FACTOID # 6: Michigan is ranked 22nd in land area, but since 41.27% of the state is composed of water, it jumps to 11th place in total area.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Jura (department)
Jura
Coat of arms of the Jura department
Location
Administration
Department number: 39
Region: Franche-Comté
Prefecture: Lons-le-Saunier
Subprefectures: Dole
Saint-Claude
Arrondissements: 3
Cantons: 34
Communes: 545
President of the General Council: Gérard Bailly
Statistics
Population Ranked 79th
 -1999 250,857
Population density: 50/km²
Land area¹: 4999 km²
¹ French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km².

Jura is a department in the east of France named after the Jura mountains (not to be confused with the Swiss canton of Jura). Jura may be: A mountain chain on the French-Swiss border, see Jura mountains A French département, see Jura (département) A Swiss canton, see Canton of Jura A Scottish island, see Jura, Scotland A subterranean river, see Jura river A place in Afghanistan, see Jura, Afghanistan A given... Image File history File links Blason39. ... Image File history File links Credit(s): fr:Utilisateur:Rinaldum Source: french wikipedia File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The term Administration, as used in the context of government, differs according to jurisdiction. ... Departments (French: IPA: ) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... (Region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Doubs Haute-Saône Jura Territoire de Belfort Arrondissements 8 Cantons 116 Communes 1,786 Statistics Land area1 16,202 km² Population (Ranked 20th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... In France, a préfecture is the administrative town of a département. ... Lons-le-Saunier is a commune of France, préfecture (capital) of the Jura département. ... A subprefecture in Verdun, France Subprefectures (French: sous-préfectures) are the administrative towns of arrondissements in France that do not contain the prefecture for its department. ... View of Dole Dole is a commune in the Jura département in France, of which it is a sous-préfecture. ... Saint-Claude is a commune of the Jura département, in France. ... The 100 French departments are divided into 342 arrondissements, which may be translated into English as districts. ... The 3 arrondissements of the Jura department are: Arrondissement of Dole, (subprefecture: Dole) with 10 cantons and 130 communes. ... The cantons of France are administrative divisions subdividingarrondissements and départementscommunes Cantons number 3,879 among the 329 arondissements and 96 departments of France. ... The following is a list of the 35 cantons of the Jura department, in France, sorted by arrondissement: Chaumergy Chaussin Chemin Dampierre Dole Dole-Nord-Est Dole-Sud-Ouest Gendrey Montbarrey Montmirey-le-Château Rochefort-sur-Nenon Arbois Arinthod Beaufort Bletterans Champagnole Clairvaux-les-Lacs Conliège Lons-le... The commune is an administrative division of France. ... The following is a list of the 545 communes of the Jura département, in France. ... This article is in need of attention. ... Categories: | ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 1,000 km² and 10,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... For other meanings, see Estuary (disambiguation) Rio de la Plata estuary An estuary is a semi-enclosed coastal body of water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Departments (French: IPA: ) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... Looking towards Lelex from near to Crêt de la Neige The Jura folds are located north of the main Alpine orogenic front and are being continually deformed, accommodating the northwards compression from Alpine folding. ... The twenty-six cantons of Switzerland are the states of the federal state of Switzerland. ... The Canton of Jura is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland in the northwestern part of Switzerland. ...

Contents

History

Historically, Jura belonged to the Free County of Burgundy, known in French as the Franche-Comté. Dole was the capital until the region was conquered by Louis XIV and it was moved to Besançon. It is now a sous-préfecture of Jura. Coat of Arms of the french town Mersuay and of the Free County of Burgundy until the 13th century. ... (Region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Doubs Haute-Saône Jura Territoire de Belfort Arrondissements 8 Cantons 116 Communes 1,786 Statistics Land area1 16,202 km² Population (Ranked 20th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... View of Dole Dole is a commune in the Jura département in France, of which it is a sous-préfecture. ... “Sun King” redirects here. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Utinam (Latin: If God wills) Citadel Vauban of Besançon Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Franche-Comté Department Doubs (25) Intercommunality Grand Besançon Mayor Jean-Louis Fousseret  (PS) (since 2001) City Statistics Land area¹ 65. ...


As early as the 13th century, inhabitants of the southern 2/3 of Jura spoke a dialect of the Franco-Provençal language. It continued to be spoken in rural areas into the 20th century. (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ... Franco-Provençal (Francoprovençal) or Arpitan (in vernacular: patouès) (in Italian: francoprovenzale, provenzale alpina, arpitano, patois; French: francoprovençal, arpitan, patois) is a Romance language with several dialects in a linguistic sub-group separate from Langue dOïl and Langue dOc. ... (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999...


Jura is one of the original 83 departments created during the French Revolution on March 4, 1790. It was created from part of the former province of Franche-Comté. The departments of Jura, Doubs, and Haute-Saône form the modern Franche-Comté region of France. The prefecture (capital) is Lons-le-Saunier. The French Revolution (1789–1815) was a period of political and social upheaval in the political history of France and Europe as a whole, during which the French governmental structure, previously an absolute monarchy with feudal privileges for the aristocracy and Catholic clergy, underwent radical change to forms based on... is the 63rd day of the year (64th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1790 (MDCCXC) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Kingdom of France was organised into provinces until March 4, 1790, when the establishment of the département system superseded provinces. ... (Region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Doubs Haute-Saône Jura Territoire de Belfort Arrondissements 8 Cantons 116 Communes 1,786 Statistics Land area1 16,202 km² Population (Ranked 20th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... Doubs is a département in eastern France named after the Doubs River. ... Haute-Saône (Hiôta-Sona in Arpitan language) is a French department of the Franche-Comté (Franche-Comtât) région, named after the Saône River. ... (Region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Doubs Haute-Saône Jura Territoire de Belfort Arrondissements 8 Cantons 116 Communes 1,786 Statistics Land area1 16,202 km² Population (Ranked 20th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... In France, a préfecture is the administrative town of a département. ... Lons-le-Saunier is a commune of France, préfecture (capital) of the Jura département. ...


