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Encyclopedia > Judith Wright

Judith Arundell Wright (31 May 191526 June 2000) was an Australian poet, environmentalist and campaigner for Aboriginal land rights.[1] is the 151st day of the year (152nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday[1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 177th day of the year (178th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... The poor poet A poet is a person who writes poetry. ... Bold textHello ... Image:Aus map covered text lined. ...

Contents

Life

Judith Wright was born in Armidale, New South Wales, the eldest child of Phillip Wright and his first wife Ethel, but spent most of her formative years in Brisbane and Sydney.[2] After the early death of her mother she lived with her aunt and then boarded at New England Girls School after her father's remarriage in 1929. After graduating Wright studied philosophy and history at the University of Sydney.[3][2] At the beginning of World War II she returned to her father's station to help during the shortage of labour caused by conscription. It is possibly during this period that she developed her attachment to the land and its people which would inform her work throughout her life. Armidale (population 28,000) is a university and cathedral city in northern New South Wales, Australia, in Armidale Dumaresq Council. ... NSW redirects here. ... Phillip Arundell Wright, CMG (20 July 1889–30 August 1970), Australian pastoralist and philanthropist, was the second Chancellor of the University of New England from 1960 until 1970. ... The University of Sydney, established in Sydney in 1850, is the oldest university in Australia. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Wright's first book of poetry, The Moving Image, was published soon afterwards in 1946 while she was working at the University of Queensland as a research officer. At this time she also worked with Clem Christesen on the literary magazine Meanjin.[3] In 1950 she moved to Mount Tamborine, in Queensland, with the novelist and philosopher Jack McKinney, their daughter Meredith was born in the same year. They married in 1962, although he was only to live until 1966.[4] Later in life, she moved to the NSW town of Braidwood. The University of Queensland (UQ) is the longest-established university in the state of Queensland, Australia, a member of Australias Group of Eight, and the Sandstone Universities. ... Clement Byrne Christesen (1911-2003) was the founder of the Australian literary magazine, Meanjin. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Mount Tamborine is the northern most plateau of the Tamborine Mountain region of the Gold Coast Hinterland in southern Queensland, Australia. ... Slogan or Nickname: Sunshine State, Smart State Motto(s): Audax at Fidelis (Bold but Faithful) Other Australian states and territories Capital Brisbane Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Quentin Bryce Premier Anna Bligh (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 28  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $158,506 (3rd... Braidwood Courthouse built 1901 Braidwood (postcode: 2622, ) is a town in the Southern Tablelands of New South Wales, Australia, in Palerang Shire. ...


With David Fleay, Kathleen McArthur and Brian Clouston, she was a founding member and, from 1964 to 1976, President of the Wildlife Preservation Society of Queensland. She was the first Australian to receive the Queen's Gold Medal for poetry, in 1992.[3] David Howells Fleay (6 January 1907 Ballarat, Victoria – 7 August 1993) was an Australian naturalist who pioneered the captive breeding of endangered species, and was the first person to captive breed the platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus). ... Kathleen McArthur (1915-2001), was an Australian naturalist, writer, wildflower artist and conservationist. ... Brian Clouston British landscape architect and founder of Brian Clouston and Partners (BCP) once the largest landscape architecture practice in Europe. ... The Wildlife Preservation Society of Queensland is a Queensland based conservation organisation. ...


Poet and critic

Judith Wright was the author of several most illuminating collections of poetry, including The Moving Image, Woman to Man, The Gateway, The Two Fires, Birds, The Other Half, and Shadow.


Her work is noted for a keen focus on the Australian environment, which began to gain prominence in Australian art in the years following World War II. She deals with the relationship between settlers, Indigenous Australians and the bush, amongst other themes. Wright's aesthetic centers on the relationship between mankind and the environment, which she views as the catalyst for poetic creation. Her images characteristically draw from the Australian flora and fauna, yet contain a mythic substrata that probes at the poetic process, limitations of language, and the correspondence between inner existence and objective reality. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Her poems have been translated into Italian, Japanese and Russian.


Wright was also an acclaimed critic of Australian poetry.


