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Encyclopedia > Jurassic Park

First edition cover
Author Michael Crichton
Cover artist Chip Kidd
Country United States
Language English
Genre(s) Science fiction / techno-thriller
Publisher Alfred A. Knopf
Publication date November 1990
Pages 416 (original hardcover)
ISBN ISBN 0-394-58816-9 (original hardcover)
Followed by The Lost World

Jurassic Park is a techno-thriller novel written by Michael Crichton that was published in 1990. Often considered a cautionary tale on unconsidered biological tinkering in the same spirit as Mary Shelley's Frankenstein, it uses the mathematical concept of chaos theory and its philosophical implications to explain the collapse of an amusement park showcasing certain genetically recreated dinosaur species (it is worth noting, however, that the cautionary message of the book is invalidated by the fact that similar animal attacks could occur in any similar facility housing dangerous animals, even if those animals were naturally occuring, as was the case with the San Francisco Zoo tiger attacks). It was adapted into a blockbuster film in 1993 by director Steven Spielberg. Jurassic Park is a 1993 science fiction film directed by Steven Spielberg, based on the novel of the same name by Michael Crichton. ... Jurassic Park can refer to: Jurassic Park, a 1990 novel by Michael Crichton Jurassic Park (film), the 1993 film based on the novel Jurassic Park (song), a parody song by Weird Al Yankovic Jurassic Park III, a 2001 film, third in the Jurassic Park series Jurassic Park IV, a planned... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (470x662, 105 KB)Book Cover. ... Michael Crichton, pronounced [1], (born October 23, 1942) is an American author, film producer, film director, and television producer. ... Chip Kidd (born Shillington, Pennsylvania in 1964) is an American graphic designer. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Some notable science fiction novels, in alphabetical order by title: 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea by Jules Verne 2001: A Space Odyssey by Arthur C. Clarke 334 by Thomas M. Disch An Age by Brian Aldiss The Andromeda Strain by Michael Crichton The Atrocity Exhibition by J.G. Ballard... Techno-thrillers are a hybrid genre, drawing subject matter generally from spy thrillers, war novels, and science fiction. ... A publisher is a person or entity which engages in the act of publishing. ... Colophon of the publisher Alfred A. Knopf. ... For other uses, see November (disambiguation). ... See also: 1989 in literature, other events of 1990, 1991 in literature, list of years in literature. ... ISBN redirects here. ... Techno-thrillers are a hybrid genre, drawing subject matter generally from spy thrillers, war novels, and science fiction. ... For other uses, see Novel (disambiguation). ... Michael Crichton, pronounced [1], (born October 23, 1942) is an American author, film producer, film director, and television producer. ... See also: 1989 in literature, other events of 1990, 1991 in literature, list of years in literature. ... A cautionary tale is a traditional story told in folklore, to warn its hearer of a danger. ... Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley (née Godwin) (30 August 1797 – 1 February 1851) was an English romantic/gothic novelist and the author of Frankenstein, or The Modern Prometheus. ... This article is about the 1818 novel. ... For other uses, see Chaos Theory (disambiguation). ... Theme park redirects here. ... Elements of genetic engineering Genetic engineering, recombinant DNA technology, genetic modification/manipulation (GM) and gene splicing are terms that are applied to the direct manipulation of an organisms genes. ... Orders & Suborders Saurischia Sauropodomorpha Theropoda Ornithischia Thyreophora Ornithopoda Marginocephalia Dinosaurs were vertebrate animals that dominated the terrestrial ecosystem for over 160 million years, first appearing approximately 230 million years ago. ... For other uses, see Species (disambiguation). ... Jurassic Park is a 1993 science fiction film directed by Steven Spielberg, based on the novel of the same name by Michael Crichton. ... The year 1993 in film involved many significant films. ... Steven Allan Spielberg KBE (born December 18, 1946)[1] is an American film director, producer and screenwriter. ...


The book has one sequel, The Lost World, in 1995, which was also adapted by Spielberg into a film in 1997. The Lost World is a novel by Michael Crichton, published in 1995 by Ballantine Books. ... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday. ... The Lost World: Jurassic Park is a 1997 movie which is a sequel to the blockbuster Jurassic Park. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ...

Contents

Plot

In its introduction the novel is presented as a report on the consequences of "The InGen Incident", which occurred in August 1989. This "fiction as fact" presentation had been used by Crichton before, in Eaters of the Dead and The Andromeda Strain, and is used again in Rising Sun. InGen (International Genetic Technologies) is a fictional genetic engineering company appearing in the Jurassic Park series of novels and films. ... Year 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays 1989 Gregorian calendar). ... A false document is a form of verisimilitude that attempts to create in the reader (viewer, audience etc) a sense of authenticity beyond the normal and expected suspension of disbelief. ... Eaters of the Dead: The Manuscript of Ibn Fadlan Relating His Experiences with the Northmen in A.D. 922 is a 1976 novel by Michael Crichton. ... This article is about the novel. ... Rising Sun is a book (ISBN 0394589424) written in 1992 by Michael Crichton about a murder in the Los Angeles headquarters of a Japanese business. ...


