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Encyclopedia > KPRF
Communist Party supporters attend a May Day rally in Moscow

The Communist Party of the Russian Federation (Коммунисти́ческая Па́ртия Росси́йской Федера́ции = КПРФ) is a Russian political party. Although it is sometimes seen a successor to the Communist Party of the Soviet Union and the Communist Party of the RSFSR, legally it is not related to these parties. The party has emphasised its uniquely Russian character and it has consistently invoked Russian patriotism in addition to communism.

Early members included Aleksandr Dugin who helped to draft early party documents and pushed the party in the direction of nationalism. He has since left to join the National Bolshevik Party. Party leader Gennady Zyuganov also briefly worked with leading European nationalist Jean-Francois Thiriart before the latter's death.

Its support had been building steadily since its establishment in 1993, but it dropped massively in the 2003 parliamentary elections and has remained low since.

The CPRF is led by Gennady Zyuganov, who called the 2003 elections a 'revolting spectacle' and accuses the Kremlin of setting up a Potemkin party, the Rodina party, to steal its votes.

In July 2004 a breakaway faction elected Vladimir Tikhonov as its leader.

Polling Figures


  • http://kprf.ru - in Russian language.

Related articles

  Results from FactBites:
Pravda.RU:Gennady Zyuganov: socialist revolution possible in Russia (701 words)
The KPRF leader said this on Saturday at the 10th congress of the communist party, now underway at the Izmailovo concert hall in Moscow.
The KPRF leader noted that, out of the 317 delegates, 248 are present and 24 are absent for valid excuses.
The KPRF congress at the Izmailovo concert hall is being held in pitch darkness because of a power failure.
AEI - Short Publications (3414 words)
Consequently, while the KPRF appears to be heading toward the ashbin of history, the statist, nationalist mindset endures--most menacingly, in the form of Vladimir Putin's lurch toward authoritarianism and the success of the new Motherland (Rodina) party--thus posing an enduring obstacle in Russia's transition toward liberal, democratic capitalism.
The forerunner of the KPRF, the Russian Communist Party (RCP), was founded in 1990 by the members of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) opposed to General Secretary Mikhail Gorbachev's reforms.[1] After the failed August 1991 coup by Communist hardliners, the president of Russia, Boris Yeltsin, banned the CPSU and the RCP.
The KPRF deemed the Soviet Union a model state and its breakup, a tragedy and a "crime." The same assessment applied to the "destruction" of the Soviet military-industrial complex, whose funding was cut by Yeltsin by 90 percent.[7] The "voluntary" recreation of the Soviet empire was a key objective.
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