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Encyclopedia > Jurassic Park (film)
Jurassic Park
Directed by Steven Spielberg
Produced by Kathleen Kennedy
Gerald R. Molen
Written by Screenplay
David Koepp
Malia Scotch Marmo (uncredited)
Michael Crichton
Novel:
Michael Crichton
Starring Sam Neill
Laura Dern
Jeff Goldblum
Richard Attenborough
Joseph Mazzello
Ariana Richards
Martin Ferrero
Bob Peck
Samuel L. Jackson
Wayne Knight
Music by John Williams
Cinematography Dean Cundey
Editing by Michael Kahn
Distributed by Universal Studios
Release date(s) June 11, 1993
Running time 127 minutes
Country USA
Language English
Budget $95,000,000[1]
Gross revenue $914,691,118
Followed by The Lost World: Jurassic Park
Official website
Allmovie profile
IMDb profile

Jurassic Park is a 1993 science fiction film directed by Steven Spielberg, based on the novel of the same name by Michael Crichton. The film centers on the fictional island of Isla Nublar, where scientists have created an amusement park of cloned dinosaurs. John Hammond (Richard Attenborough) invites a group of scientists, played by Sam Neill, Jeff Goldblum and Laura Dern, to visit the park. Sabotage sets the dinosaurs loose, and technicians and visitors attempt to escape the island. A film poster for Jurassic Park , contended as fair use. ... Steven Allan Spielberg KBE (born December 18, 1946)[1] is an American film director, producer and screenwriter. ... Kathleen Kennedy (b. ... Gerald R. Molen (b. ... David Koepp (born June 9, 1963 in Pewaukee, Wisconsin) is an American screenwriter and director. ... Malia Scotch Marmo is an American screenwriter. ... Michael Crichton, pronounced [1], (born October 23, 1942) is an American author, film producer, film director, and television producer. ... Sam Neill, DCNZM, OBE (born 14 September 1947) is a New Zealand film and television actor. ... Laura Elizabeth Dern-Harper (born February 10, 1967) is an American actress. ... Jeffrey Lynn Goldblum (born October 22, 1952) is an Academy Award-nominated American actor. ... Richard Samuel Attenborough, Baron Attenborough, CBE (born 29 August 1923) is an English actor, director, producer, and entrepreneur. ... Joseph Mazzello is an American actor born on September 21, 1983. ... Ariana Clarice Richards (born September 11, 1979 in Healdsburg, California) is an American actress and professional painter. ... Martin Ferrero (b. ... Bob Peck (August 23, 1945 – April 4, 1999) was an English stage, television and film actor, who came to acting relatively late in life. ... Samuel Jackson redirects here. ... Wayne Knight (born August 7, 1955) is an American actor, known for his roles as Newman in the TV sitcom Seinfeld, Dennis Nedry in Jurassic Park, and as police officer Don Orville in the sitcom 3rd Rock from the Sun. ... For other persons named John Williams, see John Williams (disambiguation). ... Dean Cundey is a celebrated cinematographer born 12 March 1946 in Alhambra, California, USA. He has worked on some of the most influential special effects films in history and has collaborated extensively with directors John Carpenter and Robert Zemeckis. ... This article is about Michael Kahn the film editor. ... This article is about the American media conglomerate. ... is the 162nd day of the year (163rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... USD redirects here. ... The Lost World: Jurassic Park is a 1997 movie which is a sequel to the blockbuster Jurassic Park. ... The year 1993 in film involved many significant films. ... Science fiction film is a film genre that uses speculative, science-based depictions of imaginary phenomena such as extra-terrestrial lifeforms, alien worlds, and time travel, often along with technological elements such as futuristic spacecraft, robots, or other technologies. ... Steven Allan Spielberg KBE (born December 18, 1946)[1] is an American film director, producer and screenwriter. ... For the feature film based on this book, see Jurassic Park (film). ... Michael Crichton, pronounced [1], (born October 23, 1942) is an American author, film producer, film director, and television producer. ... // Isla Nublar is the fictional island on which dinosaurs were held in Jurassic Park. ... Theme park redirects here. ... For the cloning of human beings, see human cloning. ... Orders Saurischia    Sauropodomorpha    Theropoda Ornithischia Dinosaurs are giant reptiles that dominated the terrestrial ecosystem for most of their 165-million year existence. ... Richard Samuel Attenborough, Baron Attenborough, CBE (born 29 August 1923) is an English actor, director, producer, and entrepreneur. ... Sam Neill, DCNZM, OBE (born 14 September 1947) is a New Zealand film and television actor. ... Jeffrey Lynn Goldblum (born October 22, 1952) is an Academy Award-nominated American actor. ... Laura Elizabeth Dern-Harper (born February 10, 1967) is an American actress. ...


Spielberg acquired the rights to the novel before its publication in 1990, and Crichton was hired to adapt his novel. David Koepp wrote the final draft, which left out much of the novel's exposition and violence, and also made numerous changes to the characters. Spielberg hired Stan Winston Studios to create animatronics to portray the dinosaurs, shots of which were mixed with newly developed computer-generated imagery by Industrial Light and Magic. Paleontologist Jack Horner aided the actors and the special effects team in creating authenticity (although aspects of the animals' depictions have grown dated due to further research, particularly the Velociraptors). Filming took place from August to December 1992 in Kauaʻi, Hawaii, and California. David Koepp (born June 9, 1963 in Pewaukee, Wisconsin) is an American screenwriter and director. ... Stan Winston (born April 7, 1946, in Richmond, Virginia), is an Academy Award winning special effects and makeup artist, and film director. ... Computer-generated imagery[1] (also known as CGI) is the application of the field of computer graphics or, more specifically, 3D computer graphics to special effects in films, television programs, commercials, simulators and simulation generally, and printed media. ... Industrial Light & Magic original logo, designed by Drew Struzan Industrial Light & Magic (ILM) is a motion picture special visual effects company, founded in May 1975 by George Lucas and owned by Lucasfilm Ltd. ... John Jack R. Horner (born June 15, 1946) is an American paleontologist who discovered and named the Maiasaura, providing the first clear evidence that dinosaurs cared for their young. ... Species V. mongoliensis Osborn, 1924 (type) Velociraptor (IPA: ; meaning swift thief) is a genus of dromaeosaurid theropod dinosaur that existed approximately 83 to 70 Ma (million years ago) during the later part of the Cretaceous Period. ... Kauai (Hawaiian IPA pron. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...


Jurassic Park is regarded as a landmark in the use of CGI effects and received positive reviews from critics, who praised the effects (though reactions to other elements of the picture, such as character development, were mixed). During its release, the film grossed more than $914 million, becoming the most successful film released up until that time, and it is currently the tenth-highest-grossing feature film (taking inflation into account, it is the 17th-highest-grossing film in North America). Jurassic Park spawned a franchise of films and other media, including the sequels The Lost World: Jurassic Park (1997) and Jurassic Park III (2001). Jurassic Park IV is currently in development. USD redirects here. ... The following is a non-definitive list of the all-time highest-grossing films. ... Here are the 50 top-grossing movies of all time in the United States and Canada, based on total receipts as of July 16, 2007. ... The Jurassic Park media franchise is a series of books, films and video games centering on a disastrous attempt to create a theme park of cloned dinosaurs. ... The Lost World: Jurassic Park is a 1997 movie which is a sequel to the blockbuster Jurassic Park. ... The year 1997 in film involved some significant events. ... Jurassic Park III is a 2001 film that is the third film as part of the Jurassic Park franchise. ... For the 1968 science-fiction film and novel, see 2001: A Space Odyssey The year 2001 in film involved some significant events. ... Jurassic Park IV is an announced feature film that will be the fourth installment in the Jurassic Park film franchise, and has been in development hell since 2002, with no concrete release date yet determined as of 2007. ...

