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Encyclopedia > Jumbo
Jumbo the Elephant
Jumbo the Elephant

Jumbo (1861 - September 15, 1885) was a very large African elephant, born 1861 in French Sudan, imported to a Paris zoo, transferred to the London Zoo in 1865, and sold in 1882 to P. T. Barnum, for the circus. The giant elephant's name has spawned the common word "jumbo" as meaning large in size. Look up jumbo in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Jumbo (pre-1886 photo) This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Jumbo (pre-1886 photo) This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Year 1861 (MDCCCLXI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 258th day of the year (259th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Distribution of Loxodonta africana (2007) Species Loxodonta adaurora (extinct) Loxodonta africana Loxodonta cyclotis African elephants are the two species of elephants in the genus Loxodonta, one of the two existing genera in Elephantidae. ... French Sudan (Fr. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... The giant ZSL London Zoo aviary ZSL London Zoo is the worlds oldest scientific zoo. ... 1865 (MDCCCLXV) is a common year starting on Sunday. ... Year 1882 (MDCCCLXXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Phineas Taylor Barnum Phineas Taylor Barnum by Mathew Brady 1856 newspaper advertisement for Barnums American Museum Parody of Jenny Linds first American tour for P.T. Barnum, New York City, October 1850 Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: P. T. Barnum Phineas Taylor Barnum (July 5...

Contents

History

The elephant Jumbo was born in 1861 in the French Sudan, whence he was imported to France and kept in the old Zoo Jardin des Plantes, near the railway station Gare d'Austerlitz in Paris. In 1865 he was transferred to the London Zoo, where he became famous for giving rides to visitors. Children rode on Jumbo's back during his stay at the London Zoo. The London zoo-keepers gave Jumbo his name; it is likely an afflicted version of one of two Swahili words: jambo (which means "hello") or jumbe (which means "chief"). French Sudan (Fr. ... Giraffes in Sydneys Taronga Zoo A zoological garden, zoological park, or zoo is a facility in which animals are confined within enclosures and displayed to the public, and in which they may also be bred. ... The Jardin des Plantes is the main botanical garden in France. ... The Gare dAusterlitz (Austerlitz Station) is a railway station in Paris. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... The giant ZSL London Zoo aviary ZSL London Zoo is the worlds oldest scientific zoo. ... Swahili (also called Kiswahili; see Kiswahili for a discussion of the nomenclature) is an agglutinative Bantu language widely spoken in East Africa. ... The word jambo is commonly used in Swahili-speaking nations to greet foreigners. ...


Jumbo was sold in 1882 to P. T. Barnum, owner of "The Greatest Show on Earth" (the Barnum & Bailey Circus), for (US) $10,000. When Barnum had offered to buy Jumbo, 100,000 school children wrote to Queen Victoria begging her not to sell him. Phineas Taylor Barnum Phineas Taylor Barnum by Mathew Brady 1856 newspaper advertisement for Barnums American Museum Parody of Jenny Linds first American tour for P.T. Barnum, New York City, October 1850 Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: P. T. Barnum Phineas Taylor Barnum (July 5... Ringling Bros. ... Victoria Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, Empress of India Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria) (24 May 1819–22 January 1901) was a Queen of the United Kingdom, reigning from 20 June 1837 until her death. ...


Estimated to be 3.25 metres (11 ft) high in the London Zoo, it was claimed that Jumbo was approximately 4 metres (13 ft) tall by the time of his death. Jumbo died at a train marshalling yard in St. Thomas, Ontario, Canada, where he was crushed by a locomotive. A life-size statue of the elephant in St. Thomas commemorates the tragedy. Many metallic objects were found in the elephant's stomach, including pennies, nickels, dimes, keys, and rivets. According to Tufts University, Jumbo died saving a young circus elephant, Tom Thumb, from being hit by the locomotive[1]. A classification yard or marshalling yard (including hump yards) is a railroad yard found at some freight train stations, used to separate railroad cars on to one of several tracks. ... St. ... Tufts University is a private research university in Medford/Somerville, Massachusetts, suburbs of Boston. ...

