FACTOID # 25: If you're tired of sitting in traffic on your way to work, move to North Dakota.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Jubaland" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Jubaland
Jubbaland State
Flag of Jubbaland Coat of arms of Jubbaland
Anthem
Somalia Tosow
Capital
(and largest city)
Kismayo
Official languages Somali and English
Government
 -  President Barre Adan Shire Hiiraale
Autonomy Part of Federated Somalia 
 -  Autonomy Declared 1998 
 -  Ended by JVA 2004 
 -  Re-established 2007 
 -  Recognition Not Recognized 
Currency Somali shilling (SOS)
Time zone EAT (UTC+3)
 -  Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+3)
Internet TLD .so
Calling code +252 (Somalia)

Jubaland (Somali: Jubbaland) or Juba Valley (Somali: Dooxada Jubba), formerly Trans-Juba (Italian: Oltre Giuba), is the southwesternmost part of Somalia, on the far side of the Juba River (thus "Trans"-Juba), bordering on Kenya. Image File history File links Flag_of_Jubaland. ... Image File history File links Coat_of_arms_of_Somalia. ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that is evoking and eulogizing the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognized either by a nations government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... This article is about a city that serves as a center of government and politics. ... Map of Somalia. ... An official language is a language that is given a unique legal status in the countries, states, and other territories. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Superscript text Barre Aadan Shire Barre Adan Shire (Somali: ), also known as Barre Hiiraale, Barre Hirale Aden Shire, or Abdikadir Adan Shire[1], is the Minister of Defense of the Somali Transitional Federal Government (TFG), which was formed in Nairobi, Kenya, in 2004. ... Look up autonomy, autonomous in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Somali shilling (shilin soomaali) is the currency used in the African nation of Somalia. ... ISO 4217 is the international standard describing three letter codes (also known as the currency code) to define the names of currencies established by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Time zones of Africa: Striped colours indicate countries observing daylight saving East Africa Time, or EAT, is a time zone used in eastern Africa. ... Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) is a high-precision atomic time standard. ... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) is a high-precision atomic time standard. ... A country code top-level domain (ccTLD) is a top-level domain used and reserved for a country or a dependent territory. ... .so is the Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD) for Somalia. ... A telephone number is a sequence of decimal digits (0-9) that is used for identifying a destination telephone line in a telephone network. ... The Jubba River is a river in Somalia. ... Trans is a Latin noun or prefix, meaning across, beyond or on the opposite side [of] . It is the opposite of cis, which means on the same side [of]. In chemistry, a double bond (or ring) not subject to free rotation in which the greater radical on both ends is...


It has a total area of 87,000 km² (33,000 sq mi), and in 1926 a population of 120,000. The main city is Kismayo, on the coast near the mouth of the Juba. Map of Somalia. ...


Since the civil war in Somali in early 1990s, there were numerous fighting all in the hope of controlling Kismayo city. The JVA, short for Jubba Valley Authority had the longest control of Kismayo. This was due to the support the JVA got from the larger Marehan tribe inside Kismayo.


In late August 2006, the Islamic Courts Union seized control of all of Lower and Middle Juba, including the key city of Kismayo, and established its own administration. The JVA ruled only in Gedo and suffered a number of defections and surrenders of their commanders and militias. However, in late December 2006 the JVA, now incorporated into the Transitional Federal Government, with the military support of Ethiopia, retook the Juba Valley. On January 1, 2007, Kismayo was taken by the TFG and Ethiopian forces. Motto: none Anthem: none Capital formerly Mogadishu and Kismayu Largest city n/a Official languages Somali and Arabic Government Sharia Krytocracy  - Executive Chairman Sharif Sheikh Ahmed  - Shura Chairman Hassan Dahir Aweys Civil War Faction Has not declared autonomy or independence   - Established June 6th 2006 in Mogadishu  Area  - Total not finalized... The Transitional Federal Parliament is an interim parliament of Somalia formed in neighbouring Kenya in 2004. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ...

Contents

History

Jubaland was ruled by the Arabian Sultanate of Muscat (now in Oman) from 1836 until 1861 when the new Sultanate of Zanzibar was split from Muscat and Oman and given control of its African territories . Classification City Sultan Qaboos bin Said al Said Area 3,500 km² [1] Population  - Total (2005)  - Density  - Oman calculated rank 606,024 [2] 184. ... Map of Zanzibars main island Zanzibar is part of Tanzania Coordinates: , Country Tanzania Islands Unguja and Pemba Capital Zanzibar City Settled AD 1000 Government  - Type semi-autonomous part of Tanzania  - President Amani Abeid Karume Area  - Both Islands  637 sq mi (1,651 km²) Population (2004)  - Both Islands 1,070... Muscat and Oman (Arabic:مسقط وعمان) was a country that encompassed the present day Sultanate of Oman and parts of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). ...


