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Encyclopedia > Junior College

For the Indian grade 11 and 12 schools, see Junior College This article is about junior college in India. ...


A junior college is a two-year post-secondary school whose main purpose is to provide a method of obtaining academic, vocational and professional education. The highest certificate offered by these institutions is usually an associate's degree, although many junior college students continue their education at a university or college, transferring some or all of the credit earned at the junior college toward the degree requirements at the four year school. Post-secondary education is a form of secondary education that is taken after first attending a secondary school, such as a high school. ... Plato is credited with the inception of academia: the body of knowledge, its development and transmission across generations. ... Vocational education prepares learners for certain careers or professions, which are traditionally non-academic and directly related to a trade, occupation or vocation in which the learner participates. ... A professional does an activity to receive payment for an act (as a profession), which usually requires expertise and carries with it socially significant mores and folkways. ... An associates degree is a degree awarded by community colleges, junior colleges and some bachelors degree-granting colleges and universities in Canada and the United States upon completion of a course of study equivalent to the first two years in a four-year college or university. ... A university is an institution of higher education and of research, which grants academic degrees at all levels (bachelor, master, and doctor) in a variety of subjects. ... The term college (Latin collegium) is most often used today to denote an educational institution. ... A credit is a unit that gives weighting to the value, level or time requirements of an academic course. ...


The term junior college was previously used to refer to all non-bachelor's degree granting post-secondary schools. Over the last 30 years, the name junior college was often thought to have negative connotations with respect to the education received by its students. A junior college is often looked at as "a high school with ashtrays". Since many public junior colleges in the United States served a more localized community, these schools began to replace the "junior" in their names with "community". With the advent of the term community college for public institutions, in the United States the term junior college is often explicitly used to refer to private institutions. However, the relative small number of private junior colleges and the continued use of the term in the names of many community colleges means that people often do not perceive a distinction between the two terms, and thus they are interchangable in casual speech. The examples and perspective in this article or section may not represent a worldwide view. ... In Canada and the United States, a community college, sometimes called a junior college, is an educational institution providing post-secondary education and lower-level tertiary education, granting certificates, diplomas, and associates degrees. ...


Junior colleges originated in the Chautauqua movement in late 19th century New York State. By the turn of the century, groups from established colleges and universities would travel around the nation, visiting small towns that did not have access to upper level schools, to offer eight to ten week course on subjects such as the arts, science and literature. Chautauqua is an Iroquois word, meaning either two moccasins tied together or jumping fish. Chautauqua can also be any of: Places: Chautauqua, Illinois -- A private summer resort Chautauqua, Kansas -- A city Chautauqua, New York -- A town Chatauqua, Ohio -- a town Chautauqua County, Kansas -- A county Chautauqua County, New York -- A... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Official language(s) None, English de facto Capital Albany Largest city New York City Area  - Total  - Width  - Length  - % water  - Latitude  - Longitude Ranked 27th 141,205 km² 455 km 530 km 13. ...


According to one website, "In 1989, only 89 private two-year institutions were still in existence, accounting for less than 1% of the nation's two-year college students."


See also

List of junior colleges This is a list of junior colleges in the United States This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. ...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Junior college - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (370 words)
A junior college is a two-year post-secondary school whose main purpose is to provide a method of obtaining academic, vocational and professional education.
The highest certificate offered by these institutions is usually an associate's degree, although many junior college students continue their education at a university or college, transferring some or all of the credit earned at the junior college toward the degree requirements at the four year school.
With the advent of the term community college for public institutions, in the United States the term junior college is often explicitly used to refer to private institutions.
JUNIOR COLLEGE HISTORY -- BIBLIOGRAPHY (2267 words)
Kelly, E.T. "Feasibility of Establishment of a Public Junior College in North Platte, Nebraska." Master's thesis, University of Nebraska, 1928.
Leonard, Robert J. The Junior College from the Standpoint of the University.
Littlefield, Henry W. "Factors Influencing the Growth of the Junior College." Ph.D. diss., Yale University, 1940.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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