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Encyclopedia > Jud Süß
Cover of the program for the 1940 Nazi film Jud Süß.
Cover of the program for the 1940 Nazi film Jud Süß.

Jud Süß, (The Jew Süss), was the nickname of Joseph Süss Oppenheimer and is the title of an 1827 novella by Wilhelm Hauff, a 1925 historical novel by Lion Feuchtwanger, a 1934 British film and a Nazi propaganda film made in 1940 by Veit Harlan, all of which are stories with a title character modelled on Oppenheimer. The Feuchtwanger book and the 1934 film based on it were both condemnations of anti-Semitism with the film being meant as well as a satire of Nazi anti-Semitism. Events February 20 - Battle of Huzaingo February 28 - The Baltimore & Ohio Railroad is incorporated, becoming the first railroad offering commercial transportation of both people and freight. ... Wilhelm Hauff (November 29, 1802 - November 18, 1827), German poet and novelist, was born at Stuttgart, the son of a secretary in the ministry of foreign affairs. ... Events January-May January 3 - Benito Mussolini announces he is taking dictatorial powers over Italy. ... Lion Feuchtwanger (7 July 1884 - 21 December 1958) was a German-Jewish novelist who was imprisoned in a French internment camp in Les Milles and later escaped to Los Angeles with the help of his wife, Marta. ... Veit Harlan (* September 22, 1899 in Berlin; † April 13, 1964 in Capri/Italy) was a German film director and actor. ...


The original novella was about a businessman who believes he is a Jew, but whose unfair business practices result in the betrayal of an innocent girl. Consequently, he is arrested and sentenced to be hanged under 18th-century anti-Semitic laws. While he waits to be executed, he discovers that he is not Jewish, but he prefers to face his sentence rather than turning his back to the community he grew up in. Anti-Semitism (alternatively spelled antisemitism) is hostility towards Jews (not: Semites - see the Misnomer section further on). ...


The first film adaptation of Jud Süß was made in 1934 by Michael Balcon, head of production at Gaumont British in the 1930s. British censors wouldn't have allowed a movie to openly criticize the persecution of Jews, since it would have appeared as an attack on German policy and led to a diplomatic incident. The movie had little success in America or most of Europe, but a great political impact in Vienna, where it was banned. Unlike the 1940 version, the 1934 version is based on Feuchtwanger's novel and is a condemnation of anti-Semitism, not a justification of it. Sir Michael Balcon (May 19, 1896 - October 17, 1977) was a British film producer, best known for his work with the Ealing Studios. ... Gaumont Pictures were founded in 1895 by the engineer-turned-inventor, Léon Gaumont (1864-1946). ... This article is about the ancient Roman political office. ... This article is about the city and federal state in Austria. ...


The infamous German movie adaptation made in 1940 by Veit Harlan under the supervision of Joseph Goebbels is a justification of anti-Semitism and is considered one of the most hateful depictions of Jews on film. The 1940 Süß, played by Ferdinand Marian, is different from the original character on the following points: He is a real Jew; he represented Nazi propaganda stereotypes of Jews having hooked noses and greasy hair. Veit Harlan (* September 22, 1899 in Berlin; † April 13, 1964 in Capri/Italy) was a German film director and actor. ... Joseph Goebbels Dr. Paul Joseph Goebbels (October 29, 1897 – May 1, 1945) was Adolf Hitlers Propaganda Minister (see Propagandaministerium) in Nazi Germany. ... The Nazi party used a right-facing swastika as their symbol and the red and black colors were said to represent Blut und Boden (blood and soil). ...


The 1940 film achieved Nazi objectives and was a great success in Germany and abroad. Anti-Jewish violence was reported after its projection in Marseilles, for example. The impact of this movie was such that its director, Veit Harlan, received the 1943 Universum Film Archiv award (the UFA was the major commercial German film studio in the early part of the 20th century), and was put on trial after the war but Harlan defended himself by arguing that the Nazis controlled his work. Marseilles redirects here. ... Veit Harlan (* September 22, 1899 in Berlin; † April 13, 1964 in Capri/Italy) was a German film director and actor. ... For the film production company in Berlin, see Universum Film AG. Ufa (Уфа́) (oo-FAH) (Tatar Ufa, Öfä; Bashkir Өфө) is the capital of Bashkortostan (or Bashkiria), a republic in central Russia. ...


See also

  • Der ewige Jude (The Eternal Jew) on another example of anti-Semitic Nazi film propaganda

Der ewige Jude (The Eternal Jew) is a 1940 anti-Semitic Nazi propaganda film directed by Fritz Hippler at the insistence of German Minister of Propaganda Joseph Goebbels, though the writing is credited to Eberhard Taubert. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Jud's New England Journal - Behind the Scenes at the Community Church - Yankee Magazine (623 words)
Jud's New England Journal - Behind the Scenes at the Community Church - Yankee Magazine
Welcome to the June 2007 edition of "Jud's New England Journal," the rather curious monthly musings of Judson Hale, editor-in-chief of Yankee Magazine, published for over 70 years in Dublin, New Hampshire.
This month "Jud's New England Journal" is brought to you by The New England Quarterly: Publishing the history of our region for eight decades.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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