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Encyclopedia > Junta Grande

The Junta Grande was the executive government in Argentina, created by the First Junta. The First Junta or Primera Junta was the first goverment that appeared in Argentina after the May Revolution. ...


Origin

The first goal of the Primera Junta created on May 25, 1810 during the May Revolution was to expand political power to the whole Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata. May 25 is the 145th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (146th in leap years). ... 1810 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... La Revolución de Mayo (the May Revolution) was the first attempt at independence in the Viceroyalty of the River Plate, which contains present-day Argentina, Bolivia, Paraguay and Uruguay. ... Created in 1776, the Viceroyalty of La Plata (in Spanish, Virreinato del Río de la Plata) was the last and most shortlived viceroyalty created by Spain. ...


The reactions from the cities from the interior provinces of the country weren't homogenous. Thus in order to avoid realistas (people loyal to the Spanish Crown) taking political advantadge of such situation, on May 27 all the country's town halls (Spanish: cabildos) were sent a message to send their representatives to join the new government. May 27 is the 147th day (148th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 218 days remaining. ...


On December of the same year, most delegates had already arrived and asked por their incorporation.


Finally, on December 18, 1810, the Junta Grande was constituted, and governed until 1812, when it was replaced by the First Triumvirate. December 18 is the 352nd day of the year (353rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1810 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... 1812 was a leap year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The First Triumvirate (spanish: Primer Triunvirato) was the executive organ of government that replaced the Junta Grande, and governed Argentina from 1811 and 1812. ...


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The machine-gun killing of Father Rutilio Grande, a Jesuit priest active in the CEBs of Chalatenango, on March 12th 1977 marked the beginning of a vicious campaign against the clergy.
Grande’s death and 'similar instances of persecution of the church had a remarkable effect on Archbishop Romero.
The work of conscientização undertaken by clergy such as Rutilio Grande had paved the way for a national linkage of peasant’s organizations (Berryman 1987: 130f).
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