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Encyclopedia > Julius Schwartz
Julius Schwartz

Julius Schwartz, editor for DC Comics
Born June 19, 1915(1915-06-19)
Bronx, New York
Died February 8, 2004 (aged 88)
Nationality American
Area(s) Editor, Publisher, Writer, Literary Agent
Pseudonym(s) Julie Schwartz

Julius "Julie" Schwartz (June 19, 1915February 8, 2004) was a comic book and pulp magazine editor, and a science fiction agent and prominent fan. He was born in the Bronx, New York. Image File history File links JuliusSchwartz. ... is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday[1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... For other uses, see Bronx (disambiguation). ... This article is about the state. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... is the 170th day of the year (171st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 12 - The Rocky Mountain National Park is established by an act of the U.S. Congress. ... is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2004 was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A comic book is a magazine or book containing the art form of comics. ... This article is about inexpensive fiction magazines. ... Editing is the process of preparing language, images, or sound for presentation through correction, condensation, organization, and other modifications. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Fans of Janet Jackson, at Much Music in Toronto The word fan refers to someone who has an intense, occasionally overwhelming liking of a person, group of persons, work of art, idea, or trend. ... For other uses, see The Bronx (disambiguation). ... This article is about the state. ...


Life and career

In 1932, Schwartz co-published (with Mort Weisinger and Forrest J. Ackerman) Time Traveller, one of the first science fiction fanzines. Schwartz and Weisinger also founded the Solar Sales Service literary agency (1934-1944) where Schwartz represented such writers as Alfred Bester, Stanley G. Weinbaum, Robert Bloch, Ray Bradbury, and H. P. Lovecraft, including some of Bradbury's first published work and Lovecraft's last. In addition, Schwartz helped organize the first World Science Fiction Convention in 1939. Mortimer Weisinger (1915-1978) was an American magazine and comic book editor. ... Forrest J Ackerman (born November 24, 1916 in Los Angeles, California) is a legendary science fiction fan and collector of science fiction-related memorabilia. ... The Time Traveller was one of the earliest science fiction fanzines, started in 1932. ... A fanzine (see also: zine) is a nonprofessional publication produced by fans of a particular subject for the pleasure of others who share their interest. ... Alfred Bester Alfred Bester (born December 18, 1913 in New York City, died September 30, 1987) was a science fiction author and the winner of the first Hugo Award in 1953 for his novel The Demolished Man. ... Stanley Grauman Weinbaum (1902-December 14, 1935) was an American science fiction author. ... Robert Albert Bloch (April 5, 1917, Chicago-September 23, 1994, Los Angeles) was a prolific American writer. ... Ray Douglas Bradbury (born August 22, 1920) is an American literary, fantasy, horror, science fiction, and mystery writer best known for The Martian Chronicles, a 1950 book which has been described both as a short story collection and a novel, and his 1953 dystopian novel Fahrenheit 451. ... This article is about the author. ... Worldcon, a. ...


In 1944 he became an editor at All-American Comics (which later merged into DC Comics). He recruited Bester to contribute to the company's line of comic books. In the 1950s he oversaw the revival of superheroes such as the Flash, Green Lantern, Hawkman and the Atom, which led to the Silver Age of comic books. This revival has been cited as an inspiration for the transformation of Marvel Comics in the 1960s. The Schwartz-edited line of titles was regarded by many as being more creative and dynamic than other DC titles of the time, notably the Superman line edited by Mort Weisinger. All-American Comics was the flagship title for its publisher, also called All-American Comics. ... DC Comics is an American comic book and related media company. ... For the upcoming parody of superhero films, see Superhero!. Batman and Superman, two of the most recognizable and iconic superheroes. ... The Flash is a name shared by several DC Comics superheroes. ... For the DJ, see DJ Green Lantern. ... For other meanings of the term, see Hawkman (disambiguation) Hawkman is a fictional character in the DC Comics universe. ... The Atom is a fictional comic book superhero published by DC Comics. ... Showcase #4 (Oct. ... This article is about the comic book company. ... Superman is a fictional character and comic book superhero , originally created by American writer Jerry Siegel and Canadian artist Joe Shuster and published by DC Comics. ... Mortimer Weisinger (1915-1978) was an American magazine and comic book editor. ...


In the 1960s, Schwartz began editing the Batman titles, helping craft the "new look" Batman which indirectly led to the Batman television series. He also helped writer Dennis O'Neil and artist Neal Adams come to prominence at DC Comics. Batman (originally referred to as the Bat-Man and still referred to at times as the Batman) is a DC Comics fictional superhero who first appeared in Detective Comics #27 in May 1939. ... Burt Ward as Robin and Adam West as Batman Batman was the title of an exceptionally popular TV series based on the comic-book character Batman that aired on ABC TV for 2 1/2 seasons from 12 January 1966 to 14 March 1968. ... Dennis Denny ONeil is a comic book writer and editor, principally for Marvel Comics and DC Comics in the 1970s, 80s, and 90s, and Group Editor for the Batman family of books until his retirement. ... Neal Adams (born June 6, 1941, Governors Island, Manhattan, New York City) is an American comic book and commercial artist best known for his highly naturalistic style of illustration. ...


