FACTOID # 18: Alaska spends more money per capita on elementary and secondary education than any other state.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Judith Merril
Judith Merril
Born January 21, 1923(1923-01-21)
Boston, Massachusetts
Died September 12, 1997 (aged 74)
Toronto, Canada
Pen name Cyril Judd
Occupation Editor, novelist, short story author
Genres Science fiction

Judith Josephine Grossman (January 21, 1923 - September 12, 1997), who took the pen-name Judith Merril about 1945, was an American and then Canadian science fiction writer, editor and political activist. is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... A pen name or nom de plume is a pseudonym adopted by an author. ... This article is about work. ... A literary genre is one of the divisions of literature into genres according to particular criteria such as literary technique, tone, or content. ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... Karl Schroeder (born September 4, 1962) is a Canadian author. ... is the 21st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ... Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ...

Contents

Biography

Judith Merril's first paid writing was in other genres, but in her first few years of writing published science fiction she wrote her three novels (all but the first in collaboration with C.M. Kornbluth) and some stories. Her roughly four decades in that genre also included writing 26 published short stories, and editing a similar number of anthologies. Cyril M. Kornbluth (July 23, 1923–March 21, 1958 — pen-names: Cecil Corwin, S.D. Gottesman, Edward J. Bellin, Kenneth Falconer, Walter C. Davies, Simon Eisner, Jordan Park) was a science fiction author and a notable member of the Futurians. ... ANThology is the first major label album by Alien Ant Farm released on March 6, 2001 in the USA and March 19, 2001 in the UK. // Their first single, Smooth Criminal, was a cover of Michael Jacksons song Smooth Criminal, which started to bring popularity to the band. ...


Merril was born in Boston. After her father's suicide during her grade-school years, her mother found a job at Bronx House and moved them to the borough of the Bronx in New York City. In her mid-teens, she pursued Zionism and Marxism. Nickname: City on the Hill, Beantown, The Hub (of the Universe)1, Athens of America, The Cradle of Revolution, Puritan City, Americas Walking City Location in Massachusetts, USA Counties Suffolk County Mayor Thomas M. Menino(D) Area    - City 232. ... For other uses, see Suicide (disambiguation). ... Primary or elementary education is the first years of formal, structured education that occurs during childhood. ... For other uses, see The Bronx (disambiguation). ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... This article is about Zionism as a movement, not the History of Israel. ... Karl Heinrich Marx (May 5, 1818 – March 14, 1883) was a 19th century philosopher, political economist, and revolutionary. ...


In 1939, she graduated from Morris High School[1] at 16, and rethought her politics under the influence of the Hitler-Stalin Pact. She married Dan Zissman the next year, less than four months into a relationship that started through Trotskyist activities. Their daughter Merril Zissman was born in December 1942. In this period, she also became a member of the New York City-based group of science fiction writers, editors, artists and fans, the Futurians, which included Kornbluth. The Zissmans separated about 1945; in 1946 Frederik Pohl, another Futurian, began living with her. After her divorce from Zissman became final, she married Pohl, both during 1948. Year 1939 (MCMXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Molotov (left), Ribbentrop (in black) and Stalin The Molotov-Ribbentrop pact, also known as the Hitler-Stalin pact or Nazi-Soviet pact, was a non-aggression treaty between Germany and Russia, or more precisely between the Soviet Union and the Third Reich. ... Trotskyism is the theory of Marxism as advocated by Leon Trotsky. ... The Futurians were an influential group of science fiction fans, many of whom became editors and writers as well. ... Frederik George Pohl, Jr. ...


She began writing professionally, especially short stories about sports, starting in 1945, before publishing her first science-fiction story in 1948. A number, but by no means all, of her contributions were to magazines edited by fellow ex-Futurians. She was a co-founder of the Hydra Club in this period. Her story "Dead Center" (The Magazine of Fantasy and Science Fiction, November, 1954) is one of only two stories take from any science fiction or fantasy magazine for the Best American Short Stories volumes edited by Martha Foley in the 1950s. F&SF April 1971, special Poul Anderson issue. ... The Best American Short Stories yearly anthology is a part of the Best American Series published by the Houghton Mifflin Company. ...