Birds

In 2003, the National Library of Australia published an expanded edition of Wright's collection titled Birds.[5]. Most of these poems were written in the 1950s when she was living in Tamborine Mountain in southeast Queensland. McKinney, Wright's daughter, writes that they were written at "a precious and dearly-won time of warmth and bounty to counterbalance at last what felt, in contrast, the chilly dearth and difficulty of her earlier years".[6] McKinney goes on to say that "many of these poems have a newly relaxed, almost conversational tone and rhythm, an often humorous ease and and an intimacy of voice that surely reflects the new intimacies and joys of her life".[7] Despite the joy reflected in the poems, however, they also acknowledge "the experiences of cruelty, pain and death that are inseparable from the lives of birds as of humans ... and [turn] a sorrowing a clear-sighted gaze on the terrible damage we have done and continue to to do to our world, even as we love it".[7] Tamborine Mountain is a 2,800 ha plateau (8 km long by 4 km wide, altitude 525 m) in the Beaudesert Shire, Gold Coast Hinterland, south-east Queensland, Australia. ...


Environmentalist and social activist

Wright was well known for her environmentalist campaigning in support of the conservation of the Great Barrier Reef and Fraser Island. With some friends, she helped found one of the earliest nature conservation movements.[7] The Great Barrier Reef is the worlds largest coral reef system,[1][2] composed of roughly 3,000 individual reefs and 900 islands stretching for 2,600 kilometres (1,616 mi) over an area of approximately 344,400 square kilometres (132,974 sq mi). ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ...


She was also an empassioned advocate for the Aboriginal land rights movement. Tom Shapcott, reviewing With Love and Fury, her posthumous collection of selected letters published in 2007, comments that her letter on this topic to the Australian Prime Minister John Howard was "almost brutal in its scorn". [8] Image:Aus map covered text lined. ... John Winston Howard (born 26 July 1939) is an Australian politician and the 25th Prime Minister of Australia. ...


She attended a march in Canberra for reconciliation between white Australians and the Aboriginal people shortly before her death at the age of 85. [9] For other uses, see Canberra (disambiguation). ...


Awards

The Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission (HREOC) is a national independent statutory body of the Australian Government. ...

Recognition

In June 2006 the Australian Electoral Commission (AEC) announced that the new federal electorate in Queensland to be created at the 2007 election would be named Wright in honour of her life as a "poet and in the areas of arts, conservation and indigenous affairs in Queensland and Australia".[11] However, in September 2006 the AEC announced it would name the seat after John Flynn the founder of the Royal Flying Doctor Service due to numerous objections from people fearing the name may be linked to disgraced former Queensland Labor MP Keith Wright. AEC logo The Australian Electoral Commission, or the AEC, is the federal government agency in charge of organising and supervising federal elections. ... Slogan or Nickname: Sunshine State, Smart State Motto(s): Audax at Fidelis (Bold but Faithful) Other Australian states and territories Capital Brisbane Government Constitutional monarchy Governor Quentin Bryce Premier Anna Bligh (ALP) Federal representation  - House seats 28  - Senate seats 12 Gross State Product (2004-05)  - Product ($m)  $158,506 (3rd... Insert non-formatted text hereInsert non-formatted text hereInsert non-formatted text hereInsert non-formatted text here For other persons named John Flynn, see John Flynn (disambiguation). ... The Royal Flying Doctor Service of Australia (RFDS, informally known as The Flying Doctors) is an air ambulance service for those living in the remote inland areas of Australia. ...


The Judith Wright Centre of Contemporary Arts in Brisbane's Fortitude Valley is named after her. The Judith Wright Centre of Contemporary Arts in Fortitude Valley in Brisbane, Queensland provides a 300-seat performance space, art gallery, artist studios, screening room and workshops with theatre rehearsal spaces for music, dance and circus. ... Fortitude Valley, also known simply as the Valley is a suburb of central Brisbane, Australia. ...


Bibliography

Poetry

  • The Moving Image (1946)
  • Woman to Man (1949)
  • The Gateway (1953)
  • The Two Fires (1955)
  • Australian Bird Poems (1961)
  • Birds: Poems (1962)
  • Five Senses: Selected Poems (1963)
  • Tentacles: A tribute to those lovely things (1964)
  • City Sunrise (1964)
  • The Other Half (1966)
  • Alive: Poems 1971-72 (1973)
  • Fourth Quarter and Other Poems (1976)
  • The Double Tree: Selected Poems 1942-76 (1978)
  • Phantom Dwelling (1985)
  • A Human Pattern: Selected Poems (1990) ISBN 1-875892-17-6
  • The Flame Tree (1993)
  • To Another Housewife