Contents

Plot

On Isla Nublar, an InGen employee is attacked while releasing a velociraptor into a specially built enclosure, prompting a lawsuit from his family. CEO John Hammond is pressured by his investors to allow a safety investigation by experts before opening the park. He invites paleontologist Alan Grant, paleobotanist Ellie Sattler, chaos theorist Ian Malcolm, and his investors' attorney Donald Gennaro to perform the inspection. The group meets a Brachiosaurus when they set off into the park. At the park, they learn that InGen created the dinosaurs by cloning genetic material found in mosquitoes that fed on dinosaur blood, preserved in Dominican amber. The DNA from these samples was spliced with DNA from frogs to fill in gaps. Only female dinosaurs are created to prevent breeding. The team is also shown the enclosure of the Velociraptors, dubbed "raptors", intelligent and ferocious predators. // Isla Nublar is the fictional island on which dinosaurs were held in Jurassic Park. ... InGen (International Genetic Technologies) is a fictional genetic engineering company appearing in the Jurassic Park series of novels and films. ... Species V. mongoliensis Osborn, 1924 (type) Velociraptor (IPA: ; meaning swift thief) is a genus of dromaeosaurid theropod dinosaur that existed approximately 83 to 70 Ma (million years ago) during the later part of the Cretaceous Period. ... Chief Executive redirects here. ... The following is a list of characters from Michael Crichtons novels Jurassic Park and The Lost World. ... A paleontologist carefully chips rock from a column of dinosaur vertebrae. ... The following is a list of characters from Michael Crichtons novels Jurassic Park and The Lost World. ... Paleobotany (from the Greek words paleon = old and botanikos = of herbs) is the branch of paleontology dealing with the recovery and identification of plant remains from geological contexts, and their use in the reconstruction of past environments and the history of life. ... The following is a list of characters from Michael Crichtons novels Jurassic Park and The Lost World. ... For other uses, see Chaos Theory (disambiguation). ... The following is a list of characters from Michael Crichtons novels Jurassic Park and The Lost World. ... The following is a list of characters from Michael Crichtons novels Jurassic Park and The Lost World. ... Species (type) ?B. (Giraffatitan) brancai Brachiosaurus (IPA: ) meaning Arm Lizard, from the Greek brachion/βραχιων meaning arm and sauros/σαυρος meaning lizard, was a genus of sauropod dinosaur which lived during the Late Jurassic Period. ... For other uses, see Mosquito (disambiguation). ... Dominican Amber differentiates itself from Baltic amber by the fact that it is nearly always transparent and has the highest amount of fossil enclosures. ... Distribution of frogs (in black) Suborders Archaeobatrachia Mesobatrachia Neobatrachia - List of Anuran families The frogness babe is an amphibian in the order Anura (meaning tail-less from Greek an-, without + oura, tail), formerly referred to as Salientia (Latin saltare, to jump). ... The term DNA sequencing encompasses biochemical methods for determining the order of the nucleotide bases, adenine, guanine, cytosine, and thymine, in a DNA oligonucleotide. ... Orders Saurischia    Sauropodomorpha    Theropoda Ornithischia Dinosaurs are giant reptiles that dominated the terrestrial ecosystem for most of their 165-million year existence. ... Species V. mongoliensis Osborn, 1924 (type) Velociraptor (IPA: ; meaning swift thief) is a genus of dromaeosaurid theropod dinosaur that existed approximately 83 to 70 Ma (million years ago) during the later part of the Cretaceous Period. ...

The Tyrannosaurus escapes from her paddock.

Malcolm and Sattler are worried, but Grant remains neutral. They meet Hammond's grandchildren, Tim and Alexis "Lex" Murphy, and go on a vehicular tour of the park. Ellie leaves the tour to take care of a sick triceratops. A tropical storm hits the island and most InGen employees leave, except for Hammond, game warden Robert Muldoon, chief engineer Ray Arnold, and leading computer programmer Dennis Nedry. Commissioned by a rival businessman, Nedry takes an opportunity to shut down the park's security system so he can steal dinosaur embryos and deliver them to an auxiliary dock. As a result, the Tyrannosaurus breaks through the deactivated electric fence surrounding its pen, devouring Gennaro, attacking Tim and Lex hiding in the car, and wounding Malcolm. The children and Grant only narrowly avoid being killed and eaten. Just after they flee the wreckage, Ellie and Muldoon arrive. At first, they believe the only survivor of the attack is Malcolm, but upon further investigation they find two footprints: one is Grant's and one belongs to one of the kids. Just then, the T. rex returns, and Malcolm, Muldoon, and Ellie barely escape her in their jeep. Meanwhile, Nedry crashes his car, and while trying to winch it, he is killed by a Dilophosaurus. Grant, Tim, and Lex spend the night in a tree. While hiking to safety the next morning, they discover hatched eggs, which means that the dinosaurs are actually breeding. Grant realizes that the frog DNA is responsible: some species of frog are known to spontaneously change sex in a single-sex environment. Image File history File links JurassicParkTREX.jpg‎ Summary T-Rex from Jurassic Park (1993) Licensing This image is a screenshot from a copyrighted film, and the copyright for it is most likely owned by the studio which produced the film, and possibly also by any actors appearing in the screenshot. ... Image File history File links JurassicParkTREX.jpg‎ Summary T-Rex from Jurassic Park (1993) Licensing This image is a screenshot from a copyrighted film, and the copyright for it is most likely owned by the studio which produced the film, and possibly also by any actors appearing in the screenshot. ... The following is a list of characters from Michael Crichtons novels Jurassic Park and The Lost World. ... The following is a list of characters from Michael Crichtons novels Jurassic Park and The Lost World. ... Species (type) Marsh, 1890 Triceratops (IPA: ) was a herbivorous genus of ceratopsid dinosaur that lived during the late Maastrichtian stage of the Late Cretaceous Period, around 68 to 65 million years ago (mya) in what is now North America. ... This article is about weather phenomena. ... In the United States, game wardens are state or local officials responsible for enforcing environmental protection laws pertaining to the hunting, fishing, and trapping of wild animals. ... The following is a list of characters from Michael Crichtons novels Jurassic Park and The Lost World. ... Systems engineering techniques are used in complex projects: from spacecrafts to chip design, from robotics to creating large software products to building bridges, Systems engineering uses a host of tools that include modeling & simulation, requirements analysis, and scheduling to manage complexity Systems Engineering (SE) is an interdisciplinary approach and means... The following is a list of characters from Michael Crichtons novels Jurassic Park and The Lost World. ... In computing, a programmer is someone who does computer programming and develops computer software. ... The following is a list of characters from Michael Crichtons novels Jurassic Park and The Lost World. ... For other uses, see Embryo (disambiguation). ... Species T. rex (type) Osborn, 1905 Synonyms Manospondylus Cope, 1892 Dynamosaurus Osborn, 1905  ?Nanotyrannus Bakker, Williams & Currie, 1988 Stygivenator Olshevsky, 1995 Dinotyrannus Olshevsky, 1995 Tyrannosaurus (pronounced IPA: , meaning tyrant lizard) is a genus of theropod dinosaur. ... Species  ? Dilophosaurus was a theropod dinosaur from the Early Jurassic Period. ...

A pair of Velociraptor enter the kitchen.

Arnold tries to hack Nedry's computer to turn the power back on but fails, so he does a full system restart, which requires the circuit breakers to be manually reset from the utility shed. When he does not return, Ellie and Muldoon follow and discover the raptors have escaped. Muldoon realized that they are near and tells Ellie to go to the utility shed herself and turn the power back on while he tries to hunt them down. Muldoon is attacked and killed by a lurking raptor while Ellie escapes from another after discovering Arnold's remains. After managing to turn on the power and escaping the raptor, she meets Grant, and they both go back to Malcolm and Hammond at the main building. Lex and Tim narrowly escape two of the raptors in the kitchen, and Lex is finally able to restore the Park's computer systems in order to call Hammond to request a helicopter rescue of the survivors. Grant and Ellie hold off a raptor trying to open the door to the computer room, until the power is restored and the electromagnetic locks begin working. With the door secure, the team climbs up into the ceiling crawlspace and arrive at the Visitors Center skeleton display. After a scuffle on top of the fossil exhibits where the raptors block their escape route, help comes from an unlikely source when the Tyrannosaurus suddenly appears and kills both raptors, saving Grant, Ellie, Lex, and Tim in the process. The four then climb into Hammond and Malcolm's jeep and leave. Grant says he will not endorse the park, a choice with which Hammond concurs. As all fly away in the helicopter, the children fall asleep beside Grant, who contemplatively watches the birds flying nearby, the surviving relatives of the dinosaurs they escaped. Image File history File links JPvelociraptor. ... Image File history File links JPvelociraptor. ... Species V. mongoliensis Osborn, 1924 (type) Velociraptor (IPA: ; meaning swift thief) is a genus of dromaeosaurid theropod dinosaur that existed approximately 83 to 70 Ma (million years ago) during the later part of the Cretaceous Period. ...


