R. K. Mukkerji and others is equivalent to Kambojas (Kamboj/Kambuj). The Bactrians founded the town of Paropamisadae near Kabul, but it was later ceded to the Mauryans in the 1st century BCE. Image File history File links Kabul_Walls. ... Image File history File links Kabul_Walls. ... The Kushano-Hephthalites (565 - 670 CE) were the successors of Kushans and Hephthalites. ... Sanskrit ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... Kamboja (Sanskrit: कम्बोज) was the ancient name of a Hindu country, and the Indo-Iranian Kshatriya tribe, the Kambojas, settled therein. ... For other uses, see Classics (disambiguation). ... This article is about the geographer, mathematician and astronomer Ptolemy. ... BCE redirects here. ... ... The Kambojas are a very ancient Kshatriya tribe of the north-western parts of the Indian subcontinent and what is now Afghanistan, frequently mentioned in ancient texts, although not in the Rig Veda. ... Bactria, about 320 BC Bactria (Bactriana, Bākhtar in Persian, also Bhalika in Arabic and Indian languages, and Ta-Hia in Chinese) was the ancient Greek name of the country between the range of the Hindu Kush and the Amu Darya (Oxus); its capital, Bactra or Balhika or Bokhdi (now... The Paropamisadae is an ancient area of the Hindu-Kush, in the Eastern part of Afghanistan. ... The Mauryan empire (321 to 185 BCE), at its largest extent around 230 BCE. The Lion Capital of Asoka, erected around 250 BCE. It is the emblem of India. ...


Kabul (Kaofeu) was conquered by the first Kushan Emperor, Kujula Kadphises, in the early 1st century CE and remained Kushan territory until at least the 3rd century CE.[6][7] Kabul was one of the two capital cities of Kushans. It was later conquered by the Hephthalites in 425 CE followed by the Hindu Shahis. After their defeat, their descendants formed a small dynasty called Kabul-Shahan. The leaders of Kabul-Shahan built a long defensive wall around the city to protect it from possible attacks or invasions. This wall has survived until today and is considered as an old historical site. Boundary of the Kushan empire, c. ... Tetradrachm of Kujula Kadphises (30-80 CE) in the style of Hermaeus. ... The Hephthalites, also known as White Huns, were a nomadic people who lived across northern China, Central Asia, and northern India in the fourth through sixth centuries. ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... Coin of the Shahi king Spalapati Deva, circa 750-900. ... The Kushano-Hephthalites (565 - 670 CE) were the successors of Kushans and Hephthalites. ...


In 674, the Islamic invasions reached modern-day Afghanistan and occupied Kabul. However, it was not until the 9th century when Ya'qub bin Laith as-Saffar, a coppersmith turned ruler, established Islam in Kabulistan. Over the remaining centuries to come the city was successively controlled by the Samanids, Ghaznavids, Ghorids, Timurids, Mughols, Durranis, and finally by the Barakzais. // Islamic conquest The Age of the Caliphs In 637, five years after the death of the Islamic Prophet Muhammad, Arab Muslims shattered the might of the Iranian Sassanians at the Battles of al-Qādisiyyah and Nahavand. ... Yaqub bin Laith as-Saffar (?-879?) was the founder of the Saffarid dynasty. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... Kabulistan (Persian: ‎ ) is a historical region around Kabul. ... The Samanid dynasty (819-999) was a Persian dynasty in Central Asia, named after its founder Saman Khuda. ... The Ghaznavid Empire was a state in the region of todays Afghanistan that existed from 977 to 1186. ... Ghorids are people from Ghor province of Afghanistan. ... Timurid Dynasty at its Greatest Extent The Timurids were a Central Asian Sunni Muslim Turco-Mongol dynasty whose empire included the whole of Central Asia and parts of modern Iran and modern Turkey, as well as large parts of Mesopotamia and Caucasus. ... Capital Delhi / Agra Language(s) Persian (initially also Chagatai, Turkish; later also Urdu) Government Monarchy Emperor  - 1526-1530 Babur  - 1530–1539 and after restoration 1555–1556 Humayun  - 1556–1605 Akbar  - 1605–1627 Jahangir  - 1628–1658 Shah Jahan  - 1659–1707 Aurangzeb History  - Established April 21, 1526  - Ended September 21, 1857 Area... The Durrani Empire was a larger state that included modern Afghanistan, Pakistan, parts of eastern Iran and western India. ... The Barakzai Dynasty was the line of rulers in Afghanistan in the 19th and 20th centuries. ...


In the 13th century the Mongol horde passed through. In the 14th century, Kabul rose again as a trading center under the kingdom of Timur Lung (Tamer Lane), who married the sister of Kabul's ruler at the time. But as Timurid power waned, the city was captured in 1504 by Babur and made into his headquarters. Haidar, an Indian poet who visited at the time wrote "Dine and drink in Kabul: it is mountain, desert, city, river and all else." (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... For other uses, see Mongols (disambiguation). ... This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ... For the similar-sounding word Timor, see Timor (disambiguation). ... 1504 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Zāhir ud-Dīn Mohammad, commonly known as Bābur (February 14, 1483 – December 26, 1530) (Chaghatay/Persian: ; also spelled ), was a Muslim Emperor from Central Asia who founded the Mughal dynasty of India. ... Haydar (Arabic حيدر ) is an Arabic name, meaning Lion. Haidar, Haider, Hyder, Gaidar, Geidar, Hydar, Heydar are variants of the transliteration. ...


