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Encyclopedia > Jyväskylä
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Location of Jyväskylä in Finland

Jyväskylä is a city located in central Finland, 140 km from Tampereen kaupunki City Tampere (1779) Administrative Province Western Finland Historical Province Tavastia Area  - Total  - Land  - Water Ranked 129th 690.6 km² 522.7 km² 167.9 km² Population  - Total (2003-12-31)  - Density Ranked 3rd 200,980 378/km² Tampere (Swedish name Tammerfors) is a... Tampere and 270 km from Helsingin kaupunki Helsingfors stad City Helsinki (1550) Administrative Province Southern Finland Historical Province Uusimaa Area  - Total  - Land  - Water Ranked 349th 686 km² 186 km² 500 km² Population  - Total (2003-12-31)  - Density Ranked 1st 559,330 2,923/km² (1st) Time zone Helsinki, Riga, Tallinn... Helsinki, near Lake Päijänne and Lake Keitele. It is the center of the Region of Jyväskylä, which has a population of 161,400 people. Due to the large number of schools in the city, it is known as the Athens of Finland, and is also famous for its many buildings designed by Hugo Alvar Henrik Aalto (February 3, 1898 _ May 11, 1976) was a Finnish architect. He was a Scandinavian modernist designer, noted for his humanistic approach to modernism. His work includes architecture, furniture, and glassware. He was one of the first and most influential architects of the Scandinavian modern movement... Alvar Aalto and for hosting The Neste Rally Finland (formerly known as 1000 Lakes Rally, renamed 1994 when Neste became the main sponsor) is a Rally event driven in first weekend of August in the Jyväskylä area in Central Finland. The rally has been held since the 1950s, first as a national competition, and... Neste Rally Finland, which is part of the The World Rally Championship (WRC) is a series of automobile rally races across the world, culminating with a champion driver and manufacturer. The first WRC rally took place in 1973. Contents // 1 WRC Today 1.1 2005 Rally Winners 1.2 2004 Rally Winners 2 WRC History 3 External links... World Rally Championship.


During the 1990s and 2000s, the city became somewhat notorious for for other uses please see Crime (disambiguation) A crime is an act that violates a political or moral law. According to Western jurisprudence, there must be a simultaneous concurrence of both actus reus (guilty action) and mens rea (guilty mind) for a crime to have been committed; except in crimes... crime and social problems. Specifically, the frequency of A violent crime or crime of violence is a crime in which the offender uses or threatens violent force upon the victim. This entails both crimes in which the violent act is the objective, such as murder, as well as crimes in which violence is the means to an end... violent crimes is a higher than average among Finnish cities.


At the end of 2003, Jyväskylä had a population of 82,409, while the Region of Jyväskylä had 144,746 inhabitants.


In 2003 the then-mayor of Jyväskylä, Pekka Kettunen, estimated that the city and The Rural Municipality of Jyväskylä would combine within ten years. The town cannot initiate such a merger as it is the biggest municipal unit, but on the other hand it would not prevent such a merger either.

Contents

Education

A number of firsts in Finnish education have taken place in Jyväskylä:

  • The first Finnish-speaking Lyceum ( 1858 is a common year starting on Friday. Years: 1855 1856 1857 - 1858 - 1859 1860 1861 Decades: 1820s 1830s 1840s - 1850s - 1860s 1870s 1880s Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century 1858 in art 1858 in literature 1858 in music 1858 in science 1858 in sports List of state leaders... 1858)
  • The first Finnish-speaking teacher training college ( 1863 is a common year starting on Thursday. Years: 1860 1861 1862 - 1863 - 1864 1865 1866 Decades: 1830s 1840s 1850s - 1860s - 1870s 1880s 1890s Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century 1863 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Literature - Music Other topics Canada - Rail transport - Science - Sport Lists of leaders: Colonial... 1863)
  • The first Finnish-speaking school for girls ( Years: 1861 1862 1863 - 1864 - 1865 1866 1867 Decades: 1830s 1840s 1850s - 1860s - 1870s 1880s 1890s Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century 1864 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Literature - Music Other topics Canada - Rail transport - Science - Sport Lists of leaders: Colonial governors - State leaders Contents // 1 Events 1.1... 1864)
  • Finland's first Summer University ( 1914 is a common year starting on Thursday. (see link for calendar) Years: 1911 1912 1913 - 1914 - 1915 1916 1917 Decades: 1880s 1890s 1900s - 1910s - 1920s 1930s 1940s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1914 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music - Television Science and technology Aviation - Rail... 1914)

Due to this, among other things, the city earned the nickname Athens of Finland.


