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Encyclopedia > Jumbo mortgages

A jumbo mortgage is a mortgage with a loan amount above the industry standard definition of conventional conforming loan limits. This standard is set by the two largest secondary market lenders, Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac. Loans above the conforming limits may be offered by seller servicers of these wholesale insitutions as well as Wall Street conduits who provide warehouse financing for mortgage lenders. The loan amounts reflect average loan sizes nationwide. Jumbo mortgages apply when agency (FNMA and FHLMC) limits don't cover the full loan amount. Fannie Mae (FNMA) and Freddie Mac (FHLMC) are large agencies that purchase the bulk of residential mortgages in the U.S. They set a limit on the maximum dollar value of any mortgage they will purchase from an individual lender. As of 2006, the limit is $417,000, or $625,500 in Alaska, Hawaii, Guam, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. This leaves a portion of the market to look elsewhere for placement. Other large investors, such as insurance companies and banks, step in to fill the need with maximum mortgage amounts going to the $1 million or $2 million range. The average interest rates are typically greater than normal for conforming mortgages, and vary depending on property types and mortgage amount. A mortgage is a method of using property (real or personal) as security for the payment of a debt. ... The federal government of the United States created the Federal National Mortgage Association (FNMA) (NYSE: FNM), commonly known as Fannie Mae, in 1938 to establish a secondary market for mortgages insured by the Federal Housing Administration (FHA). ... The Federal Home Loan Mortgage Corporation (Freddie Mac) NYSE: FRE, a government sponsored enterprise, is a stockholder-owned, publicly-traded company chartered by the United States federal government in 1970 to purchase mortgages and related securities, and then issue securities and bonds in financial markets backed by those mortgages in... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... The First Provincial Bank of Taiwan in Taipei, Republic of China was formerly the central bank of the Republic of China and issued the New Taiwan dollar. ...

Contents

Risk

Jumbo mortgage loans are a higher risk for lenders. This is because if a jumbo mortgage loan defaults, it is harder to sell a luxury residence quickly for full price. Luxury prices are more vulnerable to market highs and lows. That is one reason lenders prefer to have a higher down payment from jumbo loan seekers. Jumbo home prices can be more subjective and not as easily sold to a mainstream borrower, therefore many lenders may require two appraisals on a jumbo mortgage loan.


The interest rate charged on jumbo mortgage loans is generally higher than a loan that is conforming due to the slightly higher risk to the lender. It can vary but is generally 0.25 % to 0.5% higher.


Loan options

Jumbo mortgage loan options are similar to traditional loan programs. They simply require a slightly higher down payment, of usually an additional 5% for similar program types. No money down programs are generally not available, but instead require a minimum of 5% down payment for a jumbo mortgage. Because the loans are large, jumbo lenders frequently offer variable loan programs to the jumbo client. The risk of an interest rate increase can result in a large dollar amount increase. Generally adjustable rate mortgages are popular due to the low payment.


It can be more expensive to refinance a jumbo loan due to the closing costs. Some lenders will offer the service of an extension and consolidation agreement, so that a jumbo refinancer will not have to pay for mortgage tax again on the same principal balance. In other cases title insurance companies will offer up to a 50% discount often required by law for those refinancing within 1 year to 10 years. The largest discount is for within one year. Refinancing refers to applying for a secured loan intended to replace an existing loan secured by the same assets. ... Real property in most jurisdictions is conveyed from the seller to the buyer through a real estate contract. ...


Some consumers seeking a jumbo mortgage choose to seek advice from a competant professional familiar with jumbo mortgage loans.


Recent trends

Due to increased housing prices there is a large increase in the number of jumbo loan applicants. Many consumers are becoming jumbo borrowers when buying a modest ranch or Cape Cod house; this option is no longer limited to high end luxury residences.


New loan programs are now offered to address the large increase in jumbo loan applications. Because of the steep price increases during the recent years (2000-2006), mortgage loans are required in excess of the conforming limits in most big city areas or their surrounding suburbs. The new loans are either a 40- or even 50-year amortization, or an interest only option. They allow the jumbo loan borrower to pay the loan back over a longer period of time, or to defray any repayment of principal for a few years - thus saving them on their monthly payment. In some cases the banker makes a larger profit if the loan takes more than 30 years to repay. Illustration of the backyards of a surburban neighbourhood Suburbs are inhabited districts located either on the outer rim of a city or outside the official limits of a city (the term varies from country to country), or the outer elements of a conurbation. ...


Popular Programs Avoid Costly Private Mortgage Insurance ("PMI")


80/20 & 80/15 Jumbo Loan programs are very popular with new home purchasers. Because any borrower with less than a twenty percent down payment was previously subject to purchasing PMI or private mortgage insurance to insure the lender for the higher risk, jumbo borrowers were previously paying a very large PMI fee on a loan with higher than 80 LTV (Loan to value ration).


Now the jumbo borrower can borrow the 80% without PMI, and take a second mortgage at a slightly higher intererst rate, which does not require PMI, and hedges the risk of the first position lender at the lower interest rate.


External links

  • Housing & Lender Information

 
 

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