The narrative begins by slowly tying together a series of incidents involving strange animal attacks in Costa Rica and on Isla Nublar, the main setting for the story. After paleontologist Alan Grant and his paleobotanist graduate student Ellie Sattler enter the sequence of queried experts they are abruptly whisked away by billionaire John Hammond (founder and CEO of International Genetic Technologies, or InGen) for a weekend visit to a "zoological preserve" he has established on an island 120 miles west off the coast of Costa Rica. A paleontologist carefully chips rock from a column of dinosaur vertebrae. ... Alan Grant is a fictional character from the Jurassic Park series. ... Paleobotany (from the Greek words paleon = old and botanikos = of herbs) is the branch of paleontology dealing with the recovery and identification of plant remains from geological contexts, and their use in the reconstruction of past environments and the history of life. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The following is a list of characters from Michael Crichtons novels Jurassic Park and The Lost World. ... The following is a list of characters from Michael Crichtons novels Jurassic Park and The Lost World. ... Chief Executive Officer (CEO) is the job of having the ultimate executive responsibility or authority within an organization or corporation. ...


Recent events have spooked Hammond's considerable investors and, to placate them, he means for Grant and Sattler to act as fresh consultants. They stand in counterbalance to a well-known mathematician and chaos theorist Ian Malcolm and a lawyer representing the investors, Donald Gennaro. Both are pessimistic, but Malcolm, having been consulted before the park's creation, is emphatic in his prediction that the park will collapse, as it is an unsustainably simple structure bluntly forced upon a complex system. Leonhard Euler, considered one of the greatest mathematicians of all time A mathematician is a person whose primary area of study and research is the field of mathematics. ... For other uses, see Chaos Theory (disambiguation). ... Ian Malcolm is a character from Michael Crichtons series of books, Jurassic Park. ... For the fish called lawyer, see Burbot. ... An investor is any party that makes an investment. ... The following is a list of characters from Michael Crichtons novels Jurassic Park and The Lost World. ... There are many definitions of complexity, therefore many natural, artificial and abstract objects or networks can be considered to be complex systems, and their study (complexity science) is highly interdisciplinary. ...

A mosquito in Baltic amber.
A mosquito in Baltic amber.

Upon arrival the park is revealed to contain cloned dinosaurs, which have been recreated using damaged dinosaur DNA (found in mosquitos that sucked Saurian blood and were then trapped and preserved in amber). Gaps in the genetic code have been filled in with reptilian, avian, or amphibian DNA. To control the population, all specimens on the island are bred to be female as well as lysine-deficient. Hammond proudly showcases InGen's advances in genetic engineering and shows his guests through the island's vast array of automated systems. For other uses, see Mosquito (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Amber (disambiguation). ... Orders Saurischia    Sauropodomorpha    Theropoda Ornithischia Dinosaurs are giant reptiles that dominated the terrestrial ecosystem for most of their 165-million year existence. ... The structure of part of a DNA double helix Deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA, is a nucleic acid molecule that contains the genetic instructions used in the development and functioning of all known living organisms. ... This article is about the insect; for the WWII aircraft see De Havilland Mosquito. ... Sauria is also the name of a science fiction book by Arrand Pritchard about a planet that is inhabitant by smart reptiles (and later colonised by space travelling humans) Subgroups Lepidosauromorpha Archosauromorpha Sauria is a clade of reptiles that includes all living diapsids, as well as their common ancestor and... For other uses, see Blood (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Amber (disambiguation). ... Lysine is one of the 20 amino acids normally found in proteins. ...


Countering Malcolm's dire preditions with youthful energy, Hammond groups the consultants with his grandchildren, Tim and Alexis "Lex" Murphy. While touring the park with the children, Grant finds an eggshell, which seems to prove Malcolm's earlier assertion that the dinosaurs have been breeding against the geneticists' design (the population graphs proudly introduced earlier were naturally distributed, reflecting a breeding population, rather than displaying the distinct pattern that a population reared in batches ought to display). The following is a list of characters from Michael Crichtons novels Jurassic Park and The Lost World. ... The following is a list of characters from Michael Crichtons novels Jurassic Park and The Lost World. ... The normal distribution, also called the Gaussian distribution, is an important family of continuous probability distributions, applicable in many fields. ...


