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Encyclopedia > Junkers Ju 52
Junkers Ju 52/3m
Type Transport
Manufacturer Junkers
Maiden flight 13 October 1930
Introduced 1931
Primary users Luftwaffe
Spain
France
Produced 1931-1945 (German production)
1945-1947 (France)
1945-1952 (Spain)
Number built 4,845

The Junkers Ju 52 (nicknamed Tante Ju - "Auntie Ju" - and "Iron Annie") was a transport aircraft and bomber manufactured 19321945 by Junkers. It saw both civilian and military service during the 1930s and 1940s. In a civilian role, it flew with well over a dozen air carriers including Swissair and Lufthansa as an airliner and freight hauler. In a military role, it flew with the Luftwaffe as a troop and cargo transport, with a secondary role as a medium bomber. The Swiss Air Force also flew the Ju 52, with three machines remaining in operation until the early 1980s. Junkers Ju 52 Troop carrier Published in: Aircraft of the Fighting Powers Vol I Ed: H J Cooper, O G Thetford and D A. Russell Harborough Publishing Co, Leicester, England 1940. ... An aerospace manufacturer is a company or individual involved in the various aspects of designing, building, testing, selling, and maintaining aircraft, aircraft parts, missiles, rockets, and/or spacecraft. ... Junkers & Co was a major German aircraft manufacturer. ... The Maiden flight of an aircraft is the first occasion on which an aircraft leaves the ground of its own accord. ... October 13 is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1931 (MCMXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1931 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Deutsche Luftwaffe or   (German: air force, literally Air Weapon IPA: ) is the commonly used term for the German air force. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A bomber is a military aircraft designed to attack ground targets, primarily by dropping bombs. ... This is a list of aviation-related events from Canadian Siskins aerobatic team is retired. ... This is a list of aviation-related events from 1945: // Events January January 1 - the Luftwaffe begins targeting Allied airfields in Europe as Operation Bodenplatte February February 13-15 - Allied bombers attack Dresden with incendiary weapons, destroying most of the city and killing some 50,000 people. ... Junkers & Co was a major German aircraft manufacturer. ... Swissair (Swiss Air Transport Company Limited) is the former national airline of Switzerland. ... Deutsche Lufthansa AG (ISIN: DE0008232125) (pronounced ) is the largest airline in Europe. ... The Deutsche Luftwaffe or   (German: air force, literally Air Weapon IPA: ) is the commonly used term for the German air force. ... For the TV show, see F Troop. ... The Swiss Air Force (Schweizer Luftwaffe) It was established on July 31 1914 but did not become a separate service until 1936. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...

Contents

Design and development

The Ju 52 was similar to the company's previous Junkers W33, although larger. In 1930, Ernst Zindel and his team designed the Ju 52 at the Junkers works at Dessau. The aircraft's unusual corrugated metal skin strengthened the fuselage and gave it a characteristic boxy appearance. This is a list of aviation-related events from 1930: Events The Surrey Aero Club inaugurates recreational flights from Gatwick Race Course (now London Gatwick Airport). ... Junkers & Co was a major German aircraft manufacturer. ... Dessau is a town in Germany on the junction of the rivers Mulde and Elbe, in the Bundesland (Federal State) of Saxony-Anhalt. ... The fuselage can be short, and seemingly unaerodynamic, as in this Christen Eagle 2 The fuselage (from the French fuselé spindle-shaped) is an aircrafts main body section that holds crew and passengers or cargo. ...


Operational history

Ju 52/1m replica of "CF-ARM" at the Western Canada Aviation Museum, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
Ju 52/1m replica of "CF-ARM" at the Western Canada Aviation Museum, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

In its original configuration, designated the Ju 52/1m, the Ju 52 was a single-engined aircraft, powered by either a BMW or Junkers liquid-cooled engines. in 1936, James A. Richardson's Canadian Airways received (Werknummer 4006) CF-ARM , the sixth ever-built Ju 52. The aircraft, nicknamed the "Flying Boxcar" in Canada, could lift approximately three tons and had a maximum weight of eight tons. It was used to supply mining and other operations in remote areas with equipment too big and heavy for other aircraft then in use. The Ju 52/1m was able to fly on wheels, skis or floats.[1] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2580x1932, 1134 KB)Junkers Ju 52/1m replica of CF-ARM at the Western Canada Aviation Museum, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2580x1932, 1134 KB)Junkers Ju 52/1m replica of CF-ARM at the Western Canada Aviation Museum, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... The Western Canada Aviation Museum is a museum in Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. ... James Armstrong Richardson (Sr. ...