From 1971 to 1985 Schwartz was the editor of the Superman titles, helping to modernize the settings of the books and move them away from "gimmick" stories to stories with more of a character-driven nature. This included an attempt to scale back Superman's powers while removing kryptonite as an overused plot device. This proved short-lived, with Schwartz bowing to pressure to restore both elements in the titles. This article is about the fictional substance. ...


As an editor, Schwartz was heavily involved in the writing of the stories published in his magazines. He worked out the plot with the writer in story conferences. The writer would then break down the plot into a panel-by-panel continuity, and write the dialogue and captions. Schwartz would in turn polish the script, sometimes rewriting extensively.


Schwartz featured as a character in the Ambush Bug titles by Keith Giffen, which he also edited. Ambush Bug is a fictional comic book character who has appeared in several DC Comics. ... Keith Ian Giffen (born November 30, 1952) is an American artist, writer, and penciller of comic books. ...


Schwartz retired from DC in 1986 after 42 years at the company, but continued to be active in comics and science fiction fandom until shortly before his death. As a coda to his career as a comic book editor, Schwartz edited seven DC science fiction graphic novels, adapted from classic science fiction works by Harlan Ellison, Robert Silverberg, Bradbury, and others. In 2000 he published his autobiography, Man of Two Worlds: My Life in Science Fiction and Comics, co-authored with Brian Thomsen. Fandom (from the noun fan and the affix -dom, as in kingdom, dukedom, etc. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... Graphic novel (sometimes abbreviated GN) is a term for a kind of book, usually telling an extended story with sequential art ( comics). ... Harlan Jay Ellison (born May 27, 1934) is a prolific American writer of short stories, novellas, essays, and criticism. ... At the 63rd World Science Fiction Convention in Glasgow, August 2005 Robert Silverberg (January 15, 1935, Brooklyn, New York) is a prolific American author best known for writing science fiction, a multiple winner of both the Hugo and Nebula Awards. ... Cover of the first English edition of 1793 of Benjamin Franklins autobiography. ...


His wife, Jean (who had been his secretary before they married), died in 1986 from emphysema, after 34 years of marriage. Schwartz's relationship with Jean had been particularly close, and he never remarried or dated following her death. Not many years later, Schwartz's stepdaughter Jeanne — Jean's daughter from a previous marriage — died from the same illness under similar circumstances.

Ray Bradbury and Julius Schwartz at Comic-Con International in 2002
Ray Bradbury and Julius Schwartz at Comic-Con International in 2002

He remained a "Goodwill Ambassador" for DC Comics and an Editor Emeritus up until his death. He was a popular guest at comic book conventions, often attending between ten and twelve conventions a year. Schwartz was so popular that he could often not get through a meal in convention hotel restaurants without being asked to sign autographs and answer comic book history questions from fans. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A fan convention, or con, is an event in which the fans of a particular TV show, comic book, or actor, or an entire style of entertainment such as science fiction or anime, gather together to meet famous personalities (and each other) face-to-face. ...


In 1998, Dragon*Con chairman Ed Kramer established the Julie Award, bestowed for universal achievement spanning multiple genres and selected each year by a panel of industry professionals. The inaugural recipient was science fiction and fantasy Grand Master Ray Bradbury. Additional awards, presented by Schwartz each year, included Forrest J. Ackerman, Yoshitaka Amano, Alice Cooper, Will Eisner, Harlan Ellison, Neil Gaiman, Carmine Infantino, Anne McCaffrey, Peter David and Jim Steranko. Dragon Con (also Dragon*Con) is North Americas largest science fiction convention, held annually in Atlanta, Georgia. ... A Chairman is the presiding officer of a meeting, organization, committee, or other deliberative body. ... Edward E. Kramer was born on March 20, 1961 in Brooklyn, New York. ... The Damon Knight Memorial Grand Master Award is an award given by the Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America. ... Ray Douglas Bradbury (born August 22, 1920) is an American literary, fantasy, horror, science fiction, and mystery writer best known for The Martian Chronicles, a 1950 book which has been described both as a short story collection and a novel, and his 1953 dystopian novel Fahrenheit 451. ... Forrest J Ackerman (born November 24, 1916 in Los Angeles, California) is a legendary science fiction fan and collector of science fiction-related memorabilia. ... Yoshitaka Amano (天野 喜孝 Amano Yoshitaka, originally 天野 嘉孝 (pronounced the same), born July 28, 1952) is a Japanese artist, best known for his illustrations for Vampire Hunter D and for his character designs for the video game series Final Fantasy. ... Alice Cooper (born February 4, 1948) is an American rock singer, songwriter and musician whose career spans four decades. ... William Erwin Eisner (March 6, 1917 – January 3, 2005) was an acclaimed American comics writer, artist and entrepreneur. ... Neil Richard Gaiman () (born November 10, 1960) is an English author of science fiction and fantasy short stories and novels, graphic novels, comics, and films. ... Cover for Spider-Woman #8 (November 1978). ... Anne Inez McCaffrey (born April 1, 1926) is an American science fiction author best known for her Dragonriders of Pern series. ... Peter Allen David (often abbreviated PAD) (born September 23, 1956) is an American writer, best known for his work in comic books and Star Trek novels. ... Captain America #111 (March 1969): Sterankos signature surrealism. ...