On 7 November 1890, Zanzibar became a British protectorate and, on 1 July 1895, ceded all its coastal possessions in continental East Africa to its protector. Together with Zanzibar's other former possessions in the area, Jubaland became part of the British colony of British East Africa (present day Kenya) is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about states protected and/or dominated by a foreign power. ... is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... British East Africa was a British protectorate in East Africa, covering generally the area of present-day Kenya and lasting from 1890 to 1920, when it became the colony of Kenya. ...


Jubaland was ceded to Italy 29 June 1925, purportedly as a reward for joining the Allies in World War I and had a brief existence as the Italian colony of Oltre Giuba, under governor (16 July 1924 - 31 December 1926) Corrado Zoli (b. 1877 - d. 1951). It was incorporated into the neighboring colony of Italian Somaliland on 30 June 1926. is the 180th day of the year (181st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... The Italian empire in 1940 The Italian Empire was a 20th century empire, which lasted from 9 May 1936 to September 1943. ... is the 197th day of the year (198th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Italian Somaliland was an Italian colony that lasted, apart from a brief interlude of British rule, from the late 19th century until 1960 in the territory of the modern-day East African nation of Somalia. ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


On 1 July 1960, Jubaland, along with the rest of Italian Somaliland and British Somaliland, became part of the independent republic Somalia. is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The British Somaliland was a British protectorate in the north part of the Horn of Africa, and later part of Somalia and presently the unrecognized Republic of Somaliland. ...


Some of the major recent history events of the Jubba Regions included internal migration after Somali Independence in 1960. The two Jubba reigons was mainly inhabited by the Somali Ogaden and Marehan clans. The Somali military government established a resettlement program in the devastating 1974 famine which hit the northern Somalia and Ogaden region or Western Somalia.


The programme created farming communiities in Lower Jubba and Middle Jubba regions. These settlements were named Dajuma, Kuntuwaareey and Sablaale. The ressetlment program was known as the "Danwadaagaha" or "Collective Duty." These new communities were mainly populated with northern tribes of Isaq and Dhulbahante. Ogaden subclans from draught prone and disputed Ogaden region took part of another resettlement progam in late 1978 to early 1979.


The Soviet Union which had strategic relations with Somalia used its army planes to airlift the draught affected people of Hobyo and Caynaba and bring them to government built village-camps in the Lower Jubba Region. Aside from the three main resettlement areas, which were in Dajuuma, Sablaale and Kuntuwaareey, Horogle, near Dajuuma, became 4th largest settlement.


Horogle is a river-fed lake. Dajuma is in the Middle Jubba Region. Vast majority of the settlers in the mid 1970s, have returned to their former homes after they had re-established their lives and the economic lives for their individual families.


Somali Civil War

A separate administration under the Juba Valley Alliance (Isbahaysiga Dooxada Jubba or JVA) fought against General Mohammed Said Hersi Morgan. The leader of the JVA is Colonel Barre Adan Shire Hiiraale, who later became Defense Minister for the TFG. The militia commander of the JVA is Col. Abdulahi Sheik Ismael Fara-Tag. JVA's senior security chief Ahmed Mohamed Gannow remains in Kismayo. Jubaland (Somali: Jubbaland) or Juba Valley (Somali: Dooxada Jubba), formerly Trans-Juba (Italian: ), is the southwesternmost part of Somalia, on the far side of the Juba River (thus Trans-Juba), bordering on Kenya. ... General Mohammed Said (or Siad) Hersi Morgan[1] was the son-in-law of Siad Barre and minister of defense of Somalia, responsible for the 1988 bombing of Hargeisa and Burao, two cities in Somaliland. ... Superscript text Barre Aadan Shire Barre Adan Shire (Somali: ), also known as Barre Hiiraale, Barre Hirale Aden Shire, or Abdikadir Adan Shire[1], is the Minister of Defense of the Somali Transitional Federal Government (TFG), which was formed in Nairobi, Kenya, in 2004. ... Colonel Abdulahi Sheik Ismael Fara-Tag, also known as Abdulahi Ismael, is a commander in the army of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) of the Republic of Somalia. ...