Cast

From left: Donald Gennaro (Martin Ferrero), Ellie Sattler (Laura Dern), John Hammond (Richard Attenborough), Alan Grant (Sam Neill) and Ian Malcolm (Jeff Goldblum)
From left: Donald Gennaro (Martin Ferrero), Ellie Sattler (Laura Dern), John Hammond (Richard Attenborough), Alan Grant (Sam Neill) and Ian Malcolm (Jeff Goldblum)
  • Sam Neill as Dr. Alan Grant: A paleontologist excavating Velociraptor fossils in the Montana Badlands. He dislikes children, frightening one with a talon of a raptor, but he soon has to protect Hammond's grandchildren. Neill was Spielberg's original choice, but he was too busy. Spielberg then met Richard Dreyfuss and Kurt Russell, who were too expensive, and William Hurt turned down the role.[2] Spielberg then pushed back filming a month to let Neill play the character: he wound up only having a weekend's break between filming Family Pictures and Jurassic Park. Neill prepared for the role by meeting paleontologist Jack Horner.[3]
  • Laura Dern as Dr. Ellie Sattler: A paleobotanist and graduate student of Grant. Dern also met Horner and visited the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, learning to prepare a fossil.[3]
  • Jeff Goldblum as Dr. Ian Malcolm: A mathematician and chaos theorist. He warns of the danger of resurrecting dinosaurs and becomes Hammond's main opposition. He also falls for Sattler, another in a long line of romantic interests. Goldblum was Spielberg's first choice,[3] and he is a big fan of dinosaurs.[4] To prepare for his role, Goldblum met with James Gleick and Ivar Ekeland to discuss Chaos Theory.[5]
  • Richard Attenborough as John Hammond: CEO of InGen and architect of Jurassic Park. Jurassic Park was Attenborough's first acting role since 1979's The Human Factor.[6]
  • Ariana Richards as Alexis "Lex" Murphy: Hammond's granddaughter, a vegetarian and self-professed computer hacker.
  • Joseph Mazzello as Timothy "Tim" Murphy: Lex's younger brother, into dinosaurs. He has read Grant's numerous books.
  • Wayne Knight as Dennis Nedry: The disgruntled architect of Jurassic Park's computer systems. He is bribed by Biosyn agent Lewis Dodgson for $1.5 million to deliver frozen dinosaur embryos.
  • Samuel L. Jackson as Ray Arnold: The park's chief engineer. He switches off the main power to reboot the mainframe but unwittingly unleashes the raptors in doing so.
  • Bob Peck as Robert Muldoon: The park's game warden. He is concerned about the intelligence of the raptors and would have them all destroyed.
  • Martin Ferrero as Donald Gennaro: A lawyer who represents Hammond's concerned investors.
  • B. D. Wong as Dr. Henry Wu: The park's chief geneticist, who is responsible for making all the dinosaurs female and lysine deficient. He leaves during the storm.
  • Gerald R. Molen, the film's producer, cameoed as Gerry Harding, the park's veterinarian, who appears to take care of the triceratops.
  • Cameron Thor as Lewis Dodgson: The head of InGen's rival corporation Biosyn in the novel. He only appears in the film to give Nedry a shaving cream can to put stolen embryos in before he goes to Jurassic Park.
  • Dean Cundey, the film's cinematographer, cameoed as the Dockworker who Nedry talks to on the computer.
  • Richard Kiley as himself, supplying the voice of the car tour guide.

The following is a list of characters from Michael Crichtons novels Jurassic Park and The Lost World. ... Image File history File links JurassicParkcast. ... Image File history File links JurassicParkcast. ... Martin Ferrero (b. ... Laura Elizabeth Dern-Harper (born February 10, 1967) is an American actress. ... Richard Samuel Attenborough, Baron Attenborough, CBE (born 29 August 1923) is an English actor, director, producer, and entrepreneur. ... Sam Neill, DCNZM, OBE (born 14 September 1947) is a New Zealand film and television actor. ... Jeffrey Lynn Goldblum (born October 22, 1952) is an Academy Award-nominated American actor. ... Sam Neill, DCNZM, OBE (born 14 September 1947) is a New Zealand film and television actor. ... Alan Grant is a fictional character from the Jurassic Park series. ... A paleontologist carefully chips rock from a column of dinosaur vertebrae. ... Species V. mongoliensis Osborn, 1924 (type) Velociraptor (IPA: ; meaning swift thief) is a genus of dromaeosaurid theropod dinosaur that existed approximately 83 to 70 Ma (million years ago) during the later part of the Cretaceous Period. ... A fossil Ammonite Fossils are the mineralized remains of animals or plants or other traces such as footprints. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... The Chinle Badlands at Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument. ... Richard Stephen Dreyfuss (born October 29, 1947) is an Academy Award-winning American actor. ... Kurt Vogel Russell (born March 17, 1951) is an American actor. ... William Hurt (born March 20, 1950) is an Academy Award-winning American actor. ... John Jack R. Horner (born June 15, 1946) is an American paleontologist who discovered and named the Maiasaura, providing the first clear evidence that dinosaurs cared for their young. ... Laura Elizabeth Dern-Harper (born February 10, 1967) is an American actress. ... Paleobotany (from the Greek words paleon = old and botanikos = of herbs) is the branch of paleontology dealing with the recovery and identification of plant remains from geological contexts, and their use in the reconstruction of past environments and the history of life. ... The Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County opened in Exposition Park in 1913 as the Museum of History, Science, and Art. ... Jeffrey Lynn Goldblum (born October 22, 1952) is an Academy Award-nominated American actor. ... Ian Malcolm is a character from Michael Crichtons series of books, Jurassic Park. ... Leonhard Euler, considered one of the greatest mathematicians of all time A mathematician is a person whose primary area of study and research is the field of mathematics. ... For other uses, see Chaos Theory (disambiguation). ... James Gleick (August 1, 1954– ) is an author, journalist, and biographer, whose books explore the cultural ramifications of science and technology. ... For other uses, see Chaos Theory (disambiguation). ... Richard Samuel Attenborough, Baron Attenborough, CBE (born 29 August 1923) is an English actor, director, producer, and entrepreneur. ... // Events March 5 - Production begins on Star Wars Episode V: The Empire Strikes Back. ... Ariana Clarice Richards (born September 11, 1979 in Healdsburg, California) is an American actress and professional painter. ... For animals adapted to eat primarily plants, sometimes referred to as vegetarian animals, see Herbivore. ... A computer hacker is someone who enjoys getting around the technical limitations of computer systems. ... Joseph Mazzello is an American actor born on September 21, 1983. ... Wayne Knight (born August 7, 1955) is an American actor, known for his roles as Newman in the TV sitcom Seinfeld, Dennis Nedry in Jurassic Park, and as police officer Don Orville in the sitcom 3rd Rock from the Sun. ... The following is a list of characters from Michael Crichtons novels Jurassic Park and The Lost World. ... For other uses, see Embryo (disambiguation). ... Samuel Jackson redirects here. ... Bob Peck (August 23, 1945 – April 4, 1999) was an English stage, television and film actor, who came to acting relatively late in life. ... Martin Ferrero (b. ... Bradley Darryl Wong (born October 24, 1960), known as B.D. Wong, and Ba Dass Wong, is a Tony Award-winning American actor who is best-known for his role in the Broadway production of M. Butterfly and for his role as Dr. George Huang on NBCs Law & Order... Lysine is one of the 20 amino acids normally found in proteins. ... Gerald R. Molen (b. ... Look up veterinarian in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Species (type) Marsh, 1890 Triceratops (IPA: ) was a herbivorous genus of ceratopsid dinosaur that lived during the late Maastrichtian stage of the Late Cretaceous Period, around 68 to 65 million years ago (mya) in what is now North America. ... Best known as Lewis Dodgson, the character from the film Jurassic Park. ... Dean Cundey is a celebrated cinematographer born 12 March 1946 in Alhambra, California, USA. He has worked on some of the most influential special effects films in history and has collaborated extensively with directors John Carpenter and Robert Zemeckis. ... Richard Paul Kiley (March 31, 1922 – March 5, 1999) was an American stage, television, and film actor, though he is best known for his voice work, as narrator of various documentary series. ...

