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Encyclopedia > KMT chairmanship election, 2005

The Chinese Kuomintang chairmanship election of 2005 was held on July 16, 2005 in the Republic of China (Taiwan) between Ma Ying-jeou and Wang Jin-pyng. The election was triggered by the retirement of outgoing chairman Lien Chan. July 16 is the 197th day (198th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 168 days remaining. ... 2005 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and is the current year. ... National motto: None Official language Mandarin Chinese Capital and largest city Taipei President Chen Shui-bian Premier Frank Hsieh Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 138th 35,980 km² 2. ... Dr. Ma Ying-Jeou, the Mayor of Taipei City Ma Ying-jeou (馬英九 Hanyu Pinyin: MÇŽ YÄ«ngjiÇ”, Wade-Giles: Ma Ying-chiu Tongyong Pinyin: Ma Yingjiou) (born July 13, 1950) was elected mayor of Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China in 1998 and reelected in 2002. ... Dennis Hastert and Wang Jin-pyng in Washington, DC. Wang Jin-pyng (Chinese: 王金平, pinyin: Wáng JÄ«npíng) (born March 17, 1941), Taiwanese politician, is the President of the Legislative Yuan and one of six vice chairmen of the Kuomintang. ... Lien Chan Lien Chan (連戰, in pinyin: Lián Zhàn) (born August 27, 1936, in Xian) is a Taiwanese politician. ...


This was the first direct election of the chairman in the Kuomintang's 93-year history. All registered, due-paying KMT party members were eligible to vote. Previous leaders of the KMT had been elected by the party congress in a one-man race (with the candidate being either the incumbent or his designated successor). In contrast, Lien did not name a successor, but rather supported a direct election between the two candidates. The Kuomintang (KMT) or Nationalist Party of China (Traditional: 中國國民黨; Simplified: 中国国民党; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Chung-kuo Kuo-min-tang; Tongyong Pinyin: Jhongguo Guomindang) is a conservative political party currently active in the Republic of China (ROC) on Taiwan. ...


The election was widely seen as a preliminary contest for the party's nomination in the 2008 presidential election. Ma's unexpected landslide victory over Wang makes him the frontrunner in the bid for the KMT presidential nomination. 2008 Election for the Presidency of the Republic of China (Taiwan) will be held in March 2008 (but is customary in Taiwanese elections, the date will probably not be determined until late 2007). ...

Graphical depiction of the results: Ma won against Wang, 72.4% of the vote to 27.6%.
Graphical depiction of the results: Ma won against Wang, 72.4% of the vote to 27.6%.
Candidate Total votes cast Percentage of vote
Ma Ying-jeou (W) 370,054 72.4%
Wang Jin-pyng 141,624 27.6%
Total eligible voters 1,045,467
Total ballots cast 524,487
Voter turnout 50.17%
Total ballots counted 511,678
Disqualified ballots 6,163

Contents

Image File history File links English version of zh:Image:2005kmt election. ... Dr. Ma Ying-Jeou, the Mayor of Taipei City Ma Ying-jeou (馬英九 Hanyu Pinyin: Mǎ Yīngjiǔ, Wade-Giles: Ma Ying-chiu Tongyong Pinyin: Ma Yingjiou) (born July 13, 1950) was elected mayor of Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China in 1998 and reelected in 2002. ... Dennis Hastert and Wang Jin-pyng in Washington, DC. Wang Jin-pyng (Chinese: 王金平, pinyin: Wáng Jīnpíng) (born March 17, 1941), Taiwanese politician, is the President of the Legislative Yuan and one of six vice chairmen of the Kuomintang. ...