Nader Shah of Persia captured the city in 1738 but was assassinated nine years later. Ahmad Shah Durrani, an Afghan military commander and personal bodyguard of Nader, took the throne in 1747, asserted Pashtun rule and further expanded his new Afghan Empire. His son Timur Shah Durrani, after inheriting power, transferred the capital of Afghanistan from Kandahar to Kabul in 1776.[8] Timur Shah died in 1793 and was succeeded by his son Zaman Shah Durrani. Nāder Shāh Afshār (Persian: ; also known as Nāder Qoli Beg - نادر قلی بیگ or Tahmāsp Qoli Khān - تهماسپ قلی خان) (August 6, 1698[1] – June 19, 1747) ruled as Shah of Iran (1736–47) and was the founder of the Afsharid dynasty. ... See Ahmad Shah Qajar for the Persian ruler (1909-1925). ... Year 1747 (MDCCXLVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... Language(s) Pashto (plus second languages from countries of residence) Religion(s) Islam (predominantly Sunni) Pashtuns (Pashto/Urdu/Persian: or پختون , also rendered as Pushtuns, Pakhtuns, Pukhtuns), also called Pathans (Urdu: پٹھان, Hindi: पठान ) or ethnic Afghans (Pashto: افغان )[9][10] are an Eastern Iranian ethno-linguistic group with populations primarily in eastern and... The Durrani Empire was a larger state that included modern Afghanistan, Pakistan, parts of eastern Iran and western India. ... Timur Shah (1748 - 18 May 1793), the second son of Ahmed Shah Abdali and the second of the Durrani Dynasty, was the Shah of Afghanistan from 16 October 1772 until his death. ... This article is about the city in Afghanistan. ... For other uses, see 1776 (disambiguation). ... Zaman Shah, (c. ...


In 1826, the kingdom was claimed by Dost Mohammed and taken from him by the British Indian Army in 1839 (see Afghan Wars), who installed the unpopular puppet Shah Shuja. An 1841 local uprising resulted in the loss of the British mission and the subsequent Massacre of Elphinstone's army of approximately 16,000 people, which included civilians and camp followers on their retreat from Kabul to Jalalabad. In 1842 the British returned, plundering Bala Hissar in revenge before retreating back to India. Dost Mohammed returned to the throne. Dost Mahommed Khan (1793 - June 9, 1863) founded the Barakzai ruling dynasty in Afghanistan. ... A group of native Indian Muslim soldiers posing for volley firing orders. ... A series of three wars between the United Kingdom and Afghanistan in the 19th century and early 20th century was formerly called the Afghan Wars but is now referred to as the Anglo-Afghan wars perhaps to distinguish them from the civil strife in the 1980s. ... Shuja Shah (Shoja Shah, Shah Shujah, Shujah al-Mulk) (? - April 1842) was of the Sadozai line of the Abdali group of Pashtun clans. ... Combatants Afghan tribesmen British Empire Commanders Akbar Khan William Elphinstone Strength unknown 4,500 regular troops, 12,000 civilian refugees Casualties unknown total annihilation The massacre of Elphinstones army was a victory of Afghan forces, led by Akbar Khan, the son of Dost Mohammad Khan, over a combined British... A civilian who follows military camps in order to sell goods or services that the military doesnt supply. ... For the city in Kyrgyzstan, see Jalal-Abad. ... Bala Hissar is an ancient fortress located in the city of Kabul, Afghanistan. ...


The British invaded in 1878 as Kabul was under Sher Ali Khan's rule, but the British residents were again massacred. The invaders again came in 1879 under General Roberts, partially destroying Bala Hissar before retreating to India. Amir Abdur Rahman was left in control of the country. Sher Ali Khan Sher Ali Khan (1825–February 21, 1879) was the Emir of Afghanistan from 1863 to 1866 and from 1868 until his death. ... Lord Roberts of Kabul and Kandahar on his Celebrated Charger (Harpers Magazine, European Edition, December 1897, p27) Field Marshal Frederick Sleigh Roberts, 1st Earl Roberts, VC, KG, KP, GCB, OM, GCSI, GCIE, PC (30 September 1832 – 14 November 1914) was a distinguished British soldier and one of the most... Amir Abdur Rahman Khan Abdur Rahman Khan (c. ...


In the early 20th century, King Amanullah Khan rose to power. His reforms included electricity for the city and schooling for girls. He drove a Rolls Royce, and lived in the famous Darul Aman Palace. In 1919, after the Third Anglo-Afghan War, Amanullah announced Afghanistan's independence from foreign interventions at Eidgah Mosque. In 1929, Ammanullah Khan left Kabul due to a local uprise and his brother Nader Khan took control. King Nader Khan was assassinated in 1933 and his 19 year-old son, Zahir Shah, became the long lasting King of Afghanistan. King Amanullah Khan Ghazi Amir Amanullah Khan (June 1, 1892 - April 25, 1960) was the ruler of Afghanistan from 1919 to 1929. ... Rolls-Royce Limited was an British car and, later, aero-engine manufacturing company founded by Henry Royce and Charles Stewart Rolls on 15 March 1906 and was the result of a partnership formed in 1904. ... Darul Aman Palace or Tajbeg, is a European-style palace located about ten miles outside of the center of Kabul, Afghanistan, at 34° 27′ 54. ... This article is about a journal. ... Id Gah Mosque is thew biggest mosque in Kabul where hundreds and Thousands of people offer the EID prayers twice a year. ... Mohammed Nadir Shah was father of mohammed Zahir Shah who ruled Afghanistan from 1933 to 1973. ... Mohammed Zahir Shah (born October 16, 1914) was the last King of Afghanistan from 1933 to 1973. ... List of the Heads of State of Afghanistan Ashvagan c1220 to mid-13thC ruled by Mongol Emperors mid-13thC to 1404 divided between local Mongol leaders 1404 to 1507 within Timurid Empire 1507 to 1709 Iranian rule The Afghan State in Qandahar Mir Veys Khan Hotak (1709-1715) Mahmud Khan...

A section of downtown area during winter.
A section of downtown area during winter.

Kabul University opened for classes in early 1930s, and in 1940s, the city began to grow as an industrial center. The streets of the city began being paved in the 1950s. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Kabul University (Persian: دانشگاه کابل) is located in Kabul, Afghanistan. ...


