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Encyclopedia > Judy Garland
Judy Garland

from the trailer for A Star Is Born
Birth name Frances Ethel Gumm
Born June 10, 1922(1922-06-10)
Grand Rapids, Minnesota, U.S.
Died June 22, 1969 (aged 47)
Chelsea, London, England
Resting place Ferncliff Cemetery and Mausoleum, Hartsdale, New York, USA [1]
Plot: Unit 9, alcove HH, crypt 31
Years active 1929 - 1969
Spouse(s) David Rose (1941-1944)
Vincente Minnelli (1945-1951)
Sidney Luft (1952-1965)
Mark Herron (1965-1967)
Mickey Deans (1969)
Children Liza Minnelli (b.1946)
Lorna Luft (b.1952)
Joey Luft (b.1955)

Judy Garland (born Frances Ethel Gumm; June 10, 1922 - June 22, 1969) was an Academy Award-nominated American film actress and singer, best known for her role as Dorothy Gale in The Wizard of Oz (1939). The American Film Institute named Garland eighth among the Greatest Female Stars of All Time. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A Star Is Born is a 1954 musical remake of the original 1937 film, directed by George Cukor and starring Judy Garland and James Mason. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Grand Rapids is a city located in Itasca County, Minnesota. ... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Area  Ranked 12th  - Total 87,014 sq mi (225,365 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 8. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... is the 173rd day of the year (174th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... Statue of Thomas More on Cheyne Walk. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Hartsdale is an unincorporated census-designated place (CDP) located in the town of Greenburgh, Westchester County, New York. ... See also: 1928 in film 1929 1930 in film 1920s in film 1930s in film years in film film // Events The days of the silent film were numbered. ... // Cannes Film Festival opens, but closes in support of a French general strike without awarding any prizes. ... David Rose was a British-born American songwriter, composer, arranger, and orchestra leader known as one of the most popular and distinctive mainstream instrumental pop composers of the 20th century. ... Vincente Minnelli (February 28, 1903 – July 25, 1986) was a famous Hollywood director and accomplished stage director, often considered by critics to be the father of the modern musical. ... Sidney (Sid) Luft (November 2, 1915 – September 15, 2005) was an internationally known film producer most famous for producing A Star Is Born featuring his then-wife Judy Garland. ... Mark Herron (1928 – 1996) was an American actor best known as the fourth husband of singer and actress Judy Garland. ... Mickey Deans, born Michael DeVinko on September 24, 1934 in Garfield, New Jersey - died July 11, 2003 in Cleveland, Ohio, was a discotheque manager and the fifth and last husband of Judy Garland. ... Liza Minnelli (born March 12, 1946 in Los Angeles, California) is an American actress and singer. ... This image is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... This award is officially called the Honorary Juvenile Award. ... The Golden Globe Awards are American awards for motion pictures and television programs, given out each year during a formal dinner. ... The Golden Globe Award for Best Actress - Motion Picture Musical or Comedy was first awarded by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association as a separate category in 1950. ... A Star Is Born is the title of three films: A Star Is Born (1937 film), starring Janet Gaynor and Fredric March. ... The Cecil B. DeMille Award for lifetime achievement in motion pictures has been given annually since 1952 by the Hollywood Foreign Press Association at the Golden Globe Award ceremonies in Hollywood, California. ... What is popularly called the Tony Award® but is formally the Antoinette Perry Award is an annual American award celebrating achievements in theater, including musical theater. ... Special Tony Award includes Lifetime Achievement Award: // 1947 Dora Chamberlain for unfailing courtesy as treasurer of the Martin Beck Theatre 1947 Mr. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 173rd day of the year (174th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... For other uses, see Actor (disambiguation). ... Doctor Who character, see Ace (Doctor Who). ... The Wizard of Oz (film) redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Part of the AFI 100 Years. ...

Contents

Biography

Childhood and early life

Born in Grand Rapids, Minnesota, Frances Ethel Gumm was the youngest child of former vaudevillians Frank Gumm and Ethel Marion Milne. Named after both her parents and baptized at a local Episcopal church, "Baby" (as Frances was affectionately called) shared the family's flair for song and dance. "Baby" Gumm's first appearance came at the age of two-and-a-half, when she joined her two older sisters, Mary Jane ("Suzy") and Dorothy Virginia ("Jimmie") on stage for a chorus of "Jingle Bells" in a Christmas show at her father's theater on December 26, 1924. Grand Rapids is a city located in Itasca County, Minnesota. ... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Area  Ranked 12th  - Total 87,014 sq mi (225,365 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 8. ... Vaudeville is a style of multi-act theatre which flourished in North America from the 1880s through the 1920s. ... This article is about the Episcopal Church in the United States. ... Jingle Bells, originally One Horse Open Sleigh, is one of the best known and commonly sung, secular Christmas songs in the world. ... is the 360th day of the year (361st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the rap album, see 1924 (album). ...


In 1934, the sisters, who had been touring the vaudeville circuit as "The Gumm Sisters" for many years, performed in Chicago at the Oriental Theater with George Jessel. He encouraged the group to choose a more appealing name after "Gumm" received small laughter from the audience. "The Garland Sisters" was chosen. Soon afterwards, Frances changed her name to "Judy" after a popular song of the day (by Hoagy Carmichael). Nickname: Motto: Urbs in Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Location in the Chicago metro area and Illinois Coordinates: , Country State Counties Cook, DuPage Settled 1770s Incorporated March 4, 1837 Government  - Mayor Richard M. Daley (D) Area  - City  234. ... George Jessel (April 3, 1898–May 23, 1981) was a U.S. actor, singer, songwriter, and movie producer. ... Hoagland Howard Hoagy Carmichael (November 22, 1899 – December 27, 1981) was an American composer, pianist, singer, actor, and bandleader. ...


