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Encyclopedia > Justice and Development Party (Turkey)
Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi
Justice and Development Party
Justice and Development Party Logo
Leader Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
Founded August 14, 2001
Headquarters No. 202 Balgat
Ankara, Turkey
Political Ideology Conservatism, Economic liberalism
European Affiliation European People's Party (observer)
International Affiliation none
Colours Orange, White
Website AK Parti
See also:
Constitution of Turkey

Politics
Parliament
Government
President
Political parties
Elections AKP Logo This is a copyrighted and/or trademarked logo. ... Recep Tayyip Erdoğan (born February 26, 1954), became the Prime Minister of Turkey on March 14, 2003. ... is the 226th day of the year (227th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Ankara is the capital of Turkey and the countrys second largest city after İstanbul. ... This article deals with conservatism as a political philosophy. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The European Peoples Party (EPP) is the largest European political party. ... The orange, a fruit from which the modern name of the orange colour comes. ... White is the combination of all the colors of the visible light spectrum. ... Image File history File links Türkiye_arması.svg‎ File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Turkey ... Wikisource has original text related to this article: Constitution of the Republic of Turkey The current Constitution of Turkey, ratified in 1982, establishes the organization of the government of the Republic of Turkey and sets out the principles and rules of the states conduct along with its responsibilities towards... Politics of Turkey takes place in a framework of a secular parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister of Turkey is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ... The Grand National Assembly (Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi in Turkish) is the unicameral parliament of Turkey which carries out legislative functions. ... Presidential flag of Turkey. ... Political parties in Turkey lists political parties in Turkey. ... Elections in Turkey gives information on election and election results in Turkey. ...

The Justice and Development Party (Turkish: Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi or AK Parti, or AKP[1]) is a Turkish political party that describes itself as centre-right and Islamist. Political parties Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A political party is a political organization that seeks to attain political power within a government, usually by participating in electoral campaigns. ... The centre-right is a political term commonly used to describe or denote political parties or organizations (such as think tanks) that stretch from the centre to the right on the left-right spectrum, excluding far right stances. ... Islamist is sometimes also used for a scholar who studies Islam and Muslim societies. ...


While the AKP seeks to downplay the importance of Islam in its party ideology and expresses that they are a conservative democratic party, opponents assert that it is in fact an Islamist party that operates within yet nonetheless attempts to subvert the framework of Turkey's rigorously secular constitution.[citation needed] For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... Islamism is a political ideology derived from the conservative religious views of Muslim fundamentalism. ... This article is about the computer software framework. ... This article concerns secularity, that is, being secular, in various senses. ...

Contents

Brief background

The AKP claims to be a moderate, conservative, pro-Western party that advocates a liberal market economy and Turkish membership in the European Union.[2] The party's detractors accuse it of harboring a hidden Islamist agenda due to its deep roots in the religious community and the affiliations of some of its members with banned Islamic parties. The AKP won 46.6% of the popular vote and was allocated 341 seats[3] in the rescheduled July 22nd, 2007 elections, a massive increase over the 34% of the vote it received in the 2002 general elections. [4]. Its leader, former Istanbul mayor Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, is currently the Prime Minister of Turkey.
This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Turkeys 15th general election was held two years early on Sunday 3 November 2002, following the collapse of the DSP-MHP-ANAP coalition led by Bülent Ecevit. ... Istanbul (Turkish: , Greek: , historically Byzantium and later Constantinople; see other names) is Turkeys most populous city, and its cultural and financial center. ... Recep Tayyip Erdoğan (born February 26, 1954), became the Prime Minister of Turkey on March 14, 2003. ... This is a chronological list of every government formed by the Prime Ministers of the Republic of Turkey. ...


History

The Justice and Development Party emerged from the remnants of former Prime Minister Necmettin Erbakan's Welfare Party, which was forcibly dismantled four years after Erbakan's 1997 resignation as a result of the 1997 Turkish coup d'état. Erdoğan’s AKP altered the traditional focus of religiously-affiliated politics from concern over Turkey’s lack of Islamic characteristics to pushing for democratic and economic reforms in addition to stressing moral values through the communitarian-liberal consensus. Erdoğan also sought to temper his party’s Islamist image through building a broad-reaching coalition with members of center-right parties, and promising to further Turkey’s push to join the European Union. Erdoğan also positioned the AKP as the opposition party to the old, secular, state-driven development parties that had been proven ineffective by the repeated economic crises of the 1990s and early 2000s. Necmettin Erbakan (born October 29, 1926) is a Turkish engineer, academician, politician, political party leader and prime minister of Turkey between 1996 and 1997. ... A clock displaying the emblem of the Welfare Party. ... The Post-modern Coup Detat was a military coup in Turkey, occurred on February 28, 1997 overthrowing the coalition government of Necmettin Erbakan. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ... The 2000s are the current decade, spanning from 2000 to 2009. ...