In the 1960s, Kabul developed a cosmopolitan mood. The first Marks and Spencer store in Central Asia was built there. Kabul Zoo was inaugurated in 1967, which was maintained with the help of visiting German Zoologists. Marks and Spencer plc (known also as M&S and sometimes colloquially as Marks and Sparks) is the largest retailer in the United Kingdom by sales. ... Map of Central Asia showing three sets of possible boundaries for the region Central Asia located as a region of the world Central Asia is a vast landlocked region of Asia. ... The Kabul Zoo is in Kabul, Afghanistan on the bank of the Kabul River. ... Zoology (from Greek: ζῴον, zoion, animal; and λόγος, logos, knowledge) is the biological discipline which involves the study of animals. ...


In 1969, a religious uprising at the Pul-e Khishti Mosque protested the Soviet Union's increasing influence over Afghan politics and religion. This protest ended in the arrest of many of its organizers including Mawlana Faizani, a popular Islamic scholar. Pul-e Khishti Mosque Pul-e Khishti Mosque is a large mosque in Kabul, Afghanistan. ... Mawlana Faizani Mawalana Faizani was born 17 April 1923 (the twenty-first day of Ramadan of that year) in Herat, Afghanistan to a family of miagan (religious scholars descended from a great Islamic saint). ...


In July 1973, Zahir Shah was ousted in a bloodless coup and Kabul became the capital of a republic under Mohammad Daoud Khan, the new President. Sardar Mohammed Daoud Khan (July 18, 1909 - April 28, 1978) was an Afghani statesman and President of the Republic of Afghanistan from 1973 until his assassination in 1978 as a result of a revolution led by the quasi-Marxist Peoples Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA). ...


In 1975 an east-west electric trolley-bus system provided public transportation across the city. The system was built with assistance from Czechoslovakia.


After the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan, on December 24, 1979, the Red Army occupied the capital. They turned the city into their command center during the 10-year conflict between the Soviet-allied government and the Mujahideen rebels. The American Embassy in Kabul closed on January 30, 1989. The city fell into the hands of local militias after the 1992 collapse of Mohammad Najibullah's pro-communist government. As these forces divided into warring factions, the city increasingly suffered. In December, the last of the 86 city trolley buses came to a halt due to the conflict. A system of 800 public buses continued to provide transportation services to the city. A Soviet soldier on guard in Afghanistan in 1988. ... is the 358th day of the year (359th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1979 by Smashing Pumpkins. ... For other organizations known as the Red Army, see Red Army (disambiguation). ... For the Iranian opposition group, see Peoples Mujahedin of Iran. ... A diplomatic mission is a group of people from one nation state present in another nation state to represent the sending state in the receiving State. ... is the 30th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... Lebanese Kataeb militia A Militia is an army composed of ordinary [1] citizens to provide defense, emergency or paramilitary service, or those engaged in such activity. ... Dr. Mohammad Najibullah (Pashto/Persian: ‎ ; born 1947, died September 27, 1996) was the fourth and last President of the communist Democratic Republic of Afghanistan. ...

New building blocks in Kabul, which is part of a bigger plan to modernize the city and bring it to international standards.
New building blocks in Kabul, which is part of a bigger plan to modernize the city and bring it to international standards.

By 1993 electricity and water in the city was completely out. At this time, Burhannudin Rabbani's militia (Jamiat-e Islami) held power but the nominal prime minister Gulbuddin Hekmatyar's Hezb-e Islami began shelling the city, which lasted until 1996. Kabul was factionalised, and fighting continued between Jamiat-e Islami, Abdul Rashid Dostum and the Hezbi Wahdat. Tens of thousands of civilians were killed and many more fled as refugees. The United Nations estimated that about 90% of the buildings in Kabul were destroyed during these years. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 540 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (778 × 864 pixel, file size: 182 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 540 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (778 × 864 pixel, file size: 182 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Burhanuddin Rabbani (born 1940), an ethnic Tajik, is the political leader of the Northern Alliance of Afghanistan. ... Jamiat-e-Islami was a criminal group led by Rabani and Massoud(biggest traitors). ... Gulbuddin Hekmatyar (born 1947) Islamist Mujahideen leader and warlord. ... Hezb-e Islami (Islamic Party) is an Islamic group led by warlord Gulbuddin Hekmatyar, with the goal of driving Soviet occupiers from Afghanistan. ... Abdul Rashid Dostum (born 1954) is a general and Chief of Staff to the Commander in Chief of the Afghan National Army. ... Hezb-e Wahdat-e Islami Afghanistan is a political party in Afghanistan. ... UN and U.N. redirect here. ...


Kabul was captured by the Taliban in September of 1996, publicly lynching ex-President Najibullah and his brother. During this time, all the fighting between different militias came to an end. Burhannudin Rabbani, Gulbuddin Heckmatyar, Abdul Rashid Dostum, Ahmad Shah Massoud, and the rest all fled the city. The Taliban (Pashto: , also anglicized as Taleban) are a Sunni Muslim and ethnic Pashtun movement [2] that ruled most of Afghanistan from 1996 until 2001, when their leaders were removed from power by a cooperative military effort between the Northern Alliance, United States, Canada, Australia and the United Kingdom. ... Mohammad Najibullah (1947–September 27, 1996) was the fourth President of Afghanistan during the period of the communist Democratic Republic of Afghanistan. ... Ahmad Shah Massoud(Persian: ) (c. ...


