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Encyclopedia > Justice M. Chambers
Justice Marion Chambers
February 2, 1908 - July 29, 1982

Colonel Justice M. Chambers, Medal of Honor recipient
Place of birth Huntington, West Virginia
Allegiance USMC
Years of service 1928-1930 (USN), 1930-1946 (USMC)
Rank Colonel
Commands 3rd Battalion, 25th Marines
Battles/wars Battle of Iwo Jima
Awards Medal of Honor (1945)
Silver Star
Legion of Merit
Purple Heart
Other work Staff advisor for the Senate Armed Services Committee
United States Marine Corps Portal

Colonel Justice Marion Chambers (1908-1982) was a United States Marine Corps officer who received the Medal of Honor for actions in World War II during the Iwo Jima campaign. Image File history File links Moh_right. ... The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the U.S. military responsible for providing power projection from the sea,[1] utilizing the mobility of the U.S. Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces to global crises. ... Combatants United States Empire of Japan Commanders Holland Smith Tadamichi Kuribayashi † Strength 110,000 marines 22,000 infantry Casualties 6,825 dead 20,000 wounded 21,000 dead 1,083 survived The Battle of Iwo Jima (Operation Detachment) was fought between the United States of America and the Empire of... The Medal of Honor is the highest military decoration awarded by the United States. ... The Silver Star is the fifth highest military decoration that can be awarded to a member of the United States Armed Forces, and the third highest given for valor (in the face of the enemy). ... The Legion of Merit is a military decoration of the United States armed forces that is awarded for exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services and achievements. ... A Purple Heart medal For the plant genus, see Purpleheart. ... Image File history File links USMC_logo. ... The United States Marine Corps (USMC) is a branch of the U.S. military responsible for providing power projection from the sea,[1] utilizing the mobility of the U.S. Navy to rapidly deliver combined-arms task forces to global crises. ... The Medal of Honor is the highest military decoration awarded by the United States. ... Combatants Major Allied powers: United Kingdom Soviet Union United States Republic of China and others Major Axis powers: Nazi Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Harry Truman Chiang Kai-Shek Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead... Combatants United States Empire of Japan Commanders Holland Smith Tadamichi Kuribayashi † Strength 110,000 marines 22,000 infantry Casualties 6,825 dead 20,000 wounded 21,000 dead 1,083 survived The Battle of Iwo Jima (Operation Detachment) was fought between the United States of America and the Empire of...


Chambers was born 2 February 1908 in Huntington, West Virginia. He went to school there and completed three years at Marshall College in Huntington. He attended George Washington University for two years and National University, both in Washington, D.C., where he obtained his law degree. February 2 is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ...   See Washington University (disambiguation) for institutions with similar names. ... A national university is a university created or run by a national government. ...


Following the completion of two years enlistment in the Naval Reserve in 1930, he joined the Marine Corps Reserve as a private. He was commissioned in 1932 and continued his studies toward promotion. He was a major, attending summer camp, when Washington's 5th Battalion was called up in 1940. He was well known for the enthusiasm and energy with which he trained his men.


Lieutenant Colonel Chambers received the Silver Star Medal for evacuating the wounded and directing the night defense of a battalion aid station on Tulagi, where he himself was a patient already seriously wounded. He commanded the 3rd Battalion, 25th Marines in the Roi-Namur campaign. On Saipan he suffered blast concussion, but returned to lead his command there and on Tinian. He had trained his command so thoroughly and his leadership was so conspicuous that he was awarded the Legion of Merit with Combat "V." The Silver Star is also a passenger rail line run by Amtrak as part of their Silver Service and Palmetto service. ... Tulagi, less commonly Tulaghi, is a small island (5. ... Roi-Namur is an island in the northern part of the Kwajalein atoll in the Marshall Islands. ... Saipan seen from the air A map of Saipan, Tinian & Aquijan Saipan (IPA: in English) is the largest island and site of the capital of the United States Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, a chain of 15 tropical islands in the western Pacific Ocean (15°10’51”N, 145... Saipan, Tinian & Aguiguan (Click to enlarge) Tinian is one of the three principal islands of the Commonwealth of the Northern Marianas Islands (14°59’51”N, 145°37’39”E). ... The Legion of Merit is a military decoration of the United States armed forces that is awarded for exceptionally meritorious conduct in the performance of outstanding services and achievements. ...


Lieutenant Colonel Chambers commanded the 3rd Battalion, 25th Marines in the Iwo Jima landing on 19 February 1945. His sector was beneath high ground from which heavy enemy fire raked the whole landing beach. "Capture of the high ground," the Medal of Honor recommendation stated, "…was essential to the success of the D-Day operations. It is an established fact that had it not been done, it would have constituted a most serious threat to the subsequent operations of the 5th Amphibious Corps." Combatants United States Empire of Japan Commanders Holland Smith Tadamichi Kuribayashi † Strength 110,000 marines 22,000 infantry Casualties 6,825 dead 20,000 wounded 21,000 dead 1,083 survived The Battle of Iwo Jima (Operation Detachment) was fought between the United States of America and the Empire of... February 19 is the 50th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1945 (MCMVL) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... Land on Normandy In military parlance, D-Day is a term often used to denote the day on which a combat attack or operation is to be initiated. ...


