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Encyclopedia > Justin Frankel

Justin Frankel (born 1978) is an American computer programmer best known for his work on the Winamp media player application and for inventing the Gnutella peer-to-peer system. He's also the founder of Cockos Incorporated which creates music production and development software such as the REAPER digital audio workstation, the NINJAM collaborative music tool and the Jesusonic expandable effects processor. If you hold the copyright to an image (e. ... Programming redirects here. ... Winamp is a proprietary media player written by Nullsoft, now a subsidiary of Time Warner. ... Gnutella (pronounced: with a silent g, or alternatively ) is a file sharing network. ... A peer-to-peer (or P2P) computer network is a network that relies on the computing power and bandwidth of the participants in the network rather than concentrating it in a relatively few servers. ... For other uses, see Reaper (disambiguation). ... A digital audio workstation (DAW) is a system designed to record, edit and play back digital audio. ... Ninjam is a collaborative musical jamming software system which has pioneered the concept of virtual-time jamming (as opposed to real-time). Groups using Ninjam connect to a common server, and as the jam goes on each user plays a measure. ...

Contents

Early life

Frankel was born in 1978 and grew up in Sedona, Arizona. His father, Charles, was a lawyer, and his mother worked as a part time mail delivery driver and in a health food store. He had an aptitude for computers at an early age. His skill eventually led him to running the student computer network of Verde Valley School he attended, as well as writing an email application for the students. He also wrote a keystroke logging program that could record keystrokes of people using those computers, though he claims to have not actually used it. While in high school he started using the moniker Nullsoft for his software. Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... For the Kia Motors Sedona automobile, see Kia Carnival Sedona (pronounced ) is a city and community that straddles the county line between Coconino and Yavapai counties in the northern Verde Valley region of the U.S. state of Arizona. ... E-mail, or email, is short for electronic mail and is a method of composing, sending, and receiving messages over electronic communication systems. ... Keystroke logging (often called keylogging) is a diagnostic tool used in software development that captures the users keystrokes. ... Nullsoft is a software house founded in 1997 by Justin Frankel. ...


Winamp

After graduating high school with a 3.9 GPA, he attended the University of Utah in 1996, where he took Computer Science, but dropped out after two quarters. A few months later, he released the first version of Winamp under his newly formed company's name Nullsoft. By 1998, more than fifteen million people had downloaded the program. Since many people had sent in the $10 shareware fee that was asked in return for using the program, Frankel earned tens of thousands of dollars a month. The initials GPA can refer, among other things, to Grade Point Average; see Grade (education) Guinness Peat Aviation General Practice Australia, a private, independent medical accreditation society Greyhound Pets of America This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... The University of Utah (also The U or the U of U or the UU), located in Salt Lake City, is the flagship public research university in the state of Utah, and one of 10 institutions that make up the Utah System of Higher Education. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... Computer science, or computing science, is the study of the theoretical foundations of information and computation and their implementation and application in computer systems. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Look up shareware in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Frankel, along with Tom Pepper (who played a big part of the Winamp development and distribution), later completed SHOUTcast, which allowed ordinary users with an Internet connection to broadcast, or "stream", audio over the Internet. He also created the Advanced Visualization Studio, a plugin for Winamp which enabled users to create their own music visualizations in real-time, without any programming knowledge required. Tom Pepper (born August 25, 1975 in Des Moines, Iowa) is a computer programmer best known for his collaboration with Justin Frankel on the invention of the Gnutella peer-to-peer system. ... SHOUTcast is a multiplatform freeware digital audio streaming technology developed by Nullsoft. ... Streaming media is multimedia that is continuously received by, and normally displayed to, the end-user while it is being delivered by the provider. ... AVS running under Winamp 5 Advanced Visualization Studio (AVS), is a music visualization plugin for Winamp designed by Justin Frankel, the creator of Winamp itself. ...


Sale of Nullsoft to AOL

In June 1999 AOL simultaneously acquired Nullsoft and Spinner.com in a combined purchase worth approximately $400 million. [1] In a July 21, 1999 SEC S-3 filing by AOL, the transaction was recorded as a payment of 2,863,053 shares of AOL common stock to the 54 stockholders in the two companies being acquired. On July 20, 1999, the last reported sale price for AOL common stock was $113.1875 per share. Frankel's stake of 522,661 shares in the acquisition was worth approximately $59 million. Frankel's father Charles Frankel's stake of 130,664 shares was worth approximately $15 million. [2] For other uses, see AOL (disambiguation). ...


AOL

On March 14, 2000, Frankel and Nullsoft colleague Tom Pepper released Gnutella using Nullsoft's corporate web servers, without AOL's knowledge. Gnutella was a new peer-to-peer file-sharing system like the original Napster system, which was used by users to share their MP3 collections with everyone who ran a Napster client. Unlike Napster, however, Gnutella allowed users to share any type of file, not just MP3s. It also didn't have the single point of attack that Napster had: centralized servers that indexed where all the shared content was stored. Although Napster could be (and was) shut off just by turning off the centralized index servers owned by Napster, Gnutella did not rely on any centralized servers to find out what users had what content, so once a Gnutella network was created, it could not be shut off. is the 73rd day of the year (74th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Tom Pepper (born August 25, 1975 in Des Moines, Iowa) is a computer programmer best known for his collaboration with Justin Frankel on the invention of the Gnutella peer-to-peer system. ... Napster was a file sharing service that paved the way for decentralized P2P file-sharing programs such as Kazaa, Limewire, iMesh, Morpheus, and BearShare, which are now used for many of the same reasons and can download music, pictures, and other files. ... For other uses, see MP3 (disambiguation). ...