Production

Michael Crichton originally conceived a screenplay about a graduate student who recreates a dinosaur; he continued to wrestle with his fascination with dinosaurs and cloning until he began writing the novel Jurassic Park.[7] Spielberg learned of the novel in October 1989 while he and Crichton were discussing a screenplay that would become the TV series ER.[1] Before the book was published, Crichton demanded a non-negotiable fee of $1.5 million as well as a substantial percentage of the gross. Warner Brothers and Tim Burton, Columbia Tristar and Richard Donner, and 20th Century Fox and Joe Dante bid for the rights,[1] but Universal eventually acquired them in May 1990 for Spielberg.[8] Universal paid Crichton a further $500,000 to adapt his own novel,[9] which he had finished by the time Spielberg was filming Hook. Crichton noted that because the book was "fairly long" his script only had about 10–20 percent of the novel's content; scenes were dropped for budgetary and practical reasons.[10] After completing Hook, Spielberg wanted to film Schindler's List. MCA president Sid Sheinberg greenlighted the film on one condition: that Spielberg make Jurassic Park first. Spielberg later said, "He knew that once I had directed Schindler I wouldn't be able to do Jurassic Park".[1] Michael Crichton, pronounced [1], (born October 23, 1942) is an American author, film producer, film director, and television producer. ... For the feature film based on this book, see Jurassic Park (film). ... ER is an Emmy-winning American serial medical drama created by novelist Michael Crichton and set primarily in the emergency room of fictional County General Hospital in Cook County, Chicago, Illinois. ... “WB” redirects here. ... Timothy Tim William Burton (born August 25, 1958) is an Academy Award and Golden Globe-nominated American film director, writer and designer notable for the quirky and often dark gothic atmosphere in his high-profile films. ... Columbia Pictures logo, used only in the early-1990s Columbia Pictures, now Columbia-Tristar Pictures after their merger with the former Tristar Entertainment, is a film production company, and part of Sony Pictures Entertainment. ... Richard Donner (born Richard Donald Schwartzberg on April 24, 1930) is an American film director and also producer through the production company, The Donners Company, he and his wife, producer Lauren Shuler-Donner, own. ... Twentieth (20th) Century Fox Film Corporation (known from 1935 to 1985 as Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation) is one of the six major American film studios. ... Joe Dante (born November 28, 1946 in Morristown, New Jersey) is an American film director and producer of films generally with humorous and scifi content. ... Hook is a 1991 family action/adventure film directed by Steven Spielberg, starring Robin Williams, Dustin Hoffman, Julia Roberts, Bob Hoskins and Maggie Smith. ... This article is about the movie. ... The Music Corporation of America was a United States based corporation in the music business. ... Sid Sheinburg was the head of Universal Studios productions from 1973 to 1995. ...

Spielberg hired Stan Winston to create the animatronic dinosaurs, Phil Tippett to create go motion dinosaurs for long shots, Michael Lantieri to supervise the on-set effects, and Dennis Muren to do the digital compositing. Paleontologist Jack Horner supervised the designs, to help fulfil Spielberg's desire to portray the dinosaurs as animals rather than monsters. Horner dismissed the raptors' flicking tongues in Tippett's early animatics,[11] complaining, "[The dinosaurs] have no way of doing that!" Taking Horner's advice, Spielberg insisted that Tippett take the tongues out.[12] Winston's department created fully detailed models of the dinosaurs before molding latex skins, which were fitted over complex robotics. Tippett created stop-motion animatics of major scenes, but, despite go-motion's attempts at motion blurs, Spielberg still found the end results unsatisfactory in terms of working in a live-action feature film.[11] Animators Mark Dippe and Steve Williams went ahead in creating a computer-generated walk cycle for the T. rex skeleton and were approved to do more.[13] When Spielberg and Tippett saw an animatic of the T. rex chasing a herd of Gallimimus, Spielberg said, "You're out of a job," to which Tippett replied, "Don't you mean extinct?"[11] Spielberg later wrote both the animatic and his dialogue between him and Tippett into the script.[14] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Go motion is a variation of stop motion animation, and was co-developed by Industrial Light & Magic and Phil Tippett for the film Dragonslayer. ... Species T. rex (type) Osborn, 1905 Synonyms Manospondylus Cope, 1892 Dynamosaurus Osborn, 1905  ?Nanotyrannus Bakker, Williams & Currie, 1988 Stygivenator Olshevsky, 1995 Dinotyrannus Olshevsky, 1995 Tyrannosaurus (pronounced IPA: , meaning tyrant lizard) is a genus of theropod dinosaur. ... Phil Tippett (born 1951) is a movie director and an award-winning Visual effects Supervisor and Producer, who specializes in creature design and character animation. ... Stan Winston (born April 7, 1946, in Richmond, Virginia), is an Academy Award winning special effects and makeup artist, and film director. ... Phil Tippett (born 1951) is a movie director and an award-winning Visual effects Supervisor and Producer, who specializes in creature design and character animation. ... Go motion is a variation of stop motion animation, and was co-developed by Industrial Light & Magic and Phil Tippett for the film Dragonslayer. ... Michael Lantieri is a special effects supervisor on films. ... Dennis Muren (born November 1, 1946) is an American film special effects artist, most notable for his work on the films of Steven Spielberg and George Lucas. ... John Jack R. Horner (born June 15, 1946) is an American paleontologist who discovered and named the Maiasaura, providing the first clear evidence that dinosaurs cared for their young. ... This article is about the typesetting system. ... An animatic is created to test dramatic timing. ... In film and video, live action refers to works that are acted out by human actors, as opposed to animation. ... Species (type) Gallimimus (gal-ih-MY-mus) meaning rooster mimic, because its fossils resembled that of a very large rooster (Latin gallus = rooster + mimus = mimic), was an ornithomimosaur from the Late Cretaceous of Mongolia. ...


Malia Scotch Marmo began a script rewrite in October 1991 over a five-month period, merging Ian Malcolm with Alan Grant.[15] Screenwriter David Koepp came on board afterward, starting afresh from Marmo's draft, and used Spielberg's idea of a cartoon shown to the visitors to remove much of the exposition that fills Crichton's novel.[16] Spielberg also excised a sub-plot of Procompsognathus escaping to the mainland and attacking young children, as he found it too horrific.[17] This subplot would eventually be used as a prologue in the Spielberg-directed sequel, The Lost World. Hammond was changed from a ruthless businessman to a kindly old man, because Spielberg identified with Hammond's obsession with showmanship.[18] He also switched the characters of Tim and Lex; in the book, Tim is aged 11 and into computers, and Lex is only seven or eight and into sports. Spielberg did this because he wanted to work with the younger Joseph Mazzello, and it also allowed him to introduce the subplot of Lex's adolescent crush on Grant.[3] Koepp changed Grant's relationship with the children, making him hostile to them initially to allow for more character development.[1] Koepp also took the opportunity to cut out a major sequence from the book, for budgetary reasons, where the T. rex chases Grant and the children down a river before being tranquilized by Muldoon.[16] Malia Scotch Marmo is an American screenwriter. ... David Koepp (born June 9, 1963 in Pewaukee, Wisconsin) is an American screenwriter and director. ... Binomial name Procompsognathus triassicus Fraas, 1913 Paleo Template Project Life-sized model of Procompsognathus Triassicus Procompsognathus was once thought to be a small, speedy theropod dinosaur. ... Characterization is the process of conveying information about characters in fiction or conversation. ...