Her second child, Ann, was born in 1950; in 1952 she separated from Pohl, and their divorce finalized the next year, in which she also lived with Walter M. Miller, Jr. for six months. Her third marriage came in 1960, devolving into separation, in 1963, but never a final divorce. Ann's daughter (Merril's granddaughter), Emily Pohl-Weary, is an author of young adult fiction and science-fiction stories. (She also co-authored Merril's biography after the latter's death, using access to her drafts, notes and letters. [1]) Walter Michael Miller, Jr. ...


Merril began editing science fiction short story anthologies in 1950 -- especially a popular "Year's Best" story-anthology series of that ran from 1956 to 1967 -- and published her last in 1985. In her editorial introductions, talks and other writings, she actively argued that science fiction should no longer be isolated but become part of the literary mainstream. Science fiction scholar Rob Latham noted in 2005 that "throughout the 1950s, Merril, along with fellow SF authors James Blish and Damon Knight had taken the lead in promoting higher literary standards and a greater sense of professionalism within the field" (p.203) -- especially by establishing an annual series of writers' conferences in Milford, Pennsylvania, where Merril then lived. Manuscripts were workshopped at these avid gatherings, thus encouraging more care in the planning of stories, and a sense of solidarity was promoted, eventually leading to the formation of the Science Fiction Writers Association" (Latham, 2005, p. 204). However, "disaffected authors began griping about a `Milford Mafia' that was endangering SF's unique virtues by imposing literary standards essentially alien to the field" (Latham, 2005, p. 204). A car from 1956 Year 1956 (MCMLVI) was a leap year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1967 (MCMLXVII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the 1967 Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... James Benjamin Blish (East Orange, New Jersey, May 23, 1921 – Henley-on-Thames, July 30, 1975) was an American author of fantasy and science fiction. ... Damon Knight (September 19, 1922 – April 15, 2002) was a science fiction author, editor, and critic. ... There are several Milford Townships in Pennsylvania Milford is a borough in Pike County, Pennsylvania, United States. ...


A project she began in the early 1960s, under contract to Lion Books in Chicago, was abortive, but inspired her publisher's editor, Harlan Ellison, to go forward with his version of the project, Dangerous Visions (Doubleday, 1967). As an initiator of the New Wave movement, in 1968 she edited the anthology England Swings SF. She collected the stories for it while living in England for a year in the late 1960s. Harlan Jay Ellison (born May 27, 1934) is a prolific American writer of short stories, novellas, teleplays, essays, and criticism. ... Dangerous Visions (ISBN 0-425-06176-0) was a path-breaking science fiction short story anthology edited by Harlan Ellison and published in 1967. ... New Wave science fiction was characterised by a high degree of experimentation, both in form and in content, and a highbrow and self-consciously literary or artistic sensibility previously comparatively alien to the science fiction aesthetic. ...


In the late 1960s, citing what she called undemocratic suppression of anti-war activities by the U.S. government, she moved to Canada. The 1960s decade refers to the years from the beginning of 1960 to the end of 1969. ...


In 1970 she began an endowment at the Toronto Public Library for the collection of all science fiction published in the English language. She donated all of the unpublished manuscripts in her possession to the library, which set up the "Spaced Out Library" (Merril's term), with Merril in a non-administrative role as curator. The library has had its own physical space from the onset. It was renamed in Merril's last decade as the Merril Collection of Science Fiction, Speculation, and Fantasy. Merril received a small annual stipend as curator, and when low on funds, she lived in her office at the library, sleeping on a cot. Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A financial endowment is a transfer of money or property donated to an institution, with the stipulation that it be invested, and the principal remain intact. ... Logo of the Toronto Public Library Toronto Reference Library The Toronto Public Library is the largest public library system in Canada and the second busiest (by number of visits) in the world after the Hong Kong Public Library. ...


From 1978 to 1981 she introduced Canadian broadcasts of Doctor Who As the "Undoctor," Merril presented short (3-7 minute) philosophical commentaries on the show's themes. This article is about the television series. ...