Schwartz received a great deal of recognition over the course of his career, including the 1962 Alley Award for Best Editor, and the Shazam Award for Superior Achievement by an Individual in 1972 for bringing the Marvel Family back into print. The Alley Awards are comic book awards originally sponsored by Alter-Ego magazine, edited by Jerry Bails, Roy Thomas, Ronn Foss, and, in 1978, Mike Friedrich. ... The Shazam Awards or Academey of Comic Book Arts Awards was given between 1970 and 1975. ... The Marvel Family is a group of fictional characters, a team of superheroes in the Fawcett Comics and DC Comics universes. ...


Schwartz died on February 8, 2004, at the age of 88, after being hospitalized for pneumonia. He was survived by his son-in-law, grandchildren and great-grandchildren, whom he encouraged to refer to him not as "Great-Grandpa" but as "Super-Grandpa." is the 39th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about human pneumonia. ...


Relationship with women

After Schwartz's death, The Comics Journal printed an article which contained allegations by Colleen Doran, Jo Duffy, and Jill Thompson of sexual harassment dating back to the 1980s. These incidents are alleged to have occurred in a period just after the death of Jean and before his retirement from full-time work with DC. Although the accusations of impropriety had been floating around and had been the subject of gossip for years, it was only upon his death that such criticism saw print. The cover of TCJ #115 (April 1987) celebrated their court victory in defending a libel suit. ... An example of Dorans artwork: the cover to Orbiter, published in 2003 by DC Comics. ... Mary Jo Duffy, often referred to simply as Jo Duffy, was a notable editor and writer of comic books for Marvel Comics in the 1980s. ... Jill Thompson (1966 - ) is a comic book writer and illustrator. ... Sexual harassment is harassment or unwelcome attention of a sexual nature. ...


Throughout his life, however, Schartz was credited with promoting the careers of young women in publishing, especially during his retirement. He often recommended young women for positions and encouraged their struggles against the glass ceiling. He was publicly supportive and complimentary of DC's first female president, Jenette Kahn. As a young man, Schwartz was also close with influential female science fiction writers such as Leigh Brackett and C.L. Moore. Jenette Kahn is an American comic book editor and executive. ... Leigh Brackett (December 7, 1915 - March 18, 1978), was a writer of fantasy and science fiction, mystery novels and - best known to the general public - Hollywood screenplays, most notably The Big Sleep (1945), Rio Bravo (1959), The Long Goodbye (1973) and The Empire Strikes Back (1980). ... Catherine Lucile Moore (January 24, 1911 _ April 4, 1987) was an American science fiction and fantasy writer. ...


Schwartz also maintained close friendships with women in the field such as Ricia Mainhardt of the RMA Literary Agency; Lisa Feerick Pollison of Dahvli Productions (formerly of Davis Publications); Trina Robbins, comic artist/writer; Simone Welch, formerly VP of Bridge Publictions; Beth Gwinn, photographer and numerous other prominent young female professionals, some of whom have disputed the accusations of inappropriate behavior. Trina Robbins (born 1938) is an American comics artist and writer. ...


In an interview with CBR News, Pollison credits him with bringing her into science fiction publishing from her previous position on Wall Street. She has frequently spoken at conventions and in interviews of Schwartz's influence on her career and that of other women of her generation and describes him as a feminist. Feminism is a social theory and political movement primarily informed and motivated by the experience of women. ...


External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Julius Schwartz | Obituaries | News | Telegraph (1126 words)
Julius Schwartz was born in the Bronx, New York, on June 19 1915, and educated at Hebrew school where he was awarded a gold watch presented by the then Governor of New York, Eleanor Roosevelt.
Schwartz had followed the early growth of sf through pulp magazines and was introduced to a small circle of Bronx fans known as the Scienceers in 1930.
Schwartz had been turned down by the US Army because of his poor vision and, at the suggestion of one of his former Solar clients, the great Alfred Bester, he went for an interview at National Publications who were looking for an editor for their comic books.
Julius Schwartz - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (558 words)
Julius "Julie" Schwartz (June 19, 1915 - February 8, 2004) was a comic book and pulp magazine editor, and a science fiction agent and prominent fan.
Schwartz retired from DC in 1986 after 42 years at the company, but continued to be active in comics and science fiction fandom until shortly before his death.
Schwartz passed away on February 8, 2004, at the age of 88, after being hospitalized for pneumonia.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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