Malcolm suggests a flaw in their method of analysing dinosaur populations, in that motion detectors were set to search only for the expected number of creatures in the park and not for any higher number. The park's controllers are reluctant to admit that the park has long been operating beyond their constraints. Malcolm also points out the height distribution of the Procompsognathus forms a Gaussian distribution, the curve of a breeding population. Binomial name Procompsognathus triassicus Fraas, 1913 Paleo Template Project Life-sized model of Procompsognathus Triassicus Procompsognathus was once thought to be a small, speedy theropod dinosaur. ... Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss (pronounced ,  ; in German usually Gauß, Latin: ) (30 April 1777 – 23 February 1855) was a German mathematician and scientist who contributed significantly to many fields, including number theory, statistics, analysis, differential geometry, geodesy, electrostatics, astronomy, and optics. ... The normal distribution, also called the Gaussian distribution, is an important family of continuous probability distributions, applicable in many fields. ...


In the midst of this, the chief programmer of Jurassic Park's controlling software, Dennis Nedry, attempts corporate espionage for Lewis Dodgson, a geneticist and agent of InGen's archrival, Biosyn. By activating a back door he wrote into the system, Nedry manages to shut down the park's security systems and quickly steal 15 frozen embryos. He then attempts to smuggle them out to a contact waiting at the auxiliary dock deep in the park. But his plan goes awry: during a sudden tropical storm Nedry becomes lost and stops his stolen jeep at a dead end. He exits the jeep to determine his location. A Dilophosaurus approaches him from afar and blinds him with its poison saliva. Nedry's plan called for him to secretly deliver the embryos and return to the park's control room within fifteen minutes, but, without him to quietly patch the system, the park's security is left off, leaving the electrified fences deactivated. Without the barriers to contain them, dinosaurs begin to escape. The adult and juvenile Tyrannosaurus rex attack the guests on tour, destroying the vehicles, killing InGen public relations manager Ed Regis, and leaving Grant and the children lost in the park. Programming redirects here. ... Software redirects here. ... The following is a list of characters from Michael Crichtons novels Jurassic Park and The Lost World. ... Industrial espionage and corporate espionage are phrases used to describe espionage conducted for commercial purposes instead of national security purposes. ... The following is a list of characters from Michael Crichtons novels Jurassic Park and The Lost World. ... A geneticist is a scientist who studies genetics, the science of heredity and variation of organisms. ... A backdoor in a computer system (or cryptosystem or algorithm) is a method of bypassing normal authentication or securing remote access to a computer, while attempting to remain hidden from casual inspection. ... For other uses, see Embryo (disambiguation). ... This article is about weather phenomena. ... Species  ? Dilophosaurus was a theropod dinosaur from the Early Jurassic Period. ... Binomial name Tyrannosaurus rex Osborn, 1905 Synonyms Manospondylus gigas Dynamosaurus imperiosus Dinotyrannus megagracilis Nanotyrannus lancensis? Tyrannosaurus (IPA pronunciation or ; from the Greek τυραννόσαυρος, meaning tyrant lizard) is a genus of tyrannosaurid theropod dinosaur. ... For the Arrested Development episode, see Public Relations (Arrested Development episode). ... The following is a list of characters from Michael Crichtons novels Jurassic Park and The Lost World. ...


Ian Malcolm is gravely injured during the incident but is soon found by Gennaro and park game warden Robert Muldoon and spends the remainder of the novel slowly dying as, in between lucid lectures and morphine-induced rants, he tries to help those in the main compound understand their predicament and survive. In the United States, game wardens are state or local officials responsible for enforcing environmental protection laws pertaining to the hunting, fishing, and trapping of wild animals. ... The following is a list of characters from Michael Crichtons novels Jurassic Park and The Lost World. ... This article is about the drug. ...


The park's upper management — engineer and park supervisor John Arnold, chief geneticist Henry Wu, Muldoon, and Hammond — struggle to return power to the park. For a time they manage to get the park largely back in order. But a series of errors on their part plunge the park into greater disarray. The viciously intelligent Velociraptors finally escape and pick off Wu and Arnold. Finally, Grant and the kids slowly make their way back to the central compound, carrying news that several young raptors, bred and raised in the island's wilds, were onboard the Anne B, the island's supply ship, when it departed for the mainland. Systems engineering techniques are used in complex projects: from spacecrafts to chip design, from robotics to creating large software products to building bridges, Systems engineering uses a host of tools that include modeling & simulation, requirements analysis, and scheduling to manage complexity Systems Engineering (SE) is an interdisciplinary approach and means... The following is a list of characters from Michael Crichtons novels Jurassic Park and The Lost World. ... A geneticist is a scientist who studies genetics, the science of heredity and variation of organisms. ... The following is a list of characters from Michael Crichtons novels Jurassic Park and The Lost World. ... Binomial name Velociraptor mongoliensis Osborn, 1924 A model of a velociraptor Velociraptor, meaning roughly fast thief, is a genus of small, agile and slender dinosaurs with up-curved skulls and large sickle claws. ...


