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Encyclopedia > July 2006 Java earthquake
July 2006 Java earthquake
Date 17 July 2006
Magnitude 7.7 Mw
Countries affected Indonesia
Casualties At Least 659 [1]
Map showing location of epicentre
Map showing location of epicentre

The July 2006 Java earthquake was a magnitude 7.7 earthquake off the coast of Java, Indonesia. It occurred on July 17, 2006, at 08:24 UTC (15:24 local time). [2] Image File history File links July_2006_java_EQ.jpg‎ Licensing This image is a work of a United States Geological Survey employee, taken or made during the course of the persons official duties. ... July 17 is the 198th day (199th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 167 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The moment magnitude scale was introduced in 1979 by Tom Hanks and Hiroo Kanamori as a successor to the Richter scale and is used by seismologists to compare the energy released by earthquakes. ... Image File history File links NASAJuly2006JavaEarthquake. ... Image File history File links NASAJuly2006JavaEarthquake. ... The moment magnitude scale was introduced in 1979 by Tom Hanks and Hiroo Kanamori as a successor to the Richter scale and is used by seismologists to compare the energy released by earthquakes. ... An earthquake is a phenomenon that results from and is powered by the sudden release of stored energy that radiates seismic waves. ... The term Java can refer to: In geography: Java (island), Indonesia, the most populous island in the world Javanese language, a language widely spoken on the island of Java Java coffee, a variety of coffee plant which originated on the island of Java, or a slang word for coffee Java... July 17 is the 198th day (199th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 167 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... It has been suggested that leap second be merged into this article or section. ...


The U.S. Geological Survey placed the epicentre of the quake at 9.295° S 107.347° E, and its hypocentre at a depth of 48.6 km below the seabed. [3] This is 225 km (140 miles) NE of Christmas Island, 240 km (150 miles) SSW of Tasikmalaya, Indonesia, and 358 km (222 miles) S of Jakarta, the capital and largest city of Indonesia. [4] The United States Geological Survey (USGS) is a scientific agency of the United States government. ... The epicenter is directly above the earthquakes focus. ... The hypocenter or hypocentre (literally: below the center from the Greek υπόκεντρον), also known as the focus, is the location inside the Earth where an earthquake originates. ... km redirects here. ... The seabed is the bottom of the ocean. ... A mile is the name of a unit of length, usually used to measure distance, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Tasikmalaya is a city and regency in southeastern West Java, Indonesia, between Bandung and Purwokerto on the southerly of the two major road routes across Java. ... Jakarta (also Djakarta or DKI Jakarta), formerly known as Sunda Kelapa, Jayakarta and Batavia is the capital and largest city of Indonesia. ... In politics, a capital (also called capital city or political capital — although the latter phrase has an alternative meaning based on an alternative meaning of capital) is the principal city or town associated with its government. ...

Contents


Estimated casualties

According to a spokesman for the National Disaster Management Coordinating Agency, at least 660 deaths occurred, with as many as 323 missing and more than 51,500 displaced. [5].


At least three non-Indonesian nationals are among the dead, including travellers from the Netherlands, Pakistan and Sweden [6]. The Swedish foreign ministry reported that two Swedish children from a family on holiday in the region were missing the first day[7]; they were later found at safe ground higher up in the community.

Deaths Injured Missing Displaced
Confirmed Estimated
Total 547 550 595 275 54,256

Aftershocks

The USGS recorded at least 22 aftershocks south of Java ranging between magnitude 4.6 and 6.1. The two largest aftershocks measured 6.0 and 6.1 Mw[8]. The moment magnitude scale was introduced in 1979 by Tom Hanks and Hiroo Kanamori as a successor to the Richter scale and is used by seismologists to compare the energy released by earthquakes. ...


Tsunami

The earthquake caused a three-meter-high tsunami which destroyed houses on the south coast of Java, killing at least 550 people[1] and leaving at least 229 missing[9]. The metre, or meter (symbol: m) is the SI base unit of length. ... The tsunami that struck Malé in the Maldives on December 26, 2004. ...


The tsunami smashed into a 110-mile stretch of Java’s coastline that was unaffected by the devastating 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami. Waves more than 6 feet high reached 200 yards inland in some places, destroying scores of houses, restaurants and hotels. Cars, motorbikes and boats were left mangled amid fishing nets, furniture and other debris[10]. The tsunami caused by the December 26, 2004 earthquake strikes Ao Nang, Thailand. ...


The tsunami struck the southern Indonesian coastal villages of Cipatujah and Pangandaran on the coast southeast of Bandung and Garut[11]. There is reportedly extensive damage at the West Java beach resort of Pangandaran. Thousands of people at the resort fled to higher ground. Cipatujah is a sub-district in Tasikmalaya, West Java, Indonesia. ... Pangandaran is a small town and a sub-district (kecamatan) in southern Ciamis regency, West Java, Indonesia. ... Bandung is also the name of a Malaysian drink. ... Garut is one of the regencies in Indonesias southern West Java province. ... Pangandaran is a small town and a sub-district (kecamatan) in southern Ciamis regency, West Java, Indonesia. ...


