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Encyclopedia > Judy Holliday
Judy Holliday

Born Judith Tuvim
21 June 1921(1921-06-21)
New York City, New York
Died 7 June 1965 (aged 43)
New York City, New York
Spouse(s) Dave Oppenheim (1948-1958)

Judy Holliday (June 21, 1921June 7, 1965) was an Academy- and Tony Award-winning American actress. Image File history File links Question_book-3. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... New York, New York redirects here. ... is the 158th day of the year (159th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... New York, New York redirects here. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role is one of the Academy Awards of Merit presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) to recognize an actress who has delivered an outstanding performance while working within the film industry. ... For the 1993 remake, see Born Yesterday (1993 film) Born Yesterday is a 1950 film directed by George Cukor, which tells the story of a corrupt tycoon who brings his showgirl mistress with him to Washington when he tries to buy a Congressman. ... The Golden Globe Awards are American awards for motion pictures and television programs, given out each year during a formal dinner. ... The Golden Globe Award for Best Actress - Motion Picture Musical or Comedy was first awarded by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association as a separate category in 1950. ... For the 1993 remake, see Born Yesterday (1993 film) Born Yesterday is a 1950 film directed by George Cukor, which tells the story of a corrupt tycoon who brings his showgirl mistress with him to Washington when he tries to buy a Congressman. ... What is popularly called the Tony Award® but is formally the Antoinette Perry Award is an annual American award celebrating achievements in theater, including musical theater. ... The Tony Award for Best Actress in a Musical is awarded to the actress who was voted as the best actress in a musical, whether a new production or a revival. ... Bells Are Ringing is a stage musical first mounted in 1956. ... is the 172nd day of the year (173rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar). ... is the 158th day of the year (159th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the 1965 Gregorian calendar. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... What is popularly called the Tony Award (formally, the Antoinette Perry Award for Excellence in Theatre) is an annual award celebrating achievements in live American theater, including musical theater, primarily honoring productions on Broadway in New York. ... Actors in period costume sharing a joke whilst waiting between takes during location filming. ...

Contents

Biography

Early life

Born Judith Tuvim ("Tuvim" is Hebrew for "Holiday") in New York City, she was the only child of Abe and Helen Tuvim, Jewish immigrants from Russia. she attended elementary school at PS 150, a school in Sunnyside, Queens, New York. Her first job was as an assistant switchboard operator at the Mercury Theatre run by Orson Welles and John Houseman. New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination of these attributes. ... The Mercury Theatre was a theatre company founded in New York City by Orson Welles and John Houseman. ... This article includes a list of works cited or a list of external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks in-text citations. ... John Houseman (September 22, 1902 – October 31, 1988) was a Romanian-born actor and film producer. ...


Career

Holliday began her show business career in December, 1938, as part of a nightclub act called "The Revuers." The other four members of the group were Betty Comden, Adolph Green, Alvin Hammer and John Frank. The Revuers were a staple of the New York nightlife scene until they disbanded in early 1944. Comden and Green was the writing duo of Betty Comden and Adolph Green. ... Adolph Green (December 2, 1914 – October 23, 2002) was an American lyricist and playwright who, with long-time collaborator Betty Comden, penned the screenplays and songs for some of the most beloved movie musicals, particularly as part of Arthur Freeds production unit at MGM, during the genres heyday. ...


Holliday made her Broadway debut on March 20, 1945, at the Belasco Theatre in Kiss Them for Me and was one of the recipients that year of the Clarence Derwent Award. In 1946, she was back on Broadway, as the scatterbrained Billie Dawn in Born Yesterday. Author Garson Kanin had written the play specifically for his friend, the brilliant but difficult Jean Arthur. Arthur played the role of Billie out-of-town, but after many complaints and illnesses, resigned. Kanin chose Holliday as her replacement. For other uses of Broadway, see Broadway. ... is the 79th day of the year (80th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... The Clarence Derwent Awards are Broadway theatre awards given annually by the Actors Equity Association. ... For the 1950 film version, see Born Yesterday (1950 film) For the 1993 remake, see Born Yesterday (1993 film) Born Yesterday is a play written and first directed by Garson Kanin and adapted into a successful 1950 film. ... Garson Kanin (November 24, 1912 – March 13, 1999) was an American writer and director of plays and films. ... Jean Arthur (October 17, 1900 – June 19, 1991) was an Oscar-nominated American actress and a major film star of the 1930s and 1940s. ...