Approximately five years later, in October 2001, the United States invaded Afghanistan. The Taliban abandoned Kabul in the following months due to extensive American bombing, while the Afghan Northern Alliance (former mujahideen or millias) came to retake control of the city. On December 20, 2001, Kabul became the capital of the Afghan Transitional Administration, which transformed to the present government of Afghanistan that is led by US-backed President Hamid Karzai. The Northern Alliance is a term used by the western media, Taliban and Al Qaida to identify the military coalition of various Afghan groups fighting the Taliban. ... is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Elections were held on 9th October 2004, to decide upon a leader of the new government. ... The politics of Afghanistan are complex and confusing. ... Hamid Karzai (Pashto: حامد کرزي) (b. ...


Since the beginning of 2003, the city is slowly developing with the help of foreign investment. Security is also improving by the year, despite the occasional attacks on government forces. Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Demographics

Kabul has a population between 2.5 to approximately 3 million people. The population of the city reflects the general multi-ethnic, multi-cultural, and multi-confessional characteristics of Afghanistan. According to the 2005 United Nations estimate, the population of Kabul City reached 2,994,000,[9] while according to the 2006 estimates from the Central Statistics Office of Afghanistan, the city's population is only 2,536,300.[10] UN and U.N. redirect here. ...


Persian-speakers form the majority of the city's population, with the predominately Sunnite Tajiks being the largest group,[11][12] followed by Shi'ite Hazaras. There is also a large number of Persianized Pashtuns. Farsi redirects here. ... Sunni Islam (Arabic سنّة) is the largest denomination of Islam. ... Language(s) Persian (varieties of Dari and Tajiki) Religion(s) Islam (predominantly Sunni, with sizable Ithna Ashari and Ismaili minorities) TājÄ«k (Persian: ; UniPers: Tâjik; Tajik: ) is a term generally applied to Persian-speaking peoples of Iranian origin living east of Iran. ... Shia Islam ( Arabic شيعى follower; English has traditionally used Shiite or Shiite) is the second largest Islamic denomination; some 20-25% of all Muslims are said to follow a Shia tradition. ... Language(s) Hazaragi/Dari (Hazaragi and Dari dialects) Religion(s) Shia, some Sunni Related ethnic groups Mongol, Turkic, Iranian The Hazara are an ethnic group who reside mainly in the central region of Afghanistan, called Hazarajat or Hazaristan. ... Persianization or Persianisation is a term used to describe a cultural change in which something non-Persian (or Iranian) is made to become Persian (or Iranian) It is commonly used in connection with Kurds, Arabs, as well as various Turkic peoples. ... The Pashtuns (also Pushtun, Pakhtun, or ethnic Afghan; in referring to the period of the British Raj or earlier, sometimes Pathan) are an ethnic/religious group of people, living primarily in Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India who follow Pashtunwali, their indigenous religion. ...


Pashto-speakers, also Sunnites, form the most important minority, followed by the Turkic-speaking Uzbeks. There are also sizable numbers of Sikhs and Hindus, speaking Indo-Aryan dialects. Pashto (پښتو; also known as Afghan, Pushto, Pashto, Pashtoe, Pashtu, and Pukhto) is the language spoken by the ethnic Afghan otherwise known as the Pashtun people who inhabit Afghanistan and the Western provinces of Pakistan. ... Sunni Islam (Arabic سنّة) is the largest denomination of Islam. ... The Turkic languages constitute a language family of some thirty languages, spoken across a vast area from Eastern Europe and the Mediterranean to Siberia and Western China, and are traditionally considered to be part of the proposed Altaic language family. ... A Sikh man wearing a turban The adherents of Sikhism are called Sikhs. ... This article is about the Hindu religion; for other meanings of the word, see Hindu (disambiguation). ... The Indo-Aryan languages form a subgroup of the Indo-Iranian languages, which belong to the Indo-European family of languages. ...


Climate


Weather averages for Kabul
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 2 (36) 4 (40) 11 (52) 18 (65) 23 (74) 29 (84) 31 (88) 31 (87) 27 (80) 21 (69) 14 (57) 7 (44) 18 (64)
Average low °C (°F) -5 (23) -4 (25) 3 (37) 9 (48) 12 (54) 17 (62) 19 (67) 18 (65) 13 (56) 7 (45) 2 (35) -2 (28) 7 (45)
Precipitation mm (inch) 33 (1.3) 53.3 (2.1) 71.1 (2.8) 66 (2.6) 20.3 (0.8) 5.1 (0.2) 2.5 (0.1) 2.5 (0.1) 5.1 (0.2) 10.2 (0.4) 20.3 (0.8) 271.8 (10.7)
Source: weatherbase.com[13] 26 July 2007

Infrastructure

Transportation

Kabul International Airport serves the population of the city as a method of traveling to other cities or countries. The airport is a hub to Ariana Afghan Airlines, which is the national airlines carrier of Afghanistan. However, airlines from other nations also use the airport to arrive and depart. A new $35 million dollar terminal for international flight passengers, near the old terminal, is under construction and will be completed by 2008.[14] Kabul International Airport (IATA: KBL, ICAO: OAKB) also known as Khwaja Rawash Airport is located 16 kilometers (9 miles) from downtown Kabul, Afghanistan. ... Ariana Afghan Airlines is the national airline carrier of Afghanistan, based in Kabul. ...

Airport Road in the Wazir Akbar Khan district of the city.
Airport Road in the Wazir Akbar Khan district of the city.

Kabul has its own public buses (Millie Bus) that take commuters on daily routes to many destinations throughout the city. The service currently has approximately 800 buses but is gradually expanding and upgrading with more buses being added. Plans are underway to re-introduce the modern electric buses that the city once had. Besides the buses, there are yellow taxicabs that can be spotted just about anywhere in and around the city. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 404 pixelsFull resolution (912 × 460 pixel, file size: 119 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 404 pixelsFull resolution (912 × 460 pixel, file size: 119 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Commuting is the process of travelling from a place of residence to a place of work. ... An articulated trolleybus in Arnhem, Netherlands A trolleybus (also known as electric bus, trolley bus, trolley coach, trackless trolley, trackless tram or simply trolley) is a bus powered by two overhead electric wires, from which it draws electricity using two trolley poles. ... For specific countries see Taxicabs around the world. ...