A faction of moderate conservative members within the old Welfare Party, known as Yenilikçiler, or in English, Reformist formed the Justice and Development Party on August 14, 2001, in an attempt to ground moderate conservative politics in a secular democratic framework. Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, the leader of the AKP, stated that "AKP is not a political party with a religious axis" when the party was founded. The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... is the 226th day of the year (227th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ...


After some initial stumbling, notably when Erdoğan was temporarily blocked from taking up the Prime Ministership, the AKP has found its feet. It survived the crisis over the 2003 invasion of Iraq despite a massive back bench rebellion where over a hundred AKP MPs joined those of the opposition Republican People's Party in parliament to prevent the government from allowing the United States to launch a Northern offensive in Iraq from Turkish territory. The subject of this article is the 2003 invasion of Iraq. ... For other uses of CHP, see CHP. The Republican Peoples Party (Turkish: Cumhuriyet Halk Partisi or CHP) is the oldest Turkish political party, which established the Republican regime and the parliament in Turkey. ...


The AKP has undertaken significant structural reforms and its policy achievements have seen rapid growth and an end to Turkey's three decade long period of hyperinflation—inflation had fallen to 8.8% by June 2004. Influential business publications, the Economist and the Financial Times, consider the AK Party's government the most successful in Turkey in decades.[5] Certain figures in this article use scientific notation for readability. ...


In the local elections of 2004, the AKP won an unprecedented 34% of the valid votes (and support of 27% of total electors), making inroads against the secular nationalist Republican People's Party (CHP) on the South and West Coasts, and against Social Democratic People's Party (Turkey) which is supported by some Kurds in the Southeast of Turkey. For other uses of CHP, see CHP. The Republican Peoples Party (Turkish: Cumhuriyet Halk Partisi or CHP) is the oldest Turkish political party, which established the Republican regime and the parliament in Turkey. ... The Social Democratic Peoples Party (Turkish: Sosyaldemokrat Halk Partisi) or SHP is a Turkish left Social Democratic Party. ...


In January 2005, the AKP was admitted as an observer member in the European People's Party (EPP), the conservative party of the EU. It is likely to become a full member of the EPP if Turkey is admitted to the EU. If the EU eventually rejects Turkey for membership, however, many fear that the AKP could again split between its reformist and conservative factions, heralding another period of instability in Turkish politics. The European Peoples Party (EPP) is the largest European political party. ...


2007 General elections

See also: Turkish general election, 2007
Map illustrating the party's performance at the 2007 general election by constituency.
Map illustrating the party's performance at the 2007 general election by constituency.

The AKP achieved a landslide victory in the rescheduled July 22 2007 elections with 46.7% of the vote, translating into control of 340 of the 550 available parliamentary seats. Although the AKP received significantly more votes in 2007 than in 2002, the number of parliamentary seats they controlled decreased due to the rules of the Turkish electoral system. However, they retain a comfortable ruling majority. [6] A woman casting her vote Votes were cast in ballot boxes such as this one Votes are cast in schools such as this one Turkeys 16th general election was held on July 22, 2007,[1] and resulted in a resounding victory for the incumbent Justice and Development Party. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A woman casting her vote Votes were cast in ballot boxes such as this one Votes are cast in schools such as this one Turkeys 16th general election was held on July 22, 2007,[1] and resulted in a resounding victory for the incumbent Justice and Development Party. ... is the 203rd day of the year (204th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Politics of Turkey takes place in a framework of a secular parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister of Turkey is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ...