The 3rd Battalion lost more than half its officers and nearly one-half its enlisted strength on D-Day. But by "fearless disregard for his own life" and leading his depleted battalion "by example rather than command," LtCol Chambers won the key heights and anchored the right flank of the Marines' position.


On the fourth day, directing the Marines' first rocket barrage and exposed to the enemy's main line of resistance, LtCol Chambers fell under enemy machine-gun fire. His wounds were so serious that he was medically retired and, because he had been specially commended for performance of duty in combat, he was promoted to colonel.


Presentation of the Medal of Honor was made at the White House by President Harry S. Truman on 1 November 1950. Col Chambers had been recommended for the award on 7 April 1945 following his evacuation, seriously wounded, from Iwo Jima. He had initially received the Navy Cross for his actions, but upon re-examination of the original recommendation with additional evidence, his award was upgraded to the Medal of Honor a few years later. The Medal of Honor is the highest military decoration awarded by the United States. ... North façade of the White House, seen from Pennsylvania Avenue. ... Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884–December 26, 1972) was the thirty-third President of the United States (1945–1953); as Vice President, he succeeded to the office upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt. ... November 1 is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 60 days remaining. ... 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Navy Cross The Navy Cross is the second highest medal that can be awarded by the United States Navy, Marine Corps and Coast Guard. ...


Colonel Chambers retired from the U.S. Marine Corps Reserve 1 January 1946. After his retirement, he served as staff advisor for the Senate Armed Services Committee. He died on 29 July 1982 and was buried in Arlington National Cemetery, Arlington, Virginia. January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday. ... July 29 is the 210th day (211th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 155 days remaining. ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... [[ Historical Information Arlington National Cemetery Section 27 Facts Pvt. ...


In addition to the Medal of Honor, Silver Star Medal and Legion of Merit with Combat "V," Col Chambers' decorations and medals include the Purple Heart Medal with two gold stars, Presidential Unit Citation with three bronze stars, Organized Marine Corps Reserve Medal with two stars, American Defense Service Medal, American Campaign Medal, Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal with one silver star (denoting five campaigns), and the World War II Victory Medal. A Purple Heart medal For the plant genus, see Purpleheart. ...


Medal of Honor citation

The President of the United States takes pleasure in the MEDAL OF HONOR to

COLONEL JUSTICE M. CHAMBERS
UNITED STATES MARINE CORPS RESERVE

for service as set forth in the following CITATION:

For conspicuous gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life above and beyond the call of duty as Commanding Officer of the Third Assault Battalion Landing Team, Twenty-Fifth Marines, Fourth Marine Division, in action against enemy Japanese forces on Iwo Jima, Volcano Islands from 19 to 22 February 1945. Under a furious barrage of enemy machine-gun and small-arms fire from the commanding cliffs on the right, Colonel Chambers, then Lieutenant Colonel, landed immediately after the initial assault waves of his Battalion on D-Day to find the momentum of the assault threatened by heavy casualties from withering Japanese artillery, mortar, rocket, machine-gun and rifle fire. Exposed to relentless hostile fire, he coolly reorganized his battle-weary men, inspiring them to heroic efforts by his own valor and leading them in an attack on the critical, impregnable high ground from which the enemy was pouring an increasing volume of fire directly onto troops ashore as well as amphibious craft in succeeding waves. Constantly in the front lines encouraging his men to push forward against the enemy's savage resistance, Colonel Chambers led the 8-hour battle to carry the flanking ridge top and reduce the enemy's fields of aimed fire, thus protecting the vital foothold gained. In constant defiance of hostile fire while reconnoitering the entire Regimental Combat Team zone of action, he maintained contact with adjacent units and forwarded vital information to the Regimental Commander. His zealous fighting spirit undiminished despite terrific casualties and the loss of most of his key officers, he again reorganized his troops for renewed attack against the enemy's main line of resistance and was directing the fire of the rocket platoon when he fell, critically wounded. Evacuated under heavy Japanese fire, Colonel Chambers, by forceful leadership, courage and fortitude in the face of staggering odds, was directly instrumental in insuring the success of subsequent operations of the Fifth Amphibious Corps on Iwo Jima, thereby sustaining and enhancing the finest traditions of the United States Naval Service. Landsat photo of Iwo Jima, circa 2006 Iwo Jima   (Japanese 硫黄島 Iōtō, or Iōjima, meaning sulfur island) is a volcanic island in Japan, part of the Volcano Islands (the southern part of the Ogasawara Islands), approximately 650 nautical miles (1200 km) south of Tokyo (24°472N, 141... The Ogasawara Islands (小笠原諸島) are an archipelago of over 30 subtropical islands some 1000 km directly south of central Tokyo, Japan. ... USN redirects here. ...

/S/ HARRY S. TRUMAN Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884–December 26, 1972) was the thirty-third President of the United States (1945–1953); as Vice President, he succeeded to the office upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt. ...


References

This article incorporates text in the public domain from the United States Marine Corps.
  • Colonel Justice Marion Chambers, USMCR, Who's Who in Marine Corps History, History Division, United States Marine Corps.
  • Medal of Honor citation

 
 

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