Localised tsunami

Following the earthquake, the Indonesian Meteorological and Geophysics Agency stated that “There is the possibility of a local tsunami that could affect coasts located usually no more than 100 kilometres from the earthquake epicentre”, indicating the improbability of a large-scale tsunami, like the one that struck the same region on December 26, 2004[12]. Despite this, India still issued a tsunami warning for the Andaman Islands archipelago region, which is located in the Bay of Bengal[13]. This archipelago suffered severe damage in the December 26, 2004 tsunami. A warning was also issued for Christmas Island, however police reports from the island say that no damage was caused[14]. A mere 60 cm tsunami was recorded at the Bureau of Meteorology’s tide gauge on the island. A warning was also issued for the Kimberley region of Western Australia[15]. The tsunami caused by the December 26, 2004 earthquake strikes Ao Nang, Thailand. ... December 26 is the 360th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, 361st in leap years. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article or section may be confusing for some readers, and should be edited to be clearer or more simplified. ... An archipelago is a landform which consists of a chain or cluster of islands. ... A map showing the location of the Bay of Bengal. ... The Bureau of Meteorology is an Australian government organisation responsible for providing weather services to Australia and surrounding areas. ... The Kimberley is one of the nine regions of Western Australia, consisting of the local government areas of Broome, Derby-West Kimberley, Halls Creek and Wyndham-East Kimberley. ... Emblems: Floral - Kangaroo Paw (Anigozanthos manglesii); Mammal - Numbat (Myrmecobius fasciatus); Bird - Black Swan (Cygnus atratus) Motto: none Slogan or Nickname: Wildflower State Other Australian states and territories Capital Perth Government Const. ...


Warning

The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center in Hawaii issued a Tsunami bulletin 12 minutes after the earthquake alerting Indonesia (Java) and Australia (Christmas Island) to a possible local tsunami affecting coasts within a 100 km radius from the quake epicentre. The bulletin gave an estimated tsunami impact time for Indonesia of 09:00 UTC, an advanced warning of 24 minutes. It suggested that based on historical data, the risk of a destructive widespread tsunami was non-existent. The second bulletin issued two and a half hours later confirmed the occurrence of local tsunami by the news media and the reiteration that a more widespread tsunami was non-existent. Tsunameter and buoys used by DART system The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center (PTWC), operated by NOAA in Ewa Beach, Hawaii, USA, is a tsunami warning system, overseeing international tsunami prediction and issuing warnings for the Pacific Ocean area. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

  • First Tsunami bulletin issued by PTWC at 08:36 UTC
  • Second and final bulletin issued by PTWC at 11:08 UTC

Kusmayanto Kadiman, the State Minister for Research and Technology confirmed that Indonesian officials had received bulletins from both the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center in Hawaii and the Japan Meteorological Agency twenty minutes before the first tsunami wave struck[16]. However, Kadiman indicated that the government did not publicize the bulletins because they did not want to cause unnecessary alarm. According to an AP report, he had stated the bulletins were received 45 minutes before the tsunami hit[17]. He later stated that warnings were issued seven minutes before incident via text messaging [18] but that it was not enough time to alert local communities. Tsunameter and buoys used by DART system The Pacific Tsunami Warning Center (PTWC), operated by NOAA in Ewa Beach, Hawaii, USA, is a tsunami warning system, overseeing international tsunami prediction and issuing warnings for the Pacific Ocean area. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Japan Meteorological Agency (気象庁) is a government agency, which is a central place responsible for gathering and reporting weather data and forecasts in Japan. ... Associated Press logo Associated Press, or AP, is an American news agency, the worlds largest such organization. ...


Edi Prihantoro, an official at Indonesia’s Ministry of Research and Technology that oversees a national warning project, said the southern Java area had no system to warn people of coming waves.


As part of a five-year project to install tsunami buoys around the archipelago, Indonesia deployed two such devices off the island of Sumatra last year. However, when asked how many of the deployed devices were operational, Prihantoro replied: “None.” He continued, “We need at least 22 buoys to cover all of Indonesia. We have received two from Germany and they were deployed months ago. However, both of them are damaged now.” Both devices have since been decommissioned and one of them is awaiting repairs[19].


Evacuation

At least 23,000 people did eventually evacuate the coast, either afraid that more tsunami were coming or because their homes had been destroyed[20].


See also

The tsunami caused by the December 26, 2004 earthquake strikes Ao Nang, Thailand. ... Epicentre map from NOAA USGS image depicting earthquake zones for the Sunda Trench - Damage zones for 1833 and 1861, then 26 December 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake, and 28 March 2005 Sumatran earthquake. ... The May 2006 Java earthquake occurred at 05:54 local time on 27 May 2006 (22:54 GMT 26 May), in the Indian Ocean around 25 km (15 miles) south-southwest of the Indonesian city of Yogyakarta, near Galur, on the southern side of the island of Java (), 17. ... In a United Nations conference held in January 2005 in Kobe, Japan, it was decided that, as an initial step towards an International Early Warning Programme, the UN should establish an Indian Ocean Tsunami Warning System. ...

