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June 3 is the 154th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (155th in leap years), with 211 days remaining.
1000-1899 1098 - Crusaders take Antioch, Turkey. 1140 - French scholar, Peter Abelard found guilty of heresy. 1608 - Samuel de Champlain completes his third voyage to New France at Tadoussac, Quebec. 1620 - Building of oldest stone church in French North America, Notre-Dame-des-Anges, begins at Quebec City, Quebec Canada. 1621 - The Dutch West India Company receives a charter for New Netherlands. 1658 - The Pope appoints François de Laval vicar apostolic in New France. 1665 - English naval forces defeat the Dutch fleet. 1770 - Mission San Carlos Borromeo de Carmelo is founded in Carmel-by-the-Sea, California. 1800 - U.S. President John Adams takes up residence in Washington, DC (in a tavern -- the White House was not yet completed). 1864 - American Civil War: Battle of Cold Harbor - Confederate forces attack Union troops at Cold Harbor, Virginia. 1866 - Fenians are driven out of Fort Erie, Ontario into the United States to a heroes' welcome. 1885 - Last military engagement fought on Canadian soil: Cree leader Big Bear escapes the North West Mounted Police. 1888 - The poem Casey at the Bat, by Ernest Lawrence Thayer, is published in the San Francisco Examiner. 1889 - The Canadian Pacific Railway is completed from coast to coast 1889 - The first long distance electric power transmission line in the United States is completed, running 14 miles between a generator at Willamette Falls and downtown Portland, Oregon.
1900-1999 1916 - The ROTC is established by the U.S. Congress. 1916 - The National Defense Act was signed into law, increasing the size of the National Guard by 450,000 men. 1935 - 1,000 unemployed men board freight cars in Vancouver, British Columbia beginning a protest trek to Ottawa, Ontario. 1937 - The Duke of Windsor marries Wallis Simpson. 1940 - World War II: The Luftwaffe bombs Paris. 1940 - World War II: The Battle of Dunkirk ends with a German tactical victory and with Allied forces in full evacuation. 1943 - A mob of 60 members of the Los Angeles Naval Reserve Armory beats up everyone perceived to be Hispanic, starting a week-long race riot. 1950 - First ascent of Annapurna I, 10th highest mountain in the world. 1953 - Billy Joe McAllister jumps off the Tallahatchee Bridge, according to the 1967 hit song by Ode to Billy Joe Bobbie Gentry, and the movie which followed. 1960 - In , the Gideon v. Wainwright United States Supreme Court rules that all accused persons must be given the right to an attorney. 1962 - An Air France Boeing 707 jet crashed shortly after takeoff from Paris killing 130. 1963 - A Northwest Airlines DC-7 crashes in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of British Columbia killing 101. 1965 - Launch of Gemini 4, the first multi day mission by an American crew. 1968 - Valerie Solanas, author of , attempts to assassinate The SCUM Manifesto Andy Warhol by shooting him thrice. 1969 - The science fiction television series airs its final new episode after being canceled by Star Trek NBC. The show premiered on September 8, 1966. 1969 - Off the coast of South Vietnam, the Australian aircraft carrier HMAS Melbourne cuts the American destroyer USS Frank E. Evans in half. 1973 - A Soviet supersonic Tupolev Tu-144 crashes near Goussainville, France, killing 14, the first crash of a supersonic passenger aircraft. 1973 - Reggae stars Bob Marley and the Wailers release the classic album Exodus, which will be named Time magazine's "Album of the Century" in 1999. 1979 - A blowout at the Ixtoc oil well in the southern Gulf of Mexico causes at least 600,000 tons (176,400,000 gallons) of oil to be spilled into the waters, the worst oil spill to date. Some estimate the spill to be 428 million gallons. 1989 - The government of China sends troops to force protesters out of Tiananmen Square after seven weeks of occupation. 1991 - In an incident at Hankuk University in Seoul, South Korea, students throw eggs at South Korean prime minister Chung Won Shik. 1997 - Lionel Jospin becomes Prime Minister of France. 1998 - Eschede train disaster: an ICE high speed train derails, causing 101 deaths. 1998 - Teen idol Brad Renfro is arrested in Knoxville, Tennessee, charged with possession of marijuana and cocaine.