The Candidates

The election was less about specific issues and more about personality. Both candidates supported a concilitatory approach toward relations with the People's Republic of China and supported the party's opposition to Taiwan independence and support of the 1992 consensus. They both promised to reform the party to make it more democratic and crack down on black gold. Ma's supporters argued that being younger and more charismatic, he would provide the party with a more youthful, clean, and open image which would be useful for the party in the 2007 legislative elections and the 2008 presidental elections. Wang's supporters cited his experience as speaker of the Legislative Yuan and his support among party leaders as vital in uniting the pan-Blue Coalition. Taiwan independence (Chinese: 台灣獨立, pinyin: Táiwān dúlì, Taiwanese Romanization: Tâi-oân To̍k-li̍p; abbreviated to 台獨, Táidú, Tâi-to̍k) is a political movement whose goal is primarily to create an independent and sovereign Republic of Taiwan that is politically, culturally, and geographically... The Consensus of 1992 (Chinese:九二共識; literally, 92 Consensus) describes an agreement that both Mainland China and Taiwan belong to one China, although there may be interpretations over the meaning of that term. ... Black gold (Chinese: 黑金; pinyin: hÄ“i jÄ«n) is a term used in the Republic of China (Taiwan) to refer to political corruption. ... The Legislative Yuan building in Zhongzheng District, Taipei City (the view is blocked by the childrens hospital building of the National Taiwan University Hospital). ... The Pan-Blue Coalition, or Pan-Blue Force (Chinese: 泛藍軍; pinyin: fàn lán jÅ«n), is a political coalition in early 21st century Taiwan, consisting of the Kuomintang (KMT), the People First Party (PFP), and the smaller New Party (CNP). ...


Ma Ying-jeou ran in the election while serving as the mayor of Taipei City and a vice chairman of the KMT. His efforts at cracking down on black gold during his tenure as Justice Minister in the 1990s earned him a reputation of incorruptibility, especially due to the fact that he was fired from this post, and his political career was considered to be over. His clean and competent public image and personal charisma has made him a widely popular politician, especially among female and younger voters. However, his critics claim that he, unlike his opponent, lacks friends among the KMT's political elite and has little experience in forging political alliances. In addition, his opponents claim that Ma's background as a Mainlander (he was born in Hong Kong to Hunanese parents) may become a problem when he runs for president (in the 2004 presidential election President Chen Shui-bian questioned his mainland-born opponents' loyalty towards Taiwan and questioned whether they would "sell Taiwan out" to the PRC). In response, his supporters cite polls that indicate that Ma is popular among all ethnicities and regions in Taiwan, and that substantial numbers of DPP supporters have indicated in polls that they would vote for him. Dr. Ma Ying-Jeou, the Mayor of Taipei City Ma Ying-jeou (馬英九 Hanyu Pinyin: MÇŽ YÄ«ngjiÇ”, Wade-Giles: Ma Ying-chiu Tongyong Pinyin: Ma Yingjiou) (born July 13, 1950) was elected mayor of Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China in 1998 and reelected in 2002. ... Alternative meaning: Taipei County City nickname: the City of Azaleas Capital District Xinyi Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 16 of 25 271. ... Black gold (Chinese: 黑金; pinyin: hÄ“i jÄ«n) is a term used in the Republic of China (Taiwan) to refer to political corruption. ... Mainlanders are those humans who live, or were born, in a mainland. ... Hunan (Chinese: 湖南; pinyin: ) is a province of China, located in the middle reaches of the Yangtze River and south of Lake Dongting (hence the name Hunan, meaning south of the lake). Hunan is sometimes called 湘 (pinyin: Xiāng) for short, after the Xiang River which runs through the province. ... Elections for the President and Vice President of the Republic of China (Taiwan) were held on March 20, 2004. ... Chen Shui-bian, President of the Republic of China Chen Shui-bian (ch. ... DPP may stand for: Democratic Progressive Party, a political party in the Republic of China(Taiwan). ...


Wang Jin-pyng, also a vice chairman of the KMT, though less popular and charismatic than his opponent, has gained the reputation of being a shrewd and capable politician. He has served in the Legislative Yuan since 1976 and as the President of the Legislative Yuan since 1999. As President of the Legislative Yuan, he was seen as being a conciliatory leader, avoiding the heated rhetoric to reach across the political divide. Dennis Hastert and Wang Jin-pyng in Washington, DC. Wang Jin-pyng (Chinese: 王金平, pinyin: Wáng Jīnpíng) (born March 17, 1941), Taiwanese politician, is the President of the Legislative Yuan and one of six vice chairmen of the Kuomintang. ... The Legislative Yuan building in Zhongzheng District, Taipei City (the view is blocked by the childrens hospital building of the National Taiwan University Hospital). ...


