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Encyclopedia > Julius Vogel
Sir Julius Vogel
Sir Julius Vogel

Sir Julius Vogel KCMG (February 24, 1835 - March 12, 1899) was New Zealand's only practicing Jewish prime minister. His administration is best remembered for the issuing of bonds to fund railway construction and other public works. Image File history File links Juliusvogel. ... Image File history File links Juliusvogel. ... A statue of an armoured knight of the Middle Ages For the chess piece, see knight (chess). ... On the Orders insignia, St Michael is often depicted subduing Satan. ... February 24 is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... | Come and take it, slogan of the Texas Revolution 1835 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... March 12 is the 71st day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (72nd in Leap years). ... 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Jews (Hebrew: יהודים, Yehudim) are followers of Judaism or, more generally, members of the Jewish people (also known as the Jewish nation, or the Children of Israel), an ethno-religious group descended from the ancient Israelites and converts who joined their religion. ... Sir Robert Walpole, the first Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. ...

Contents


Early life

He was born in London and was educated at University College School in Hampstead, London. He later studied chemistry and metallurgy at the Royal School of Mines (now part of Imperial College London). He emigrated to Victoria, Australia in 1852, then moved to Otago in 1861, where he was the first editor of the Otago Daily Times. This article is about the British city. ... University College School entrance, Frognal, Hampstead University College School, known generally as UCS, is a British independent school situated in Hampstead, northwest London. ... Hampstead is a place in the London Borough of Camden and near to Hampstead Heath. ... This article is about the British city. ... Multicolored chemicals are frequent hallmarks of chemistry. ... Metallurgy is a domain of materials science and of materials engineering that studies the physical and chemical behavior of metallic elements, their intermetallic compounds and their mixtures, which are called alloys. ... Royal School of Mines entrance in Londons Albertopolis. ... Imperial College London is a college of the University of London (although negotiations with regard to its withdrawal from the University are underway) and primarily focuses on science, engineering and medicine, complemented by a business school. ... Motto: Peace and Prosperity Other Australian states and territories Capital Melbourne Governor HE Mr John Landy Premier Steve Bracks (ALP) Area 237,629 km² (6th)  - Land 227,416 km²  - Water 10,213 km² (4. ... 1852 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Otago (help· info) is one of the regions of New Zealand and lies in the south-east of the South Island. ... 1861 is a common year starting on Tuesday. ...


Political life

He first became involved in politics in 1862, when he was elected to the provincial council of Otago, and four years later became the head of the provincial government, a post which he held till 1869. In 1863 he was elected a member of the New Zealand House of Representatives, and on retiring from the provincial government in 1869 he joined the Fox ministry as colonial treasurer, afterward becoming successively postmaster-general, commissioner of customs, and telegraph commissioner. The Fox ministry having been forced to resign, Vogel carried a vote of no confidence in their successors, and in October 1872, returned to power as leader in the Lower House, colonial treasurer and postmaster-general. He was premier from 1873 to 1875 and again in 1876. From 1876 to 1881 he was agent-general for New Zealand in London, and in 1884 was again a member of the government of the colony. During his political career, Vogel worked for reconciliation with Maori, an effort generally regarded to be successful. In 1887, he introduced the first Women's Suffrage Bill to Parliament, although suffrage was not granted until 1893. He was knighted in 1875. He finally gave up colonial office in 1887, from which date he lived in England. 1862 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... 1873 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calaber). ... 1875 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... 1876 (MDCCCLXXVI) is a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Te Puni, Māori Chief Māori is the name of the indigenous people of New Zealand, and their language. ... 1887 (MDCCCLXXXVII) is a common year starting on Saturday (click on link for calendar). ... 1875 was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ...


He is best remembered for is his public works scheme of the 1870s. Before 1870, New Zealand was a country largely dominated by provinicial interests and pork-barrel politics. After Vogel, as colonial treasurer, proposed borrowing the massive sum of 10 million pounds, New Zealand developed significant infrastructure of roads, railways and communication, all administered by central government. This ultimately led to the end of provincial government in 1876. The notion of internal improvements or public works is a concept in economics and politics. ...


Miscellaneous

Vogel is reputed to be the first New Zealander to write a science fiction novel, Anno Domini 2000 - A Woman's Destiny, published in 1889. It anticipated a utopian world where women held many positions of authority. New Zealand was the first country to give women the vote and by 2000 was largely governed by women (as Governor-General, Prime Minister, Speaker of the House and Chief Justice). Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... 1889 (MDCCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...


The New Zealand awards for science fiction writing, the Sir Julius Vogel Awards, are named in his honour. There are suburbs named Vogeltown after him in Wellington and New Plymouth. Vogel House is a former official residence of New Zealand Prime Ministers, used during most of the 20th century. The Sir Julius Vogel Awards (formerly, the New Zealand Science Fiction Fan Awards) are awarded each year at the New Zealand National Science Fiction Convention to recognise achievement in New Zealand science fiction, fantasy, and science fiction fandom. ... View of Vogeltown Vogeltown is a hillside suburb of Wellington, New Zealand, on the eastern slopes of Brooklyn and overlooking Newtown. ... Wellington (Te Whanganui-a-Tara or Poneke) is the capital of New Zealand, the countrys second-largest urban area and the most populous national capital in Oceania. ... New Plymouth is the port and main city in the Taranaki region on the west coast of the North Island of New Zealand. ...


On his passing in 1899, Julius Vogel was interred in Willesden Jewish Cemetery in London. Willesden Jewish Cemetery in Beaconsfield Road, Willesden, London, NW10, UK opened in 1873. ...


See also

This article incorporates text from the public domain 1901-1906 Jewish Encyclopedia. New Zealand claims as its own many writers, even those immigrants born overseas or those emigrants who have gone into exile. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... The Jewish Encyclopedia was an encyclopedia originally published between 1901 and 1906 by Funk and Wagnalls. ...


External links

  • Prime Minister's Office biography
  • Biographic entry in the Jewish Encyclopedia
 
Prime Minister of New Zealand NZ Coat of Arms
Preceded by: William Fox (1873-1875) Succeeded by: Daniel Pollen
Preceded by: Daniel Pollen (1876) Succeeded by: Harry Atkinson
Sewell | Fox | Stafford | Domett | Whitaker | Weld | Waterhouse | Vogel | Pollen | Atkinson | Grey | Hall | Stout | Ballance | Seddon | Hall-Jones | Ward | Mackenzie | Massey | Bell | Coates | Forbes | Savage | Fraser | Holland | Nash | Holyoake | Marshall | Kirk | Rowling | Muldoon | Lange | Palmer | Moore | Bolger | Shipley | Clark

 
 

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