After two years and one month of pre-production, filming began on August 24, 1992, on the Hawaiian island of Kauaʻi.[19] The three-week shoot involved various daytime exteriors.[8] On September 11, Hurricane Iniki passed directly over Kauaʻi, which caused the crew to lose a day of shooting.[20] The scheduled shoot of the gallimimus chase was moved to Oahu.[14] The crew moved back to mainland USA to shoot at Universal Studios's Stage 24 for scenes involving the raptors in the kitchen.[8] The crew also shot on Stage 23 for the scenes involving the power supply, before going on location to Red Rock Canyon for the Montana dig scenes.[21] The crew returned to Universal to shoot Grant's rescue of Tim, using a fifty-foot prop with hydraulic wheels for the car fall, and the brachiosaurus encounter. The crew proceeded to film scenes for the Park's labs and control room, which used animations for the computers loaned from Silicon Graphics and Apple.[22] is the 236th day of the year (237th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Kauai (Hawaiian IPA pron. ... Lowest pressure 938 mbar (hPa; 27. ... OÊ»ahu (usually Oahu outside Hawaiian and Hawaiian English), the Gathering Place, is the third largest of the Hawaiian Islands and most populous island in the State of HawaiÊ»i. ... This article is about the American media conglomerate. ... Red Rock Canyon State Park This article is about the State Park in Kern County, California. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Silicon Graphics, Inc. ... Apple Inc. ...


The crew moved to Warner Bros. Studios' Stage 16 to shoot the T. rex attack on the tour cars.[22] Shooting proved frustrating due to water soaking the foam rubber skin of the animatronic dinosaur.[4] Back at Universal, the crew filmed scenes with the dilophosaurus on Stage 27. Finally, the shoot finished on Stage 12, with the climactic chases with the raptors in the Park's computer rooms and Visitor's Center.[23] Spielberg brought back the T. rex for the climax, abandoning his original ending in which Grant uses a platform machine to maneuver a raptor into a fossil tyrannosaur's jaws.[24] The film wrapped twelve days ahead of schedule on November 30,[25][8][26] and within days Michael Kahn had a rough cut ready, allowing Spielberg to go ahead with filming Schindler's List.[27] The WB Shield, used from 2001 to late 2003. ... is the 334th day of the year (335th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Special effects work continued on the film, with Tippett's unit adjusting to new technology with Dinosaur Input Devices: models which fed information into the computers to allow themselves to animate the characters traditionally. In addition, they acted out scenes with the raptors and Gallimimus. As well as the computer-generated dinosaurs, ILM also created elements such as water splashing and digital face replacement for Ariana Richards' stunt double.[11] Compositing the dinosaurs onto the live action scenes took around an hour. Rendering the dinosaurs often took two to four hours per frame, and rendering the T. rex in the rain even took six hours per frame.[28] Spielberg monitored their progress from Poland.[29] Composer John Williams began work on the score at the end of February, and it was conducted a month later by John Neufeld and Alexander Courage.[30] The sound effects crew, supervised by George Lucas,[31] were finished by the end of April. Jurassic Park was finally completed on May 28, 1993.[30] For other persons named John Williams, see John Williams (disambiguation). ... Jurassic Park was the twelfth project on which John Williams worked with Steven Spielberg. ... A conductor conducting at a ceremony A conductors score and batons Conducting is the act of directing a musical performance by way of visible gestures. ... Alexander Courage (December 10, 1919 – May 15, 2008) was a 20th century American orchestrator, arranger and composer of music, primarily for television and motion pictures. ... George Walton Lucas, Jr. ... is the 148th day of the year (149th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ...

Further information: Jurassic Park (film score)

Jurassic Park was the twelfth project on which John Williams worked with Steven Spielberg. ...

Dinosaurs on screen

See also: Biological issues in Jurassic Park

Despite the title of the film, most of the dinosaurs featured did not exist until the Cretaceous period.[32] Jurassic Park, a book by Michael Crichton, with a film version directed by Steven Spielberg, revolves around the resurrection of dinosaurs via genetic engineering. ... // The Cretaceous Period (pronounced ) is one of the major divisions of the geologic timescale, reaching from the end of the Jurassic Period (i. ...

Stan Winston's animatronic Tyrannosaurus, on Warner Bros Stage 16
Stan Winston's animatronic Tyrannosaurus, on Warner Bros Stage 16
  • Tyrannosaurus rex, abbreviated as "T. rex", is the star of the film according to Spielberg, being the reason he rewrote the ending for fear of disappointing the audience.[11] Winston's animatronic T. rex stood 20 feet (6.1 m), weighed 13,000 pounds (5,900 kg),[22] and was 40 feet (12 m) long.[33] Jack Horner called it "the closest I've ever been to a live dinosaur".[33] The dinosaur is depicted with a vision system based on movement. Its roar is a baby elephant mixed with a tiger and an alligator, and its breath is a whale's blow.[30] A dog attacking a ball was used for the sounds of it tearing a gallimimus apart.[11]
  • Velociraptors, dubbed "raptors" in the film, also have a major role, although those depicted are not based on the actual species in question, which is significantly smaller. It was instead based on its larger relative, Deinonychus, which was at the time called Velociraptor antirrhopus by some scientists.[34] Crichton followed this theory, but by the time production of the film took place, the idea had been dropped. When the similar Utahraptor was discovered before the film's release, Stan Winston joked, "We made it, then they discovered it."[33] For the attack on Robert Muldoon, the raptors were played by men in suits.[23] Dolphin screams, walruses bellowing, geese hissing, an African crane's mating call, and human rasps were mixed to form various raptor sounds.[30][11] Following discoveries made after the film's release, most paleontologists have concluded that dromaeosaurs like Velociraptor and Deinonychus had feathers.[35]
  • Dilophosaurus was also very different from its real-life counterpart, made significantly smaller to make sure audiences did not confuse it with the raptors.[36] Its neck frill and its ability to spit poisonous fluid are fictitious. Its vocal sounds were made by combining a swan, a hawk, a howler monkey, and a rattlesnake.[11]
  • Brachiosaurus is inaccurately depicted as chewing its food as well as standing up on its hind legs to browse among the high tree branches. Despite scientific evidence of their having limited vocal capabilities, sound designer Gary Rydstrom decided to represent them with whale songs and donkey calls to give them a melodic sense of wonder.[30]
  • Triceratops has an extended cameo. Its appearance was a particular logistical nightmare for Stan Winston when Spielberg asked to shoot the animatronic of the sick creature earlier than expected.[37] Winston also created a baby Triceratops for Ariana Richards to ride, which was cut from the film for pacing reasons.[38]
  • Gallimimus' and Parasaurolophus roles are mainly cameos. Gallimimus feature in a stampede scene where one of them is devoured by the Tyrannosaurus. Parasaurolophus appears in the background during the first encounter with the brachiosaurs.