A rumor persists that the last name Garland was originated by Jessel after Carole Lombard's character Lily Garland in the film Twentieth Century which was then playing at the Oriental; another rumor circulates that the trio picked the surname after drama critic Robert Garland,[2] though Lorna Luft stated in her book Me and My Shadows that her mother chose the name when Jessel announced that the trio of singers "looked prettier than a garland of flowers". Despite this, another variation surfaced when, in 1963, Jessel was a guest on Garland's television show. He claimed that he had sent actress Judith Anderson a telegram containing the word "garland" and it stuck in his mind; Judy agreed. Carole Lombard (October 6, 1908 – January 16, 1942) was an American actress. ... Twentieth Century was the title of several incarnations of a screwball comedy plot featuring an egomaniacal Broadway producer who makes a shopgirl into a star, then tries to win her back after she abandons him. ... This image is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Dame Judith Anderson, photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1934 Dame Judith Anderson, AC DBE (February 10, 1897–January 3, 1992), born Frances Margaret Anderson-Anderson, was an Tony award and Emmy winning stage and film actress who was also nominated for a Grammy and an Oscar. ...


MGM

1935 - 1939

In 1935 Garland was signed to a contract with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, supposedly without a screen test (she had actually done a test for the studio several months earlier). Garland's first notice by studio executives came after singing an arrangement of "You Made Me Love You" to Clark Gable at a birthday party held by the studio for the actor; her rendition proved so popular that MGM placed Garland and the song in their all-star extravaganza Broadway Melody of 1938 (1937). For alternate meanings of MGM, see MGM (disambiguation). ... You Made Me Love You (I Didnt Want to Do It) is a popular song. ... William Clark Gable (February 1, 1901 – November 16, 1960) was an Academy Award-winning American film actor. ... Broadway Melody of 1938 is a 1937 musical film, produced by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, directed by Roy Del Ruth. ...


On November 16 1935, in the midst of preparing for a radio performance on the Shell Chateau Hour, Garland discovered that her father - who had been hospitalized with spinal meningitis - had taken a turn for the worse. Frank Gumm died the following morning, on November 17. Garland's song for the Shell Chateau Hour was her first professional rendition of "Zing! Went the Strings of My Heart", a song which would become a standard in many of her concerts.[3] A Shell petrol station sign in the UK The Royal Dutch/Shell Group of Companies (called Shell Oil in North America), has its headquarters split between the Shell Centre in London, United Kingdom and The Hague, Netherlands. ...

Garland with Mickey Rooney in Babes in Arms (1939).
Garland with Mickey Rooney in Babes in Arms (1939).

After a string of minor roles, Garland landed the leading role of "Dorothy" in the MGM film The Wizard of Oz (1939) at the age of 16, and has been associated ever since with the song "Over the Rainbow". She received an honorary Academy Award for her performance in the film. After Oz, Garland became one of MGM's most bankable stars, proving particularly popular when teamed with fellow juvenile star Mickey Rooney in a string of "backyard musicals". The duo first appeared together in the 1937 b-movie Thoroughbreds Don't Cry. They became a sensation, and teamed up again in Love Finds Andy Hardy, and then soon after in Babes in Arms. Garland would eventually star with Rooney in nine films. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Actor Mickey Rooney speaks at the Pentagon in 2000 during a ceremony honoring the USO. Mickey Rooney (born Joseph Yule, Jr. ... Babes in Arms is the 1939 film version of the 1937 Broadway musical, Babes in Arms. ... The Wizard of Oz (film) redirects here. ... The year 1939 in film involved some significant events. ... For other uses, see Over the Rainbow (disambiguation). ... Academy Award The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are the most prominent and most watched film awards ceremony in the world. ... Actor Mickey Rooney speaks at the Pentagon in 2000 during a ceremony honoring the USO. Mickey Rooney (born Joseph Yule, Jr. ... The term B-movie originally referred to a film designed to be distributed as the lower half of a double feature, often a genre film featuring cowboys, gangsters or vampires. ... Love Finds Andy Hardy is a 1938 romantic comedy film which tells the story of a teenaged boy who becomes entangled with three different girls all at the same time. ... Babes in Arms is a 1937 musical theater production which tells the story of a boy who puts on a show to avoid being sent to a work farm. ...


To keep up with the frantic pace of making one film after another, Garland, Rooney, and other young performers were constantly given amphetamines, as well as barbiturates, to take before bedtime.[4] For Garland, this constant dose of drugs would lead to addiction and a lifelong struggle, as well as her eventual demise. In her later life, she would resent the hectic work and she felt that her youth was stolen from her by MGM. Despite her ability to fill concert halls worldwide, critical praise, successful film and recording careers and several awards, throughout her life she was plagued with self-doubt and required constant reassurance that she was talented.[5] Oscar Levant would later remark that "at parties, Judy could sing all night, endlessly... but when it came time to appear on a movie set, she just wouldn't show up."[6] Amphetamine is a synthetic drug originally developed (and still used) as an appetite suppressant. ... Barbiturates are drugs that acts as central nervous system (CNS) depressants, and by virtue of this they produce a wide spectrum of effects, from mild sedation to anesthesia. ... Oscar Levant (December 27, 1906 - August 14, 1972) was an American pianist, composer, author, comedian, and an actor, better known for his mordant character and witticisms, on the radio and in movies and television, than his music. ...

Garland as Dorothy in The Wizard of Oz (1939).
Garland as Dorothy in The Wizard of Oz (1939).

Garland's physical appearance created a dilemma for MGM. At only 4'11 1/2", Garland's "cute" or "girl-next-door" looks did not exemplify the "sexy", more glamorous looks required for leading ladies of the time, and her appearance caused her anxiety. Garland was to go through a transformation process throughout her film career. During her early years at the studio, she was photographed and dressed in plain garments, or frilly juvenile gowns and costumes to match the "girl-next-door" image that was created for her. [7][8] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The Wizard of Oz is the title of several films based on the L. Frank Baum book, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz: (1921), director unknown (1925), directed by Larry Semon (1939), directed by Victor Fleming, Richard Thorpe and King Vidor. ...