It has been widely reported[attribution needed] that when Columbia bought the rights to film Born Yesterday, studio boss Harry Cohn wouldn't consider casting the unknown (outside of Broadway) Holliday. Kanin, together with George Cukor, Spencer Tracy and Katharine Hepburn, conspired to promote Holliday by offering her a key part in the 1949 film Adam's Rib. She got rave reviews and Cohn offered her the chance to repeat her part for the film version of Born Yesterday. She won the Golden Globe and Academy Award for Best Actress, beating out such formidable competitors as Gloria Swanson, who was nominated for Sunset Boulevard and Bette Davis for All About Eve. For the 1950 film version, see Born Yesterday (1950 film) For the 1993 remake, see Born Yesterday (1993 film) Born Yesterday is a play written and first directed by Garson Kanin and adapted into a successful 1950 film. ... Harry Cohn (July 23, 1891–February 27, 1958), sometimes nicknamed King Cohn, was president and production director of Columbia Pictures. ... Adams Rib is a 1949 film starring Katharine Hepburn and Spencer Tracy and directed by George Cukor. ... For the 1993 remake, see Born Yesterday (1993 film) Born Yesterday is a 1950 film directed by George Cukor, which tells the story of a corrupt tycoon who brings his showgirl mistress with him to Washington when he tries to buy a Congressman. ... The Golden Globe Award for Best Actress - Motion Picture Musical or Comedy was first awarded by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association as a separate category in 1950. ... Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role is one of the Academy Awards of Merit presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) to recognize an actress who has delivered an outstanding performance while working within the film industry. ... Gloria Swanson (March 27, 1899 - April 4, 1983), was an Academy Award-nominated, Golden Globe-winning American Hollywood actress. ... It has been suggested that Norma Desmond be merged into this article or section. ... For the singer, see Betty Davis, for the meteorologist, see Betty Davis (meteorologist). ... For other uses, see All About Eve (disambiguation). ...


Investigated for Communism

In 1950, Holliday was the subject of an FBI investigation looking into allegations that she was a Communist. The investigation "did not reveal positive evidence of membership in the Communist Party" and was concluded after three months. Unlike many others tainted by the Communist scandal, she was not blacklisted from movies, but she was blacklisted from performing on radio and television for almost three years. The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is a federal criminal investigative, intelligence agency, and the primary investigative arm of the United States Department of Justice (DOJ). ... This article is about the form of society and political movement. ...


In 1952, she was called to testify before the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee to "explain" why her name had been linked to Communist front organizations. In spite of her 172 IQ,[1] she was advised to play dumb (like some of her film characters) and did so.[citation needed] She used this technique to avoid giving up names of people she knew to be Communists. The Senate Internal Security Subcommittee or more commonly know as SISS was a key player in the role of finding communists during the McCarthy era in America. ... Communist front was originally the term used by the Communist Party of the United States (CPUSA), and then later by the House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) or the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee (SISS) to label Comintern organizations found to be under the effective control of the (CPUSA), with...


In 1954, she starred with a then-rising young star Jack Lemmon for the popular comedy, It Should Happen to You. Holliday and Lemmon next starred together (in that same year) in Phffft!. Their amazing comedic chemistry on screen made the two films into big hits. John Uhler Lemmon III (February 8, 1925 – June 27, 2001), better known as Jack Lemmon, was a two-time Academy Award and Cannes Award-winning American actor and comedian. ... It Should Happen to You is a 1954 motion picture comedy starring Judy Holliday, notable as the first screen appearance of Jack Lemmon. ... Phffft! is a 1954 comedy film starring Judy Holliday and Jack Lemmon as a couple who have been married for eight years and decide to get a divorce after suffering marriage troubles. ...


Later life and death

The grave of Judy Holliday in Westchester Hills Cemetery
The grave of Judy Holliday in Westchester Hills Cemetery
The foot stone at Judy Holliday's grave
The foot stone at Judy Holliday's grave

In 1956 she starred in The Solid Gold Cadillac, and, in 1960 in Bells Are Ringing, in the role she had originated on Broadway in 1956, and for which she had won the 1957 Tony Award for Best Leading Actress in a Musical. Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2288 × 1712 pixel, file size: 888 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I took this photograph of the grave of Judy Holliday in Westchester Hills Cemetery on January 2, 2007. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2288 × 1712 pixel, file size: 888 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I took this photograph of the grave of Judy Holliday in Westchester Hills Cemetery on January 2, 2007. ... The Westchester Hills Cemetery, approximately 20 miles north of New York City, was established at 400 Saw Mill River Road in Hastings-on-Hudson, Westchester County, New York. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2288 × 1712 pixel, file size: 863 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)I took this photograph of the foot stone at Judy Hollidays grave. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Size of this preview: 800 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (2288 × 1712 pixel, file size: 863 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg)I took this photograph of the foot stone at Judy Hollidays grave. ... Howard Teichman and George S. Kaufman pillory big business and big businessmen in this adaptation of their Broadway play. ... Bells Are Ringing is a 1960 romantic comedy-musical film, directed by Vincente Minnelli. ... The Tony Award for Best Actress in a Musical is awarded to the actress who was voted as the best actress in a musical, whether a new production or a revival. ...