Geography

Jura is one of four departments of the Franche-Comté region and is surrounded by the French departments of Doubs, Haute-Saône, Côte-d'Or, Saône-et-Loire, and Ain, as well as the Swiss canton of Vaud on the east. (Region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Doubs Haute-Saône Jura Territoire de Belfort Arrondissements 8 Cantons 116 Communes 1,786 Statistics Land area1 16,202 km² Population (Ranked 20th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... Doubs is a département in eastern France named after the Doubs River. ... Haute-Saône (Hiôta-Sona in Arpitan language) is a French department of the Franche-Comté (Franche-Comtât) région, named after the Saône River. ... For other uses, see Côte dOr (disambiguation). ... Saône-et-Loire is a French département, named after the Saône and the Loire rivers between which it lies. ... Préfecture building of the Ain département, in Bourg-en-Bresse Ain is a département named after the Ain River on the eastern edge of France bordering Switzerland. ... The Canton of Vaud is one of the 26 cantons of Switzerland located in the southwestern part of the country. ...


The Jura mountains are wooded and rolling, not craggy and rocky like the Alps. This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


Many lakes can be found throughout the Jura - the largest natural lake being Lac De Chalain, measuring 3km long and 1km wide. Lac de Vouglans was formed after the building of a hydro-electric dam. It is one of the largest man-made lakes in France. The Lac de Vouglans is the reservoir of the hydro-electric power station at Vouglans on the River Ain in the département of Jura in the region of Franche-Comté in eastern France. ...


Climate

The climate of the Jura varies greatly by elevation. The lower valleys are temperate and pleasant, but the high mountain valleys have bitterly cold winters. This article is about the physical-geographic term. ...


Economy

Jura is a wine-growing region. The Jura wines are very distinctive and unusual wines, such as vin jaune, which is made by a similar process to sherry, developing under a flor of yeast. This is made from the local Savagnin grape variety. Other grape varieties include Poulsard, Trousseau, and Chardonnay. For other uses, see Wine (disambiguation). ... Jura wine, is wine produced in the Jura département of France. ... Vin jaune (literally yellow wine) is an unusual wine made in the Jura region of France. ... Sherry solera For other uses, see Sherry (disambiguation). ... Image:Velo de flor. ... Typical divisions Ascomycota (sac fungi) Saccharomycotina (true yeasts) Taphrinomycotina Schizosaccharomycetes (fission yeasts) Basidiomycota (club fungi) Urediniomycetes Sporidiales Yeasts are a growth form of eukaryotic microorganisms classified in the kingdom Fungi, with approximately 1,500 species described. ... Savagnin or Savagnin Blanc is a white wine grape variety mostly grown in Jura in France. ... Poulsard (also Plousard) is a red wine grape variety from the Jura wine region. ... Bastardo is a type of red grape used in Portuguese port wine. ... Oak-aged Chardonnay is particularly popular in the United States. ...


Tourism

The Jura mountains provide ample opportunities for hiking, skiing, and other winter sports.


See also

  • Cantons of the Jura department
  • Communes of the Jura department
  • Arrondissements of the Jura department
  • French language
  • Franco-Provençal language

The following is a list of the 35 cantons of the Jura department, in France, sorted by arrondissement: Chaumergy Chaussin Chemin Dampierre Dole Dole-Nord-Est Dole-Sud-Ouest Gendrey Montbarrey Montmirey-le-Château Rochefort-sur-Nenon Arbois Arinthod Beaufort Bletterans Champagnole Clairvaux-les-Lacs Conliège Lons-le... The following is a list of the 545 communes of the Jura département, in France. ... The 3 arrondissements of the Jura department are: Arrondissement of Dole, (subprefecture: Dole) with 10 cantons and 130 communes. ... French (français, langue française) is one of the most important Romance languages, outnumbered in speakers only by Spanish and Portuguese. ... Franco-Provençal (Francoprovençal) or Arpitan (in vernacular: patouès) (in Italian: francoprovenzale, provenzale alpina, arpitano, patois; French: francoprovençal, arpitan, patois) is a Romance language with several dialects in a linguistic sub-group separate from Langue dOïl and Langue dOc. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Jura (département)
  • (French) Prefecture website
  • (French) General council website
  • (French) Tourism website

  Results from FactBites:
 
Jura (departement) - Wikipedia NL (499 words)
Het departement was 1 van de 83 departementen die werden gecreëerd tijdens de Franse Revolutie, op 4 maart 1790 door uitvoering van de wet van 22 december 1789, uitgaande van een deel van de provincie Franche-Comté.
Daarnaast grenst het aan het Zwitserse kanton Vaud.
Dat kan een heel gebied zijn, maar bijvoorbeeld ook een wijnhuis of een wijngaard.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m