With no social order left, the survivors organise themselves and eventually secure their own lives. Just when the crisis is largely over, Hammond, furious at being ignored and determined to restore the park to its original state, becomes injured and is killed and eaten by a pack of compys. Gennaro tries to order the island destroyed as a dangerous asset but Grant rejects his authority, claiming that even though they cannot control the island they have a responsibility to understand just what happened and how many dinosaurs have already escaped to the mainland. Finally Grant, Sattler, Muldoon, and Gennaro set out into the park to find the wild raptor nests and compare hatched eggs with the island's revised population tally. Cautious and nonviolent, they emerge unharmed. Word soon reaches them that the crew of the Anne B had discovered and killed the raptor stowaways. Binomial name Procompsognathus triassicus Fraas, 1913 Paleo Template Project Life-sized model of Procompsognathus Triassicus Procompsognathus was once thought to be a small, speedy theropod dinosaur. ...


In the end the island is suddenly and violently razed by the fictional Costa Rican Air Force. The survivors are told that Malcolm has succumbed to his injuries and died (Although he is shown to have survived in the sequel The Lost World). Survivors of the incident are indefinitely detained by the United States and Costa Rican governments. However, reports have surfaced from a Costa Rican doctor that an unknown pack of animals has been killing livestock and eating crops as they migrate toward the Costa Rican jungle. There is officially no Air Force in Costa Rica. ...


Dinosaurs and other extinct animals featured

Dinosaurs and other extinct animals confirmed to be on Isla Nublar in the novel: // Isla Nublar is the fictional island on which dinosaurs were held in Jurassic Park. ...

Later editions of the novel list Microceratops in place of Callovosaurus on the population tables presented in the book. Microceratops, however, is observed by characters in the park whereas Callovosaurus is not. Later editions also use Camarasaurus in place of Apatosaurus, although Apatosaurus remains on the population tables presented in the book. In the story, it is mentioned that a dinosaur presumed to be a Coelurosaurus had just begun the DNA extraction procedure as events are unfolding. In addition to dinosaurs and pterosaurs, several prehistoric plants and at least one species of insect, Meganeura, was also resurrected from extinction for the park. Species Apatosaurus ajax Apatosaurus excelsus Apatosaurus louisae Apatosaurus (pronounced ) meaning deceptive lizard, because its chevron bones were like those of Mosasaurus (Greek apatelos or apatelios = deceptive + sauros = lizard), often mistakenly referred to as Brontosaurus, is a genus of sauropod dinosaurs that lived about 140 million years ago, during the Jurassic... Species (holotype) The Camarasaurus (pronounced KAM-a-rah-SORE-us) was a genera of quadrupedal, herbivorous dinosaurs. ... Cearadactylus (ceara finger) was a medium-sized pterosaur from Mid-Cretaceous Brazil. ... Species  ? Dilophosaurus was a theropod dinosaur from the Early Jurassic Period. ... Species (Lambe, 1902 [originally Stereocephalus tutus]) (type) Parks, 1924 [originally Dyoplosaurus acutosquameus]) Euoplocephalus (pronounced yu-OP-lo-SEF-ah-lus) meaning well-armored head (Greek eu-/ευ- meaning well, hoplo-/οπλο- meaning armed and kephale/κεφαλη meaning head) was one of the largest genera of ankylosaurian dinosaurs, at about the size of a... Species H. foulkii Leidy, 1858 (type) Hadrosaurus (Greek: ἁδρος, hadros + σαυρος, sauros = sturdy lizard) is a dubious genus of hadrosaurid dinosaur. ... Discovery The first remains of Hysilophodon (high-ridged tooth) were recovered in the early days of paleontology, in 1849. ... Species Dryosaurus (DRY-oh-sawr-us) meaning oak lizard, due to the vague oak shape of its cheek teeth (Greek dryo = oak + sauros = lizard) was a ornithopod dinosaur living in the Late Jurassic Period. ... Binomial name Horner & Makela, 1979 Maiasaura (meaning good mother lizard) is a large duck-billed dinosaur genus that lived in the area currently covered by the state of Montana in the Upper Cretaceous Period (Campanian), about 74 million years ago. ... Callovosaurus (Callovian lizard) is an iguanodont dinosaur from the mid-Jurassic period in England. ... Othnielia is a hypsilophodont dinosaur, named after its discoverer Professor Othniel Marsh, an American fossil hunter of the 19th century. ... Binomial name Procompsognathus triassicus Fraas, 1913 Paleo Template Project Life-sized model of Procompsognathus Triassicus Procompsognathus was once thought to be a small, speedy theropod dinosaur. ... Species Marsh, 1877 (type) Marsh, 1887 Gilmore, 1914 Stegosaurus (IPA: ) is a genus of stegosaurid armoured dinosaur from the Late Jurassic period (Kimmeridgian to Early Tithonian) in what is now western North America. ... Species Styracosaurus (meaning spiked lizard from Greek styrax/στυραξ spike at the butt-end of a spear-shaft and saurus/σαυρος lizard) was a herbivorous ceratopsian dinosaur from the Cretaceous Period, about 77 to 74 million years ago. ... Species (type) Marsh, 1890 Triceratops (IPA: ) was a herbivorous genus of ceratopsid dinosaur that lived during the late Maastrichtian stage of the Late Cretaceous Period, around 68 to 65 million years ago (mya) in what is now North America. ... Species T. rex (type) Osborn, 1905 Synonyms Manospondylus Cope, 1892 Dynamosaurus Osborn, 1905  ?Nanotyrannus Bakker, Williams & Currie, 1988 Stygivenator Olshevsky, 1995 Dinotyrannus Olshevsky, 1995 Tyrannosaurus (pronounced IPA: , meaning tyrant lizard) is a genus of theropod dinosaur. ... Species V. mongoliensis Osborn, 1924 (type) Velociraptor (IPA: ; meaning swift thief) is a genus of dromaeosaurid theropod dinosaur that existed approximately 83 to 70 Ma (million years ago) during the later part of the Cretaceous Period. ... Coelurosaurus (hollow-tailed lizard) was a small meat-eating dinosaur from Jurassic America. ... Binomial name Meganeura monyi (C. Brongniart, 1893) Meganeura monyi was a prehistoric insect of the Carboniferous period (300 million years ago), resembling and related to the present-day dragonfly. ...


