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Encyclopedia > Justicialist Party
Partido Justicialista
PJ - Justicialist Party
Leader Eduardo Camaño
Founded 1945
Headquarters {{{headquarters}}}
Political ideology Peronism
International affiliation none
Website www.pj.org.ar
Argentina

This article is part of the series:
Politics and government of
Argentina
This work is copyrighted. ... Eduardo Oscar Camaño (born June 17, 1946) is an Argentine Peronist politician. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... Peronism (Spanish: Peronismo), or Justicialism (Spanish: Justicialismo), is an Argentine political ideology based on the ideas and programs associated with former president Juan Perón. ... Image File history File links COA_of_Argentina. ... This article is about the political institutions and political parties of Argentina. ...



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The Justicialist Party (Spanish: Partido Justicialista, PJ) is a Peronist political party in Argentina, and the largest component of the Peronist movement.[1] It is led by Eduardo Camaño. The current president Néstor Kirchner and former president Carlos Menem are members. In the Argentine Chamber of Deputies it is the single largest party, with 116 of 257 members, and it also has a majority of seats in the Argentine Senate. Current President Néstor Kirchner The President of Argentina (full title: President of the Argentine Nation, Spanish: Presidente de la Nación Argentina) is the head of state of Argentina. ...  , full name Néstor Carlos Kirchner Ostoic (born 25 February 1950), was sworn in as President of Argentina on May 25, 2003. ... The National Congress ( Spanish: Congreso de la Nación Argentina) is the legislative branch of the government of Argentina. ... The Argentine Senate is the upper house of parliament in Argentina. ... The Chamber of Deputies is the lower house of the National Congress, Argentinas parliament. ... This article lists political parties in Argentina. ... The Radical Civic Union (Unión Cívica Radical, or UCR) is the foremost opposition party in Argentina. ... This articles gives information on voting, elections and election results in Argentina. ... Argentina held national parliamentary elections on Sunday, 23 October 2005. ... Argentina will hold national presidential and legislative elections on 28 October 2007 to elect a president and for the Argentine Congress. ... The Supreme Court of Argentina (in Spanish, Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación) is the highest court of law of the Argentine Republic. ... Argentina is subdivided in 23 provinces (Spanish: provincias, singular - provincia) and 1 federal district (capital federal). ... Departments (Spanish: departamentos) form the second level of administrative division in the provinces of Argentina. ... This article deals with the diplomatic affairs, foreign policy and international relations of Argentina. ... Information on politics by country is available for every country, including both de jure and de facto independent states, inhabited dependent territories, as well as areas of special sovereignty. ... Peronism (Spanish: Peronismo), or Justicialism (Spanish: Justicialismo), is an Argentine political ideology based on the ideas and programs associated with former president Juan Perón. ... Eduardo Oscar Camaño (born June 17, 1946) is an Argentine Peronist politician. ...  , full name Néstor Carlos Kirchner Ostoic (born 25 February 1950), was sworn in as President of Argentina on May 25, 2003. ... Carlos Saúl Menem (born July 2, 1930) was President of Argentina from July 8, 1989 to December 10, 1999 for the Justicialist Party (Peronist). ... The Chamber of Deputies is the lower house of the National Congress, Argentinas parliament. ... The Argentine Senate is the upper house of parliament in Argentina. ...


The Justicialist Party was founded in 1945 by Juan Perón. It was banned from elections between 1955, when the Revolución Libertadora overthrew Perón, and 1973, when Perón returned to Argentina from his exile in Spain. Juan Domingo Perón (October 8, 1895 – July 1, 1974) was an Argentine soldier and politician, elected three times as President of Argentina and serving from 1946 to 1955 and from 1973 to 1974. ... The Revolución Libertadora (Spanish, Liberating Revolution) was a military uprising that ended the second presidential term of Juan Domingo Perón in Argentina, in 1955. ...