Holliday died from breast cancer, in 1965 at the age of 43. She was survived by her young son, Jonathan Oppenheim, and by her ex-husband, clarinetist and conductor David Oppenheim. She was interred in the Westchester Hills Cemetery in Hastings-on-Hudson, New York. Jonathan Oppenheim grew up to become a documentary film editor of note, editing Paris is Burning, Children Underground, and Arguing the World. Breast cancer is cancer of breast tissue. ... The Westchester Hills Cemetery, approximately 20 miles north of New York City, was established at 400 Saw Mill River Road in Hastings-on-Hudson, Westchester County, New York. ... Hastings-on-Hudson is a village in Westchester County, New York, United States. ... Paris Is Burning is a 1990 documentary film directed by Jennie Livingston. ... Children Underground is a 2001 documentary film directed by Edet Belzberg. ...


Holliday has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 6901 Hollywood Blvd. Buskers perform on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. ...


Filmography

Year Film Role Other notes
1938 Too Much Johnson Extra short subject
1944 Greenwich Village Revuer uncredited
Something for the Boys Defense plant welder uncredited
Winged Victory Ruth Miller
1949 Adam's Rib Doris Attinger Nominated - Golden Globe
On the Town Daisy (Simpkins' MGM date) uncredited, voice only
1950 Born Yesterday Emma 'Billie' Dawn Academy Award for Best Actress; Golden Globe
1952 The Marrying Kind 'Florrie' Keefer Nominated - BAFTA Award
1954 It Should Happen to You Gladys Glover
Phffft! Nina Tracey nee Chapman Nominated - BAFTA Award
1956 The Solid Gold Cadillac Nominated - Golden Globe
1957 Full of Life
1960 Bells Are Ringing Nominated - Golden Globe
Awards
Preceded by
Olivia de Havilland
for The Heiress
Academy Award for Best Actress
1950
for Born Yesterday
Succeeded by
Vivien Leigh
for A Streetcar Named Desire
Preceded by
None
Golden Globe Award for Best Actress - Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
1950
for Born Yesterday
Succeeded by
June Allyson
for Too Young to Kiss
Preceded by
Gwen Verdon
for Damn Yankees
Tony Award for Best Leading Actress in a Musical
1957
for Bells Are Ringing
Succeeded by
Gwen Verdon & Thelma Ritter
for New Girl in Town

A farce written by William Gillette during the 1890s that was later adapted for film in an incomplete form by Orson Welles. ... Something for the Boys was a 1943 musical with music and lyrics by Cole Porter and a book by Herbert Fields and Dorothy Fields. ... Winged Victory is a play and, later, a film by Moss Hart, originally created and produced by the U.S. Army Air Forces during World War II as a morale booster and as a fundraiser for the Army Emergency Relief Fund. ... Adams Rib is a 1949 film starring Katharine Hepburn and Spencer Tracy and directed by George Cukor. ... The Golden Globe Awards are American awards for motion pictures and television programs, given out each year during a formal dinner. ... For the 1993 remake, see Born Yesterday (1993 film) Born Yesterday is a 1950 film directed by George Cukor, which tells the story of a corrupt tycoon who brings his showgirl mistress with him to Washington when he tries to buy a Congressman. ... Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role is one of the Academy Awards of Merit presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) to recognize an actress who has delivered an outstanding performance while working within the film industry. ... The Golden Globe Awards are American awards for motion pictures and television programs, given out each year during a formal dinner. ... The Marrying Kind (1952) is a dramedy film directed by George Cukor, starring Aldo Ray and Judy Holliday. ... The British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA), is a British organization that hosts annual awards shows for film, television, childrens film and television, and interactive media. ... It Should Happen to You is a 1954 motion picture comedy starring Judy Holliday, notable as the first screen appearance of Jack Lemmon. ... Phffft! is a 1954 comedy film starring Judy Holliday and Jack Lemmon as a couple who have been married for eight years and decide to get a divorce after suffering marriage troubles. ... The British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA), is a British organization that hosts annual awards shows for film, television, childrens film and television, and interactive media. ... Howard Teichman and George S. Kaufman pillory big business and big businessmen in this adaptation of their Broadway play. ... The Golden Globe Awards are American awards for motion pictures and television programs, given out each year during a formal dinner. ... Bells Are Ringing is a 1960 romantic comedy-musical film, directed by Vincente Minnelli. ... The Golden Globe Awards are American awards for motion pictures and television programs, given out each year during a formal dinner. ... Olivia Mary de Havilland (born July 1, 1916) is a two-time Academy Award winning actress in American motion pictures and is the last surviving principal cast member from Gone with the Wind. ... The Heiress is a 1949 film which tells the story of two young people who want to marry despite the girls fathers objections. ... Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role is one of the Academy Awards of Merit presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) to recognize an actress who has delivered an outstanding performance while working within the film industry. ... For the 1993 remake, see Born Yesterday (1993 film) Born Yesterday is a 1950 film directed by George Cukor, which tells the story of a corrupt tycoon who brings his showgirl mistress with him to Washington when he tries to buy a Congressman. ... Vivien Leigh, Lady Olivier (November 5, 1913 – July 8, 1967) was a two-time Academy Award winning English actress. ... A Streetcar Named Desire is an Academy Award-winning 1951 film adaptation of the Pulitzer Prize-winning play of the same name by Tennessee Williams. ... The Golden Globe Award for Best Actress - Motion Picture Musical or Comedy was first awarded by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association as a separate category in 1950. ... For the 1993 remake, see Born Yesterday (1993 film) Born Yesterday is a 1950 film directed by George Cukor, which tells the story of a corrupt tycoon who brings his showgirl mistress with him to Washington when he tries to buy a Congressman. ... June Allyson (October 7, 1917 – July 8, 2006) was an American film and television actress, popular in the 1940s and 1950s. ... Gwyneth Evelyn Verdon (January 13, 1925 – October 18, 2000) was an acclaimed Tony Award-winning American dancer and actress, known professionally as Gwen Verdon. ... Damn Yankees is a musical comedy, a modern retelling of the Faust legend set during the 1950s (when the New York Yankees dominated Major League Baseball), in Washington, D.C., with a script by George Abbott and Douglass Wallop and music and lyrics by Richard Adler and Jerry Ross. ... The Tony Award for Best Actress in a Musical is awarded to the actress who was voted as the best actress in a musical, whether a new production or a revival. ... Bells Are Ringing is a stage musical first mounted in 1956. ... Gwyneth Evelyn Verdon (January 13, 1925 – October 18, 2000) was an acclaimed Tony Award-winning American dancer and actress, known professionally as Gwen Verdon. ... Ṝ Thelma Ritter (February 14, 1902 – February 5, 1969) was a six time Academy Award-nominated American character actress of the 1940s, 1950s and 1960s. ... A New Girl in Town (Musical) A New Girl in Town was a musical from a book by George Abbott, which was based on Eugene ONeills play Anna Christie. The music was written by Bob Merrill. ...