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Stan Winston (born April 7, 1946, in Richmond, Virginia), is an Academy Award winning special effects and makeup artist, and film director. ... Species T. rex (type) Osborn, 1905 Synonyms Manospondylus Cope, 1892 Dynamosaurus Osborn, 1905  ?Nanotyrannus Bakker, Williams & Currie, 1988 Stygivenator Olshevsky, 1995 Dinotyrannus Olshevsky, 1995 Tyrannosaurus (pronounced IPA: , meaning tyrant lizard) is a genus of theropod dinosaur. ... John Jack R. Horner (born June 15, 1946) is an American paleontologist who discovered and named the Maiasaura, providing the first clear evidence that dinosaurs cared for their young. ... Genera and Species Loxodonta Loxodonta cyclotis Loxodonta africana Elephas Elephas maximus Elephas antiquus † Elephas beyeri † Elephas celebensis † Elephas cypriotes † Elephas ekorensis † Elephas falconeri † Elephas iolensis † Elephas planifrons † Elephas platycephalus † Elephas recki † Stegodon † Mammuthus † Elephantidae (the elephants) is a family of pachyderm, and the only remaining family in the order Proboscidea... For other uses, see Tiger (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Alligator (disambiguation). ... This article is about the animal. ... Trinomial name Canis lupus familiaris The dog (Canis lupus familiaris) is a domestic subspecies of the wolf, a mammal of the Canidae family of the order Carnivora. ... Species V. mongoliensis Osborn, 1924 (type) Velociraptor (IPA: ; meaning swift thief) is a genus of dromaeosaurid theropod dinosaur that existed approximately 83 to 70 Ma (million years ago) during the later part of the Cretaceous Period. ... Species D. antirrhopus (type) Ostrom, 1969 Deinonychus (pronounced ) (Greek δεινος, terrible and ονυξ/ονυχος, claw) was a genus of carnivorous dromaeosaurid dinosaur. ... Species U. ostrommaysorum (Kirkland, Gaston & Burge, 1993) (type) Utahraptor (meaning Utah thief) is the largest known member of the theropod dinosaur family Dromaeosauridae, and dates from the upper Barremian stage of the Early Cretaceous period (132-119 million years ago). ... The Simpsons protest the next door construction of a stamp museum and successfully have it relocated to a cemetery lot. ... For other uses, see Dolphin (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Walrus (disambiguation). ... Other uses: Goose (disambiguation) Genera Anser Branta Chen Cereopsis † see also: Swan, Duck Anatidae Goose (plural geese) is the general English name for a considerable number of birds, belonging to the family Anatidae. ... Genera Grus Anthropoides Balearica Bugeranus Cranes are large, long-legged and long-necked birds of the order Gruiformes, and family Gruidae. ... Genera Achillobator Adasaurus Bambiraptor Cryptovolans Dromaeosaurus Deinonychus Gracilraptor Microraptor Pyroraptor Saurornitholestes Sinornithosaurus Utahraptor Variraptor Velociraptor Among the dinosaurs, the Dromaeosaurids or Dromaeosauridae (running lizards) were fast and agile dominant carnivores throughout the Cretaceous period. ... Species  ? Dilophosaurus was a theropod dinosaur from the Early Jurassic Period. ... Neck frill is the popular term for the parietal, a margin of bone extending from the back of skulls of dinosaurs of the suborder Marginocephalia. ... For other uses, see Swan (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Hawk (disambiguation). ... Type species Simia belzebul Linnaeus, 1766 Species Alouatta coibensis Alouatta palliata Alouatta pigra Alouatta belzebul Alouatta guariba Alouatta macconnelli Alouatta nigerrima Alouatta sara Alouatta seniculus Alouatta caraya The howler monkeys (genus Alouatta monotypic in subfamily Alouattinae) are among the largest of the New World monkeys. ... Species 27 species; see list of rattlesnake species and subspecies. ... Species (type) ?B. (Giraffatitan) brancai Brachiosaurus (IPA: ) meaning Arm Lizard, from the Greek brachion/βραχιων meaning arm and sauros/σαυρος meaning lizard, was a genus of sauropod dinosaur which lived during the Late Jurassic Period. ... Gary Roger Rydstrom is an award winning sound designer who began his career at Skywaker Sound, Northern California in 1983. ... For the Pearl Jam song, see Whale Song (song). ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 For other uses, see Donkey (disambiguation). ... Species (type) Marsh, 1890 Triceratops (IPA: ) was a herbivorous genus of ceratopsid dinosaur that lived during the late Maastrichtian stage of the Late Cretaceous Period, around 68 to 65 million years ago (mya) in what is now North America. ... Species (type) Gallimimus (gal-ih-MY-mus) meaning rooster mimic, because its fossils resembled that of a very large rooster (Latin gallus = rooster + mimus = mimic), was an ornithomimosaur from the Late Cretaceous of Mongolia. ... Species (type) Wiman, 1931 Ostrom, 1961 Parasaurolophus was a genus of hadrosaurid (duck-billed) dinosaur from the Upper Cretaceous Period (about 76-65 million years ago) of what is now North America. ...

Distribution

Universal spent $65 million on the marketing campaign for Jurassic Park, making deals with 100 companies to market 1,000 products.[39] These included three Jurassic Park video games by SEGA and Ocean Software,[40] a toy line by Kenner that was distributed by Hasbro,[41] and a novelization aimed at young children.[42] The released soundtrack included unused material.[43] Trailers for the film only gave fleeting glimpses of the dinosaurs,[44] a tactic journalist Josh Horowitz described as "that old Spielberg axiom of never revealing too much" when Spielberg and director Michael Bay did the same for their production of Transformers in 2007.[45] The film was marketed with the tagline "An Adventure 65 Million Years In The Making". This was a joke Spielberg made on set about the genuine, millions of years old mosquito in amber used for Hammond's walking stick.[46] It has been suggested that Jurassic Park (computer game) be merged into this article or section. ... This article is about the video game company. ... The Ocean logotype had an often prominent placement on the box art. ... Kenner Products was a toy company founded in 1947 by three brothers, Albert, Phillip, and Joseph L. Steiner, in Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, and was named after the street where the original corporate offices were located. ... Hasbro (NYSE: HAS) is an American toy and game company. ... A novelization (or novelisation in British English) is a work of fiction that is written based on some other media story form rather than as an original work. ... Jurassic Park was the twelfth project on which John Williams worked with Steven Spielberg. ... Michael Benjamin Bay (born February 17, 1965) is an American film director and producer. ... For the 1986 animated film, see The Transformers: The Movie. ... A tagline is a variant of a branding slogan typically used in marketing materials and advertising. ... For other uses, see Mosquito (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Amber (disambiguation). ...


The film premiered at the National Building Museum on June 9, 1993, in Washington, D.C.,[47] in support of two children's charities.[48] The film made its VHS debut on October 4, 1994,[49] and was first released on DVD on October 10, 2000.[50] The film was also released in a package with The Lost World: Jurassic Park.[51] The DVD was re-released with both sequels on December 11, 2001,[52] as the Jurassic Park Trilogy, and as the Jurassic Park Adventure Pack on November 29, 2005.[53] Categories: Museum stubs | Museums in Washington, DC | Architecture museums ... is the 160th day of the year (161st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... For other uses, see Washington, D.C. (disambiguation). ... Bottom view of VHS cassette with magnetic tape exposed Top view of VHS cassette with front casing removed The Video Home System, better known by its abbreviation VHS, is a recording and playing standard. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... DVD (also known as Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc - see Etymology) is a popular optical disc storage media format. ... is the 283rd day of the year (284th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... The Lost World: Jurassic Park is a 1997 movie which is a sequel to the blockbuster Jurassic Park. ... is the 345th day of the year (346th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 333rd day of the year (334th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Following the film's release, a traveling exhibition began.[54] Steve Englehart wrote a series of comic books published by Topps Comics. They acted as a continuation of the film, consisting of the two-issue Raptor, the four-issue Raptors Attack and Raptors Hijack, and Return to Jurassic Park, which lasted nine issues. All published issues were republished under the single title Jurassic Park Adventures in the U.S.A., and as Jurassic Park in the U.K.[55] Ocean Software released a game sequel entitled Jurassic Park Part 2: The Chaos Continues in 1994 on Super NES and Game Boy.[40] Steve Englehart (born April 22, 1947, Indianapolis, Indiana) is an American comic book writer best known for his work for Marvel Comics and DC Comics, particularly in the 1970s. ... A comic book is a magazine or book containing the art form of comics. ... Topps Comics was a division of the American trading card publisher and gum/candy distributor the Topps Company, Inc. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... “UK” redirects here. ... The European SNES design is identical to the Super Famicom. ... For the entire Game Boy series of handheld consoles, see Game Boy line. ...


"The Jurassic Park Ride" began development in November 1990,[56] and premiered at Universal Studios Hollywood on June 15, 1996,[57] to the cost of $110 million.[56] Islands of Adventure in Orlando, Florida, has an entire section of the park dedicated to Jurassic Park which includes the main ride, here christened "Jurassic Park River Adventure", which opened in March 1999, and many smaller rides and attractions based on the Jurassic Park series.[58] The Universal Studios theme park rides have been designed to support the film's plot, with Hammond supposedly having been contacted to rebuild the Park at the theme park location.[57] The Jurassic Park River Adventure is a water-based amusement ride that was based on Steven Spielbergs hit movie Jurassic Park. ... Universal Studios Hollywood is a movie studio in Universal City, California, and is the original Universal Studios theme park. ... is the 166th day of the year (167th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... Universals Islands of Adventure is a theme park located in Orlando, Florida. ...