The PJ does not fit neatly into any political category, basing itself on the policies espoused by Juan Perón as president of Argentina. During Perón's third presidency and after his death, the PJ had a place both for leftist armed organizations like Montoneros and far-right members like José López Rega, founder of the Argentine Anti-Communist Alliance. Official logo of Montoneros The Movimiento Peronista Montonero was an Argentinian radical leftist nationalist-catholic guerrilla group, active during the 1970s. ... José López Rega (born 17 October 1916, died 9 June 1989, in Buenos Aires) was Argentinas Minister of Social Welfare during the Peronist government started in 1973 by Juan Perón and continued after Peróns death in 1974 by his third wife and vice-president, Isabel... The Argentine Anticommunist Alliance (in Spanish, Alianza Anticomunista Argentina, usually known as Triple A and written AAA) was a far-right death squad active in Argentina during the mid-1970s, linked to the military junta led by Jorge Rafael Videla. ...


In the first democratic elections after the end of the dictatorship of the National Reorganization Process, in 1983, the Justicialist Party lost to the Radical Civic Union (UCR). Six years later, it returned to power with Carlos Menem, during whose term the Constitution was reformed to allow for presidential reelection. Menem (1989–1999) adopted neoliberal right-wing policies which changed the overall image of the party. The PJ was defeated by a coalition formed by the UCR and the centre-left FrePaSo (itself a left-wing offshoot of the PJ). in 1999, but regained political weight in the 2001 legislative elections, and was ultimately left in charge of managing the selection of an interim president after the collapse of December 2001. Justicialist Eduardo Duhalde, chosen by Congress, ruled during 2002 and part of 2003. [2] Jorge Rafael Videla, first president of the Proceso Proceso de Reorganización Nacional (Spanish, National Reorganization Process, often simply Proceso) was the name given by its leaders to the dictatorial regime that ruled Argentina from 1976 to 1983. ... The Radical Civic Union (Unión Cívica Radical, or UCR) is the foremost opposition party in Argentina. ... Carlos Saúl Menem (born July 2, 1930) was President of Argentina from July 8, 1989 to December 10, 1999 for the Justicialist Party (Peronist). ... The 1994 reform to the Argentine Constitution was approved on 22 August, as a result of the Olivos Pact between by that time president of Argentina Carlos Saúl Menem, and the former president and leader of the opposition Raúl Alfonsín. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Categories: Politics stubs | Argentine political parties ... Argentina held national parliamentary elections on Sunday, 14 October 2001. ... The Argentine economic crisis was part of the situation that affected Argentinas economy during the late 1990s and early 2000s. ... Eduardo Alberto Duhalde Maldonado (born October 5, 1941) is a former president of Argentina. ...


The 2003 elections saw the constituency of the party split in three, as Carlos Menem, Néstor Kirchner (backed by Duhalde) and Adolfo Rodríguez Saá ran for the presidency leading different party coalitions. After Kirchner's victory, the party started to align behind his leadership, marked by a return to a more left-wing profile. [3] [4] Argentina held a presidential election on Sunday, April 27, 2003. ... Adolfo Rodríguez Saá Páez Montero (born July 25, 1947) is an Argentine politician of Peronist beliefs. ...


The Justicialist Party effectively broke apart in the 2005 legislative elections when two factions ran for a Senate seat in Buenos Aires Province: Cristina Fernández de Kirchner (the first lady) and Hilda González de Duhalde (wife of former president Duhalde). The campaign was particularly vicious. Kirchner's side allied with other minor forces and presented itself as a heterodox, left-leaning Front for Victory, while Duhalde's side stuck to older Peronist tradition. González de Duhalde's defeat to her opponent marked, according to many political analysts, the end to Duhalde's dominance over the province, and was followed by a steady defection of his supporters to the winner's side. Argentina held national parliamentary elections on Sunday, 23 October 2005. ... The Buenos Aires province (IPA: , Spanish: Provincia de Buenos Aires) is the wealthiest and most populated province of Argentina. ... Cristina Elisabeth Fernández (19 February 1953–) is an Argentine politician. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Hilda Beatriz Chiche González de Duhalde (b. ... The Front for Victory (Spanish: Frente para la Victoria) is a peronist political front in Argentina. ...


References

  1. ^ Justicialist Party — Official website.
  2. ^ BBC News. 2 January 2002. Argentina's new president sworn in.
  3. ^ BBC News. 26 May 2003. Argentina hopes for new beginning.
  4. ^ The Economist. 12 April 2006. Latin America - The return of populism.

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