On June 18, 2001, an 11-member interclan council decided to ally the JVA with the newly establishing Transitional National Government (TNG).[1][2] is the 169th day of the year (170th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... The Transitional Federal Parliament of the Somali Republic (Somali: ; often Baarlamaanka Federaalka Soomaaliya) is an interim parliament of Somalia formed in neighbouring Kenya in 2004. ...


On August 6, 2001, after 10 days of heavy fighting in a battle involving 40 technicals and 1,000 militiamen, the JVA moved north from Kismayo and took the town of Jilib from the Somali Reconciliation and Restoration Council (SRRC).[3] Through 2002, the JVA battled with the SRRC, which opposed the TFG, resulting in 6,000 refugees fleeing Bulo Hawa. In 2003, there were 15,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) accommodated in Kismayo. Fighting throughout southern and central Somalia resulted in 86,000 IDPs by 2004.[4] Landmines were cited as a problem affecting the area due to the fighting between the JVA and SRRC.[5] is the 218th day of the year (219th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... A technical in Liberia. ... Jilib (other names: Gilib, Gelib, Jillib, Jillio) is a town in Somalia, with an estimated population of approximately 45,000. ... The Somalia Reconciliation and Restoration Council (abbreviated SRRC) was a political movement, as well as an armed militia, founded by Hussein Mohamed Farrah Aidid, son of the late warlord Mohamed Farrah Aidid. ... The Somalia Reconciliation and Restoration Council (abbreviated SRRC) was a political movement, as well as an armed militia, founded by Hussein Mohamed Farrah Aidid, son of the late warlord Mohamed Farrah Aidid. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... Tailor in Labuje IDP camp in Uganda An internally displaced person (IDP) is someone who has been forced to leave their home for reasons such as religious or political persecution or war, but has not crossed an international border. ...


Eventually the leader of the SRRC, Hussein Mohammed Farah Aidid, son of the late warlord Mohammed Farah Aidid, settled his differences with the JVA and the TNG, and in 2004 became the Interior Minister in the new Transitional Federal Government, which succeeded the TNG. Hussein Mohamed Farrah (Somali: ; born August 16, 1962 in Beledweyne, Somalia) is the son of Mohamed Farrah Aidid. ... Mohamed Farrah Aidid USASOC Photo Date of birth 1934 Place of birth Somalia, Africa Date of death August 1, 1996 (gunshot wounds) Place of death Somalia Occupation Military intelligence Military education Trained in Rome and Moscow. ...


War in Somalia

Main articles: Juba Valley Alliance, Rise of the Islamic Courts Union (2006), and War in Somalia (2006-present)

The JVA suffered the loss of Kismayo in September 2006 to an array of ICU forces with 130 technicals[6][7], and further defeat during Islamic Court Union's takeover of the Juba Valley in October 2006.[8] Jubaland (Somali: Jubbaland) or Juba Valley (Somali: Dooxada Jubba), formerly Trans-Juba (Italian: ), is the southwesternmost part of Somalia, on the far side of the Juba River (thus Trans-Juba), bordering on Kenya. ... Combatants Islamic Courts Union Pro-Islamist Militias Alleged: Eritrea Foreign Jihadists ARPCT, comprising Various Warlords Transitional Federal Government Puntland Autonomous Region Rahanweyn Resistance Army Ethiopia[1] Alleged:  Uganda[2] Commanders Muhammad Ibraheem Bilal Hasan Hersi Turki Yusuf Siad Inda-Addeh Mukhtar Robow Adan Ayrow Barre Adan Shire Hirale (Jubaland), Abdi... Combatants Islamic Courts Union Pro-Islamist militias Alleged:  Eritrea Foreign jihadists Puntland Galmudug Transitional Government of Somalia  Ethiopia[1] Commanders Hassan Aweys Hasan Hersi Adan Ayrow Barre Adan Shire Hirale Abdi Qeybdid Adde Musa (Puntland) Meles Zenawi Strength 10,000 – 30,000 soldiers 500 – 2000 technicals Heavy weapons including artillery... September 2006 is the ninth month of 2006 and has begun on a Friday. ... A technical in Liberia. ... The Islamic Court Union (ICU, Arabic: اتحاد المحاكم الإسلامية) also known as the Joint Islamic Courts, is a group of Islamic leaders banded together in a self-appointed court system with Sheikh Sharif Ahmed as overall leader. ... October 2006 is the tenth month of that year and has yet to occur. ...