References

  1. ^ a b "Death toll from Indonesia tsunami hits 659", AP, 2006-07-22. Retrieved on 2006-07-22.
  2. ^ "Earthquake triggers a tsunami on Java Island", Telegraph.co.uk, 2006-07-17. Retrieved on 2006-07-17.
  3. ^ "Magnitude 7.2 - South of Java, Indonesia", USGS Earthquake Hazards Program, 2006-07-17. Retrieved on 2006-07-17.
  4. ^ "Tsunami Warning for Australia, Indonesia After Quake (Update2)", Bloomberg, 2006-07-17. Retrieved on 2006-07-17.
  5. ^ "Java tsunami death toll increases", AFP, 2006-07-20. Retrieved on 2006-07-20.
  6. ^ "Rescuers search for survivors from Indonesian tsunami as death toll hits 341", Canada.com, 2006-07-18. Retrieved on 2006-07-18.
  7. ^ "Java tsunami death toll increases", BBC News, 2006-07-18. Retrieved on 2006-07-18.
  8. ^ "Latest Earthquakes in the World - Past 7 days", U.S. Geological Survey, 2006-07-18. Retrieved on 2006-07-18.
  9. ^ "Indonesia tsunami death toll rises to 341", Yahoo News (AP), 2006-07-18. Retrieved on 2006-07-18.
  10. ^ "Indonesian tsunami death toll climbs to 550", MSNBC, 2006-07-19. Retrieved on 2006-07-19.
  11. ^ "Tsunami Warning for Australia, Indonesia After Quake (Update4)", Bloomberg, 2006-07-17. Retrieved on 2006-07-17.
  12. ^ "Tsunami hits Indonesia's Java island; five killed", Hindustan Times, 2006-07-17. Retrieved on 2006-07-17.
  13. ^ "India issues tsunami warning for Andaman islands", Reuters, 2006-07-17. Retrieved on 2006-07-17.
  14. ^ "Tsunami hits Indonesia's Java", Scotsman News, 2006-07-17. Retrieved on 2006-07-17.
  15. ^ "Quake sparks WA tsunami warning", News.com.au, 2006-07-17. Retrieved on 2006-07-17.
  16. ^ "Officials failed to pass on tsunami warning", Guardian Unlimited, 2006-07-18. Retrieved on 2006-07-18.
  17. ^ "Java death toll tops 500", CNN, 2006-07-19. Retrieved on 2006-07-19.
  18. ^ "Minister admits tsunami warning came too late", The Jakarta Post, 2006-07-20. Retrieved on 2006-07-20.
  19. ^ "Indonesia’s 2 tsunami alert buoys were busted", MS/NBC, 2006-07-18. Retrieved on 2006-07-18.
  20. ^ "At least 306 dead as tsunami hits Java island", CTV.ca, 2006-07-18. Retrieved on 2006-07-19.

2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 22 is the 203rd day (204th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 162 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 22 is the 203rd day (204th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 162 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 17 is the 198th day (199th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 167 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 17 is the 198th day (199th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 167 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 17 is the 198th day (199th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 167 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 17 is the 198th day (199th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 167 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 17 is the 198th day (199th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 167 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 17 is the 198th day (199th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 167 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 20 is the 201st day (202nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 164 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 20 is the 201st day (202nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 164 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 18 is the 199th day (200th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 166 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 18 is the 199th day (200th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 166 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 18 is the 199th day (200th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 166 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 18 is the 199th day (200th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 166 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 18 is the 199th day (200th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 166 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 18 is the 199th day (200th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 166 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 18 is the 199th day (200th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 166 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 18 is the 199th day (200th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 166 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 19 is the 200th day (201st in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 165 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 19 is the 200th day (201st in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 165 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 17 is the 198th day (199th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 167 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 17 is the 198th day (199th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 167 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 17 is the 198th day (199th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 167 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 17 is the 198th day (199th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 167 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 17 is the 198th day (199th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 167 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 17 is the 198th day (199th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 167 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 17 is the 198th day (199th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 167 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 17 is the 198th day (199th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 167 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 17 is the 198th day (199th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 167 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 17 is the 198th day (199th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 167 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 18 is the 199th day (200th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 166 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 18 is the 199th day (200th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 166 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 19 is the 200th day (201st in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 165 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 19 is the 200th day (201st in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 165 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 20 is the 201st day (202nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 164 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 20 is the 201st day (202nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 164 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 18 is the 199th day (200th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 166 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 18 is the 199th day (200th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 166 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 18 is the 199th day (200th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 166 days remaining. ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... July 19 is the 200th day (201st in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 165 days remaining. ...

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