Private vehicles are also on the rise in Kabul, with Toyota, Land Rover, BMW and Hyundai dealerships all over the city. More and more people are buying new cars as the roads and highways are being improved. The average car driven in Kabul is a Toyota Corolla. With the exception of motorcycles many vehicles in the city operate on diesel fuel. This article is about the automaker. ... Land Rover was the name of one of the first British civilian all-terrain utility vehicles, first produced by Rover in 1947. ... For other uses, see BMW (disambiguation). ... South Korean business tycoon Chung Ju-yung, founder and honorary chairman of Hyundai Group, 1998 Hyundai refers to a group of companies founded by Chung Ju-yung in South Korea, and related organizations. ... The Toyota Corolla is a compact car produced by the Japanese automaker Toyota, which has become very popular throughout the world since the nameplate was first introduced in 1966. ...


Communications and technology

GSM/GPRS mobile phone services in the city are provided by Afghan Wireless, Roshan and Areeba, and all have boasted increase in rapid cellular phone usage. In June 2006, Etisalat announced the acquisition of a mobile phone operator's licence from the Afghan government and its intention to build a country-wide mobile phone network. In November 2006, the Afghan Ministry of Communications signed a US 64.5 million dollar agreement with a company (ZTE Corporation) on the establishment of a countrywide fibre optical cable network. This will improve telephone, internet, television and radio broadcast services not just in Kabul but throughout the country.[15] Ehsan Bayat The Afghan Wireless Communication Company provides wireless voice and data services with national and international connectivity in Afghanistan. ... Roshan (meaning light) is the name of a GSM cellular service provider in Afghanistan. ... Emirates Telecommunications Corporation, also known as Etisalat (former Emirtel), is the incumbent telecommunications carrier and Internet Service Provider in the United Arab Emirates. ... The 18-story Ministry of Telecommunication is the tallest building in Kabul Afghan Ministry of Communications is an organ of the government of Afghanistan. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ...


Local (Afghanistani) television channels include:

  • Ayna TV
  • Ariana TV
  • Khorasan TV (soon to be broadcast to Kabul from United States)
  • Lamar TV
  • Noorin TV
  • Tamadun TV
  • Shamshad TV
  • Tolo TV

Ayna Television (Ayna in Persian means mirror) is a commercial television station, broadcasting from Mazari Sharif, Afghanistan since late 2004. ... Ariana TV is a private, non-partisan, television in Kabul that along with a Ariana radio station is part of the Ariana Television Network (ATN). ... Khorasan TV is a satellite TV channel broadcasted from the United States. ... Lemar TV (meaning Sun TV in the Pashto language) is a television station in Afghanistan, which was founded in 2006. ... Noorin TV (Persian: تلویزیون نورین) is of a television service broadcasted from Kabul, Afghanistan. ... Shamshad TV is a television station in Afghanistan, which was launched in early 2006. ... Tolo TV (Persian for Sunrise) is the name of an Afghan television service. ...

Education

Universities in Kabul

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 265 pixelsFull resolution‎ (903 × 299 pixels, file size: 58 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 265 pixelsFull resolution‎ (903 × 299 pixels, file size: 58 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Kabul Polytechnic is a university located in Kabul, Afghanistan and was established in 1963 in Karte Mamourin area ( ) beside Intercontinental Hotel. ... Kabul University (Persian: دانشگاه کابل) is located in Kabul, Afghanistan. ... Kabul Polytechnic is a university located in Kabul, Afghanistan and was established in 1963 in Karte Mamourin area ( ) beside Intercontinental Hotel. ... The American University of Afghanistan in Kabul, Afghanistan, is a new private university. ... National Military Academy of Afghanistan (NMAA), is the Military Academy of Afghan National Army, located in Kabul, Afghanistan. ...

Reconstruction and developments

As of October 2006, there are fourteen licensed banks in Kabul: including Da Afghanistan Bank, Afghanistan International Bank (managed by the Dutch ING Bank), Standard Chartered Bank, Kabul Bank, Azizi Bank, Punjab National Bank, Habib Bank and others. Western Union offices are also found in many locations throughout the city. Da Afghanistan Bank (د افغانستان بانک in Pashto) is the central bank of Afghanistan. ... AIB Logo Afghanistan International Bank (AIB) is a new local Afghan bank with its head office in Kabul. ... Standard Chartered Bank (LSE: STAN, SEHK: 2888) is a British bank headquartered in London with operations in more than fifty countries. ... Logo of Kabul Bank. ... Azizi Bank is an Afghan bank which has its main branch in Kabul. ... Punjab National Bank (PNB) is the second largest public sector bank in India with about 4500 branches and offices throughout the country. ... Habib Bank Limited (commonly referred to as HBL) (Arabic: ) is the largest bank in Pakistan and a thoroughly established banking chain throughout the world. ... Western Union (NYSE: WU) is a financial services and communications company based in the United States. ...


A modern indoor shopping mall (Kabul City Center) with a 4-star (Safi Landmark) hotel on the top six floors opened in 2005. A 5-star Serena Hotel also opened in 2005. Another 5-star Marriott Hotel is under construction, which is scheduled for completion in 2007. The landmark InterContinental Hotel has also been refurbished and is in operation. Kabul City Center is Afghanistans first modern-style indoor shopping mall that opened in 2005. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Marriott International, Inc. ... InterContinental Hotel in Kabul View from InterContinental Hotel The InterContinental Hotel in Kabul, Afghanistan, has spent more time in the public eye than most of the Intercontinental stable. ...

The plan for Kabul's nine billion dollar future modern urban development project, the City of Light Development.
The plan for Kabul's nine billion dollar future modern urban development project, the City of Light Development.

