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Encyclopedia > Justin II
Flavius Iustinus Iunior Augustus
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Flavius Iustinus Iunior Augustus

Flavius Iustinus Iunior Augustus or Justin The Divine (c. 520 - 578) was an Eastern Roman emperor (565 - 578) He was the nephew of Justinian I, and husband of Sophia, the niece of the late empress Theodora, and therefore member of the Justinian Dynasty. Image File history File links Justin II. 565-578 AD. AV Solidus (4. ... Image File history File links Justin II. 565-578 AD. AV Solidus (4. ... Look up junior in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Augustus (Latin: IMP•CAESAR•DIVI•F•AVGVSTVS;[1] September 23, 63 BC–August 19, AD 14), known as Gaius Julius Caesar Octavianus (English Octavian; Latin: C•IVLIVS•C•F•CAESAR•OCTAVIANVS) for the period of his life prior to 27 BC, was the first and among the most important of... Events February 20 - Epiphanius elected Patriarch of Constantinople. ... Events Tiberius II Constantine succeeds Justin II as Byzantine Emperor Births Deaths July 30 - Jacob Baradaeus, bishop of Edessa October 5 - Justin II, Roman emperor Northern Zhou Wu Di, Chinese ruler John Malalas, Byzantine chronicler Categories: 578 ... This is a list of Byzantine Emperors. ... Events January 22 - Eutychius is deposed as Patriarch of Constantinople by John Scholasticus. ... Events Tiberius II Constantine succeeds Justin II as Byzantine Emperor Births Deaths July 30 - Jacob Baradaeus, bishop of Edessa October 5 - Justin II, Roman emperor Northern Zhou Wu Di, Chinese ruler John Malalas, Byzantine chronicler Categories: 578 ... Justinian I depicted on one of the famous mosaics of the Basilica of San Vitale. ... Theodora, detail of a Byzantine mosaic in Basilica of San Vitale, Ravenna. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


The historian Previte-Orton describes Justin as "a rigid man, dazzled by his predecessor's glories, to whom fell the task of guiding an exhausted, ill-defended Empire through a crisis of the first magnitude and a new movement of peoples". Previte-Orton continues,

In foreign affairs he took the attitude of the invincible, unbending Roman, and in the disasters which his lack of realism occasioned, his reason ultimately gave way. It was foreign powers which he underrated and hoped to bluff by a lofty inflexibility, for he was well aware of the desperate state of the finances and the army and of the need to reconcile the Monophysites.[1]

The first few days of his reign — when he paid his uncle's debts, administered justice in person, and proclaimed universal religious toleration — gave bright promise, but in the face of the lawless aristocracy and defiant governors of provinces he effected few subsequent reforms. Monophysitism (from the Greek monos meaning one, alone and physis meaning nature) is the christological position that Christ has only one nature, as opposed to the Chalcedonian position which holds that Christ has two natures, one divine and one human. ...


The most important event of his reign was the invasion of Italy by the Lombards, who, entering in 568, under Alboin, in a few years made themselves masters of nearly the entire country. Justin's attention was distracted from Italy towards the North and East frontiers. After refusing to pay the Avars tribute, he fought several unsuccessful campaigns against them. In 572 his overtures to the Turks led to a war with Persia. After two disastrous campaigns, in which the Persians overran Syria, Justin bought a precarious peace by payment of a yearly tribute. The temporary fits of insanity into which he fell warned him to name a colleague. Passing over his own relatives, he raised, on the advice of Sophia, the general Tiberius to be Caesar in December 574 and withdrew into retirement. Sophia and Tiberius ruled together as joint regents for four years, while Justin sank into growing insanity. The Lombards (Latin Langobardi, whence the alternative name Longobards found in older English texts), were a Germanic people originally from Northern Europe that entered the late Roman Empire. ... Events April 1 - King Alboin leads the Lombards into Italy; refugees fleeing from them go on to found Venice. ... Alboin or Alboïn (d. ... Map showing the location of Avar Khaganate, c. ... Events Emperor Bidatsu ascends the throne of Japan. ... The Sassanid Empire in the time of Shapur I; the conquest of Cappadocia was temporary Official language Pahlavi (Middle Persian) Dominant Religion Zoroastrianism Capital Ctesiphon Sovereigns Shahanshah of the Iran (Eranshahr) First Ruler Ardashir I Last Ruler Yazdegerd III Establishment 224 AD Dissolution 651 AD Part of the History of... Flavius Tiberius Constantinus Augustus or Tiberius II Constantine (c. ... Events Emperor Justin II retires, choosing Tiberius II Constantine as his heir. ...

Image File history File links Circle-question-red. ...

Personal traits

  • As Justin II slipped into the unbridled madness of his final days it is noted that he was pulled through the palace on a wheeled throne, biting attendants as he passed.
  • It is rumoured that his taste for attendants extended as far as devouring a number of them during his reign.[1]
  • He ordered organ music to be played constantly throughout the palace in an attempt to soothe his frenzied mind.

External links

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free images, sound and other multimedia files. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Previte-Orton, Charles William, The shorter Cambridge medieval history (Cambridge: University Press, 1952), p. 201.
Preceded by
Justinian I
Byzantine Emperor
565 - 578
with Tiberius II Constantine (574-578)
Succeeded by
Tiberius II Constantine

This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain. Justinian I depicted on one of the famous mosaics of the Basilica of San Vitale. ... This is a list of Byzantine Emperors. ... Events January 22 - Eutychius is deposed as Patriarch of Constantinople by John Scholasticus. ... Events Tiberius II Constantine succeeds Justin II as Byzantine Emperor Births Deaths July 30 - Jacob Baradaeus, bishop of Edessa October 5 - Justin II, Roman emperor Northern Zhou Wu Di, Chinese ruler John Malalas, Byzantine chronicler Categories: 578 ... Flavius Tiberius Constantinus Augustus or Tiberius II Constantine (c. ... Events Emperor Justin II retires, choosing Tiberius II Constantine as his heir. ... Flavius Tiberius Constantinus Augustus or Tiberius II Constantine (c. ... Encyclopædia Britannica, the 11th edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Roman Emperors - DIR Justin II (0 words)
Justin II's reign is covered by a number of sources, though it lacks a Procopius or Agathias whose works have illuminated the reign of Justinian.
Justin the son of Germanus was Master of the Soldiers in Illyricum and was guarding the Danube frontier.
Justin was to be disappointed and his disillusion led to madness.
Justin II - LoveToKnow 1911 (253 words)
The most important event of his reign was the invasion of Italy by the Lombards, who, entering in 568, under Alboin, in a few years made themselves masters of nearly the entire country.
Justin's attention was distracted from Italy towards the N. and E. frontiers.
After two disastrous campaigns, in which his enemies overran Syria, Justin bought a precarious peace by payment of a yearly tribute.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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