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Encyclopedia > Juscelino Kubitschek
Juscelino Kubitschek and his wife
Juscelino Kubitschek and his wife

Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira (JK) (September 12, 1902-August 22, 1976) was a prominent Brazilian politician who was President of Brazil from 1956 to 1961.

Although trained as a doctor, he was elected to the House of Representatives in Minas Gerais state in 1934. However, with the advent of Getúlio Dornelles Vargas' "fascist" Estado Novo in 1937, he was forced to go back to practicing medicine.

Even so, he was appointed mayor of Belo Horizonte in 1940.

He was again elected to Minas Gerais' House of Representatives in 1945, and became governor of the state in 1950. In 1955, he ran for president with the slogan "Fifty years of progress in five", and won.

He was sworn in on January 31, 1956 as President of what was then known as the Republic of the United States of Brazil.

His five year tenure resulted in Brazil progressing by leaps and bounds. Among many projects he managed to complete was Brasília, the new capital of Brazil, located in the heart of the country. On October 2, 1956, during his first visit to the place chosen for the construction of the new city—a desert highland located at the central part of Brazil—he made, enthusiastically, a prophecy as follows: "From this central highland, from this lonely place which very soon will be the headoffice of the main national decisions, I sight the future of my country and I can foresee, faithfully, a new dawn for my homeland relying on its destiny". He also completed major road construction, as well as founding Brazil's automotive industry. The economy boomed.

Juscelino was succeeded by Janio Quadros in 1961. When the military troops took the power in 1964, he had his political rights suspended. He went into self-imposed exile, and stayed in numerous US and European cities.

He did come back to Brazil, but was unfortunately killed in a car crash in 1976. 350,000 grieving people were present at his burial in Brasília. He is now interred in JK's Memorial.

Preceded by:
João Café Filho
President of Brazil Succeeded by:
Janio Quadros

  Results from FactBites:
Juscelino Kubitschek honored at the IDB (434 words)
The Brazilian behind the push for the creation of a multilateral development institution for Latin America and the Caribbean was the renowned politician Juscelino Kubitschek, elected governor of Minas Gerais in 1950, and Brazil's president from 1956 to 1961.
Kubitschek's legacy in Brazil is so powerful that Moreno, in his inaugural address in Belo Horizonte, noted that Brazilian history can be divided into two chapters: before and after Kubitschek.
The IDB has established the Juscelino Kubitschek Prize, to be awarded in commemoration of the Bank’s 50th anniversary in 2009, to the leader or statesman who best exhibits the spirit of development once embodied by this influential Brazilian figure.
Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira Summary (1633 words)
Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira (1902-1976) was president of Brazil from 1956 to 1961 and became a symbol for Brazil's economic development.
Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira was born on September 12, 1902 in the poor diamond-mining town of Diamantina in Minas Gerais.
Márcia Kubitschek was elected to the National Congress of Brazil in 1987 and served as lieutenant governor of the Brazilian Federal District from 1991 to 1994.
  More results at FactBites »



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