1940 - 1950

In 1940, she starred in three films; Andy Hardy Meets Debutante, Strike up the Band and Little Nellie Kelly.[9] In the latter film Garland played her first adult role (in the film she played a dual role of both mother and daughter). The Little Nellie Kelly project was purchased from George M. Cohan as a vehicle for Garland to assess both her audience appeal and her physical appearance. The role was a challenge for the young actress, requiring the use of an accent, her first adult kiss and her first (and only) death scene.[10] The success of these three films–and a further three films in 1941– secured her position at MGM as a major property. In 1942, noticeably thinner, she was given the lead role in For Me and My Gal alongside Gene Kelly in his first screen appearance. She was top billed over the credits for the first time and effectively made the direct transition from teenage star to an adult actress. Andy Hardy Meets Debutante is a 1940 American family film comedy directed by George B. Seitz. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... George Michael Cohan (July 3, 1878 – November 5, 1942) was a United States entertainer, playwright, composer, lyricist, actor, singer, dancer, director, and producer of Irish descent. ... For Me and My Gal is a 1942 American Musical directed by Busby Berkeley. ...


In 1943, at the age of 21, she was finally given the "glamour treatment" in Presenting Lily Mars, in which she was dressed in "grown-up" gowns. Her lightened hair was also pulled-up in a stylish fashion. Years later when reflecting on her mother's film image, Liza Minnelli stated that in her opinion her mother looked "the most beautiful in this film". However, no matter how glamorous or beautiful she appeared on screen or in photographs, she was never confident in her appearance and never escaped the "girl next door" image that had been created for her.[11] Presenting Lily Mars (1943) was a movie starring Judy Garland and Van Heflin based off of a book by Booth Tarkington. ... Liza Minnelli (born March 12, 1946 in Los Angeles, California) is an American actress and singer. ...


By 1944, Garland was given a new make-up artist specifically requested by Vincente Minnelli. Dorothy Ponedel refined Judy's appearance in several ways, including extending and reshaping her eyebrows, tweezing her hairline, modifying her lip line and getting rid of the unnecessary nose discs.[12] Judy appreciated the results so much that Ponedel was written into her contract for all her remaining pictures at MGM. Interestingly, MGM's attempts to "glamorize" Garland stopped in 1948, at which time her appearance was natural yet refined. Publicly, Garland stated that she was never quite happy with her appearance on screen except in Meet Me in St. Louis (1944) and The Clock (1945). Meet Me in St. ... The Clock (1945) starred Judy Garland and Robert Hudson Walker and was Garlands first non-musical role. ...

Garland, performing "The Trolley Song" in Meet Me in St. Louis (1944).
Garland, performing "The Trolley Song" in Meet Me in St. Louis (1944).

One of Garland's most successful films for MGM was the 1944 classic Meet Me in St. Louis, in which she introduced three standards: "The Trolley Song", "The Boy Next Door", and "Have Yourself a Merry Little Christmas". Vincente Minnelli was assigned to direct this movie. After some initial conflict between star and director, it is during the making of this movie where Garland would fall in love with Minnelli, and they were married in June 1945. On March 12, 1946 a daughter, Liza Minnelli was born. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Meet Me in St. ... Have Yourself a Merry Little Christmas is a Christmas song written by Hugh Martin and Ralph Blane [during an interview with Hugh Martin on NPR on 12/21/06, he said Ralph Blane encouraged him to continue to write the song, but really did not have anything more to do... Liza Minnelli (born March 12, 1946 in Los Angeles, California) is an American actress and singer. ...


The Clock (1945) was her first straight dramatic film, opposite Robert Walker. Though the film was critically praised and did earn a profit, most movie fans expected her to sing. Therefore, it would be many years before she acted again in a non-singing dramatic role. Funny Picture Stories #1 (Nov, 1936). ... Robert Walker (October 13, 1918 - August 28, 1951) was an American actor. ...

Garland performing "Get Happy" in Summer Stock (1950).
Garland performing "Get Happy" in Summer Stock (1950).

Garland's other famous films of the 1940s include The Harvey Girls (1946) (in which she introduced "On the Atchison, Topeka and the Santa Fe", which was the Academy Award winning song for that year), The Pirate and Easter Parade (both 1948). Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Summer Stock is an MGM musical made in 1950. ... The Harvey Girls is a 1942 novel by Samuel Hopkins Adams about Fred Harveys famous Harvey Houses, which was subsequently made into a 1946 MGM musical. ... On the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe is a popular song. ... Although he never won an Oscar for any of his movie performances, the comedian Bob Hope received two honorary Oscars for his contributions to cinema. ... The Pirate is a slang term for a supposed sex move performed during oral sex. ... Easter Parade is a 1948 musical film starring Fred Astaire and Judy Garland. ...


During filming for The Pirate, in April 1947, Garland suffered a nervous breakdown and had to be led away from the set.[13] After this, Garland had a number of other breakdowns that would lead to her departure from MGM; it would also reveal the emotional turmoil that Garland suffered. Two months after her debacle on the set of The Pirate, Garland made her first suicide attempt.


Following her work on The Pirate, Garland would complete three more films for MGM; Easter Parade, In the Good Old Summertime, and her final film, Summer Stock. Garland was cast in the movie adaptation of Annie Get Your Gun in the title role of Annie Oakley but after various problematic issues Garland was fired from the production. She was also cast in the movie Royal Wedding when June Allyson became pregnant in 1950. Her mental instability caused her to be absent from the set repeatedly. This led to Garland being fired from Royal Wedding. She was eventually released from her MGM contract in September 1950. Summer Stock is an MGM musical made in 1950. ... Annie Get Your Gun is a stage musical loosely based on the life of sharpshooter Annie Oakley. ... Annie Oakley (August 13, 1860 – November 3, 1926) b. ... Royal Wedding (MGM) is a 1951 Hollywood musical comedy film set in London in 1947 at the time of the wedding of Princess Elizabeth and Prince Phillip, and stars Fred Astaire, Jane Powell, Peter Lawford, Sarah Churchill and Keenan Wynn, with music by Burton Lane and lyrics by Alan Jay... June Allyson (October 7, 1917 – July 8, 2006) was an American film and television actress, popular in the 1940s and 1950s. ...