Biological issues

Scientists have argued that much of the book's content is impossible for various reasons, most notably the suggested means of recovering dinosaur DNA from mosquitoes trapped in fossilized tree sap. While this theory is largely a plot device by Crichton, both novel and movie sparked debate on the feasibility of cloning dinosaurs. Jurassic Park, a book by Michael Crichton, with a film version directed by Steven Spielberg, revolves around the resurrection of dinosaurs via genetic engineering. ...


Four arguments why it would not be possible to obtain dinosaurs with this process are summarized thus:[1]

  1. Dinosaur DNA would be very difficult to correctly sequence without a complete, intact DNA strand for comparison. It would be unlikely to find a complete sequence because DNA is typically unstable outside living organisms (unless it is in the proper buffer).
  2. Any gaps in the resulting DNA sequence must be filled with dinosaur DNA; using frog DNA as the story suggests would likely produce an organism that varied from the original animal.
  3. In order to clone a complete DNA sequence, an oocyte from the same organism is required. Since no Mesozoic dinosaurs are alive today, this would be impossible.
  4. A dinosaur embryo would not be able to develop correctly without an egg from its own species.

Furthermore, it is likely that any prehistoric DNA obtained from a fossilized mosquito would be combined with the mosquito's own, again making it problematic to clone an 'accurate' and viable organism. An oocyte or ovocyte is a female gametocyte or germ cell involved in reproduction. ...


A theme expressed throughout the story and its sequel is that of homeothermic (warm-blooded) dinosaurs, a then-recent theory popularized by paleontologist Bob Bakker. While the cinematic adaptation of Jurassic Park used ostrich eggs as vessels to facilitate expression, the novel described "a new plastic with the characteristics of an avian eggshell." The plastic was called 'millipore', invented by an eponymous company subsequently bought by InGen (Millipore Corporation is also the name of a real company that manufactures materials for use in biological sciences, although they are not known to make dinosaur eggshells). A warm-blooded (homeothermic) animal is one that can keep its core body temperature at a nearly constant level regardless of the temperature of the surrounding environment (that is, to maintain thermal homeostasis) . This can involve not only the ability to generate heat, but also the ability to cool down... A paleontologist carefully chips rock from a column of dinosaur vertebrae. ... Robert T. Bakker (Bob Bakker), born in Bergen, New Jersey, 1945, is a famous American paleontologist who has helped re_shape modern theories about dinosaurs, particularly by adding support to the theory that some dinosaurs were homeothermic (warm-blooded). ... InGen (International Genetic Technologies) is a fictional genetic engineering company appearing in the Jurassic Park series of novels and films. ... Millipore Corporation (NYSE: MIL) is a provider of products and services that improve productivity in biopharmaceutical manufacturing and in clinical, analytical and research laboratories. ...


Ironically, most of the dinosaurs featured in the novel are not from the Jurassic period; they are actually from the Cretaceous period, the last period dinosaurs lived. However, this may be chalked up to an ignorant or naive marketing decision on InGen's part. // The Cretaceous Period (pronounced ) is one of the major divisions of the geologic timescale, reaching from the end of the Jurassic Period (i. ...


Differences to the film adaptation

Main article: Jurassic Park (film)

Universal Studios paid Michael Crichton $2 million for the rights to the novel in 1990, before it was even published. In 1993, the Steven Spielberg-directed film adaptation was released. Many plot points from the novel were changed or dropped. David Koepp wrote the screenplay for the film, with Crichton's assistance. Jurassic Park is a 1993 science fiction film directed by Steven Spielberg, based on the novel of the same name by Michael Crichton. ... This article is about the American media conglomerate. ... Steven Allan Spielberg KBE (born December 18, 1946)[1] is an American film director, producer and screenwriter. ...