Stage work

Year Production Role Other notes
1942 My Dear Public with The Revuers
1945 Kiss Them for Me Alice Tony Award - Theatre World Award
1946 Born Yesterday Billie Dawn
1951 Dream Girl
1956 Bells Are Ringing Ella Peterson Tony Award
1960 Laurette
1963 Hot Spot Sally Hopwinder

What is popularly called the Tony Award (formally, the Antoinette Perry Award for Excellence in Theatre) is an annual award celebrating achievements in live American theater, including musical theater, primarily honoring productions on Broadway in New York. ... For the 1950 film version, see Born Yesterday (1950 film) For the 1993 remake, see Born Yesterday (1993 film) Born Yesterday is a play written and first directed by Garson Kanin and adapted into a successful 1950 film. ... For the play by Elmer Rice, see Dream Girl. ... Bells Are Ringing was a romantic comedy film was released in 1960 and was directed by Vincente Minnelli. ... What is popularly called the Tony Award (formally, the Antoinette Perry Award for Excellence in Theatre) is an annual award celebrating achievements in live American theater, including musical theater, primarily honoring productions on Broadway in New York. ... Hot Spot is a musical with book by Jack Weinstock and Willie Gilbert, lyrics by Martin Charnin, and music by Mary Rodgers. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Judy Holliday

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Internet Movie Database (IMDb) is an online database of information about movies, actors, television shows, production crew personnel, and video games. ... Internet Broadway Database The Internet Broadway Database (IBDb) is an online database of Broadway theatre productions and their personnel. ...

References

  1. ^ What Ever Became of "Geniuses"?, Time, 19 Dec 1977

  Results from FactBites:
 
Judy Holliday - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (538 words)
Judy Holliday (June 21, 1921 – June 7, 1965) was an American actress.
Holliday made her Broadway debut on March 20, 1945, at the Belasco Theatre in Kiss Them for Me and was one of the recipients that year of the Clarence Derwent Award.
In 1950, Holliday was the subject of an FBI investigaton looking into allegations that she was a Communist.
Judy Holliday - definition of Judy Holliday in Encyclopedia (195 words)
Judy Holliday (June 21, 1921 - June 7, 1965) was an American actress.
Holliday was called to testify before the House Un-American Activities Committee to "explain" her Communist links, but the appearance did not flball her career, unlike the cases of others in the movie business.
In 1956 she starred in The Solid Gold Cadillac and in 1960 in Bells Are Ringing, in the role she had originated on Broadway.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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