Renewed stardom on the stage and television

In 1951, Garland divorced Vincente Minnelli and married Sid Luft, her manager at the time. In 1952, a daughter, Lorna Luft, was born. 1951 was a milestone year for Garland and established what was to become her performing style for the rest of her life. She turned to live concert appearances and took her new act to Britain, where she played to sold out audiences throughout England, Scotland, and Ireland.[14][15] This first European tour was an enormous success, and she appeared at the famous London Palladium for the first time. Shortly afterwards, Garland appeared at New York's Palace Theatre, also for the first time. For this, she received a special Tony Award. She also appeared on various television specials during the early 1950s. Vincente Minnelli (February 28, 1903 – July 25, 1986) was a famous Hollywood director and accomplished stage director, often considered by critics to be the father of the modern musical. ... Sidney Luft (November 2, 1915 – September 15, 2005) was a film producer of world renown and is most famous for producing the film A Star Is Born, which starred his then-wife Judy Garland. ... This image is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... This article is about the country. ... The London Palladium in 2004 The London Palladium is a 2,286 seat West End theatre located off Oxford Street in the City of Westminster. ... The Palace Theatre, circa 1920. ... What is popularly called the Tony Award (formally, the Antoinette Perry Award for Excellence in Theatre) is an annual award celebrating achievements in live American theater, including musical theater, primarily honoring productions on Broadway in New York. ...


A Star Is Born

In 1954, Garland made a cinema comeback — for Warner Bros. Pictures — with A Star Is Born, and was nominated for Best Actress. This film is considered by many critics to be her finest performance[citation needed]. Directed by George Cukor and produced by her husband Sid Luft (through Garland and Luft's Transcona Enterprises), it was a large undertaking in which Garland fully immersed herself. It was also a physically demanding role that had Garland on edge and, for the most part, constantly worried. Upon its release, the film was cut by almost 30 minutes amid fears it was too long. Warner Bros. ... A Star Is Born is a 1954 musical remake of the original 1937 film, directed by George Cukor and starring Judy Garland and James Mason. ... The Academy Award for Best Performance by an Actress in a Leading Role is one of the awards given to actresses working in the motion picture industry by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences; nominations are made by Academy members who are actors and actresses. ... George Dewey Cukor (July 7, 1899 – January 24, 1983) was an American film director. ... Sidney Luft (November 2, 1915 – September 15, 2005) was a film producer of world renown and is most famous for producing the film A Star Is Born, which starred his then-wife Judy Garland. ...


In the run-up to the 27th Academy Awards, Garland was believed to be the most likely winner for Best Actress. She could not attend the ceremony because she had just given birth to her son Joseph Luft; a television crew entered Garland's room with cameras and wires, in the hope that Garland would win the Best Actress award, to televise Garland's award speech. However, the Oscar went to Grace Kelly for The Country Girl (1954). Many fans hold that Garland was "robbed" of her Oscar, and should have won the award (Groucho Marx sent her a famous telegram after the awards, stating that it was "the biggest robbery since Brinks"). However she did win the Golden Globe award for Best Actress in a Musical that year. Date: 30 March Host: Bob Hope; Thelma Ritter (New York City) Location: RKO Pantages Theatre, Los Angeles, California, USA NBC Century Theatre, New York, USA The Best Picture winner (of producer Sam Spiegel), director Elia Kazans semi-documentary, expose, and thriller, On The Waterfront (with twelve nominations and eight... Grace, Princess of Monaco née Grace Patricia Kelly (November 12, 1929 – September 14, 1982) was an Academy Award-winning American film and stage actress who, upon marriage to Rainier III, Prince of Monaco in 1956, became Her Serene Highness The Princess of Monaco, but was generally known as Princess... The 1954 movie was adapted by George Seaton from the play. ... “Groucho” redirects here. ... The Great Brinks Robbery was an armed robbery of the Brinks Building in Boston, Massachusetts, USA, on January 17, 1950. ... The Golden Globe Awards are American awards for motion pictures and television programs, given out each year during a formal dinner. ...


Garland and Luft's original Transcona contract with Warner Bros. was for three pictures to be produced for the studio; however, due to the somewhat severe editing of A Star Is Born, Garland and Luft made no more films for the studio.


Carnegie Hall and television series

Garland in I Could Go On Singing (1963).
Garland in I Could Go On Singing (1963).

Although she made no other films in the 1950s, Garland's films after A Star Is Born included: Judgment at Nuremberg (1961) (for which she was nominated for Best Actress in a Supporting Role), the animated feature Gay Purr-ee (1962), A Child Is Waiting (1963, co-starring Burt Lancaster), and her final film, I Could Go On Singing (1963, co-starring Dirk Bogarde), which mirrored her own life in the story of a world famous singing star. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... I Could Go On Singing is a 1963 film starring Judy Garland (in her final film role) and Dirk Bogarde. ... Maximilian Schell and Richard Widmark in Judgment at Nuremberg Judgment at Nuremberg is a 1961 film which gives a fictionalized account of the post-World War II Nuremberg Trials. ... This page has been protected from editing to deal with vandalism. ... Gay-Purree is an animated film musical produced by United Productions of America and released by Warner Bros. ... Category: ... Burt Lancaster (November 2, 1913 – October 20, 1994) was an Oscar-winning American film actor, noted for his athletic physique (a rare thing for leading men of that time), distinct smile (which he called The Grin) and, later, his willingness to play roles that went against his initial tough guy... I Could Go On Singing is a 1963 film starring Judy Garland (in her final film role) and Dirk Bogarde. ... Sir Derek Jules Gaspard Ulric Niven van den Bogaerde (28 March 1921 – 8 May 1999), better known by his stage name Dirk Bogarde, was an actor and author. ...


In November 1959, Garland was diagnosed with acute hepatitis and told that she "would never sing again".[16] However, Garland successfully recovered and returned to both films and television; her concert appearance at Carnegie Hall on April 23, 1961, was a considerable highlight, called by many "the greatest night in show business history."[17] The 2-record live recording made of the concert sold highly (it was certified gold), charting for 73 weeks on Billboard (13 weeks at number one), and won five Grammy Awards including Album of the Year and Best Female Vocal of the Year. The album has never been out of print. Hepatitis (plural hepatitides) implies injury to liver characterised by presence of inflammatory cells in the liver tissue. ... Carnegie Hall is a concert venue in Midtown Manhattan in New York City located at 881 Seventh Avenue, occupying the east stretch of Seventh Avenue between West 56th Street and West 57th Street. ... is the 113th day of the year (114th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Billboard is a weekly American magazine devoted to the music industry. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Grammy Award for Album of the Year is the most prestigious award category. ... Grammy Award statuette The Grammy Awards, presented by the Recording Academy (an association of Americans professionally involved in the recorded music industry) for outstanding achievements in the recording industry, is one of four major music awards shows held annually in the United States (the Billboard Music Awards, the American Music...