An initial concept design called the City of Light Development, envisioned by Dr. Hisham N. Ashkouri, Principal of ARCADD, Inc. for the development and the implementation of a privately based investment enterprise has been proposed for multi-function commercial, historic and cultural development within the limits of the Old City of Kabul along the Southern side of the Kabul River and along Jade Meywand Avenue,[17] revitalizing some of the most commercial and historic districts in the City of Kabul, which contains numerous historic mosques and shrines as well as viable commercial activities among war damaged buildings. Also incorporated in the design is a new complex for the Afghan National Museum. Dr. Ashkouri has signed a Memorandum of Understanding with His Excellency Ambassador Said Tayeb Jawad in Washington, DC to undertake this project and to develop it for actual implementation over the next 20 to 25 years. Dr. Ashkouri has presented the City of Light Plan to President Karzai and has received a letter of support from the President and the Minister of Urban Development in support of this project’s development. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1484x857, 977 KB) Kabul - City of Light Development area and concept plan File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kabul Urban planning City of Light Development Metadata This... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1484x857, 977 KB) Kabul - City of Light Development area and concept plan File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Kabul Urban planning City of Light Development Metadata This... The Kabul - City of Light Development is an urban reconstruction plan first conceived in 2004 by urban planner and architect Hisham N. Ashkouri to revitalize Kabul, the capital city of Afghanistan. ... The Kabul - City of Light Development is an urban reconstruction plan first conceived in 2004 by urban planner and architect Hisham N. Ashkouri to revitalize Kabul, the capital city of Afghanistan. ... Hisham N. Ashkouri Portrait Hisham N. Ashkouri (born August 15, 1948, Baghdad, Iraq) is a Boston and New York-based architect. ... Founded in the 1920s, the Afghan National Museum is a place for storage and appreciation of old Afghan items of interest. ... A memorandum of understanding (MOU) is a legal document describing a bilateral agreement between parties. ... Said Tayeb Jawad Said Tayeb Jawad was appointed ambassador of Afghanistan to the United States on Dec. ...


About 4 miles (6 km) from downtown Kabul, in Bagrami, a 22-acre (9 ha) wide industrial complex has completed with modern facilities, which will allow companies to operate businesses there. The park has professional management for the daily maintenance of public roads, internal streets, common areas, parking areas, 24 hours perimeter security, access control for vehicles and persons. Another phase with additional 27 acres (11 ha) of land will be added immediately proceeding the first phase.[18] Bagrami District is located in the central part of Kabul Province in Afghanistan. ...

Construction of new building blocks in the city.
Construction of new building blocks in the city.
Planned Kabul twin tower.

The city hosts the We Are the Future center, a child care center giving children a chance to live their childhoods and develop a sense of hope. The center is managed under the direction of the mayor’s office, and the international NGO Glocal Forum serves as the fundraiser and program planner and coordinator for the WAF child center in each city. Each WAF city is linked to several peer cities and public and private partners to create a unique international coalition. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 378 pixelsFull resolution (888 × 420 pixel, file size: 98 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Please see the file description page for further information. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 378 pixelsFull resolution (888 × 420 pixel, file size: 98 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Please see the file description page for further information. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... NGO is an abbreviation or code for: Non-governmental organization Nagoya Airport (IATA code) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Based in Rome, Italy, the Glocal Forum aims to balance the global with the local by strengthening inter-city relations and harnessing global opportunities for the economic, social and cultural interests of the local community. ...


Launched in 2004, the program is the result of a strategic partnership between the Glocal Forum, the Quincy Jones Listen Up Foundation and Mr. Hani Masri, with the support of the World Bank, UN agencies and major companies. Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the producer and songwriter. ... The World Bank logo The World Bank (the Bank) is a part of the World Bank Group (WBG), is a bank that makes loans to developing countries for development programs with the stated goal of reducing poverty. ... This article is about the United Nations, for other uses of UN see UN (disambiguation) Official languages English, French, Spanish, Russian, Chinese, Arabic Secretary-General Kofi Annan (since 1997) Established October 24, 1945 Member states 191 Headquarters New York City, NY, USA Official site http://www. ...


A $25 million Coca-Cola bottling plant was opened in 2006. Financing was provided by a Dubai-based Afghan family. President Hamid Karzai formally opened the facility in an attempt to attract more foreign investment in the city.


Administration

Kabul City is one of the 15 districts of Kabul Province, and is divided into 18 sectors. Each sector covers several neighborhoods of the city. The number of Kabul's sectors were increased from 11 to 18 in 2005. Kabul is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan. ...


Unlike other cities of the world, Kabul City has two independent councils or administrations at once: Prefecture and Municipality. The Prefect who is also the Governor of Kabul Province is appointed by the Ministry of Interior, and is responsible for the administrative and formal issues of the entire province. The Mayor of Kabul City is selected by the President of Afghanistan, who engages in the city's planning and environmental work. The term prefecture (from the Latin Praefectura) indicates the office, seat, territorial circonscription of a Prefect. ... A municipality is an administrative entity composed of a clearly defined territory and its population and commonly referring to a city, town, or village, or a small grouping of them. ... A prefect (from the Latin praefectus, perfect participle of praeficere: make in front, i. ... For other uses, see Governor (disambiguation). ... The Interior Minister is a member of a Cabinet in a Government. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Afghanistan has only intermittently been a republic - between 1973-1992 and from 2001 onwards - at other times being governed by a variety of kings, emirs and (under the mujahideen and Taliban regimes in the 1990s) Islamist rulers. ...


The police and security forces belong to the prefecture and Ministry of Interior. The Chief of Police is selected by the Minister of Interior and is responsible for law enforcement and security of the city.

