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Encyclopedia > Köping

Köping, cognate to the Saxon word chipping, is a Swedish term similar to "market town". In medieval times it was the designation of an official for town or market place. As present-day Finland was then a part of Sweden, the Finnish word kauppala has the same meaning. The Finnish word kaupunki, borrowed from the Old Norse word for köping, is today the main word for town or city in Finnish. Cognates are words that have a common origin. ... See: Lower Saxon language (a variety of Low German) Anglo-Saxon language (the ancestor language of English) Old Saxon language (the ancestor language of Anglo-Saxon language) Upper Saxon language (a variety of High German) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise... Swedish (svenska  listen?) is a Scandinavian language language spoken predominantly in Sweden, Finland and Åland by over 8 million native speakers. ... The market town is a medieval phenomenon. ... The Middle Ages formed the middle period in a traditional schematic division of European history into three ages: the classical civilization of Antiquity, the Middle Ages, and modern times, beginning with the Renaissance. ... The Republic of Finland (Finnish: Suomen tasavalta, Swedish: Republiken Finland) is a Nordic country in northeastern Europe, bordered by the Baltic Sea to the southwest, the Gulf of Finland to the southeast and the Gulf of Bothnia to the west. ... Finnish is spoken by the majority (92%) in Finland and by ethnic Finns outside Finland. ... Old Norse or Danish tongue is the Germanic language once spoken by the inhabitants of the Nordic countries (for instance during the Viking Age). ...


Historically, many of the cities in Sweden were market towns before being granted full town privileges. In 1971, the disctinctions between cities, market towns and rural municipalities were removed when the unitary authority municipalities were introduced. There are several towns and current municipalities named after market towns that have incorporated "köping" into their names. Town privileges was an important feature of European towns during most of the 2nd millenium. ... 1971 is a common year starting on Friday (click for link to calendar). ... The Municipalities or Kommuner represent the local level of self government in Sweden. ...


List of municipalities

Enköping is a Municipality in Uppsala County, in east central Sweden. ... Jönköping [jœncøːpiŋ] is a Municipality in Jönköping County, in southern Sweden. ... The Linköping Cathedral. ... Drottninggatan, A street in Norrköping Norrköping [ˈˈnɔrʃøːpɪŋ] (population 123 971), is a City and is a Municipality in Östergötland County, in southeast Sweden. ... Nyköping is a Municipality in Södermanland County, in central Sweden. ... Söderköping is a Municipality in Östergötland County, in southeast Sweden. ...

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