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Encyclopedia > Kabard

Kabarda, Kabard or Kabarid are simply alternative ways of referring to the Kabar people of the northern Caucasus more commonly known by the plural term Kabardin (or Kebertei as they term themselves). Originally they comprised the semi-nomadic eastern branch of what was once the Adyghe tribal fellowship. They number around 391,000 (as of 1989), living mainly in Kabardino-Balkaria, a republic in the Russian Federation. Most Kabards are Sunni Muslims. They speak Kabardian, a North West Caucasian language that represents the easternmost outpost of the Circassian language group. The Entholinguistic patchwork of the modern Caucasus - CIA map The Caucasus, a region bordering Asia Minor, is located between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea which includes the Caucasus Mountains and surrounding lowlands. ... The Adyghe or Adygei are a people of the northwest Caucasus region, principally inhabiting Adygeya (now a constituent republic of the Russian Federation). ... 1989 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Kabardino-Balkar Republic or Kabardino-Balkaria (Russian: ; Kabardian: Къэбэрдей-Балъкъэр Республикэ; Balkar: Къабарты-Малкъар Республика) is a federal subject of the Russian Federation (a republic), located in the northern Caucasus. ... Sunni Islam (Arabic سنّة) is the largest denomination of Islam. ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم) (sometimes also spelled Moslem) is an adherent of Islam. ... The Kabardian language is a Northwest Caucasian language spoken in Russia, Jordan and Turkey. ... The term Caucasian languages is loosely used to refer to a large and extremely varied array of languages spoken by more than 7 million people in the Caucasus region of Eastern Europe, between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea. ... Circassian language is used in a number of ways: as a synonym for the Adyghe language; as a synonym for the Kabardian language; as a term for a distinct language that includes both Adyghe and Kabardian. ...

  Results from FactBites:
Kabardino-Balkar Republic - HighBeam Encyclopedia (388 words)
The Kabards speak a Caucasian language and are Muslims (Sunni); the Balkars speak a Turkic language.
Livestock and poultry are raised, and wheat, corn, hemp, and fruit are grown.
The Kabards were known in the 9th cent.
Caucasus Foundation (294 words)
The Kabard Prince sought alliance with the expanding Russian Empire and married his daughter to Tsar Ivan the Fourth.
After the Russian revolution the Kabard was heavily involved in the civil war involving nationalist parties, foreign interventionalists, Bolsheviks, and the White Voluntary Army.
Today Kabard constitute almost 50 percent of the population in their republic and oppose a fifty-fify share of power with the Balkar who constitute 10 per cent of the population.
  More results at FactBites »



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