Literary Criticism

  • William Baylebridge and the modern problem (Canberra University College, 1955)
  • Charles Harpur (1963)
  • Preoccupations in Australian Poetry (1965)
  • Henry Lawson (1967)
  • Because I was Invited (1975)
  • Going on Talking (1991) ISBN 0947333436

Other Works

  • The Generations of Men (1959) ISBN 1-875892-16-8
  • The Coral Battleground (1977)
  • The Cry for the Dead (1981)
  • We Call for a Treaty (1985)
  • Born of the Conquerors: Selected Essays (1991) ISBN 9780-85575-217-0
  • Half a Lifetime (Text, 2001) ISBN 1-876485-78-7

Review


Letters

  • The Equal Heart and Mind: Letters between Judith Wright and Jack McKinney. Edited by Patricia Clarke and Meredith McKinney (UQP, 2004) ISBN 0-7022-3441-9
  • With Love and Fury: Selected letters of Judith Wright, edited by Patricia Clarke and Meredith McKinney (National Library of Australia, 2006) ISBN 9780642276254

Secondary sources National Library of Australia National Library of Australia as viewed from Lake Burley Griffin The National Library of Australia is located in Canberra, Australia. ...

  • Veronica Brady, South of My Days: A Biography of Judith Wright. (Angus & Robertson: 1998) ISBN 0207188572


Angus & Robertson is a bookstore chain in Australia. ...

External links

ABC Radio National is an Australia-wide radio network with many various programs, involving news and current affairs, arts, music, society, science, drama and comedy. ... Gig Ryan from the cover of The Division of Anger Gig Ryan (born 1956) is an Australian poet. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Judith Wright Biography and Bibliography at LitWeb.net
  2. ^ a b Cornwell, Tony (2000-08-31). Australian poet Judith Wright (1915-2000): An appreciation. World Socialist Web Site. Retrieved on 2007-02-11.
  3. ^ a b c Heywood, Anne (2001-09-11). Wright, Judith Arundell (1915 - 2000). Australian Women’s Archives Project. Retrieved on 2007-02-11.
  4. ^ Wright, Judith (2000). McKinney, Jack Philip (1891 - 1966). Australian Dictionary of Biography. Retrieved on 2007-02-11.
  5. ^ McKinney (2004) p.7
  6. ^ McKinney (2004) p.8-9
  7. ^ a b c McKinney (2004) p.9
  8. ^ Tom Shapcott, Book Review, "With Love and Fury: selected letters of Judith Wright", Sydney Morning Herald, March 10, 2007
  9. ^ Judith Wright Biography and Bibliography at LitWeb.net
  10. ^ 1994 Human Rights Medal and Awards. Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission.
  11. ^ Proposal for Queensland Federal Electoral Redistribution. Australian Electoral Commission (2006-07-23). Retrieved on 2007-02-11.

Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 243rd day of the year (244th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The World Socialist Web Site is the online news and information center of the International Committee of the Fourth International (ICFI). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 254th day of the year (255th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... The Dictionary of Australian Biography is a reference work containing information on notable people associated with Australian history. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Human Rights and Equal Opportunity Commission (HREOC) is a national independent statutory body of the Australian Government. ... AEC logo The Australian Electoral Commission, or the AEC, is the federal government agency in charge of organising and supervising federal elections. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 204th day of the year (205th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 42nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ...

References

Listed here are print references cited in the article.

  • McKinney, Meredith (2004) "Birds", National Library of Australia News, XIV (6): 7-10, March 2004
Persondata
NAME Wright, Judith Arundell
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION Twentieth century Australian poet, environmentalist and Indigenous rights campaigner
DATE OF BIRTH May 31, 1915
PLACE OF BIRTH Armidale, New South Wales, Australia
DATE OF DEATH June 26, 2000
PLACE OF DEATH Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia'

  Results from FactBites:
 
Judith Wright (1024 words)
Judith Wright, whose work was deeply rooted in the landscape of her native Australia, was an uncompromising environmentalist and social activist campaigning for Aboriginal land rights.
Wright was appointed a foundation fellow of the Australian Academy of the Humanities and an emeritus professor of the Literature Board of the Arts Council of Australia.
Wright's lyrical work was inspired by the various regions in which she lived: New England, New South Wales, the subtropical rainforests of Tamborine Mountain, Queensland, and the plains of the southern highlands near Braidwood.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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