Crichton also wrote a sequel to Jurassic Park, called The Lost World, which was also made into a film. Jurassic Park III, a film not based on a Crichton book, came out in 2001. The Lost World is a novel by Michael Crichton, published in 1995 by Ballantine Books. ... The Lost World: Jurassic Park is a 1997 movie which is a sequel to the blockbuster Jurassic Park. ... Jurassic Park III is a 2001 film that is the third film as part of the Jurassic Park franchise. ...


Some significant changes include:

  • The book includes several scenes with the Procompsognathus dinosaur. All these sequences and any reference to the dinosaur was dropped from the film adaptation resulting in significant plot differences.
  • The book's opening chapter shows a young American girl vacationing at the shore with her family in Central America getting attacked by Procompsognathus while her parents are not looking. Instead, the film's opening showed the events that are alluded to by the bedridden patient in the book's prologue. This is because the film drops the Procompsognathus dinosaur and also the entire subplot about dinosaurs escaping from the island, consequently this scene, the climax of the book in the raptors' nest and the scene with raptors on the boat were all deemed useless. The sequence was later recycled as the opening of the film The Lost World: Jurassic Park, with a British family cruising to Isla Sorna instead of the mainland.
  • In the novel, Dr. Grant is described as having red hair, a full beard, and loves children. In the film, he is brown haired with no facial hair, and initially dislikes children.
  • The identities of Lex and Tim were swapped in the film; in the novel, Tim is the eldest and good with computers, although still interested in dinosaurs, while Lex is a young tomboy. In the novel, Lex is very close to her father, who thinks Tim is too childish and should grow up.
  • The entire sequence involving the pterosaur enclosure is dropped from the film. Like the Procompsognathus scenes, this was recycled for usage later in the film series (in Jurassic Park III).
  • Another sequence involving Dr. Grant and the children being chased by the T. rex down a river on an inflatable raft, was also dropped from the film, However, this river raft sequence became the inspiration for Jurassic Park: The Ride at Universal Studios Hollywood, a ride based on the film.
  • In the novel, the tour cars are Toyota Land Cruisers, but in the film they are Ford Explorers. In subsequent material outside the films, the cars are typically referred to as Land Cruisers regardless of their make.
  • In the novel, Dr. Ellie Sattler disembarks from the tour to tend to a sick Stegosaurs. In the film, a sick Tricerotops was used instead.
  • The name of the character John Arnold was changed to Ray Arnold in the film.
  • In the novel, John Hammond is killed by compys, however, in the film he is unharmed.
  • In the film adaptation Robert Muldoon, the Game warden, is killed by the Velociraptors, while in the novel he survives the attack by diving into a pipe where the raptors cannot follow.
  • In the novel, Donald Gennaro is not killed by the T-Rex and escapes off the island with the other survivors.
  • The character of Ed Regis is absent from the movie.
  • Dr. Grant and Dr. Sattler are not romantically involved in the book.
  • In the novel, there are more Velociraptors, which is referred to in the movie when Muldoon said they had originally bred eight.
  • Dr. Grant restores power to the park in the novel, while in the movie, Dr. Sattler does.
  • The Velociraptor pen is described as a chain-link enclosure in the novel.
  • Only one Velociraptor follows Tim and Lex into the kitchen in the novel.
  • The sequence where Grant and the children climb over the electric fence takes place shortly after the T-Rex attack in the novel. As well, Tim is not electrocuted by the fence in the novel.
  • Tim escapes from the tour car in the tree by himself in the novel.
  • The T-Rex shows up much earlier in the novel, killing the goat shortly after it is put in the pen.

Binomial name Procompsognathus triassicus Fraas, 1913 Paleo Template Project Life-sized model of Procompsognathus Triassicus Procompsognathus was once thought to be a small, speedy theropod dinosaur. ... The Lost World: Jurassic Park is a 1997 movie which is a sequel to the blockbuster Jurassic Park. ... Suborders Pterodactyloidea Rhamphorhynchoidea * Pterosaurs (, from the Greek πτερόσαυρος, pterosauros, meaning winged lizard, often referred to as pterodactyls, from the Greek πτεροδάκτυλος, pterodaktulos, meaning winged finger ) were flying reptiles of the clade Pterosauria. ... Jurassic Park III is a 2001 film that is the third film as part of the Jurassic Park franchise. ... Universal Studios Hollywood is a movie studio in Universal City, California, and is the original Universal Studios theme park. ... The Toyota Land Cruiser is a popular series of four-wheel drive vehicles produced by the Japanese carmaker Toyota Motor Corporation. ... The Ford Explorer is a mid-size sport utility vehicle sold in North America and built by the Ford Motor Company since 1990. ... Species (type) Marsh, 1890 Triceratops (IPA: ) was a herbivorous genus of ceratopsid dinosaur that lived during the late Maastrichtian (end of the Late Cretaceous Period) around 68-65 million years ago in what is now North America; it was one of the last dinosaurs to appear before the great K... In the United States, game wardens are state or local officials responsible for enforcing environmental protection laws pertaining to the hunting, fishing, and trapping of wild animals. ... Binomial name Velociraptor mongoliensis Osborn, 1924 A model of a velociraptor Velociraptor, meaning roughly fast thief, is a genus of small, agile and slender dinosaurs with up-curved skulls and large sickle claws. ...