Wang enjoyed the support of many KMT political heavyweights. He was endorsed by party elders Lee Huan, Chen Jien-chung, Sung Shih-hsuan, and Yu Chung-ji. Prominent legislators John Chiang and Lee Chin-hua also supported Wang's candidacy. Around 130 retired generals also endorsed Wang, including president of National Defense University Cheng Pan-chi, former combined services deputy Wang Yi-tien, and former deputy director and executive officer of the ministry's Political Warfare Bureau Chen Hsing-kuo. In an about-face from his earlier pledge and order to other People First Party (PFP) politicians not to involve themselves in the election for KMT chairmanship, In the night before the election, PFP Chairman James Soong made a videotaped appearance to endorse Wang. Lien Chan, although promising to stay neutral during the campaign, was accidentally caught by news cameras voting for Wang Jin-pyng. In contrast, the only senior KMT political heavyweight endorsement received by Ma was from Hau Pei-tsun, although Ma received endorsement from some of his fellow middle-aged KMT politicians, including Jason Hu, the mayor of Taichung; Eric Chu, the magistrate of Taoyuan County; and Wu Den-yih, legislator from Nantou County and former mayor of Kaohsiung. John Hsiao-yen Chang (章孝嚴, pinyin: Zhāng Xiàoyán; born May 2, 1941) is a Kuomintang politician in the Republic of China on Taiwan. ... The People First Party (親民黨, pinyin: Qīnmíndǎng) is a conservative political party in the Republic of China on Taiwan. ... Soong Chu-yu James Chu-yu Soong (宋楚瑜 Wade-Giles: Sung Chu-yü; pinyin: Sòng ChÇ”yú; born March 16, 1942) is a politician in the Republic of China on Taiwan. ... Hau Pei-tsun (郝柏村; pinyin: Hǎo Bócūn; born July 13, 1919) was Premier of the Republic of China (on Taiwan) from May 30, 1990 to February 10, 1993 and a 4-star general in the ROC Army. ... Abbreviation: Central City (中市) City nickname: The cultural city Capital District West Dist. ... Taoyuan County (桃園縣, pinyin: Táoyuán Xiàn, WG: Tao-yüan Hsien) is a county of Taiwan Province, Republic of China, located in the northwestern part of the island, next to Taipei County. ... Nantou is the second largest county of Taiwan. ... Abbreviation: Kaohsiung (高雄) City nickname: The Harbor City Capital District Linya Dist. ...


Wang's status as a Holo-speaker associated with the pro-localization faction of the KMT required him to dispel fears that he would turn out to be "another Lee Teng-hui" (who founded the pro-independence Taiwan Solidarity Union and was expelled from the party) or that he would leave the KMT to join the TSU if he lost the election. At the same time, Ma needed to dispel the stereotype of him as a urban Mainlander from Taipei unconnected with rural southern Holo-speaking Taiwan. Localization (本土化, POJ: pún-thó·-hòa, Pinyin: BÄ›ntÇ” huà) is a political term used by advocates of Taiwan independence to support their view of Taiwan as not part of China. ... Lee Teng-hui, former President of the Republic of China Lee Teng-hui (Chinese: 李登輝; Taiwanese Romanization: Lí Teng-hui; pinyin: Lǐ DÄ“nghuÄ«; born January 15, 1923) is a politician in the Republic of China on Taiwan. ... The Taiwan Solidarity Union (TSU) (Traditional Chinese: 台灣團結聯盟, pinyin: Táiwān túanjíe líanméng) is a political party in the Republic of China on Taiwan which advocates Taiwan independence. ...