2000-2009 2005 - The Hitchhiker's Guide to the Galaxy is due to be released in US theaters.
1500-1899 1540 - Archduke Charles II of Austria, Regent of Inner Austria (d. 1590) 1726 - James Hutton, Scottish geologist (d. 1797) 1770 - Manuel Belgrano, Argentine lawyer, politician, military and creator of Argentina's flag. 1808 - Jefferson Davis, President of the Confederate States of America (d. 1889) 1844 - Detlev von Liliencron, German poet (d. 1909) 1864 - Ransom E. Olds, American automobile pioneer (d. 1950) 1865 - King George V of the United Kingdom (d. 1936) 1877 - Raoul Dufy, French painter (d. 1953) 1878 - Barney Oldfield, American auto racer (d. 1946) 1888 - Tom Brown, American jazz musician (d. 1958) 1888 - Jim Tully, novelist (d. 1947)
1900-1999 1901 - Maurice Evans, English actor (d. 1989) 1904 - Jan Peerce, American tenor (d. 1984) 1906 - Josephine Baker, American dancer, singer and actress (d. 1975) 1911 - Paulette Goddard, American actress (d. 1990) 1918 - Lili St. Cyr, American ecdysiast (d. 1999) 1922 - Alain Resnais, French director 1924 - Colleen Dewhurst, Canadian actress (d. 1991) 1924 - Günther Rühle, journalist, theater director 1924 - Torsten Wiesel, Swedish scientist 1925 - Tony Curtis, American actor 1925 - Gerhard Zwerenz, writer 1926 - Allen Ginsberg, American poet (d. 1997) 1926 - Boots Randolph, musician 1929 - Chuck Barris, American game show host, producer, purported spy 1930 - Marion Zimmer Bradley, American science fiction author (d. 1999) 1931 - Lindy Remigino, American athlete 1934 - Rolland D. McCune, American theologian, Fundamentalist 1936 - Larry McMurtry, American author 1937 - Solomon P. Ortiz, American politician 1942 - Curtis Mayfield, American songwriter, musician (d. 1999) 1943 - Billy Cunningham, basketball star, executive 1944 - Edith McGuire, American sprinter 1946 - Ian Hunter, musician (" Mott the Hoople") 1950 - Melissa Mathison, American screenwriter 1950 - Suzi Quatro, American musician, actress 1963 - Rudy Demotte, Belgian politician 1961 - Lawrence Lessig, American lawyer, author, Free Culture advocate 1964 - Kerry King, American musician 1968 - Saffron, Nigerian lead singer of Republica. 1970 - Esther Hart, Dutch singer 1974 - Caroline Edwards, model and long suffering girlfriend 1987 - Lalaine, actress
1900-1999 1924 - Franz Kafka, novelist (b. 1883) 1963 - Pope John XXIII (b. 1881) 1970 - Hjalmar Schacht, minister of economics and president of the Reichsbank under Hitler (b. 1877) 1971 - Heinz Hopf, German mathematician (b. 1894) 1975 - Ozzie Nelson, American band leader, producer, director, actor (b. 1906) 1977 - Roberto Rossellini, Italian film director, father of Isabella Rossellini, husband of Ingrid Bergman (b. 1906) 1989 - Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, Iranian Shi'ite Islamic leader (b. 1900) 1991 - Katia and Maurice Krafft, French volcanologists, killed at Mount Unzen, Japan (b. 1942/ 1946) 1992 - Robert Morley, English actor (b. 1908)
Holidays and observances
June 2 - June 4 - May 3 - July 3 -- listing of all days