Merril became a Canadian citizen in 1976. She became active in the Writers' Union. When the Union debated at its annual meeting whether people could write about other genders and ethnic groups, she exclaimed "Who will speak for the aliens?" which closed the debate. Year 1976 Pick up sticks(MCMLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


From the mid-1970s until her death, Merrill spent much time in the Canadian peace movement, including traveling to Ottawa dressed as a witch in order to symbolically hex Parliament for allowing American cruise missile testing over Canada.


She also remained active in the SF world as a commentator and mentor. Her lifetime of work was honoured by the International Authors Festival at the Harbourfront Centre, Toronto. Harbourfront Centre The Harbourfront Centre is a key cultural facility on Toronto, Ontarios waterfront, situated at 235 Queens Quay West. ...


The Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America (the renamed SFWA) made Merril its Author Emeritus for 1997. Science Fiction Writers of America, or SFWA (pronounced // or //), was founded in 1965 by Damon Knight. ... Author Emeritus award is an honorary title bestowed by Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America, Inc. ... For the band, see 1997 (band). ...


In contemplation of her death, she left a sizable sum of money to hold a celebratory/memorial party at Toronto's Bamboo Club. An organized editor to the end, she prepared detailed lists of who should call whom when she finally died.


Selected works

  • "That Only a Mother" (1948, short story)
  • Shadow on the Hearth (1950)
  • Outpost Mars (1950, with C. M. Kornbluth as "Cyril Judd")
  • Gunner Cade (1952, with C. M. Kornbluth as "Cyril Judd")
  • SF: The Year's Greatest Science Fiction and Fantasy (1956, editor)
  • SF '57: The Year's Greatest Science Fiction and Fantasy (1957, editor)
  • SF '58: The Year's Greatest Science Fiction and Fantasy (1958, editor)
  • SF '59: The Year's Greatest Science Fiction and Fantasy (1959, editor)
  • The 5th Annual of the Year’s Best S-F (1960, editor)
  • The 6th Annual of the Year’s Best S-F (1961, editor)
  • The 7th Annual of the Year’s Best S-F (1962, editor)
  • The 8th Annual of the Year’s Best S-F (1963, editor)
  • The 9th Annual of the Year’s Best S-F (1964, editor)
  • The 10th Annual of the Year’s Best S-F (1965, editor)
  • The 11th Annual of the Year’s Best S-F (1966, editor)
  • SF12 (1967, editor)
  • England Swings SF (1968, editor)
  • Daughters of Earth and Other Stories (1968, short story collection)
  • Survival Ship and Other Stories (1973, short story collection)
  • The Best of Judith Merril (1976, short story collection)
  • Tesseracts (1985, editor)
  • Homecalling and Other Stories: The Complete Solo Short SF of Judith Merril (2005, short story collection, edited by Elisabeth Carey)

References

  • Merril, Judith; Emily Pohl-Weary (2002). Better to have loved : the life of Judith Merril (paperback) (in english), Toronto: Between the Lines, 282p. ISBN 1-896357-57-1. 
  • Latham, Rob (2005). in David Seed: A Companion to Science Fiction. Oxford: Blackwell, pp. 202-216. 
  • What If? A Film about Judith Merril. full-length documentary. Writer/director: Helene Klodawsky. Producer: Imageries, Montreal. First shown on Canadian Space Channel, February 1999.

References

  1. ^ Emily Pohl-Weary (2002). Better to have loved : the life of Judith Merril, Toronto: Between the Lines, 282p. ISBN 1-896357-57-1.

External links

The Internet Speculative Fiction Database is a database of bibliographic information on science fiction and related genres such as fantasy fiction and horror fiction. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Judith Merril - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (451 words)
Judith Josephine Grossman (January 21, 1923 - September 12, 1997), who took the pen-name Judith Merril about 1945, was an American and then Canadian science fiction writer and political activist.
Her first paid writing was in other genres, but in her first few years of writing published science fiction she wrote her three novels (all but the first in collaboration with C.M. Kornbluth) and some stories.
Their daughter Merril Zissman was born in December 1942.
Emily Pohl-Weary interview (1387 words)
Judith believed that her mother raised her to be a man, to be intelligent, not pretty.
Judith Merril was also an influential public figure and cultural critic, who wrote non-fiction articles and frequently spoke for current affairs shows.
Judith’s love for Toronto eroded over the years, and that contributed to her pessimism at the end of her life.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m