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Encyclopedia > Jump blues

Jump blues is a type of up-tempo blues music influenced by big band sound. It is characterized by a jazzy, saxophone (or brass instruments) sound, driving rhythms and shouted, highly syncopated vocals and earthy, comedic lyrics on contemporary urban themes. Unlike most other types of blues, the jump blues relegates the guitar to the rhythm section. Blues music redirects here. ... A big band is a type of musical ensemble associated with playing jazz music and which became popular during the Swing Era from 1935 until the late 1940s. ... Jazz is an original American musical art form that originated around the start of the 20th century in New Orleans, rooted in African American musical styles blended with Western music technique and theory. ... Saxophones of different sizes play in different registers. ... Image of a trumpet. ... In music, syncopation is the stressing of a normally unstressed beat in a bar or the failure to sound a tone on an accented beat. ... Classical and Bass Guitar The guitar is a musical instrument, used in a wide variety of musical styles, and is also widely known as a solo classical instrument. ...


The jump blues first appeared in the late 1930s, and was enormously popular in the Forties and early Fifties through artists such as Louis Jordan, Big Joe Turner and Wynonie Harris, who were among the first black artists to achieve significant commercial and chart success outside the confines of the segregated "race" (R&B) market. Louis Jordan swinging on sax, Paramount Theatre, NYC, 1946 (Photo: William P. Gottlieb) Louis Jordan (July 8, 1908 – February 4, 1975) was a pioneering African-American blues, jazz and rhythm & blues musician and songwriter who enjoyed his greatest popularity from the late 1930s to the early 1950s. ... Big Joe Turner Big Joe Turner (born Joseph Vernon Turner Jr. ... Wynonie Mr. ...


It usually features a vocalist in front of a large, horn-driven orchestra or medium sized combo with multiple horns, the style is earmarked by a driving rhythm, intensely shouted vocals, and honking tenor saxophone solos — all of those very elements a precursor to rock & roll. The lyrics are almost always celebratory in nature, full of braggadocio and swagger. Jump blues was the bridge between the older styles of blues — primarily those in a small band context — and the big band jazz sound of the 1940s.


Jump blues was an early manifestation of what became the classic rock and roll style of the mid-Fifites. It was revived in the 1980s by artists such as Joe Jackson and Brian Setzer and continues today with bands like "MoPac and The Blue Suburbans" and "Mitch Woods and His Rocket 88s". Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... There are several people named Joe Jackson: Joe Jackson, musician Shoeless Joe Jackson, baseball player Joseph Jackson, father and manager of the Jackson 5 Joe Jackson, football player This is a disambiguation page, a list of pages that otherwise might share the same title. ... Brian Setzer (born April 10, 1959 in Massapequa, Long Island, New York) is an American guitarist, singer and songwriter. ...


See also

African American music (also called black music, formerly known as race music) is an umbrella term given to a range of musical genres emerging from or influenced by the culture of African Americans, who have long constituted a large ethnic minority of the population of the United States. ... Big Joe Turner Big Joe Turner (born Joseph Vernon Turner Jr. ... Rocket 88, a rhythm and blues song from 1951 claimed by Sun Records owner and pioneer rock and roll record producer Sam Phillips as the first rock and roll song. The record was credited to Jackie Brenston and his Delta Cats, but the band did not actually exist. ... Compilation album cover Jimmy Liggins (b 14 October 1922, Newby, Oklahoma – 18 July 1983, Durham, North Carolina) was an American R&B guitarist and bandleader. ... Louis Jordan swinging on sax, Paramount Theatre, NYC, 1946 (Photo: William P. Gottlieb) Louis Jordan (July 8, 1908 – February 4, 1975) was a pioneering African-American blues, jazz and rhythm & blues musician and songwriter who enjoyed his greatest popularity from the late 1930s to the early 1950s. ... Louis Prima and Keely Smith singing for the radio in the 1950s Louis Prima (December 7, 1910 – August 24, 1978) was an Italian-American entertainer, singer, actor, and trumpeter born in New Orleans. ... Ruth Brown (b. ... LaVern Baker (November 11, 1929 – March 10, 1997) was an American Rhythm & Blues singer, originally billed as Little Miss Sharecropper, then Bea Baker. She had taken the first name LaVern by 1952, when she began recording with Todd Rhodes and his band. ... Wynonie Mr. ... There have been a number of notable people named Roy Brown: Roy Brown, the Canadian pilot who is credited with shooting down the Red Baron Roy Brown, a Blues musician who was a pioneer of Rock and Roll Roy Brown, a Puerto Rican musician Roy Brown, a famous clown most... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Joe Liggins (July 9, 1915 - July 26, 1987) was a notable jazz, blues, and mostly R&B pianist, who played with the band Joe Liggins and the Honeydrippers in the 1940s and 1950s, as their front man. ... Smiley Lewis (July 5, 1913 – October 7, 1966) was a Rhythm and blues musician. ...

External links

  • Lindy Hop Style of Dancing used with Jump Blues
  • Swing and Jump Blues Guitar Jump Blues Guitar
  • Short History of Jump Blues The Big Heat
  • Jump Blues Piano Overview of Piano Jump Blues styles
Blues | Blues genres
Jug band - Classic female blues - Country blues - Delta blues - Jump blues - Piano blues - Fife and drum blues
Jazz blues - Blues-rock - Soul blues- Punk blues
African blues - British blues - Chicago blues - Detroit blues - Kansas City blues - Louisiana blues - Memphis blues - Piedmont blues - St. Louis blues - Swamp blues - Texas blues - West Coast blues
Musicians

  Results from FactBites:
 
Blues guitar lessons (441 words)
Jump Blues - Jump Blues is presented as a methodology covering theory, comping, accompanist riffs, horn lines arranged for guitar, and several approaches for soloing drilling down on many approaches for opening up the neck for the scales, arps and riffs that are employed in swing and Jump Blues guitar.
Blues video lessons are supported with a compliment of lesson assets including tab, notation, charts, text overviews and practice rhythm tracks.
Individual blues guitar lessons can be downloaded and CD compilations feature collections of blues guitar lessons.
Blues - MSN Encarta (871 words)
Blues directly or indirectly influenced the vast majority of popular music during the 20th century, including jazz, rock, rhythm and blues (R&B), and gospel.
Blues artists often attempt to imitate instrumental sounds with their voice and to replicate aspects of the human voice with their instruments.
Blues drummers usually mark beats one and three with the bass drum, while beats two and four are accented by the snare drum.
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