After hugely successful television specials and guest appearances in the early 1960s, CBS made a $24 million offer to Garland for a weekly television series of her own, The Judy Garland Show, which was deemed at the time in the press to be "the biggest talent deal in TV history". Her television series was critically praised, but, for a variety of reasons–including the fact it was placed in the same time slot opposite Bonanza on NBC–the show lasted only one season, and went off the air in 1964, after 26 episodes. Despite this, the show won four Emmy nominations and included many notable performances by Garland. The demise of the series was personally and financially devastating for Garland. She never fully recovered from its failure. This article is about the broadcast network. ... Judy Garlands variety show, while not popular at the time, has come to be regarded as some of her finest work. ... The Bonanza logo was superimposed upon a map of a wild west frontier area. ... This article is about the television network. ... An Emmy Award. ...


Her final years

With the demise of her television series, Garland returned to the stage and made various television appearances. Most notably, she performed at the London Palladium with her then 18-year-old daughter Liza Minnelli in November of 1964. The concert, which was also filmed for British television network ITV, was one of Garland's final appearances at the venue. She made guest appearances on the The Ed Sullivan Show, The Tonight Show, The Hollywood Palace, The Merv Griffin Show (of which she guest-hosted an episode) and many others. The London Palladium in 2004 The London Palladium is a 2,286 seat West End theatre located off Oxford Street in the City of Westminster. ... Liza Minnelli (born March 12, 1946 in Los Angeles, California) is an American actress and singer. ... Independent Television (generally known as ITV, but also as ITV Network) is a public service network of British commercial television broadcasters, set up under the Independent Television Authority (ITA) to provide competition to the BBC. ITV is the oldest commercial television network in the UK. Since 1990 and the Broadcasting... The Ed Sullivan Show was an American television variety show that ran from June 20, 1948 to June 6, 1971, and was hosted by former entertainment columnist Ed Sullivan. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Hollywood Palace was an hour-long television variety show produced by Nick Vanoff. ... The Merv Griffin Show was a long-running American television talk show, starring singer Merv Griffin. ...


A 1964 tour of Australia was largely disastrous. Although the reviews for the Sydney concert were positive,[18] she could no longer hide the effects of alcohol and medication abuse. She forgot the lyrics to songs, slurred the lines which she remembered, and it soon became obvious that she was either ill or under the influence of medication. The Melbourne performance ended after only twenty minutes and created significant bad press for Garland.[19] This article is about the metropolitan area in Australia. ... This article is about the Australian city; the name may also refer to City of Melbourne or Melbourne city centre. ...


In February 1967, Garland was cast as "Helen Lawson" in Valley of the Dolls for 20th Century Fox. The character of "Neely O'Hara" in the book by Jacqueline Susann, and subsequent movie, was rumored to have been based on Garland, though the role in the film was played by Patty Duke. During the filming, Garland missed rehearsals and was fired the next month. She was replaced by Susan Hayward. She did record one song for the film, "I'll Plant My Own Tree", which has never been officially released, although it is available on several bootlegs. There is also surviving footage of her wardrobe tests. Barbara Parkins, one of the film's stars, commented in the 2006 DVD release of Valley of the Dolls that she believed Garland was frightened by the thought of actually being the aging star she was supposed to play, and that she "freaked" when she realized the similarities between the storyline and her own life.[citation needed] Valley of the Dolls is a 1967 American drama film based on the 1966 novel of the same name by Jacqueline Susann. ... Twentieth (20th) Century Fox Film Corporation (known from 1935 to 1985 as Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation) is one of the six major American film studios. ... Jacqueline Susann (August 20, 1918 – September 21, 1974 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) was a Jewish-American author known for her mass-appeal novels. ... Patty Duke (born December 14, 1946) is an Academy Award-winning American actress of the stage and screen. ... For other persons named Hayward, see Hayward (disambiguation). ... Barbara Parkins is a television and film actress, born on May 22, 1942 in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. ...


Returning to the stage, Garland made her last appearances at New York's Palace Theatre in July, a sixteen-show tour, performing with her children Lorna and Joey Luft. Garland wore a sequined pants-suit on stage for this tour, which was part of the original wardrobe for her character in Valley of the Dolls. The Palace Theatre, circa 1920. ... This image is a candidate for speedy deletion. ...


By early 1969, Garland's health had deteriorated rapidly. She performed in London, at the Talk of the Town nightclub for a five-week run, and made her last concert appearance in Copenhagen during March 1969. This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... For other uses, see Copenhagen (disambiguation). ...

Judy Garland's crypt at The Ferncliff Mausoleum.

. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (2304 × 1536 pixel, file size: 659 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Judy Garland`s crypt at the Ferncliff Mausoleum. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution (2304 × 1536 pixel, file size: 659 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Judy Garland`s crypt at the Ferncliff Mausoleum. ...


Garland was found dead in her London home, in her bathroom by her last husband, Mickey Deans, on June 22, 1969. Coroner Gavin Thursdon stated that the cause of death was accidental overdose of barbiturates; her blood contained the equivalent of ten 1.5-grain Seconal capsules.[20] Garland had turned 47 just over a week prior to her death. She was residing in a rented house with her husband in Chelsea, London at the time of her death. Mickey Deans, born Michael DeVinko on September 24, 1934 in Garfield, New Jersey - died July 11, 2003 in Cleveland, Ohio, was a discotheque manager and the fifth and last husband of Judy Garland. ... is the 173rd day of the year (174th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ... A drug overdose occurs when a chemical substance (i. ... Barbituric acid, the basic structure of all barbiturates Barbiturates are drugs that act as central nervous system depressants, and by virtue of this they produce a wide spectrum of effects, from mild sedation to anesthesia. ... Seconal is a trademark name for the barbiturate sodium quinalbarbitone. ... Statue of Thomas More on Cheyne Walk. ...