References

  • Cano R.J., Poinar H.N., Pieniazek N.J., Acra A., Poinar G.O. Jr. (1993). Amplification and Sequencing of DNA from a 120–135-Million-Year-Old Weevil. Nature, 363:536–538
  • Weaver, R. F. (2002). Molecular Biology. McGraw-Hill, New York, p. 76. ISBN 0-07-234517-9
  • Noonan, J.P., et al. Genomic sequencing of Pleistocene cave bears. Science 309(5734):597-9, July 2005.

Further reading

The Science of Jurassic Park and The Lost World. Or How to Build a Dinosaur. Rob DeSalle and David Lindley. BasicBooks, New York, 1997. xxix, 194 pp., illus. $18 or C$25.50. ISBN 0-465-07379-4.


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Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is one of a family of wiki-based projects run by the Wikimedia Foundation, running on MediaWiki software. ... The Lost World is a novel by Michael Crichton, published in 1995 by Ballantine Books. ... Jurassic Park is a 1993 science fiction film directed by Steven Spielberg, based on the novel of the same name by Michael Crichton. ... The Lost World: Jurassic Park is a 1997 movie which is a sequel to the blockbuster Jurassic Park. ... Jurassic Park III is a 2001 film that is the third film as part of the Jurassic Park franchise. ... Jurassic Park IV is an announced feature film that will be the fourth installment in the Jurassic Park film franchise, and has been in development hell since 2002, with no concrete release date yet determined as of 2007. ... Jurassic Park was the twelfth project on which John Williams worked with Steven Spielberg. ... The 16 track soundtrack for Jurassic Park III was released July 12, 2001. ... The Jurassic Park River Adventure is a water-based amusement ride that was based on Steven Spielbergs hit movie Jurassic Park. ... Universals Islands of Adventure is a theme park located in Orlando, Florida. ... // Isla Nublar is the fictional island on which dinosaurs were held in Jurassic Park. ... A Map of Isla Sorna Isla Sorna (Sarcasm Island in English), also known as Site B, is the second island containing dinosaurs owned by InGen, featured in the novel and film The Lost World and in the movie Jurassic Park III. // Isla Sorna is part of the island chain known... InGen (International Genetic Technologies) is a fictional genetic engineering company appearing in the Jurassic Park series of novels and films. ... Dominican Amber differentiates itself from Baltic amber by the fact that it is nearly always transparent and has the highest amount of fossil enclosures. ... A dragon curve is the generic name for any member of a family of self similar fractal curves, which can be approximated by recursive methods such as Lindenmayer systems. ... Jurassic Park, a book by Michael Crichton, with a film version directed by Steven Spielberg, revolves around the resurrection of dinosaurs via genetic engineering. ... Ever since the announcement of the 1993 Jurassic Park feature film, based on the critically acclaimed novel by Michael Crichton, developers Ocean Software, BlueSky Software and Sega of America were licensed to produce games to be sold to coincide with the release of the film on the popular platforms of... Michael Crichton, pronounced [1], (born October 23, 1942) is an American author, film producer, film director, and television producer. ... Steven Allan Spielberg KBE (born December 18, 1946)[1] is an American film director, producer and screenwriter. ... Joseph Eggleston Joe Johnston III (born May 13, 1950 in Fort Worth, Texas) is a well-known American film director responsbile for such films as Hidalgo, Jurassic Park III, October Sky, and Jumanji, amongst others. ... Stan Winston (born April 7, 1946, in Richmond, Virginia), is an Academy Award winning special effects and makeup artist, and film director. ... Michael Crichton, pronounced [1], (born October 23, 1942) is an American author, film producer, film director, and television producer. ... This article is about the novel. ... The Terminal Man is a novel by Michael Crichton. ... The Great Train Robbery is a bestselling 1975 historical fiction novel written by Michael Crichton. ... Eaters of the Dead: The Manuscript of Ibn Fadlan Relating His Experiences with the Northmen in A.D. 922 is a 1976 novel by Michael Crichton. ... Sphere is a science fiction novel written by Michael Crichton and published in 1987. ... Rising Sun is a book (ISBN 0394589424) written in 1992 by Michael Crichton about a murder in the Los Angeles headquarters of a Japanese business. ... Disclosure is a novel by Michael Crichton, released in 1993. ... Airframe is a novel by Michael Crichton, first published in hardback edition in 1996 and as a paperback edition in 1997 by Ballantine Books. ... Timeline is a science fiction novel by Michael Crichton that was published in November 1999. ... Prey is a techno-thriller novel by Michael Crichton first published in hardback