After the Battle of Baidoa (December 2026), the JVA began to reassert control over the Juba Valley. On December 27, the ICU abandoned its positions at Salagle and Sakow, north of Bu'aale.[9] Combatants Islamic Courts Union Pro-Islamist Militias Foreign fighters Alleged:  Eritrea Transitional Federal Government Ethiopia[1] Casualties 700 dead or wounded (TFG claim) SomaliNet 400 killed (ICU claim) [1] The Battle of Baidoa began on December 20, 2006 when the Somali Transitional Federal Governments forces (TFG) allied with Ethiopian... is the 354th day of the year (355th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 360th day of the year (361st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... December 27 is the 361st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (362nd in leap years). ... Buaale is a capital town of Jubbada Dhexe, Somalia. ...


After their defeat at the Battle of Jilib north of the city, the ICU forces withdrew, and on January 1, 2007, Kismayo fell to the TFG and Ethiopian forces without armed conflict. Combatants Islamic Courts Union Pro-Islamist Militias Foreign fighters Transitional Federal Government (TFG) Ethiopia Commanders Sharif Sheik Ahmed Yusuf Hassan TFG: Barre Adan Shire Hiiraale Strength 3,000 Islamic militia and foreign mujahideen 60 technicals Ethiopian tanks, artillery, MiG fighter-bombers The Battle of Jilib was a battle in the... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... Combatants Islamic Courts Union Pro-Islamist Militias Foreign fighters Transitional Federal Government (TFG) Ethiopia Commanders Sharif Sheik Ahmed Yusuf Hassan TFG: Barre Adan Shire Hiiraale The Fall of Kismayo occurred on January 1, 2007, when the militaries of Somalias Transitional Federal Government (TFG) and Ethiopian troops entered the Somali...


Stamps and postal history of Trans-Juba

Trans-Juba postage stamps of 1926.
Trans-Juba postage stamps of 1926.

Italy issued its first postage stamps for Jubaland on July 29, 1925, consisting of contemporary Italian stamps overprinted "OLTRE GIUBA" (Trans-Juba). The same process was followed for the Italian commemorative issues of the time - the "Victor Emmanuel" issue, the "St. Francis" issue. On April 21, 1926, Italy issued a set of seven stamps printed specifically for the colony, depicting a map of the territory and inscribed "COMMISSARIATO GENLE / DELL' OLTRE GIUBA", then on June 1 the omnibus Colonial Institute issue included a set inscribed "OLTRE GIUBA". Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... A selection of Hong Kong postage stamps A postage stamp is evidence of pre-paying a fee for postal services. ... is the 210th day of the year (211th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... An overprint is the addition of text (and sometimes graphics) to the face of a postage stamp after it has been printed. ... Victor Emmanuel can refer to any of three Italian monarchs and one Crown Prince of the House of Savoy: Victor Emmanuel I of Savoy Victor Emmanuel II of Italy Victor Emmanuel III of Italy Victor Emmanuel, Prince of Naples This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists... Saint Francis of Assisi (September 26, 1181 – October 3, 1226) was a Roman Catholic friar and the founder of the Order of Friars Minor, more commonly known as the Franciscans. ... is the 111th day of the year (112th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... June 1 is the 152nd day of the year (153rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Only a couple of the higher values have more than a minimal price for collectors, although as usual for remote colonies of brief existence, genuine usages on cover are seldom seen.


Potential territorial dispute with Southwestern Somalia

Southwestern Somalia, the autonomous state formed by the former leaders of the Rahanweyn Resistance Army (RRA), a rival civil war faction, claims all six provinces of southwestern Somalia, including those areas of Jubaland, as part of its territory. While both JVA and RRA leaders are now part of the TFG, the actual partition of autonomous or semi-autonomous super-regional states (similar to Puntland) in southern Somalia has not been resolved. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Rahanwein Resistance Army. ... Motto None Anthem Puntland Somali National Anthem Capital Garowe (Administrative), Bosaso (Commercial) Largest city Bosaso Official languages Somali and Arabic Government  -  President Mohamud Muse Hersi  -  Vice-President Hassan Dahir Mohamud Autonomy Inside Somalia   -  Declared 1998   -  Recognition   Area  -  Total 212,510 km km² (84th) n/a sq mi   -  Water (%) Negl. ...

