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Encyclopedia > Junkanoo

Junkanoo is a street parade with music, which occurs in many towns across the Bahamas every Boxing Day (December 26) and New Year's Day. The largest Junkanoo parade happens in Nassau, the capital. United States Marines on parade. ... Boxing Day is a public holiday observed in many Commonwealth countries on 26 December. ... December 26 is the 360th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, 361st in leap years. ... For the movie, New Years Day, see New Years Day (film). ... Map of the Bahamas Nassau is the capital city of the Bahamas. ...

Junkanoo groups "rush" from 12:00 AM until shortly after dawn, to the music of cowbells, in costumes made from cardboard covered in tiny shreds of colourful crepe paper competing for cash prizes. This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Piece of A4 paper Paper is a fat, thick material produced by the amalgamation of plant fibres, which are subsequently held together without extra binder, largely by oxygen bonds and to a large degree by fiber entanglement. ...

Major musical groups involved in the Nassau Junkanoo have included The Saxons, The Valley Boys, The Roots, One Family and as of late the Prodigal Sons. Groups of the past included the Vikings and Music Makers. The Music Makers is a classical piece by Edward Elgar. ...

A Junkanoo parade is featured in sequences of the James Bond film Thunderball that occur in Nassau. The celebration was staged specifically for the movie since it was filmed at the wrong time of year, but local residents were enthusiastic, creating elaborate floats and costumes and involving hundreds of people. The James Bond 007 gun logo James Bond, also known as 007 (pronounced double-oh seven), is a fictional British spy created by writer Ian Fleming in 1952. ... Thunderball is the fourth film in the EON Productions James Bond series and the fourth film star Sean Connery as British Secret Service agent, Commander James Bond 007. ...

Junkanoo is also a fruit flavored soda produced by PepsiCo and is only available in The Bahamas.

Junkanoo is also a modernized style of music sung by Bahamanian band Baha Men. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this list may require cleanup. ...

John Canoe

The practice was once common in coastal North Carolina, where it was called John Canoe, John Koonah, or John Kooner. This article is the current U.S. Collaboration of the Week. ...

Historian Stephen Nissenbaum describes the ritual as it was performed in 19th-century North Carolina:

Essentially, it involved a band of black men–generally young–who dressed themselves in ornate and often bizarre costumes. Each band was led by a man who was variously dressed in animal horns, elaborate rags, female disguise, whiteface (and wearing a gentleman's wig!), or simply his "Sunday-go-to-meeting-suit." Accompanied by music, the band marched along the roads from plantation to plantation, town to town, accosting whites along the way and sometimes even entering their houses. In the process the men performed elaborate and (to white observers) grotesque dances that were probably of African origin. And in return for this performance they always demanded money (the leader generally carried "a small bowl or tin cup" for this purpose), though whiskey was an acceptable substitute. (Nissenbaum 1997, 285)

Nissenbaum likened John Canoe to the wassailing tradition of medieval Britain, seeing in both a ritualized inversion of the established social hierarchy that provides, simultaneously, a temporary suspension and powerful reaffirmation of that hierarchy. Wassailing performed this inversion along the axis of social class, whereas the 19th-century American version of John Canoe performed it along the axis of race. Both John Canoe and wassailing bear strong resemblance to the social inversion rituals that marked the ancient Roman celebration of Saturnalia. This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Drag in its broadest sense means a costume or outfit that carries symbolic significance, but usually refers to the clothing associated with one gender role when worn by a person of the other gender. ... Whiteface (based on the DC Comicss character The Joker) is the alter ego of Steven Binst, a comic book supervillain first introduced in Supreme Power: Nighthawk. ... A wig or toupee is a head of hair - human, horse-hair or synthetic - worn on the head for fashion or various other aesthetic and stylistic reasons, including cultural and religious observance. ... A plantation is an intentional planting of a crop, on a larger scale, usually for uses other than cereal production or pasture. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Whisky (or whiskey) is an alcoholic beverage distilled from grain, often including malt, which has then been aged in wooden barrels. ... Wassailing is the practice of going door-to-door singing Christmas carols and requesting in return wassail or some other form of refreshment. ... The British Isles in the year 802 Medieval Britain is a term used to suggest that there is a unity to the history of Great Britain from the 5th century withdrawal of Roman forces from the province of Britannia and the Germanic invasions, until the 16th century Reformations in the... For the various types of hierarchy, see hierarchy (disambiguation) A hierarchy (in Greek: , it is derived from -hieros, sacred, and -arkho, rule) is a system of ranking and organizing things or people, where each element of the system (except for the top element) is subordinate to a single other element. ... Social class refers to the hierarchical distinctions between individuals or groups in societies or cultures. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Roman Forum was the central area around which ancient Rome developed. ... Saturnalia was the feast at which the Romans commemorated the dedication of the temple of the god Saturn, which took place on 17 December. ...

"John Canoe" is also the name of a track recorded by the LeBeha drummers of Belize, who perform traditional Garifuna music. The Garifuna are descended from escaped Nigerian slaves and Island Caribs who were deported from St. ...


  • Nissenbaum, Stephen. The Battle for Christmas. New York: Vintage Books, 1997.

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