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Encyclopedia > Käymäjärvi Inscriptions

The Käymäjärvi Inscriptions refers to inscriptions on a stone approximately 52.5 cm high and 105 cm wide, engraved with some variety of Runic alphabet. The stone is today so degraded, it is no longer possible to compare it with other scripts such as Orkhon script. It is located near Lake Käymäjärvi, about 26 km north-east of Payala parish, Northern Sweden. Inscriptions are words or letters written, engraved, painted, or otherwise traced on a surface and can appear in contexts both small and monumental. ... Technical note: Due to technical limitations, some web browsers may not display some special characters in this article. ... The Orkhon Script is an alphabet developed by the Kokturks, a Turkic tribespeople, to write the Uighur language from about 715 AD to about 800 AD, when it was replaced by the Uighur Alphabet. ... Pajala is a Municipality in Norrbotten County, in northern Sweden. ...


It was first reported by Olof Rudbeck, Sr. (1630-1702) in the second volume of Atlantica (1689). The local inhabitants, especially the Saami, considered the stone to carry a very important message from their ancestors. Olaus Rudbeckius, senior or (1630-1702), Swedish scientist and writer, professor of medicine at Uppsala University and for several periods rector magnificus (headmaster) of the same university. ... Saami or SAAMI can stand for: Sami peoples Sporting Arms and Ammunition Manufacturers Institute This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


The second author to report it is Eric Brunnius (1706-83) in a dissertion about Tornio (De urbe Torna; 1731) from Uppsala University where he states that the stone has rune characters and the engraving of a triple crown but which by that time had been degraded and is now absent. The physicist Anders Celsius (1701-44), also an early runologist, concluded that the inscriptions were not of runic character. Tornio (Torneå in Swedish) is a municipality in Lapland, Finland. ... Uppsala University Uppsala University (Swedish Uppsala universitet) is a public university in Uppsala, Sweden. ... The word physicist should not be confused with physician, which means medical doctor. ... Anders Celsius The observatory of Anders Celsius, from a contemporary engraving. ... Runology is the study of the Runic alphabets and inscriptions. ...


Celsius and Pierre Louis Moreau de Maupertuis (1698-1759) visited the stone around April 11, 1737, during their earth meridian measurement expedition. The tale of this travel and stone, at that time considered to be very exotic in nature, was presented in his application to the Académie des Sciences, and may have influenced the Academy's decision to elect him to the academy. Pierre Louis Maupertuis, here wearing lapmudes or a fur coat from his Lapland expedition. ... April 11 is the 101st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (102nd in leap years). ... Events 12 February — The San Carlo, the oldest working opera house in Europe, is inaugurated. ... The French Academy of Sciences (Académie des sciences) is a learned society, founded in 1666 by Louis XIV at the suggestion of Jean-Baptiste Colbert, to encourage and protect the spirit of French scientific research. ...


Sources

Tobé, Erik, "Maupertius' "Berättelse om en färd till det inre av Lappland för att finna ett gammalt minnesmärke"", Oknytt No. 1-4, 1999, Vol. 20


 
 

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