The regions (gobolka) of Somalia are (capitals in parentheses): Awdal (*) (Baki) Bakool (Oddur) Banaadir (Mogadishu) Bari (Bender Cassim) Bay (Baidoa) Galguduud (Dusa Mareb) Gedo (Garbahaarey) Hiiraan (Beledweyne) Middle Juba (Buaale) Lower Juba (Kismaayo) Mudug (Galcaio) Nugaal (Garoowe) Sanaag (*) (Erigavo) Middle Shabele (Giohar) Lower Shabele (Merca) Sool (*) (Laascaanood) Togdheer (*) (Burao... Image File history File links Flag_of_Somalia. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Somalia. ... Motto None Anthem Somalia Tosow Capital (and largest city) Galcayo Official languages Somali and English Government  -  President Mohamed Warsame Ali  -  Vice-President Abdisalam Haji Ahmed Liban Autonomy Part of Federated Somalia   -  Declared August 14, 2006   -  Recognition self-elected state autonomy  Area  -  Total 100,000 km km² (not ranked) not ranked... Image File history File links Flag_of_Somalia_Sky_Blue. ... Motto None Anthem Puntland Somali National Anthem Capital Garowe (Administrative), Bosaso (Commercial) Largest city Bosaso Official languages Somali and Arabic Government  -  President Mohamud Muse Hersi  -  Vice-President Hassan Dahir Mohamud Autonomy Inside Somalia   -  Declared 1998   -  Recognition   Area  -  Total 212,510 km km² (84th) n/a sq mi   -  Water (%) Negl. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Somaliland. ... Motto لا إله إلا الله محمد رسول الله  (Arabic) Lā ilāhā illā-llāhu; muhammadun rasÅ«lu-llāhi  (transliteration) There is no God but Allah; Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah And also : Justice, Peace, Freedom, Democracy and Success for All Anthem Saamo ku waar Capital Hargeisa (1941-1960) (1991-present) Official languages Somali and... Image File history File links Flag_of_Southwestern_Somalia. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Anthem Somalia Tosow Capital (and largest city) Badhan Official languages Somali and English Government  -  President Jibrell Ali Salad Autonomy from Somaliland, Puntland and Somalia   -  Proclaimed July 1, 2007   -  Unrecognised  Currency Somali shilling (SOS) Time zone EAT  -  Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+3) Internet TLD . ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Jubaland. ...

Sources and References

  1. ^ Report of the Secretary-General on the situation in Somalia, 11 Oct 2001, Document S/2001/963 United Nations Security Council
  2. ^ Somalia. World Statesmen. Retrieved on March 9, 2006. - also shows Italian colonial flag & links to map
  3. ^ Simultaneous Heavy Fightings Erupt in Somalia People's Daily
  4. ^ Recurrent displacements in southern and central Somalia due to intermittent inter-factional conflicts (2004) IDMC
  5. ^ SOMALIA Land Mine Monitor
  6. ^ Somalia's Islamists Resume Their Momentum and Embark on a Diplomatic Path PINR
  7. ^ Witnesses: Somali Islamists advance on key port. Associated Press, 13 September 2006
  8. ^ War Clouds Loom over Somalia as Military Fronts Open Up Amid a Flurry of Diplomacy PINR
  9. ^ Somalia: Insecurity rages in Islamist abandoned areas Shabelle Media Network

  Results from FactBites:
 
Jubaland - Viquipèdia (478 words)
Jubaland (Trans Juba o Ultra Juba, italià Oltre Giuba) és la regió al sud del riu Juba.
La regió de Jubaland va quedar en gran part controlada des el 1992 pel general Mohamed Said Hersi, àlies Morgan (membre del clan Darod-Majertin) que dirigia el Front Nacional Somali) que amb les restes del exèrcit de Barre havia entrat a la regió procedent de Kenya.
El 3 de setembre de 1998 Morgan va anunciar que pretenia establir una regió autònoma de Jubaland amb centre a Kishimayu, i es va pronunciar per una federació confederació que preservés la unitat sagrada de Somàlia, confederació a la que hauria d'unir-se el Somaliland.
Jubaland (676 words)
Jubaland used the coat of arms of Somalia.
Der Name "Jubaland" geht auf den Namen des Flusses Juba zurück, der die östliche Grenze des Landes bildet.
The name "Jubaland" has its roots in the name of the River Juba, which is the eastern border of the country.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m