Map of Kabul City
Map of Kabul City
  • Areas of Kabul City
    • Shahr-e Naw (New City)
    • Wazir Akbar Khan
    • Macro Ryans (1, 2, 3 and 4)
    • Khair Khana (1, 2 and 3)
    • Klola Pushta and Taimani
    • Kartey Parwan
    • Kartey Naw (New Quarter)
    • Kartey (3 & 4)
    • Darul-Aman
    • Chehlstoon
    • Chendawol
    • Shahr-e Kohna (Old City of Kabul)
    • Deh Buri
    • Bibi Mahroo

Image File history File links Kabul_City_Map. ... Image File history File links Kabul_City_Map. ...

Tourism and sightseeing

The old part of Kabul is filled with bazaars nestled along its narrow, crooked streets. Cultural sites include the Afghan National Museum, notably displaying an impressive statue of Surya excavated at Khair Khana, the ruined Darul Aman Palace, the Mausoleum of Emperor Babur and Chehlstoon Park, the Minar-i-Istiqlal (Column of Independence) built in 1919 after the Third Afghan War, the mausoleum of Timur Shah Durrani, and the imposing Id Gah Mosque (founded 1893). Bala Hissar is a fort destroyed by the British in 1879, in retaliation for the death of their envoy, now restored as a military college. The Minaret of Chakari, destroyed in 1998, had Buddhist swastika and both Mahayana and Theravada qualities. The Grand Timcheh of Qoms Bazaar. ... Founded in the 1920s, the Afghan National Museum is a place for storage and appreciation of old Afghan items of interest. ... In Hinduism, Surya (Devanagari: सूर्य, sūrya) is the chief solar deity,one of the Adityas, son of Kasyapa and one of his wife Aditi[1] ,in Nordics Tyr he is said to be the son of Dyaus Pitar. ... Darul Aman Palace or Tajbeg, is a European-style palace located about ten miles outside of the center of Kabul, Afghanistan, at 34° 27′ 54. ... St. ... Zāhir ud-Dīn Mohammad, commonly known as Bābur (February 14, 1483 – December 26, 1530) (Chaghatay/Persian: ; also spelled ), was a Muslim Emperor from Central Asia who founded the Mughal dynasty of India. ... The Rise of Dost Mohammad It was not until 1826 that the energetic Dost Mohammad was able to exert sufficient control over his brothers to take over the throne in Kabul, where he proclaimed himself amir. ... Timur Shah (1748 - 18 May 1793), the second son of Ahmed Shah Abdali and the second of the Durrani Dynasty, was the Shah of Afghanistan from 16 October 1772 until his death. ... Id Gah Mosque is thew biggest mosque in Kabul where hundreds and Thousands of people offer the EID prayers twice a year. ... Bala Hissar is an ancient fortress located in the city of Kabul, Afghanistan. ... A statue of the Sakyamuni Buddha in Tawang Gompa, India. ... This article is about the symbol. ... Relief image of the bodhisattva Kuan Yin from Mt. ... Theravada (Pāli: theravāda; Sanskrit: स्थविरवाद sthaviravāda; literally, the Way of the Elders) is the oldest surviving Buddhist school, and for many centuries has been the predominant religion of Sri Lanka (about 70% of the population[1]) and most of continental Southeast Asia (Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand). ...

Inside Kabul City Center
Inside Kabul City Center
mosque at babur gardens
mosque at babur gardens
Bagh-e Bala Park
Bagh-e Bala Park
Shar-e Naw Park
Shar-e Naw Park

Other places of interest include Kabul City Center, which is Kabul's first shopping mall, the shops around Flower Street and Chicken Street, Wazir Akbar Khan district, Babur Gardens, Kabul Golf Club, Kabul Zoo, Shah Do Shamshera and other famous Mosques, the Afghan National Gallery, Afghan National Archive, Afghan Royal Family Mausoleum, the OMAR Mine Museum, Bibi Mahroo Hill, Kabul Cemetery, and Paghman Gardens. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 536 pixelsFull resolution (1036 × 694 pixel, file size: 196 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 536 pixelsFull resolution (1036 × 694 pixel, file size: 196 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (900x675, 619 KB) Bagh-e-Bala is Kabul Citys main picnic spot. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (900x675, 619 KB) Bagh-e-Bala is Kabul Citys main picnic spot. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Kabul City Center is Afghanistans first modern-style indoor shopping mall that opened in 2005. ... Inside Bagh-e Babur Park. ... The Kabul Golf Club is a nine-hole golf course located near the Karga Dam outside of Kabul, Afghanistan. ... The Kabul Zoo is in Kabul, Afghanistan on the bank of the Kabul River. ... The Masjid al-Haram in Mecca as it exists today A mosque is a place of worship for followers of the Islamic faith. ... Located in Kabul, Afghanistan, the OMAR Mine Museum contains a collection of 51 types of land mines out of the 53 used in Afghanistan over the years. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


Tappe-i-Maranjan is a nearby hill where Buddhist statues and Graeco-Bactrian coins from the 2nd century BC have been found. Outside the city proper is a citadel and the royal palace. Paghman and Jalalabad are interesting valleys north and east of the city. This article is about monetary coins. ... Paghman is a town in the hills near Kabul, Afghanistan. ... For the city in Kyrgyzstan, see Jalal-Abad. ...

  • Parks
    • Bāgh-e Bābur Park (Babur Gardens)
    • Bāghi Bālā Park
    • Lake Qargha Park
    • Zarnegar Park
    • Shar-e Naw Park
    • Bagh-e Zanana (Women's Park)
  • Mosques
    • Haji Abdul Rahman Mosque (Under construction)
    • Id Gah Mosque
    • Pul-e Khishti Mosque
    • Shah-e Do Shamshera Mosque
  • Mausoleums
    • Mausoleum of Tamim Ansar

Kabul International Airport (IATA: KBL, ICAO: OAKB) also known as Khwaja Rawash Airport is located 16 kilometers (9 miles) from downtown Kabul, Afghanistan. ... Inside Bagh-e Babur Park. ... Id Gah Mosque is thew biggest mosque in Kabul where hundreds and Thousands of people offer the EID prayers twice a year. ... Pul-e Khishti Mosque Pul-e Khishti Mosque is a large mosque in Kabul, Afghanistan. ... Founded in the 1920s, the Afghan National Museum is a place for storage and appreciation of old Afghan items of interest. ... Marriott International, Inc. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... InterContinental Hotel in Kabul View from InterContinental Hotel The InterContinental Hotel in Kabul, Afghanistan, has spent more time in the public eye than most of the Intercontinental stable. ...