Since AOL was at the time merging with Time Warner, Gnutella seemed like a conflict of interest to Nullsoft's parent company, which knew that Time Warner was one of the parties taking legal action against Napster at the time. AOL ordered Gnutella to be taken off the Nullsoft corporate servers. However, thousands of people had already downloaded the software before it was removed from Nullsoft's web site. The source code was released later, supposedly under the GPL. Gnutella continued to be developed without Frankel's assistance, and became one of the most popular peer-to-peer file sharing networks of its time; compatible clients that were developed included BearShare, Morpheus, Gnucleus and LimeWire. Time Warner Inc. ... GPL redirects here. ... BearShare is a peer-to-peer file sharing application originally created by Free Peers, Inc. ... Morpheus is the name of a file sharing peer to peer client for Microsoft Windows, operated by the company StreamCast, that originally used the OpenNAP and P2P platform. ... In computing, Gnucleus is a popular Gnutella client for the Microsoft Windows platform, released under the GPL license. ... LimeWire is a peer-to-peer file sharing (P2P) client for the Java Platform, which uses the Gnutella network to locate files as well as share files. ...


AOL watched Frankel very closely after that, taking down other projects that he tried to release to the public, such as an MP3 search engine and a patch for AOL Instant Messenger to block advertisements in the application. Frankel threatened to resign (June 2, 2003) after AOL removed his program WASTE, a private peer-to-peer file-sharing program, from the Nullsoft website. He stayed with AOL after that in order to complete Winamp version 5.0, a hybrid of the Winamp v2.x series and Winamp v3. On December 9, 2003 AOL shut down Nullsoft's San Francisco offices and laid off 450 employees. AOL Instant Messenger (AIM) is a free, advertisement-supported proprietary instant messaging and presence computer program which uses the OSCAR instant messaging protocol and the TOC protocol. ... is the 153rd day of the year (154th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Waste (disambiguation). ... Private P2P networks are P2P networks that only allow some mutually trusted computers to share files. ... A website (alternatively, web site or Web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or more web servers, usually accessible via the Internet. ... is the 343rd day of the year (344th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Frankel announced his resignation from AOL on January 22, 2004 on his weblog, stating "Won't repeat it here (in two words: I've resigned). So begins chapter 3... or something cliché/poetic there. Or wait, does I've count as a single word? ha ha." is the 22nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A weblog (now more commonly known as a blog) is a web-based publication consisting primarily of periodic articles (normally, but not always, in reverse chronological order). ...


Post-AOL

Frankel has been quite active after his resignation from Nullsoft. A couple of Justin's current projects in development (according to his weblog) is a programmable effects processor called Jesusonic and a new software named NINJAM which allows several musicians to make real music together via the Internet. Ninjam is a collaborative musical jamming software system which has pioneered the concept of virtual-time jamming (as opposed to real-time). Groups using Ninjam connect to a common server, and as the jam goes on each user plays a measure. ...


Under his new company, Cockos, he has been developing REAPER, a multi-track audio editor for Windows, with plans to release a Mac version in 2008. The program has been developed using a rigorous release system wherein Frankel releases a new revision of the software approximately every 2 to 3 days. For other uses, see Reaper (disambiguation). ...


Trivia

Firefox redirects here. ...

Quotes

  • "For me, coding is a form of self-expression. The company controls the most effective means of self-expression I have. This is unacceptable to me as an individual, therefore I must leave." - from a blog posting announcing his resignation from AOL[3]

References

  1. ^ Beth Lipton Krigel (June 1, 1999). AOL buys Spinner, Nullsoft for $400 million. CNet News. Retrieved on 2007-05-04.
  2. ^ America Online Inc S-3 filing. Securities and Exchange Commission (September 21, 1999).
  3. ^ Paul Boutin (November 12, 2004). Nullsoft, 1997-2004. Slate. Retrieved on 2007-05-04.

Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 124th day of the year (125th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Securities and Exchange Commission, commonly referred to as the SEC, is the United States governing body which has primary responsibility for overseeing the regulation of the securities industry. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 124th day of the year (125th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • (c[a,o]s[a,o][s] de justin), Justin Frankel's blog
  • The World's Most Dangerous Geek; Interviewed by David Kushner; RollingStone.com; January 13, 2004.
  • Justin Frankel Reveals Life After Winamp; Interviewed by Nate Mook, BetaNews, January 3, 2005.
  • Turn Off The Internet; A site made by Steve Gedikian and Justin, as a joke.
To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... David Kushner is a writer who has contributed to magazines like The New York Times, Rolling Stone and Salon. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
MP3 Central: Justin Frankel (page 1) (266 words)
Justin Frankel, kneeling center, and his buddies, from left, Fritz Jünker, Tom Pepper, and Brennan Underwood mug for the camera, New York, July, 1999.
Frankel, 16, is so far ahead of his nearest competitor that, just for yucks, he decides to write a little "fork bomb" -- a program that splits itself repeatedly until it swamps a computer system.
Justin Frankel, disabler of systems, is currently worth $70 million.
New York Lawyer | Connecticut Attorney | Pennsylvania Insurance Claims (503 words)
Frankel also has worked in politics, serving as a Legislative Assistant to the Deputy Minority leader of the New York State Senate, and as Campaign Director for a United States Congressman.
Frankel is a lecturer to bar association groups and medical organizations regarding disability claims, and is an author of several articles on Disability Insurance.
Frankel is admitted to practice in the states of New York, Pennsylvania and Connecticut, as well as the United States District Courts for the Southern and Eastern District of New York, the United States Court of Appeals for the Second, Third and Fourth Circuits, and the United States Supreme Court.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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