Reception

Commercial

Jurassic Park became the most financially successful film released as of that time, beating E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial which previously held the title, though it failed to top E.T. in the United States.[59] The film opened with $47 million in its first weekend,[60] and it grossed $81.7 million by its first week.[61] The film stayed at number one for three weeks and eventually grossed $357 million domestically.[62] The film also did very well in international markets, breaking opening records in the UK, Japan, South Korea, Mexico and Taiwan.[63] Spielberg earned over $250 million from the film.[64] Jurassic Park's worldwide gross was topped five years later by James Cameron's Titanic.[65] For the video games based on the movie, see E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial in video games. ... The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a country in western Europe, and member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the G8, the European Union, and NATO. Usually known simply as the United Kingdom, the UK, or (inaccurately) as Great Britain or Britain, the UK has four constituent... For other persons named James Cameron, see James Cameron (disambiguation). ... Titanic is a 1997 disaster romance film directed, written, produced and edited by James Cameron about the sinking of the RMS Titanic. ...


Critical

The film received modestly positive reviews. High praise was heaped on the visual effects, although there was a lot of criticism leveled at the characterization and departures from the book. Janet Maslin in The New York Times called it, "A true movie milestone, presenting awe- and fear-inspiring sights never before seen on the screen… On paper, this story is tailor-made for Mr. Spielberg's talents…[but] [i]t becomes less crisp on screen than it was on the page, with much of the enjoyable jargon either mumbled confusingly or otherwise thrown away."[66] In Rolling Stone, Peter Travers described the film as "colossal entertainment—the eye-popping, mind-bending, kick-out-the-jams thrill ride of summer and probably the year [...] Compared with the dinos, the characters are dry bones, indeed. Crichton and co-screenwriter David Koepp have flattened them into nonentities on the trip from page to screen."[67] Roger Ebert noted, "The movie delivers all too well on its promise to show us dinosaurs. We see them early and often, and they are indeed a triumph of special effects artistry, but the movie is lacking other qualities that it needs even more, such as a sense of awe and wonderment, and strong human story values."[68] Henry Sheehan argued, "The complaints over Jurassic Park's lack of story and character sound a little off the point," pointing out the story arc of Grant learning to protect Hammond's grandchildren despite his initial dislike of them.[18]Rotten Tomatoes reported that 85% of critics gave Jurassic Park a positive write-up, based upon a sample of 33 reviews.[69] Janet Maslin (b. ... The New York Times is a daily newspaper published in New York City and distributed internationally. ... This article is about the magazine. ... Peter Travers is the film critic for Rolling Stone magazine. ... Roger Joseph Ebert (born June 18, 1942) is a Pulitzer Prize-winning American film critic. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


In 1994, the movie won all three Academy Awards it was nominated for: Visual Effects, Sound Effects Editing, and Sound. It won the 1994 Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation,[70] and the 1993 Saturn Awards for Best Science Fiction Film, Best Direction, Best Writing for Crichton and Koepp and Best Special Effects.[71] The film won the 1993 People's Choice Awards for Favorite All-Around Motion Picture.[72] Young Artist Awards were given to Ariana Richards and Joseph Mazzello, with the film winning an Outstanding Action/Adventure Family Motion Picture award.[73] The film won honours outside of the US, such as the 1994 BAFTA for Best Special Effects, as well as the Award for the Public's Favourite Film,[74] and Awards for Best Foreign Language Film from the Japanese Academy, Mainichi Eiga Concours and Blue Ribbon, and the Czech Lions.[75] Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... The Academy Award for Visual Effects is an Oscar given to one film each year that shows highest achievement in visual effects. ... The Academy Award of Merit for Best Sound Editing is an Academy Award granted yearly to a film exhibiting the finest or most aesthetic sound editing or sound design. ... The Academy Award for Sound Mixing is an Academy Award that recognizes the finest or most aesthetic sound mixing or recording, and is generally awarded to the production sound mixers and re-recording mixers of the winning film. ... The 2005 Hugo Award with base designed by Deb Kosiba. ... The Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation is one of the annual Hugo Award categories, presented by members of the World Science Fiction Convention. ... The Saturn Award is an award presented annually by the Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy & Horror Films to honor the top works in science fiction, fantasy, and horror in film, television, and home video. ... The following are a list of Saturn Award winners for Best Science Fiction Film: See also Science fiction film Categories: | ... The following are a list of Saturn Award winners for Best Direction: ... The following are a list of Saturn Award winners for Best Writing: ... The following are a list of Saturn Award winners for Best Special Effects: ... The Peoples Choice Awards, held annually in January, is one of the few awards shows to be based on popularity. ... The Young Artist Award is an award which is presented yearly by the Young Artist Foundation. ... The British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA), is a British organization that hosts annual awards shows for film, television, childrens film and television, and interactive media. ...


Legacy

Empire called the first encounter with a Brachiosaurus the 28th most magical moment in cinema.
Empire called the first encounter with a Brachiosaurus the 28th most magical moment in cinema.[76]

The American Film Institute named Jurassic Park the 35th most thrilling film of all time on June 13, 2001,[77] and Bravo chose a scene from it as the 95th scariest of all time in 2005.[78] In 2004, on its fifteenth anniversary, Empire called it the sixth most influential film of the magazine's lifetime.[79] Upon its fifty-fifth anniversary in 2005, Film Review declared it one of the five most important films of its lifetime.[80] In 2006, IGN ranked Jurassic Park as the 19th greatest film franchise of all time.[81] Download high resolution version (846x465, 80 KB)A Brachiosaurus seen by John Hammond, Alan Grant, & Ellie Sattler. ... Download high resolution version (846x465, 80 KB)A Brachiosaurus seen by John Hammond, Alan Grant, & Ellie Sattler. ... Empire is a British film magazine published monthly by Emap Consumer Media since July 1989. ... Species (type) ?B. (Giraffatitan) brancai Brachiosaurus (IPA: ) meaning Arm Lizard, from the Greek brachion/βραχιων meaning arm and sauros/σαυρος meaning lizard, was a genus of sauropod dinosaur which lived during the Late Jurassic Period. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... is the 164th day of the year (165th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... This article is about the U.S. cable network. ... Empire is a British film magazine published monthly by Emap Consumer Media since July 1989. ... IGN - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ...


Most significantly, when many filmmakers saw Jurassic Park's use of computer-generated imagery, they realized that many of their visions, previously thought unfeasible or too expensive, were now possible. Stanley Kubrick contacted Spielberg to direct A.I.,[79] George Lucas started to make the Star Wars prequels,[82] and Peter Jackson began to re-explore his childhood love of fantasy films, a path that led him to The Lord of the Rings and King Kong.[83] Jurassic Park has inspired films and documentaries such as Godzilla, Carnosaur, and Walking with Dinosaurs,[79] as well as numerous parodies. Stan Winston joined together with IBM and director James Cameron to form Digital Domain, saying, "If I didn't get involved, I was going to become the dinosaur."[84] Alex Billington declared it as a film that was ahead of its time, saying that on another level, "Even using the animatronics system that they did, this was a far step ahead of anything at the time. Then the stories surrounding how horrifically real the dinosaurs were fueled its popularity even more. And the best part is that they look better in this movie than any more recent CGI creations."[85] The seawater creature in The Abyss marked CGIs acceptance in the visual effects industry. ... Kubrick redirects here. ... Artificial Intelligence: A.I. is a science fiction film co-produced, written, and directed by Steven Spielberg and released in 2001. ... George Walton Lucas, Jr. ... Revenge of the Sith is the third film of the prequel trilogy. ... For other persons named Peter Jackson, see Peter Jackson (disambiguation). ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... This article is about the Peter Jackson film trilogy. ... King Kong is a 2005 remake of the 1933 King Kong film about a fictional giant ape called Kong. ... Godzilla is a 1998 American science fiction film directed by Roland Emmerich and starring Matthew Broderick, Jean Reno, Maria Pitillo, Hank Azaria, Michael Lerner and Kevin Dunn. ... Carnosaur is a 1993 horror film starring Diane Ladd as a mad scientist who plans to recreate dinosaurs and destroy humanity. ... Walking with Dinosaurs was a six-part television series produced by the BBC, narrated by Kenneth Branagh, and first aired in the UK in 1999. ... Stan Winston (born April 7, 1946, in Richmond, Virginia), is an Academy Award winning special effects and makeup artist, and film director. ... For other uses, see IBM (disambiguation) and Big Blue. ... For other persons named James Cameron, see James Cameron (disambiguation). ... Digital Domain is an Academy Award-winning computer graphics company located in Venice, California that provides visual effects for film, commercials and music videos. ...