At Garland's funeral, The Wizard of Oz co-star Ray Bolger commented, "She just plain wore out."[21] Garland is interred in Ferncliff Cemetery, in Hartsdale, New York.[22] The Wizard of Oz (film) redirects here. ... Ray Bolger (January 10, 1904 – January 15, 1987) was an American entertainer of stage and screen, best known for his portrayal of the Scarecrow (and the farmworker Hunk) who was Dorothys favorite in the 1939 film classic, The Wizard of Oz. ... -1... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Hartsdale is an unincorporated census-designated place (CDP) located in the town of Greenburgh, Westchester County, New York. ... This article is about the state. ...


Marriages

Of Garland's five marriages, the first four ended in divorce. Her children are Liza Minnelli (singer and actress) born March 1946, Lorna Luft (also an acclaimed singer), born November 21, 1952, and Joey Luft (a scenic photographer), born March 29, 1955 in Los Angeles, California. Divorce or dissolution of marriage is the ending of a marriage before the death of either spouse. ... Liza Minnelli (born March 12, 1946 in Los Angeles, California) is an American actress and singer. ... This image is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... is the 325th day of the year (326th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1952 (MCMLII) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 88th day of the year (89th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... Nickname: Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates: , State County Settled 1781 Incorporated April 4, 1850 Government  - Type Mayor-Council  - Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa  - City Attorney Rocky Delgadillo  - Governing body City Council Area  - City  498. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ...

  1. David Rose; married 1941-1945
  2. Vincente Minnelli; married 1945-1952; one daughter, Liza Minnelli
  3. Sidney Luft; married 1952-1965; one daughter, Lorna Luft, and one son, Joey Luft
  4. Mark Herron; married 1965-1967
  5. Mickey Deans; married March 1969-June 1969

David Rose was a British-born American songwriter, composer, arranger, and orchestra leader known as one of the most popular and distinctive mainstream instrumental pop composers of the 20th century. ... Vincente Minnelli (February 28, 1903 – July 25, 1986) was a famous Hollywood director and accomplished stage director, often considered by critics to be the father of the modern musical. ... Liza Minnelli (born March 12, 1946 in Los Angeles, California) is an American actress and singer. ... Sidney (Sid) Luft (November 2, 1915 – September 15, 2005) was an internationally known film producer most famous for producing A Star Is Born featuring his then-wife Judy Garland. ... This image is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... Mark Herron (1928 – 1996) was an American actor best known as the fourth husband of singer and actress Judy Garland. ... Mickey Deans, born Michael DeVinko on September 24, 1934 in Garfield, New Jersey - died July 11, 2003 in Cleveland, Ohio, was a discotheque manager and the fifth and last husband of Judy Garland. ...

Ancestry

Garland’s family tree[23] can be traced back to the early colonization of the United States (on both her paternal and maternal family lines). It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Colonialism. ...


Her earliest paternal ancestor was George Marable (1631 - 1683), who traveled to Virginia from Kent, England, circa 1652 and was one of the first colonists settling in what is now Jamestown, Virginia. The Marable families[24] of the southern United States all derived from the aforementioned George Marable.[25] This article is about the U.S. state. ... The Kent coat of arms For other uses, see Kent (disambiguation). ... At Jamestown Settlement, replicas of Christopher Newports 3 ships are docked in the harbour. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ...


The Marable family were wealthy southern aristocracy and as such were slave owners. By the time of the Civil War, the Marable family of Jamestown, Virginia, had spread across the South. Marables are named in the rosters of units from at least nine of the Confederate States including units from Tennessee, Georgia, Alabama and Mississippi, and were among the dead at Gettysburg. In Virginia, Edward W. Marable of the Charles City Southern Guard served aboard the Confederate ship Patrick Henry during the engagement of the Merrimack (C.S.S. Virginia) with the Federal fleet at Hampton Roads. John H. Marable of the 13th Virginia Cavalry served as a courier for Gen. J. E. B. Stuart.[26] USS Merrimack was a screw frigate of the United States Navy, best known as the hulk upon which CSS Virginia was built during the American Civil War and then took part in the Battle of Hampton Roads (often called the Battle of the Monitor and the Merrimack). Merrimack was launched... James Ewell Brown Stuart (February 6, 1833 – May 12, 1864) was an American soldier from Virginia and a Confederate Army general during the American Civil War. ...


It is from Benjamin Marable (1710 - 1773), who traveled to Tennessee, that the Gumm family is descended. The Gumm name can also be found in the registers of soldiers who fought for the Confederacy throughout Rutherford County, Tennessee.[27] Motto Deo Vindice (Latin: Under God, Our Vindicator) Anthem (none official) God Save the South (unofficial) The Bonnie Blue Flag (unofficial) Dixie (unofficial) Capital Montgomery, Alabama (until May 29, 1861) Richmond, Virginia (May 29, 1861–April 2, 1865) Danville, Virginia (from April 3, 1865) Language(s) English (de facto) Religion...


Garland's father was Francis Avent Gumm, the fourth of six children born in Murfreesboro, Tennessee on March 20, 1886. He died on November 17, 1935, in Los Angeles, California. His parents were William Tecumseh Gumm (1854 - 1906) and Elizabeth Clemmie Baugh (1857 - 1895). The Gumm family was a mixture of English, Irish, Scottish, French Huguenot and German.[28] Nickname: Motto: Location in Rutherford County and the state of Tennessee. ... Official language(s) English Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis Largest metro area Nashville Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 36th  - Total 42,169 sq mi (109,247 km²)  - Width 120 miles (195 km)  - Length 440 miles (710 km)  - % water 2. ... is the 79th day of the year (80th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1886 (MDCCCLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... 1935 (MCMXXXV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar). ... Nickname: Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates: , State County Settled 1781 Incorporated April 4, 1850 Government  - Type Mayor-Council  - Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa  - City Attorney Rocky Delgadillo  - Governing body City Council Area  - City  498. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... From the 16th to the 18th century the name Huguenot was applied to a member of the Protestant Reformed Church of France, historically known as the French Calvinists. ...