Mural featuring Jumbo, St. Thomas, Ontario
Mural featuring Jumbo, St. Thomas, Ontario

Jumbo's skeleton was donated to the American Museum of Natural History in New York City, New York, USA. The elephant's heart was sold to Cornell University. Jumbo's hide was stuffed by William J. Critchley and Carl Akeley, both of Ward's Natural Science, and the mounted specimen traveled with Barnum's circus for a number of years. In 1889, Barnum donated the stuffed Jumbo to Tufts University, where it was displayed until destroyed by a fire in 1975. The great elephant's ashes are kept in a 14-ounce Peter Pan Crunchy Peanut Butter jar in the office of the Tufts athletic director.[2] A statue of "Jumbo" was purchased from an amusement park and placed on the Tufts campus after the fire, however this statue erroneously depicts an Asian elephant, not an African elephant. In honor of his brave soul, Jumbo became the university's mascot, and remains such to this day. photo by Einar Einarsson Kvaran St. ... photo by Einar Einarsson Kvaran St. ... St. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... This article is about the state. ... Cornell redirects here. ... Carl Ethan Akeley (19 May 1864 - 17 November 1926) was a taxidermist, artist, biologist, conservationist, and nature photographer, noted for his contributions to American museums, most notably to the American Museum of Natural History. ... Wards Natural Science has been a leading supplier of science education materials for high school and college-level studies since 1862. ... Tufts University is a private research university in Medford/Somerville, Massachusetts, suburbs of Boston. ...

Jumbo statue in St. Thomas, Ontario
Jumbo statue in St. Thomas, Ontario

Jumbo was used on at least one Victorian Trading Card (1890) to advertise Fletcher's Castoria. The text read "Jumbo Feeds Baby Castoria. From peasant nurse to high born lady, All mothers know what's good for baby. While Jumbo, too, though not a lady, Follows suit and feeds the great baby." An image of the card is shown on [3]. Barnum is quoted on the back of the card praising the benefits of the company's ointment Centaur Liniment. photo by Einar Einarsson Kvaran St. ... photo by Einar Einarsson Kvaran St. ... The current product box. ... The Centaur Company , founded in 1871, owned and marketed proprietary medicines, notably, the stimulant laxative Fletchers Castoria and the ointment Centaur Liniment. ...


As a result of Barnum's publicity the word "jumbo" is now synonymous with "large" or "huge": a large hot dog sausage may be called a "jumbo hot dog"; the Boeing 747 is known as the "Jumbo Jet". Synonyms (in ancient Greek, συν (syn) = plus and όνομα (onoma) = name) are different words with similar or identical meanings. ... This article contains a trivia section. ... This article is about the prepared meat. ... The Boeing 747, sometimes nicknamed the Jumbo Jet,[4][5] is a long-haul, widebody commercial airliner manufactured by Boeing in the United States. ...


See also

The Greatest Show on Earth is the slogan for the Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus. ... [[Image: // ]]The history of elephants in Europe dates back to the ice ages, when mammoths (various species of prehistoric elephant) roamed the northern parts of the Earth, from Europe to North America. ... Historical elephants Hannibals war elephants -- In 218 BC, Hannibal crossed the Alps with 37 elephants in the Second Punic War. ... Mighty Mary was a five ton Asian elephant in a circus named Sparks World Famous Shows. ...

References

  1. ^ Tufts Magazine, Spring, 2002. [1]
  2. ^ Tufts Magazine, Spring, 2002. [2]
  • Chambers, Paul Jumbo: The Greatest Elephant in the World, Andre Deutsch, 2007. ISBN 978-0-233-00222-4

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Jumbo
  • Jumbo at Find-A-Grave

  Results from FactBites:
 
World Wide Words: Jumbo (533 words)
Jumbo arrived from Paris on 26 June 1865 and he remained in London for years, giving rides to thousands of children and becoming a great favourite with the public.
Jumbo the giant elephant certainly popularised the name as an epithet for something of large size and you can find many examples recorded from the 1880s onwards.
Jumbo the elephant, though, is often said not to be the origin of jumbo the word, because it has been found in an 1823 work about racing in reference to a big clumsy person.
Jumbo - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (439 words)
Jumbo (1861 - September 15, 1885) was an African elephant, born in 1861 in the French Sudan from where he was imported to France and kept in the old Zoo Jardin des Plantes close to the railway station Gare d'Austerlitz in Paris.
Jumbo's skeleton was donated to the American Museum of Natural History in New York City.
In 1889, Barnum donated the stuffed Jumbo to Tufts University, where it was displayed until destroyed by a fire in 1975.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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