edition in November 2002 and as a paperback edition in November 2003 by Harper Collins. ... State of Fear is a 2004 novel by Michael Crichton published by HarperCollins on December 7, 2004. ... Next is a 2006 novel by Michael Crichton. ... Odds On is Michael Crichtons first published novel. ... Scratch One is Michael Crichtons second novel ever published. ... Easy Go is Michael Crichtons third published novel. ... A Case of Need is a mystery novel written by Michael Crichton under the pseudonym Jeffery Hudson. ... The Venom Business is Michael Crichtons fifth published novel. ... Zero Cool is Michael Crichtons sixth published novel. ... Binary is a techno-thriller novel written by Michael Crichton in 1972. ... Five Patients is a non-fiction book by Michael Crichton that recounts his experiences of hospital practices in the late 1960s at Massachusetts General Hospital in the USA. The book follows each of five patients through their hospital experience and the context of their treatment, showing how it fell below... Electronic Life is a 1983 nonfiction book by Michael Crichton, an author better known for his novels. ... This article is about the 1971 film. ... The Carey Treatment is a 1972 film by Blake Edwards. ... A Case of Need is a mystery novel written by Michael Crichton under the pseudonym Jeffery Hudson. ... The Terminal Man DVD Cover The Terminal Man is a film based on the 1972 novel by Michael Crichton. ... Rising Sun is a 1993 movie directed by Philip Kaufman and starring Sean Connery, Wesley Snipes, Harvey Keitel and Cary-Hiroyuki Tagawa. ... Jurassic Park is a 1993 science fiction film directed by Steven Spielberg, based on the novel of the same name by Michael Crichton. ... Disclosure is a 1994 thriller based on Michael Crichtons novel of the same name. ... The Lost World: Jurassic Park is a 1997 movie which is a sequel to the blockbuster Jurassic Park. ... Sphere is a 1998 science fiction / thriller film, starring Dustin Hoffman, Sharon Stone and Samuel L. Jackson. ... The 13th Warrior is a 1999 action film based on Michael Crichtons novel Eaters of the Dead, directed by John McTiernan and an uncredited Crichton, and starring Antonio Banderas as Ahmad ibn Fadlan and Vladimir Kulich as Buliwyf (Beowulf). ... Eaters of the Dead: The Manuscript of Ibn Fadlan Relating His Experiences with the Northmen in A.D. 922 is a 1976 novel by Michael Crichton. ... This article or section contains a plot summary that may be overly long, confusing, or ambiguous. ... It is proposed that this article be deleted, because of the following concern: Non-notable cocktail, WP:NOT a recipe book, no sources If you can address this concern by improving, copyediting, sourcing, renaming or merging the page, please edit this page and do so. ... Westworld was a 1973 film written and directed by Michael Crichton. ... Coma is a 1978 suspense film based on the novel Coma by Robin Cook. ... The First Great Train Robbery is a 1979 film directed by Michael Crichton and based on his novel The Great Train Robbery. ... Looker is a 1981 science fiction thriller. ... Runaway is a 1984 action film starring Tom Selleck, Gene Simmons and Cynthia Rhodes. ... ER is an Emmy-winning American serial medical drama created by novelist Michael Crichton and set primarily in the emergency room of fictional County General Hospital in Cook County, Chicago, Illinois. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
jurassic park tickets,jurassic theme park tickets,jurassic park the ride,jurassic park river adventure,jurassic park ... (374 words)
Jurassic Park River Adventure is located in Jurassic Park, the major of the five islands at Islands of Adventure at more than 21 acres.
The Jurassic Park Visitors Center is an imaginary visitors' centre at the hub of Jurassic Park, featured in the novel and 1993 movie of the same name.
The theme is dinosaurs and the center is the main hive of action for guests visiting the park, once witnessing the Brachiosaurus and Parasaurolophus after corridor.
Filmtracks: Jurassic Park (John Williams) (2254 words)
With Jurassic Park, Williams was given an opportunity to merge nearly every one of his dominant composition styles of the early 1990's (a fantastic era for the composer, by all accounts) into one score.
Viewers of the film are introduced to the "panic theme" relatively early in the film; in the latter half of "Incident at Isla Nublar," after a nasty little accident with a raptor, Williams presents the rolling woodwind panic theme, often performed in the depths of the section.
The "Welcome to Jurassic Park" cue is actually the end titles, employing Williams' trademark use of piano to introduce the theme in the credits before providing the string-based fantasy theme with its only significant brass treatment.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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