Frank Gumm married Ethel Marian Milne, who was born on November 17, 1893 in Michigamme, Michigan. She died January 5, 1953 in Los Angeles, California. Ethel was the eldest of eight children born to Eva Fitzpatrick (born on January 4, 1865 in Messina, New York) and John Milne (born October 15, 1865 in Ontario Canada). His parents were Charles Milne (born in 1829 in Arbroath Scotland) and Mary Kelso (born 1837 in Kilmarnock Scotland)[29] (reference: The Golden Years by Rita Piro). People with the surname Milne, Miln, Milns,Milnes and Mylne are probably from the same basic clan: the earliest records were by people who couldnt write very well and the name was sometimes written variously even during a persons lifetime. ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... Year 1893 (MDCCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Michigamme is an unincorporated community located in Marquette County, Michigan. ... Official language(s) None (English, de-facto) Capital Lansing Largest city Detroit Largest metro area Metro Detroit Area  Ranked 11th  - Total 97,990 sq mi (253,793 km²)  - Width 239 miles (385 km)  - Length 491 miles (790 km)  - % water 41. ... is the 5th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... The surname Fitzpatrick is the translation of Mac Giolla Phádraig from the original Irish to English. ... is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1865 (MDCCCLXV) is a common year starting on Sunday. ... is the 288th day of the year (289th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1865 (MDCCCLXV) is a common year starting on Sunday. ... The name is recorded in Aberdeenshire in 1380 and means at or near a corn-mill. John Milne of Urquhart, Morayshire, born in 1659, was the father of Harry Milne (b. ... Arbroath from the south Arbroath or Aberbrothock (Scottish Gaelic: Obair Bhrothaig which translates literally as at the mouth of the Brothock[2]) is a former royal burgh and the largest town in the council area of Angus in Scotland, and has a population of approximately 23,000 people. ... This article is about the country. ... For the town in Virginia, USA, see Kilmarnock, Virginia. ...


Eva Fitzpatrick-Milne was the daughter of Hugh Fitzpatrick (1838 - 1908), whose family arrived in the United States from Smithtown, County Meath, Ireland in the 1770s and Mary-Elizabeth Harriot (born December 23, 1841 in Dublin, Ireland). Mary, one of thousands of orphans as a result of the Irish Famine, was raised in a Dublin convent.[30] In 1858, at the age of 17, she married Hugh Fitzpatrick (an Irish-American) who was visiting Dublin. That same year, the newlyweds sailed to America. They had ten children. Mary died on January 24, 1908 in Detroit, Michigan. The Fitzpatrick family fought on the side of the British during the Revolutionary War and as a result, Peter Fitzpatrick (1752 - 1812) son of Patrick Fitzpatrick (1727) was sentenced to be hanged as a spy, but this was not carried out and the family moved across the border into Canada;[31] (reference: The Golden Years by Rita Piro). Statistics Province: Leinster County Town: Navan Code: MH Area: 2,342 km² Population (2006) 162,831 Website: www. ... is the 357th day of the year (358th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1841 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... For other uses, see Dublin (disambiguation). ... Starvation during the famine The Irish Potato Famine, also called The Great Famine or The Great Hunger (Irish: An Gorta Mór), is the name given to a famine which struck Ireland between 1846 and 1849. ... For other uses, see Dublin (disambiguation). ... Irish Americans (Irish: Gael-Mheiriceánach) are citizens of the United States who can claim ancestry originating in the west European nation of Ireland. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... is the 24th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1908 (MCMVIII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar). ... The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783), also known as the American War of Independence, was a war fought primarily between Great Britain and revolutionaries within thirteen of her North American colonies. ...


Eva Fitzpatrick-Milne lived with Judy Garland until her death on October 17, 1949 at the age of 84. She is buried with Garland's father in Forest Lawn Cemetery, Glendale CA. Garland's mother is also buried nearby, in a separate grave[32] (reference: The Golden Years by Rita Piro). is the 290th day of the year (291st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1949 (MCMXLIX) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... There are numerous cemeteries named Forest Lawn. Forest Lawn, Hollywood Hills Cemetery in Los Angeles, California; Forest Lawn Memorial Park Cemetery in Glendale, California; This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ...


A family link between Garland and the 18th United States president Ulysses S Grant has often been incorrectly stated. Garland's great great grandfather Hugh Fitzpatrick (1809 - 1878) was married twice; his second wife was Catherine Grant, a first cousin of Grant. However, Garland is descended from a son, also named Hugh (born 1838), from his first wife (Margaret Ross, 1807 - 1845), therefore there is no blood link.[33] Ulysses Simpson Grant (April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885) was an American Civil War General and the 18th (1869–1877) President of the United States. ...


When commenting on her ancestry, Garland described herself as Irish and Scottish and referred to herself during a 1963 press conference as "just an Irish biddy".[34] In her autobiography Lorna Luft states that her family had an "Irish charm" and that "often the family survived on charm alone".[35] This image is a candidate for speedy deletion. ...


See also

Lists of the appearances by Judy Garland in film, records, on stage, etc. ... Click here to return to the main article. ...