Territorially, the elections of 2007 saw a major advance for the AKP, with the party outpolling the pro-Kurdish Democratic Society Party in traditional Kurdish strongholds such as Van and Mardin, as well as outpolling the secular-left CHP in traditionally secular areas such as Antalya and Artvin. Overall, the AKP secured a plurality of votes in 68 of Turkey's 81 provinces, with it's strongest vote of 71% coming from Bingöl. Its weakest vote, a mere 12%, came from Tunceli, the only Turkish province where the Alevi sect form a majority. [7] DTP Symbol Map illustrating independents performance at the 2007 general election by constituency. ... Shows the Location of the Province Van Van is a province in eastern Turkey, between Lake Van and the Iranian border. ... Map showing the location of Mardin Province of Turkey Mardin Province is a province of Turkey with a population of 835,173 (2000)[1]. The capital of the Mardin Province is Mardin. ... Antalya province is located on the Mediterranean coast of south-west Turkey, between the Taurus Mountains and the Mediterranean sea. ... Artvin (Armenian: Ô±Ö€Õ¤Õ¾Õ«Õ¶) is a province in Turkey, on the Black Sea coast in the north-eastern corner of the country, on the border with Georgia (country). ... Bingöl Province is a province of Turkey in Eastern Anatolia. ... Tunceli (Zazaki: Dêsim, Kurdish: ) is a province in the Eastern Anatolia region of Turkey. ... Alevis or Alevi-Bektashis (Kurdish: Alevi, Turkish: Aleviler or Alevilik) are a religious community in Turkey, and they make up some 20% of the population of the country. ...


Other information

The AKP draws particular support from the rural peasantry, and the children of rural peasants who have migrated to the major cities in millions. Despite placing itself on the right-wing of the political spectrum, it has implemented strong social programmes for the urban and rural poor, particularly at municipal level. Its supporters state that it seeks to emulate, in Islamic form, the Christian Democratic/Christian Social tradition of Central Europe, as exemplified by such parties as the CDU/CSU in Germany. Two kinds of democratic states can be recognized in the Islamic countries. ... Christian democracy is a diverse political ideology and movement. ... The Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU - Christlich Demokratische Union Deutschlands) is the largest conservative political party in Germany. ... The Christian Social Union of Bavaria ( ) is a Christian democratic political party in Germany. ...


The party's logo is an incandescent light bulb, symbolizes light, electrical illumination and transparent government.[8] An incandescent lamp bulb and its glowing filament. ...


References

  1. ^ The former of the two abbreviations is the official one, as documented in the third article of the party charter, while the latter is mostly preferred by its opponents; since the word "ak" in Turkish means "white, clean, or unblemished" and therefore gives a positive impression about the party.
  2. ^ http://www.turkishdailynews.com.tr/vote2007/article.php?enewsid=5
  3. ^ http://secim2007.ntvmsnbc.com/default.aspx
  4. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2007/07/22/world/europe/22cnd-turkey.html?hp
  5. ^ http://www.economist.com/opinion/displaystory.cfm?story_id=9116747
  6. ^ http://www.turkishdailynews.com.tr/vote2007/
  7. ^ http://www.bbc.co.uk/turkish/indepth/story/2007/07/070719_election_results_en.shtml
  8. ^ http://www.akparti.org

See also

Politics of Turkey takes place in a framework of a secular parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister of Turkey is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ... Islam as a political movement has a diverse character that has at different times incorporated elements of many other political movements, while simultaneously adapting the religious views of Islamic fundamentalism. ... Political parties in Turkey lists political parties in Turkey. ... Abdullah Gül Abdullah Gül with US National Security Advisor Condoleezza Rice while visiting the White House in July 2003 Abdullah Gül (born October 29, 1950) is the deputy prime minister, foreign minister of Turkey, and presidential candidate. ... Recep Tayyip Erdoğan (born February 26, 1954), became the Prime Minister of Turkey on March 14, 2003. ... For other uses of CHP, see CHP. The Republican Peoples Party (Turkish: Cumhuriyet Halk Partisi or CHP) is the oldest Turkish political party, which established the Republican regime and the parliament in Turkey. ... The April 14, 2007 protest in Ankara crowding the Ceremonial Plaza of Anıtkabir, the mausoleum of the founder of modern Turkey, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Wikinews has news related to: Pro-secular Turks rally against Erdogans possible presidential candidacy Turkeys governing party names Abdullah Gül as...

External links

  • Justice and Development Party official website (English)
  • Justice and Development Party official website (Turkish)
  • European People's Party official website
  • Turkishpolitix.com - Online dossier on the AKP

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