During the campaign both candidates attempted to dispel their stereotypes: Wang stressed his loyalty to the KMT and Republic of China (such as by singing patriotic songs from the Chiang Kai-shek-era) and gaining the support of conservative Mainlander heavyweights within the KMT. His Mainlander opponent Ma stressed his connection with the people of Taiwan and proposed measures such as moving some KMT Central Standing Committee meetings from Taipei to southern Taiwan. Chiang Kai-shek (October 31, 1887–April 5, 1975) was a Chinese military and political leader who assumed the leadership of the Kuomintang (KMT) after the death of Sun Yat-sen in 1925. ...


Dynamics

Over 1 million KMT party members were eligible to vote. In the months leading to the election there was bitter debate between the two candidates over which party members were eligible to vote. While the Ma campaign wanted to limit the vote 300,000 party members fully paid-up in their annual dues, the Wang campaign argued that all 1.1 million card-carrying members would be eligible. The 300,000 members "in good standing" were mostly veterans and party members, considered part of the right-wing of the party, who were most likely to vote for Ma on the basis of his mainlander background. The 1.1 million members included a much greater proportion of native Taiwanese and some less enthusiastic supporters of the party who joined as a result of working for a state-run enterprise in which, before democratic reforms in the 1990s, KMT membership was encouraged and somewhat compelled. Finally it was agreed to that all card-carrying members would be able to vote as polls showed Ma running ahead of Wang even with the franchise opened. This request by Wang arguably backfired, as it might have very well been the case that members who were less involved with internal party politics became more attracted to Ma's personality.


The chairmanship election coincided with elections for 985 party delegates for the KMT's 17th national party congress. Each voting booth had three ballot boxes: one ballot box for the party chairman, the second ballot box for the party delegates, and the third ballot box for KMT members from military villages also voting for delegates.


See also

The Kuomintang (KMT) or Nationalist Party of China (Traditional Chinese: 中國國民黨; Simplified Chinese: 中国国民党; pinyin: Zhōngguó Guómíndǎng; Wade-Giles: Chung-kuo Kuo-min-tang; Tongyong Pinyin: Jhongguo Guomindang; literally the National Peoples Party of China) is a conservative political party currently active in the Republic of China (ROC) on... The Republic of China (ROC) currently has jurisdiction over Taiwan, Kinmen, Matsu, and the Pescadores Islands (Penghu) and several smaller islands. ... Dr. Ma Ying-Jeou, the Mayor of Taipei City Ma Ying-jeou (馬英九 Hanyu Pinyin: MÇŽ YÄ«ngjiÇ”, Wade-Giles: Ma Ying-chiu Tongyong Pinyin: Ma Yingjiou) (born July 13, 1950) was elected mayor of Taipei, Taiwan, Republic of China in 1998 and reelected in 2002. ... Dennis Hastert and Wang Jin-pyng in Washington, DC. Wang Jin-pyng (Chinese: 王金平, pinyin: Wáng JÄ«npíng) (born March 17, 1941), Taiwanese politician, is the President of the Legislative Yuan and one of six vice chairmen of the Kuomintang. ... Lien Chan Lien Chan (連戰, in pinyin: Lián Zhàn) (born August 27, 1936, in Xian) is a Taiwanese politician. ...

References

  • BBC: Taiwan's KMT prepares for voting first
  • Taipei Times: Wang courts the support of old KMT
  • Asia Times: Taiwan's Ma proves an odd winner
  • China Post: KMT cadres distribute ballots in preparation for vote tomorrow

  Results from FactBites:
 
James Soong (2506 words)
The loss of PFP votes was a major factor in causing the KMT to swing toward Chinese reunification thereby causing the subsequent expulsion of Lee Teng-hui.
However, with the KMT allied with the PFP for the 2004 presidential election, the KMT aided Soong in his defense, and KMT Chairman Lien Chan claimed the KMT was misled into filing the lawsuit against Soong.
Some believe that the PFP's lack of experienced candidates in the December 2002 mayoral elections in Taipei and Kaohsiung (the PFP supported the KMT's candidates), and the PFP's poor performance the city council elections in those cities at the same time were major setbacks to Soong's chances of being the KMT-PFP candidate for president.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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