The teacher training college later evolved into the College of Education ( Years: 1934 1935 1936 - 1937 - 1938 1939 1940 Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s - 1930s - 1940s 1950s 1960s Centuries: 19th century - 20th century - 21st century 1937 in topic: Arts Architecture - Art - Film - Literature - Music Science and technology Aviation - Rail transport - Science - Television Other topics Canada - Sport Lists of leaders: State leaders - Religious... 1937) and further into the multidisciplinary University of Jyväskylä (-1... 1966).


The University of Jyväskylä is one of the most popular universities in Finland. Almost 15,000 students are enrolled to study for a Bachelor's or Master's degree, and the university also offers PhD programs in most of its subjects. Historically, the university has excelled in the study of education, but in the last few decades it has also gained respect in the sciences. It is the only university in Finland offering university-level education in sports, training sports teachers and coaches.


History

Jyväskylä was founded in Years: 1834 1835 1836 - 1837 - 1838 1839 1840 Decades: 1800s 1810s 1820s - 1830s - 1840s 1850s 1860s Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century 1837 in art 1837 in literature 1837 in science 1837 in music 1837 in sports List of state leaders in 1837 List of religious leaders in 1837... 1837 by Nicholas I Pavlovich (Russian: Николай I Павлович, July 6 (June 25, Old Style), 1796–March 2 (February 18, Old Style), 1855) was the Emperor of Russia and king of Poland from 1825 until his death in... Nicholas I of Russia and it was essentially built from scratch. The original town was built between Lake Jyväsjärvi (which is connected to Lake Päijänne) and the Jyväskylä ridge, and consisted of most of the current grid-style city centre. In the early (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999... 20th Century, the town expanded several times.


Numerical data on Jyväskylä

  • Founded March 22 is the 81st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (82nd in Leap years). There are 284 days remaining. March Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa   1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19... 22 March Years: 1834 1835 1836 - 1837 - 1838 1839 1840 Decades: 1800s 1810s 1820s - 1830s - 1840s 1850s 1860s Centuries: 18th century - 19th century - 20th century 1837 in art 1837 in literature 1837 in science 1837 in music 1837 in sports List of state leaders in 1837 List of religious leaders in 1837... 1837
  • Population in the city proper: 81,000 ( 2002 is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. It was designated: International Year of Ecotourism and Mountains National Science Year in the United Kingdom Autism Awareness Year in the United Kingdom Years: 1999 2000 2001 - 2002 - 2003 2004 2005 Decades: 1970s 1980s 1990s - 2000s - 2010s 2020s... 2002)
  • Population in the urban area: 143,000 (2002)
  • Area: 136.9 Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. It is one of the SI derived units. 1 km² is equal to: the area of a square measuring 1 kilometre on each side 1 000 000 m2 100 hectares 0.386 102 square miles... km²
  • Population density: 766/km²

Trivia

  • An An asteroid is a small, solid object in our Solar System, orbiting the Sun. An asteroid is an example of a minor planet (or planetoid), which are much smaller than planets. Most asteroids are believed to be remnants of the protoplanetary disc which were not incorporated into planets during the... asteroid, 1500 Jyväskylä, was named after the town by its Finnish discoverer, Yrjö Väisälä.

External links

  • City of Jyväskylä (http://www.jkl.fi/international/) - Official International version of the site
  • Jyväskylän kaupunki (http://www.jkl.fi/) - Official Finnish language version of the site