However, the single-engine model was underpowered, and after seven prototypes had been completed, all subsequent Ju 52s were built with three engines as the Ju 52/3m (German drei motoren, meaning "three engines"). Originally powered by three Pratt & Whitney Hornet radial engines, later production models mainly received BMW 132 engines, a refinement of the Pratt & Whitney design. Export models were also built with Pratt & Whitney Wasp and Bristol Pegasus engines. The upgrade improved performance and load carrying abilities. As a Lufthansa airliner, the Ju 52 could seat 17, and could fly from Berlin to Rome in eight hours. The Pratt & Whitney R-1690 Hornet was an engine widely used in American aircraft from the 1920s through 1940s. ... Radial engine of a biplane. ... The BMW 132 was a nine-cylinder radial aircraft engine produced by BMW starting in 1933. ... Wasp was the name given to a family of air-cooled radial piston engines designed by Pratt & Whitney, and used in numerous American aircraft in the 1930s and 1940s. ... Bristol Pegasus piston engine The Pegasus was a 9 cylinder one_row radial aircraft engine designed as the follow-on to the Bristol Aeroplane Companys very successful Bristol Jupiter, following lessons learned in the Mercury effort. ... Deutsche Lufthansa AG (ISIN: DE0008232125) (pronounced ) is the largest airline in Europe. ... This article is about the capital of Germany. ... Nickname: Motto: SPQR: Senatus Populusque Romanus Location of the city of Rome (yellow) within the Province of Rome (red) and region of Lazio (grey) Coordinates: Region Lazio Province Province of Rome Founded 21 April 753 BC Government  - Mayor Walter Veltroni Area  - City 1,285 km²  (580 sq mi)  - Urban 5...


The Ju 52 first saw military service in the Spanish Civil War, as both a bomber and transport aircraft. In the former role it participated in the bombing of Guernica. It was again used as a bomber during the bombing of Warsaw[1] during the Invasion of Poland of September 1939. The Luftwaffe then relied on the Ju 52 for transport roles during World War II, including paratroop drops, most notably in the Battle of Crete in May 1941. Lightly armed, and with a top speed of only 165 mph — half that of a contemporary Spitfire — the Ju 52 was very vulnerable to fighter attack and an escort was always necessary when flying in a combat zone. Many Ju 52s were shot down by anti-aircraft guns and fighters while transporting supplies, most notably during the desperate attempt to resupply the trapped German Sixth Army during the final stages of the Battle of Stalingrad in 1943. It has been suggested that Martyrs of the Spanish Civil War be merged into this article or section. ... The bombing of Guernica was an aerial attack on April 26, 1937, during the Spanish Civil War by planes of the German Luftwaffe Condor Legion and subordinate Italian Fascists from the Corpo Truppe Volontarie expeditionary force organized as Aviazione Legionaria. ... The Bombing of Warsaw in World War II refers both to the terror bombing campaign on Warsaw by Luftwaffe during the September Campaign (siege of Warsaw and to the German bombing raids during the Warsaw Uprising. ... Combatants Poland Germany, Slovakia, Soviet Union Commanders Edward Rydz-ÅšmigÅ‚y Fedor von Bock (Army Group North), Gerd von Rundstedt (Army Group South), Mikhail Kovalov (Belorussian Front), Semyon Timoshenko (Ukrainian Front), Ferdinand ÄŒatloÅ¡ (Field Army Bernolak) Strength 39 divisions, 16 brigades, 4,300 guns, 880 tanks, 400 aircraft Total: 950... The Deutsche Luftwaffe or   (German: air force, literally Air Weapon IPA: ) is the commonly used term for the German air force. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... An American Paratrooper using a T-10C series parachute Paratroopers are soldiers trained in parachuting and formed into an airborne force. ... Combatants Greece United Kingdom New Zealand Australia Germany Italy Commanders Bernard Freyberg Kurt Student Strength United Kingdom: 15,000 Greece: 11,000 Australia: 7,100 New Zealand: 6,700 Total: 40,000 (10,000 without fighting capability. ... The Supermarine Spitfire was an iconic British single-seat fighter used primarily by the RAF and many Allied countries through the Second World War and into the 1950s. ... American troops man an anti-aircraft gun near the Algerian coastline in 1943 Anti-aircraft, or air defense, is any method of combating military aircraft from the ground. ... The 6. ... Combatants Germany Romania Italy Hungary Soviet Union Commanders Adolf Hitler Friedrich Paulus # Erich von Manstein Hermann Hoth Petre Dumitrescu Constantin Constantinescu Italo Garibaldi Gusztav Jany Vasiliy Chuikov Aleksandr Vasilyevskiy Georgiy Zhukov Semyon Timoshenko Konstantin Rokossovskiy Rodion Malinovskiy Andrei Yeremenko Strength Army Group B: German Sixth Army German Fourth Panzer Army...