References

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  4. ^ a b Shay, Duncan, p.110–1
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Joseph McBride is an American film columnist, screenwriter and professor of film and literature. ... Cinefantastique is a horror, fantasy, and science fiction film magazine started in 1970 by publisher/editor Frederick S. Clarke. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Entertainment Weekly (sometimes abbreviated EW) is a magazine published by Time Inc. ... This article is about the year. ... is the 341st day of the year (342nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Cinefantastique is a horror, fantasy, and science fiction film magazine started in 1970 by publisher/editor Frederick S. Clarke. ... Cinefantastique is a horror, fantasy, and science fiction film magazine started in 1970 by publisher/editor Frederick S. Clarke. ... Entertainment Weekly (sometimes abbreviated EW) is a magazine published by Time Inc. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 169th day of the year (170th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 335th day of the year (336th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 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Richard Corliss is a writer for Time magazine who focuses on movies, with the occasional article on music or sports, and has distinguished himself for his clever way with words. ... TIME redirects here. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 116th day of the year (117th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Entertainment Weekly (sometimes abbreviated EW) is a magazine published by Time Inc. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 71st day of the year (72nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 71st day of the year (72nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 71st day of the year (72nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 88th day of the year (89th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Entertainment Weekly (sometimes abbreviated EW) is a magazine published by Time Inc. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 155th day of the year (156th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Steven Allan Spielberg KBE (born December 18, 1946)[1] is an American film director, producer and screenwriter. ... DVD (also known as Digital Versatile Disc or Digital Video Disc - see Etymology) is a popular optical disc storage media format. ... Universal Pictures is the main motion picture production/distribution arm of Universal Studios, a subsidiary of NBC Universal. ... Entertainment Weekly (sometimes abbreviated EW) is a magazine published by Time Inc. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 141st day of the year (142nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Entertainment Weekly (sometimes abbreviated EW) is a magazine published by Time Inc. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 162nd day of the year (163rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 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IGN - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... IGN - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... IGN - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 88th day of the year (89th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 72nd day of the year (73rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 72nd day of the year (73rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 72nd day of the year (73rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Entertainment Weekly (sometimes abbreviated EW) is a magazine published by Time Inc. ... Year 1994 (MCMXCIV) The year 1994 was designated as the International Year of the Family and the International Year of the Sport and the Olympic Ideal by the United Nations. ... is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 48th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Richard Corliss is a writer for Time magazine who focuses on movies, with the occasional article on music or sports, and has distinguished himself for his clever way with words. ... TIME redirects here. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full 1993 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 201st day of the year (202nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 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Awards
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Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country
Saturn Award for Best Science Fiction Film
1993
Succeeded by
Stargate
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Stargate is a science fiction/action film released in 1994, directed by Roland Emmerich and written by Dean Devlin and Roland Emmerich, with a soundtrack by David Arnold. ... For the feature film based on this book, see Jurassic Park (film). ... The Lost World is a novel by Michael Crichton, published in 1995 by Ballantine Books. ... The Lost World: Jurassic Park is a 1997 movie which is a sequel to the blockbuster Jurassic Park. ... Jurassic Park III is a 2001 film that is the third film as part of the Jurassic Park franchise. ... Jurassic Park IV is an announced feature film that will be the fourth installment in the Jurassic Park film franchise, and has been in development hell since 2002, with no concrete release date yet determined as of 2007. ... Jurassic Park was the twelfth project on which John Williams worked with Steven Spielberg. ... The 16 track soundtrack for Jurassic Park III was released July 12, 2001. ... The Jurassic Park River Adventure is a water-based amusement ride that was based on Steven Spielbergs hit movie Jurassic Park. ... Universals Islands of Adventure is a theme park located in Orlando, Florida. ... // Isla Nublar is the fictional island on which dinosaurs were held in Jurassic Park. ... A Map of Isla Sorna Isla Sorna (Sarcasm Island in English), also known as Site B, is the second island containing dinosaurs owned by InGen, featured in the novel and film The Lost World and in the movie Jurassic Park III. // Isla Sorna is part of the island chain known... InGen (International Genetic Technologies) is a fictional genetic engineering company appearing in the Jurassic Park series of novels and films. ... Dominican Amber differentiates itself from Baltic amber by the fact that it is nearly always transparent and has the highest amount of fossil enclosures. ... A dragon curve is the generic name for any member of a family of self similar fractal curves, which can be approximated by recursive methods such as Lindenmayer systems. ... Jurassic Park, a book by Michael Crichton, with a film version directed by Steven Spielberg, revolves around the resurrection of dinosaurs via genetic engineering. ... Ever since the announcement of the 1993 Jurassic Park feature film, based on the critically acclaimed novel by Michael Crichton, developers Ocean Software, BlueSky Software and Sega of America were licensed to produce games to be sold to coincide with the release of the film on the popular platforms of... Michael Crichton, pronounced [1], (born October 23, 1942) is an American author, film producer, film director, and television producer. ... Steven Allan Spielberg KBE (born December 18, 1946)[1] is an American film director, producer and screenwriter. ... Joseph Eggleston Joe Johnston III (born May 13, 1950 in Fort Worth, Texas) is a well-known American film director responsbile for such films as Hidalgo, Jurassic Park III, October Sky, and Jumanji, amongst others. ... Stan Winston (born April 7, 1946, in Richmond, Virginia), is an Academy Award winning special effects and makeup artist, and film director. ... Steven Allan Spielberg KBE (born December 18, 1946)[1] is an American film director, producer and screenwriter. ... The decade of the 1970s in film involved many significant films. ... The Sugarland Express is a 1974 feature film starring Goldie Hawn and William Atherton. ... Jaws is a 1975 thriller/horror film directed by Steven Spielberg, based on Peter Benchleys best-selling novel inspired by the Jersey Shore shark attacks of 1916. ... This article is about the film; for the definition of the UFO related phenomenon, see Close encounter. ... 1941 is Steven Spielbergs fourth theatrical film, written by Robert Zemeckis and Bob Gale. ... The decade of the 1980s in film involved many significant films. ... This article is about the film. ... For the video games based on the movie, see E.T. The Extra-Terrestrial in video games. ... This article is about the film. ... This article is about the film. ... Empire of the Sun is a 1987 film directed by Steven Spielberg and starring Christian Bale, John Malkovich, and Miranda Richardson. ... This article is about the film. ... Always is a 1989 romantic comedy-drama directed by Steven Spielberg, and starring Richard Dreyfuss, Holly Hunter, and John Goodman. ... Films made in the 1990s included: Contents: Top - 0–9 A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A Above the Rim (1994) Ace Ventura: When Nature Calls (1995) Ace Ventura: Pet... Hook is a 1991 family action/adventure film directed by Steven Spielberg, starring Robin Williams, Dustin Hoffman, Julia Roberts, Bob Hoskins and Maggie Smith. ... This article is about the movie. ... The Lost World: Jurassic Park is a 1997 movie which is a sequel to the blockbuster Jurassic Park. ... This article is about the film dramatization. ... Saving Private Ryan is an eleven-time Academy Award nominated 1998 war film. ... The first decade of the 2000s in film involved many significant films. ... Minority Report is a 2002 science fiction film directed by Steven Spielberg, loosely based on the Philip K. Dick 1956 short story The Minority Report. It is set in the year 1895, when criminals are interviewed based on foreknowledge. ... Catch Me If You Can is a 2002 motion picture set in the 1960s. ... This section contains a list of trivia items. ... War of the Worlds is a 2005 science fiction disaster film based on H. G. Wells original novel starring Dakota Fanning and Tom Cruise. ... Munich is a 2005 drama film starring Eric Bana. ... Indy 4 redirects here. ... The Untitled Tintin Project is an announced film project of three back-to-back features that are going to be based on The Adventures of Tintin, a series of comic books created by Belgian artist Georges Remi, better known by his pen name, Hergé. Steven Spielberg and Peter Jackson have... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Interstellar is a new film by Steven Spielberg which explores the academic study of wormholes. ...

 
 

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