References

  1. ^ Judy Garland's Resting Place
  2. ^ Judy: Beyond the Rainbow, A&E/Biography television special
  3. ^ http://www.jgdb.com/radio35.htm The Judy Garland Database, Judy Garland on Radio - 1935 Listing, Jim Johnson
  4. ^ "Judy Garland: By Myself" in the American Masters series on PBS
  5. ^ Clarke, Gerald, Get Happy-The Life of Judy Garland,ISNB -075-6761-31-X, pages 131-135
  6. ^ Oscar Levant, The Unimportance of Being Oscar, Pocket Books 1969 (reprint of G.P. Putnam 1968), p. 35. ISBN 0-671-77104-3.
  7. ^ Frank, Gerold, Judy, ISBN 0-306-80894-3, pages 71,72
  8. ^ Clarke, Gerald, Get Happy-The Life of Judy Garland,ISNB -075-6761-31-X, page 131
  9. ^ Still Irish: a Century of Irish in film, Kevin Rockett and Eugene Finn, Dublin Red Mountain Press, 1995 ISBN 1-900361-00-0. Contains analysis of Garland's impact and persona as well as many photographs during her Hollywood career
  10. ^ Judy Garland: A Portrait in Art & Anecdote, John Fricke, Bullfinch, 2003
  11. ^ Clarke, Gerald, Get Happy-The Life of Judy Garland,ISNB -075-6761-31-X, page 131
  12. ^ Minnelli, Vincente, I Remember it Well, 1974, Doubleday, ISBN 057-3606-072-->
  13. ^ 1946-1950 Timelines, The Judy Room (Accessed June 30, 2006)
  14. ^ Frank, Gerold, Judy, ISBN 0-306-80894-3, pages 325-327
  15. ^ http://users.deltacomm.com/rainbowz/inconcert_1951.html Users/deltacomm.com
  16. ^ http://www.thejudyroom.com/timeline4.html Thejudyroom.com
  17. ^ http://www.variety.com/article/VR1117944197.html?categoryId=1228&cs=1
  18. ^ http://users.deltacomm.com/rainbowz/con051364.html Users.deltacomm.com
  19. ^ http://users.deltacomm.com/rainbowz/con052064.html Users.deltacomm.com
  20. ^ Thomson, David,Film Studies: She couldn't act for toffee - until she burst into song; The Independent; 2004-06-27; Retrieved on 2007-01-26
  21. ^ End of the rainbow, Time Magazine, 1969
  22. ^ http://partners.nytimes.com/books/00/04/09/specials/garland-view.html Partners.nytimes.com
  23. ^ http://www.genealogy.com/famousfolks/liza-minnelli/ Genealogy.com
  24. ^ http://www.marable-family.net/jlmarable/ Marable-family.net
  25. ^ Marable Family History http://www.marable-family.net/jlmarable/
  26. ^ Marable Family History http://www.marable-family.net/jlmarable/
  27. ^ Piro, Rita, Judy Garland: The Golden Years, ISBN 0-9706261-7-7
  28. ^ Clarke, Gerald, Get Happy-The Life of Judy Garland,ISNB -075-6761-31-X<
  29. ^ Piro, Rita, Judy Garland: The Golden Years, ISBN 0-9706261-7-7
  30. ^ Frank, Gerold, Judy, ISBN 0-306-80894-3, page 31
  31. ^ Piro, Rita, Judy Garland: The Golden Years, ISBN 0-9706261-7-7
  32. ^ Piro, Rita, Judy Garland: The Golden Years, ISBN 0-9706261-7-7
  33. ^ Piro, Rita, Judy Garland: The Golden Years, ISBN 0-9706261-7-7
  34. ^ Frank, Gerold, Judy, ISBN 0-306-80894-3
  35. ^ Luft, Lorna, Me and My Shadows: A Family Memoir, 1998, Simon and Schuster, ISBN 0-283-06320-3 (1999, Pocket Books paperback edition, ISBN 0-671-01900-7) -->

Biography is one of A&Es longest-running and most popular programs. ... Biography is a documentary television program. ... This article or section seems not to be written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia entry. ... Doubleday is one of the largest book publishing companies in the world. ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see The Independent (disambiguation). ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 26th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Judy Garland
  • Judy Garland at the Internet Movie Database
  • Judy Garland at the TCM Movie Database
  • Judy Garland at the Internet Broadway Database
  • Judy Garland Page On The Oldies Music Guide
  • Judy Garland On The Oldies Radio Station
  • Judy Garland at HighBeam
  • The Judy Garland Database
  • The Judy Garland Page
  • The Judy Room
  • The Judy Garland Online Discography
  • The Judy Garland Birthplace and Museum in Grand Rapids, MN
  • The Judy Garland Club: established 1963; official international Club supported by Judy during her lifetime
  • Judy Garland - The Live Performances
  • Judy Garland: By Myself - American Masters special
  • Judy Garland at TV.com
Awards
Preceded by
Deanna Durbin, Mickey Rooney
Academy Juvenile Award
1939
Succeeded by
Margaret O'Brien
Preceded by
Ruth Green
Special Tony Award
1952
Succeeded by
Beatrice Lillie, Danny Kaye
Preceded by
Ethel Merman
for Call Me Madam
Golden Globe Award for Best Actress - Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
1954
for A Star Is Born
Succeeded by
Jean Simmons
for Guys and Dolls
Preceded by
Fred Astaire
Cecil B. DeMille Award
1962
Succeeded by
Bob Hope
Preceded by
Bob Newhart
for The Button-Down Mind of Bob Newhart
Grammy Award for Album of the Year
1962
for Judy at Carnegie Hall
Succeeded by
Vaughn Meader
for The First Family
Preceded by
Ella Fitzgerald
for Ella in Berlin: Mack the Knife
Grammy Award for Best Vocal Performance, Female
1962
for Judy at Carnegie Hall
Succeeded by
Ella Fitzgerald
for Ella Swings Brightly with Nelson
Preceded by
Dave Brubeck, Marvin Gaye, Georg Solti, Stevie Wonder
Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award
1997
Succeeded by
Bo Diddley, The Mills Brothers, Roy Orbison, Paul Robeson

  Results from FactBites:
 
Judy Garland - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (5485 words)
Judy Garland is one of the few stars to have been recognized on the Hollywood Walk of Fame with two stars; one for her contributions to American motion pictures and one for her contributions as a recording artist.
Garland's legacy is alive in her two performing daughters and in her two grandchildren: Lorna Luft's son Jesse, born in 1984 and daughter Vanessa, born in 1990.
Judy is the subject of O'Connor's fourth studio album, A Tribute to Garland and she is to reprise the role at the 2006 Edinburgh Festival.
Encyclopedia4U - Judy Garland - Encyclopedia Article (445 words)
Judy Garland (June 10, 1922 - June 22, 1969) was the stage name of the American actress who was born Frances Ethel Gumm in Grand Rapids, Minnesota.
At the age of 16, she got the role originally destined for Shirley Temple, that of Dorothy in the film of The Wizard of Oz (1939), and was forever afterwards associated with the song, "Over the Rainbow".
Garland was interred in the Ferncliff Cemetery, Hartsdale, New York.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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