Variants

In addition to the standard, fixed undercarriage version, there was a floatplane version, equipped with two large floats. This model served during the Norwegian Campaign in 1940, and later in the Mediterranean theatre. Some Ju 52 floatplanes were also used as minesweepers, fitted with a large degaussing ring under the airframe. Luftwaffe Junkers Ju 87s, with fixed conventional landing gear. ... A DeHavilland Single Otter floatplane in Harbour Air livery. ... There are several meanings of float: an air-filled vessel that floats on water, such as some types of lifeboats buoyancy float (project management) floating currency floating exchange rate floating point, a datatype in computer science free float of company stock insurance (investable policyholder funds) root beer float: ice cream... German battle cruisers in a Norwegian port in June 1940 The Norwegian Campaign, lasting from 9 April to 10 June 1940, led to the first direct land confrontation between the military forces of the Allies — United Kingdom and France — against Nazi Germany in World War II. The primary reason for... USS Pivot (AM 276) World War II United States Admirable Class Minesweeper shown in the Gulf of Mexico on sea trials 12 July 1944 Image:Hameln Class. ... Degaussing is the process of decreasing or eliminating an unwanted magnetic field. ...


Most Ju 52s were destroyed after the war, but a small number were manufactured after 1945. In France the machine was manufactured by Amiot as the Amiot AAC 1 Toucan and in Spain, Construcciones Aeronáuticas SA continued production as the CASA 352. Several Ju 52s are airworthy and in regular use today. Also known as the Amiot-Peneau, the Amiot was a French contraption manufactured in Asnieres from 1897 to 1902. ... CASA Jungmann, built in 1957. ... At the moment there are eight airworthy Junkers Ju 52 worldwide. ...


Operators

Preserved Ju 52 at Duxford, 2001, showing corrugated skin

Image File history File links Ju52DuxfordJM.jpg‎ Taken and donated by John Mullen. ... Image File history File links Ju52DuxfordJM.jpg‎ Taken and donated by John Mullen. ...

Military operators

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Luftwaffe
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(captured)
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(postwar)
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Flag of the United States United States
(known as Junkers C-79)

Image File history File links Flag_of_Argentina. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bulgaria_(1878-1944). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Colombia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Croatia_Ustasa. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Czechoslovakia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ecuador. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany_1933. ... The Deutsche Luftwaffe or   (German: air force, literally Air Weapon IPA: ) is the commonly used term for the German air force. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece_(1828-1978). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hungary_1940. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy_(1861-1946)_crowned. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Peru. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Portugal. ... File links The following pages link to this file: Axis Powers Flag of Romania Categories: Flag images ... From 1859 to 1877, Romania evolved from a personal union of two vassal principalities (Moldavia and Wallachia) under a single prince to a full-fledged independent kingdom with a Hohenzollern monarchy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Africa_1928-1994. ... Image File history File links 1stslovakia_flag_large. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Soviet_Union. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Spain_Under_Franco. ... Flag Motto Una Grande Libre Anthem Marcha Real Capital Madrid Language(s) Spanish Religion Roman Catholic Church Government Monarchy Head of State¹  - 1939-1975 Francisco Franco  - 1975-1978 Juan Carlos I Legislature Cortes Generales Historical era Cold War  - Spanish Civil War 1936-1939  - Republic defeated April 4, 1939  - Death of... Image File history File links Flag_of_Sweden. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Switzerland. ... Image File history File links US_flag_48_stars. ...

Civilian operators

Lufthansa Junkers Ju 52/3m D-CDLH, till 1984, known as "Iron Annie N52JU," painted as D-AQUI in historic Lufthansa colors (the livery this plane wore in 1936). D-CDLH has P&W engines, now with 3-bladed propellers.
Lufthansa Junkers Ju 52/3m D-CDLH, till 1984, known as "Iron Annie N52JU," painted as D-AQUI in historic Lufthansa colors (the livery this plane wore in 1936). D-CDLH has P&W engines, now with 3-bladed propellers.
CASA 352 (license-built Junkers Ju 52/3m) in Ju-Air markings at Zürich airport
CASA 352 (license-built Junkers Ju 52/3m) in Ju-Air markings at Zürich airport
Flag of Belgium Belgium
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 Canada
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  • Various
Flag of Czechoslovakia Czechoslovakia
Flag of Denmark Denmark
  • Det Danske Luftfartsselskab
Flag of Estonia Estonia
Flag of Finland Finland
Flag of France France
  • Aero Cargo
  • Air France
  • Air Ocean
  • CTA Languedoc Roussillon
  • Société Auxiliare de Navigation Aérienne
  • Socotra
Flag of Germany Germany
Flag of Germany Germany
Flag of Greece Greece
  • Elliniki Eteria Enaerion Sinkinonion (3)
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  • Malert Airlines
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Flag of Portugal Portugal
  • Aero Portuguesa
  • DETA
Flag of South Africa South Africa
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Flag of Spain Spanish State
Flag of Switzerland Switzerland
  • Ju-Air (still used, used only 3 Ju 52)
  • Swissair
Flag of the United Kingdom United Kingdom
Flag of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia

Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1001x691, 137 KB) Description : Junkers Ju 52/3m, Lufthansa Traditonsflugzeug D-AQUI auf dem Flughafen Hannover Langenhagen (HAJ) Source : selbst aufgenommen Date : Frühjahr 2000 Photographer : Gero Brandenburg Upload : 11:27, 27. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1001x691, 137 KB) Description : Junkers Ju 52/3m, Lufthansa Traditonsflugzeug D-AQUI auf dem Flughafen Hannover Langenhagen (HAJ) Source : selbst aufgenommen Date : Frühjahr 2000 Photographer : Gero Brandenburg Upload : 11:27, 27. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 461 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1310 pixel, file size: 569 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Beschreibung: Casa 352 (Lizenzversion der Junkers Ju 52/3m) der Ju-Air aufgenommen auf dem Flughafen Zürich Quelle: Fotografiert am 11. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 461 pixelsFull resolution (2272 × 1310 pixel, file size: 569 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Beschreibung: Casa 352 (Lizenzversion der Junkers Ju 52/3m) der Ju-Air aufgenommen auf dem Flughafen Zürich Quelle: Fotografiert am 11. ... View of the inner city with the four main churches visible, and the Albis in the backdrop Zürich (German: , Zürich German: Züri , French: , in English generally Zurich, Italian: ) is the largest city in Switzerland (population: 366,145 in 2004; population of urban area: 1,091,732) and... Image File history File links Flag_of_Belgium_(civil). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bolivia. ... LAB Boeing 727-200 (CP-1366) at Cochabamba Airport Lloyd Aéreo Boliviano (LAB Airlines) was the national and international passenger airline of Bolivia, based in Cochabamba. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... 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Deruluft luggage tag Deruluft (Deutsch-Russische Luftverkehrs A.G., or Deruluft) was a joint Soviet-German airline, established on 24 November 1921. ... Deutsche Lufthansa AG (ISIN: DE0008232125) (pronounced ) is the largest airline in Europe. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... Deutsche Lufthansa AG (ISIN: DE0008232125) (pronounced ) is the largest airline in Europe. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Greece_(1828-1978). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Hungary_1940. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy_(1861-1946). ... Ala Littoria was the Italian national airline that operated during the 1930s and 1940s. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Norway. ... Det Norske Luftfartselskap, DNL, Norways flag carrier between 1933 and 1948. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Poland. ... LOT Polish Airlines (Polskie Linie Lotnicze LOT) is the national airline of Poland based in Warsaw. ... 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Flag Motto Una Grande Libre Anthem Marcha Real Capital Madrid Language(s) Spanish Religion Roman Catholic Church Government Monarchy Head of State¹  - 1939-1975 Francisco Franco  - 1975-1978 Juan Carlos I Legislature Cortes Generales Historical era Cold War  - Spanish Civil War 1936-1939  - Republic defeated April 4, 1939  - Death of... Iberia Líneas Aéreas de España, S.A., (IBEX-35:IBLA) (Iberia Airlines of Spain in English), usually shortened to Iberia, is the largest airline of Spain, based in Madrid. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Switzerland. ... Swissair (Swiss Air Transport Company Limited) is the former national airline of Switzerland. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... This article deals with the 1930s airline British Airways Ltd. ... For other uses of BEA see Bea British European Airways, or BEA, was formed in 1946 by an Act of Parliament. ... 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Specifications (Junkers Ju 52/3m g7e)

Data from Jane’s Fighting Aircraft of World War II[2]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 3 (two pilots, radio operator)
  • Capacity: 18 troops or 12 litter patients
  • Length: 18.90 m (62 ft 0 in)
  • Wingspan: 29.25 m (95 ft 10 in)
  • Height: 4.5 m (14 ft 10 in)
  • Wing area: 110.5 m² (1,190 ft²)
  • Empty weight: 6,510 kg (14,325 lb)
  • Loaded weight: 9,200 kg (20,270 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 10,990 kg (24,200 lb)
  • Powerplant:BMW 132T radial engines, 533 kW (715 hp)[3] each