This article is part of the Subdivisions of Finland series Provinces Governors Provincial Offices Regions Councils Districts Municipalities List List by population List by area Towns NUTS:FI ISO 3166-2:FI The 30 municipalities of the Central Finland Region in Finland are divided on seven districts. Jyväskylä District... Municipalities of Central Finland
Hankasalmi is a municipality of Finland. It is located in the province of Western Finland and is part of the Central Finland region. The municipality has a population of 5,590 and covers an area of 687.61 km² of which 115.17 km² is water. The population density is... Hankasalmi | Joutsa is a municipality of Finland. It is located in the province of Western Finland and is part of the Central Finland region. The municipality has a population of 4,106 (2003) and covers an area of 656.45 km² of which 165.12 km² is water. The population density... Joutsa | Jyväskylä | Jyväskylän mlk | Jämsä | Jämsänkoski | Kannonkoski is a municipality of Finland. It is located in the province of Western Finland and is part of the Central Finland region. The municipality has a population of 1,634 (2003) and covers an area of 550.93 km² of which 102.22 km² is water. The population density... Kannonkoski | Karstula is a municipality of Finland. It is located in the province of Western Finland and is part of the Central Finland region. The municipality has a population of 4,904 (2003) and covers an area of 963.45 km² of which 73.69 km² is water. The population density... Karstula | Keuruu is a municipality of Finland. It is located in the province of Western Finland and is part of the Central Finland region. The municipality has a population of 11,395 (2003) and covers an area of 1,430.79 km² of which 170.17 km² is water. The population... Keuruu | Kinnula is a municipality of Finland. It is located in the province of Western Finland and is part of the Central Finland region. The municipality has a population of 1,977 (2003) and covers an area of 495.83 km² of which 34.89 km² is water. The population density... Kinnula | Kivijärvi | Konnevesi is a municipality of Finland. It is located in the province of Western Finland and is part of the Central Finland region. The municipality has a population of 3,175 (2003) and covers an area of 681.37 km² of which 166.66 km² is water. The population density... Konnevesi | Korpilahti is a municipality of Finland. It is located in the province of Western Finland and is part of the Central Finland region. The municipality has a population of 5,016 (2003) and covers an area of 794.62 km² of which 177.44 km² is water. The population density... Korpilahti | Kuhmoinen is a municipality of Finland. It is located in the province of Western Finland and is part of the Central Finland region. The municipality has a population of 2,880 (2003) and covers an area of 937.12 km² of which 275.26 km² is water. The population density... Kuhmoinen | Kyyjärvi | Laukaa is a municipality of Finland. It is located in the province of Western Finland and is part of the Central Finland region. The municipality has a population of 16,929 (2003) and covers an area of 825.45 km² of which 173.31 km² is water. The population density... Laukaa | Leivonmäki | Luhanka is a municipality of Finland. It is located in the province of Western Finland and is part of the Central Finland region. The municipality has a population of 905 (2003) and covers an area of 313.34 km² of which 98.31 km² is water. The population density is... Luhanka | Multia is a municipality of Finland. It is located in the province of Western Finland and is part of the Central Finland region. The municipality has a population of 2,065 (2003) and covers an area of 765.34 km² of which 30.85 km² is water. The population density... Multia | Muurame municipality is located 16 km south-west from Jyväskylä, town in Central Finland. Muurame itself is located between two lakes, Lake Päijänne and Lake Muuratjärvi. These two lakes are connected to each others via River Muurame. River Muurame streams through population center of Muurame. Church... Muurame | Petäjävesi | Pihtipudas is a municipality of Finland. It is located in the province of Western Finland and is part of the Central Finland region. The municipality has a population of 4,996 (2003) and covers an area of 1,247.88 km² of which 171.11 km² is water. The population... Pihtipudas | Pylkönmäki | Saarijärvi | Sumiainen is a municipality of Finland. It is located in the province of Western Finland and is part of the Central Finland region. The municipality has a population of 1,293 (2003) and covers an area of 307.93 km² of which 77.34 km² is water. The population density... Sumiainen | Suolahti, is a town and municipality of Finland. It is located next to Lake Keitele in the province of Western Finland and is part of the Central Finland region. Suolahden kaupunki City Suolahti (1977) Administrative Province Western_Finland Population  - Total (2003-12-31)  - Density 5,519 95/km² History... Suolahti | Toivakka is a municipality of Finland. It is located in the province of Western Finland and is part of the Central Finland region. The municipality has a population of 2,390 (2003) and covers an area of 413.94 km² of which 50.44 km² is water. The population density... Toivakka | Uurainen is a municipality of Finland. It is located in the province of Western Finland and is part of the Central Finland region. The municipality has a population of 3,078 (2003) and covers an area of 372.66 km² of which 23.16 km² is water. The population density... Uurainen | Viitasaari is a municipality of Finland. It is located in the province of Western Finland and is part of the Central Finland region. The municipality has a population of 7,602 (2003) and covers an area of 1,588.75 km² of which 339.32 km² is water. The population... Viitasaari | Äänekoski
Central Finland is a region (maakunta / landskap) in the province of Western Finland. It borders to the regions Päijänne Tavastia, Pirkanmaa, Southern Ostrobothnia, Central Ostrobothnia, Northern Ostrobothnia, Northern Savonia and Southern Savonia. Keski-Suomen maakunta Mellersta Finlands landskap Region FI193 Province Western Finland Historical province Tavastia, Savonia, Ostrobothnia... Central Finland | The Province of Western Finland is a province of Finland. It borders to the provinces of Oulu, Eastern Finland and Southern Finland. It also borders to the Gulf of Bothnia towards Åland. Länsi-Suomen lääni Västra Finlands län Province FI-LS Residence city Turku Governor Rauno... Western Finland | The Republic of Finland ( Finnish: Suomen tasavalta, Swedish: Republiken Finland) is a Nordic country in northeastern Europe, bordered by the Baltic Sea to the southwest, the Gulf of Finland to the southeast and the Gulf of Bothnia to the west. Finland has land frontiers with Sweden, Norway and Russia and... Finland

 
 

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