Kabul in literature and poetry

Kabul is mentioned on numerous occasions in classical Persian (Dari) literature well back into the last millennium. Many examples are notable. Kelileh va Demneh Persian manuscript copy dated 1429, from Herat, depicts the Jackal trying to lead the Lion astray. ...

ززابل به کابل رسید آن زمان

From Zabol he arrived to Kabul
گرازان و خندان و دل شادمان
Strutting, happy, and mirthful Zabol (زابل) is a city in the province Sistan and Baluchistan, in Iran, on the border with both Afghanistan and Pakistan. ...

FerdowsiShahnameh Ferdowsi Tousi (فردوسی طوسی in Persian) (more commonly transliterated Firdausi, Ferdosi or Ferdusi) (935–1020) is considered to be one of the greatest Persian poets to have ever lived. ... Shâhnameh Shāhnāmé, or Shāhnāma (Persian: )(alternative spellings are Shahnama, Shahnameh, Shahname, Shah-Nama, etc. ...

The Kite Runner and A Thousand Splendid Suns, written by Kabul-born Khaled Hosseini, are books set partially in Kabul. The Kite Runner is the first novel by Afghan American author Khaled Hosseini. ... A Thousand Splendid Suns is a 2007 novel by Afghan-American author Khaled Hosseini, his second, following his bestselling debut, The Kite Runner (2003). ... Khaled Hosseini (Persian: خالد حسینی)(IPA pronunciation: [1])(born March 4, 1965) is an Tajik-American novelist and physician,who is an ethnic Tajik from Afghanistan. ...


Gallery

See also

The following are politically, geographically or economically important places, many of which are cities, of Afghanistan. ... The Kabul - City of Light Development is an urban reconstruction plan first conceived in 2004 by urban planner and architect Hisham N. Ashkouri to revitalize Kabul, the capital city of Afghanistan. ... Radio Kabul is the official radio station of Afghanistan. ... The Kabul Golf Club is a nine-hole golf course located near the Karga Dam outside of Kabul, Afghanistan. ... Kabul Express (Hindi: काबुल एक्स्प्रेस, Urdu: کابل ایکسپریس) is a Bollywood movie that was released on December 15, 2006. ...

References and footnotes

  1. ^ UN World Urbanization Prospects: The 2005 Revision Population Database...link
  2. ^ Pajhwok News...Link
  3. ^ Britannica Concise Encyclopedia - Kabul...Link
  4. ^ The history of Afghanistan, Ghandara.com website
  5. ^ Supplementary Glossary, p. 304, H. M. Elliot
  6. ^ Hill, John E. 2004. The Western Regions according to the Hou Hanshu. Draft annotated English translation...link
  7. ^ Hill, John E. 2004. The Peoples of the West from the Weilue 魏略 by Yu Huan 魚豢: A Third Century Chinese Account Composed between 239 and 265 CE. Draft annotated English translation... Link
  8. ^ Encyclopaedia Britannica - The Durrani dynasty (from Afghanistan)...Link
  9. ^ UN World Urbanization Prospects: The 2005 Revision Population Database...link
  10. ^ Central Statistics Office, Annual Report, Kabul-Afghanistan, LINK
  11. ^ "Kābul (city)". Microsoft® Encarta® Online Encyclopedia (2007). Retrieved on 2007-12-02. “Tajiks are the predominant population group of Kābul, and Pashtuns are an important minority.” 
  12. ^ Cole, Juan (2006-30-05). Kabul under Curfew after Anti-US, anti-Karzai Riots. San Francisco Bay Area Indymedia. Retrieved on 2007-11-27.
  13. ^ Historical Weather for Kabul. Retrieved on 26 July, 2007.
  14. ^ Pajhwok Afghan News - Work on terminal at Kabul Airport starts...Link
  15. ^ Pajhwok Afghan News - Ministry signs contract with Chinese company...Link
  16. ^ Kabul International School...link
  17. ^ Kabul - City of Light Project...link
  18. ^ Afghanistan Industrial Parks Development Authority...Kabul (Bagrami)

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 336th day of the year (337th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 331st day of the year (332nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Kabul



Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

Twelve largest cities of Afghanistan by population Flag of Afghanistan
Kabul  · Kandahar  · Herat  · Mazari Sharif  · Qunduz  · Taluqan  · Puli Khumri  · Jalalabad  · Charikar  · Sheberghan  · Ghazni  · Sari Pul

  Results from FactBites:
 
Kabul Province - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2092 words)
Kabul is one of the thirty-four provinces of Afghanistan.
Kabul is surrounded by Koh-e Paghman Mountain from the east, Koh-e Qrough Mountain from the south-west, Koh-e Shirdarwaza Mountain from the north-east.
Kabul city was in the hands of many political groups who fought for power until it was taken over by the Talibans in 1996 and its politics was changed.
Kabul - definition of Kabul in Encyclopedia (1201 words)
Kabul (Käbool, Kbool, کابل) is the capital and largest city of Afghanistan with a population variously estimated at 2 to 4 million.
Kabul was factionalised, and fighting continued between Jamiat-e Islami, Dostum and the Hazara Hezb-e Wahdat.
Kabul was captured by the Taliban in September, 1996, publicly lynching ex-president Najibullah, repressing the city's dangerously literate populace and effectively moving the capital to Kandahar.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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