Performance

Armament

  • 1× 13 mm MG 131 machine gun in a dorsal position
  • 2× 7.92 mm MG 15 machine guns
  • up to 455 kg (1,000 lb) of bombs (some variants)

The distance AB is the wing span of this Aer Lingus Airbus A320. ... In aviation, the Maximum Take-Off Weight (or MTOW) is the maximum weight with which an aircraft is allowed to try to achieve flight. ... The BMW 132 was a nine-cylinder radial aircraft engine produced by BMW starting in 1933. ... The radial engine is an internal combustion engine configuration in which the cylinders point outward from a central crankshaft like the spokes on a wheel. ... VNO of an aircraft is the V speed which refers to the velocity of normal operation. ... Airspeed Indicator in a light aircraft The VC of an aircraft is the V speed which refers to the velocity of cruising. ... The maximal total range is the distance an aircraft can fly between takeoff and landing, as limited by fuel capacity in powered aircraft, or cross-country speed and environmental conditions in unpowered aircraft. ... In aeronautics, the service ceiling is the maximum density altitude where the best rate of climb airspeed will produce a 100 feet per minute climb(twin engine) and 50 feet(single engine) at maximum weight while in a clean configuration with maximum continuous power. ... This page is a candidate to be moved to Wiktionary. ... The MG 131 was a 13 mm machine gun developed in 1938 by Rheinmetall-Borsig and produced from 1940 to 1945. ... The MG 15 was a 7. ...

References

  1. ^ http://www.richmond.edu/~wgreen/ECDwarsaw.html
  2. ^ Jane, Fred T. "The Junkers Ju 52/3m." Jane’s Fighting Aircraft of World War II. London: Studio, 1946. ISBN 1-85170-493-0. p. 170-171.
  3. ^ Originally measured as 725 PS

hp, see HP (disambiguation) The horsepower (hp) is the name of several non-metric units of power. ...

External links

  • www.ju52-3m.ch
  • www.constable.ca

Related content

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Junkers Ju 52

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

Comparable aircraft

  • Douglas DC-3
  • Savoia-Marchetti SM.81

Junkers Ju 252 Junkers Ju 352 The Douglas DC-3 is a fixed-wing, propeller-driven aircraft, which revolutionized air transport in the 1930s and 1940s and is generally regarded as one of the most significant transport aircraft ever made (also see Boeing 707 and Boeing 747). ... The Savoia-Marchetti SM.81 Pipistrello (Italian: bat) was a three-engined bomber/transport in the Italian Regia Aeronautica during World War II. History The SM.81 was a development of Savoia-Marchettis earlier SM.73 airliner, with similar cantilever wings, three engines, and fixed tail landing gear. ... The Junkers Ju 252 was a transport plane manufactured by Junkers. ... Type: Transport Origin:Junkers Flugzeug und Motorenwerke AG Models: A First Flight: November 1943 Service Delivery: N/A Final Delivery: N/A Engine: Three BMW-Bramo 323R-2 Horsepower: 1,000hp (1,200 with 96-Octane fuel) Fuel: Capacity: N/A Type: N/A Dimensions: Wing span: 34. ...

Related lists

At the moment there are eight airworthy Junkers Ju 52 worldwide. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
NationMaster - Encyclopedia: Junkers Ju 52 (3975 words)
The Junkers Ju 52 (nicknamed Tante Ju - "Auntie Ju" - and "Iron Annie") was a transport aircraft and bomber manufactured 1932 1945 by Junkers.
Many Ju 52s were shot down by anti-aircraft guns and fighters while transporting supplies, most notably during the desperate attempt to resupply the trapped German Sixth Army during the final stages of the Battle of Stalingrad in 1943.
Junkers Ju 252 Junkers Ju 352 The Douglas DC-3 is a fixed-wing, propeller-driven aircraft, which revolutionized air transport in the 1930s and 1940s and is generally regarded as one of the most significant transport aircraft ever made (also see Boeing 707 and Boeing 747).
Junkers Ju-52 - Scramble (655 words)
Developed by Ernst Zindel at the Junkers works at Dessau it retained the all metal fuselage with a corrugated skin of the former types.
Registered as D-2317 and delivered to the Deutsche Verkehrsfliegerschule, but was flown to Sweden in 1932, where it became the SE-ADM with AB Flygindustri who rebuild it as a torpedo-bomber.
After returning to Germany (becoming D-2317 again) it was put on tests -as the Junkers K45c- although it was pretty obvious the type was not suitable for this task.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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