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Encyclopedia > Joyce Carol Oates
Joyce Carol Oates

Oates in 2006.
Born 16 June 1938 (1938-06-16) (age 69)
Lockport, New York
Occupation Novelist, short story writer, playwright, poet, literary critic, professor, editor
Nationality American
Writing period 1963-
Debut works Debut short story collection: By the North Gate (1963)
Debut novel: With Shuddering Fall (1964)
Debut poetry collection: Anonymous Sins and Other Poems (1969)
Debut play: Miracle Play (1974)
Influences Lewis Carroll, William Faulkner, Henry James, James Joyce, Franz Kafka, Flannery O'Connor, Sylvia Plath, Henry David Thoreau

Joyce Carol Oates (born June 16, 1938) is an American author and the Roger S. Berlind '52 Professor in the Humanities with the Program in Creative Writing at Princeton University, where she has taught since 1978.[1] Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... is the 167th day of the year (168th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Lockport is a city located in Niagara County, New York, United States. ... This article is about work. ... This article is about the literary concept. ... This article is in need of attention. ... A playwright, also known as a dramatist, is a person who writes dramatic literature or drama. ... This article is about the art form. ... Literary criticism is the study, discussion, evaluation, and interpretation of literature. ... The meaning of the word professor (Latin: [1]) varies. ... Editing is the process of preparing language, images, or sound for presentation through correction, condensation, organization, and other modifications. ... In English usage, nationality is the legal relationship between a person and a country. ... By the North Gate is a collection of short stories by Joyce Carol Oates. ... With Shuddering Fall is the first novel by Joyce Carol Oates. ... Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (IPA: ) (27 January 1832 – 14 January 1898), better known by the pen name Lewis Carroll (), was an English author, mathematician, logician, Anglican clergyman and photographer. ... William Cuthbert Faulkner (September 25, 1897 – July 6, 1962) was an American novelist and poet whose works feature his native state of Mississippi. ... For other uses of this name, see Henry James (disambiguation). ... This article is about the writer and poet. ... Kafka redirects here. ... Mary Flannery OConnor (March 25, 1925 – August 3, 1964) was an American novelist, short-story writer and essayist. ... Sylvia Plath (October 27, 1932 – February 11, 1963) was an American poet, novelist, and short story writer. ... Henry David Thoreau (July 12, 1817 – May 6, 1862; born David Henry Thoreau[1]) was an American author, naturalist, transcendentalist, tax resister, development critic, and philosopher who is best known for Walden, a reflection upon simple living in natural surroundings, and his essay, Civil Disobedience, an argument for individual resistance... is the 167th day of the year (168th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1938 (MCMXXXVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Princeton University is a private coeducational research university located in Princeton, New Jersey. ...


She serves as associate editor for the Ontario Review, a literary magazine, and the Ontario Review Press, a literary book publisher, both of which are edited by her husband, Raymond J. Smith. A literary magazine is a periodical devoted to literature in a broad sense. ... “Publisher” redirects here. ... Raymond J. Smith is the editor of Ontario Review, a literary magazine, and the Ontario Review Press, a literary book publisher. ...


Oates has also written under the pseudonyms "Rosamond Smith" and "Lauren Kelly." A pseudonym or allonym is a name (sometimes legally adopted, sometimes purely fictitious) used by an individual as an alternative to their birth name. ...

Contents

Background and education

Oates was born in Lockport, New York, and grew up in the New York countryside. She attended the same one-room school her mother attended as a child. Lockport is a city located in Niagara County, New York, United States. ... Williamson School was a one-room school in Blanch, Caswell County, North Carolina One-room schools were commonplace throughout rural portions of various countries including the United States, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Scotland and Ireland in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. ...


Oates often remarks about receiving a copy of Alice in Wonderland when she was a little girl, and how it affected her life very deeply, growing up on a farm with very few books. Alice in Wonderland is the widely known and used title for Alices Adventures in Wonderland, a book written by Lewis Carroll -- as well as several movie adaptations of the book -- and is also the setting for several short stories. ...


Oates began to write stories with the typewriter she received from her grandmother when she was fourteen years old. She excelled in school, and she worked for her high school newspaper, called WISP, at Williamsville High School in Williamsville, New York (now called Williamsville South High School). Oates won a scholarship to attend Syracuse University. She also won the "college short story" contest sponsored by Mademoiselle when she was nineteen years old. After graduating as valedictorian from Syracuse in 1960 (where she was a member of Phi Mu sorority), Oates received her M.A. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1961. Williamsville is a village located in Erie County, New York in the USA. As of the 2000 census, the village had a total population of 5,573. ... Name Williamsville South High School Address 5950 Main St Town Williamsville, New York 14221 Established 1991 Community Suburban Type Public Secondary Grades 9 to 12 District Williamsville Central School District Colors Blue White Mascot The Billies Newspaper The South Times Website School Page District Page Williamsville South High School is... Crouse College, a 19th-century Romanesque building which houses the universitys visual arts and music programs Syracuse University (SU) is a private research university located in Syracuse, New York, United States the geographic center of the state, about 250 miles northwest of New York City. ... Mademoiselle was an influential womens magazine published by Condé Nast Publications. ... University of Wisconsin redirects here. ...


She is a member of Mensa.[2] Mensa is the largest, oldest, and most famous high-IQ society in the world. ...


Career

Oates taught at the University of Detroit, publishing her first novel, With Shuddering Fall, when she was twenty-six years old. Her novel them received the National Book Award in 1970. She then started teaching at the University of Windsor, Windsor, Ontario, Canada, right across the river from Detroit in 1968 to 1978. Since then she has published an average of two books a year, many of them novels. Frequent topics in her work include rural poverty, sexual abuse, class tensions, desire for power, female childhood and adolescence, and occasionally the supernatural. Violence is a constant in her work, even leading Oates to have written an essay in response to the question, "Why Is Your Writing So Violent?" She is a fan of poet and novelist Sylvia Plath, describing Plath's sole novel The Bell Jar as a "near perfect work of art"; but though Oates has often been compared to Plath, she disavows Plath's romanticism about suicide and among her characters, she favors cunning, hardy survivors, both women and men. Oates' concern with violence and other traditionally masculine topics has won her the respect of such male authors as Norman Mailer. She gained much attention for her book-length essay On Boxing. Oates has also written several books, mostly mystery novels, under the pen names Rosamond Smith and Lauren Kelly. She also taught at the University of Windsor in Canada for ten years before moving to Princeton in 1978. University of Detroit Mercy (4001 W. McNichols Rd. ... With Shuddering Fall is the first novel by Joyce Carol Oates. ... them by Joyce Carol Oates is the third novel in the A Garden of Earthly Delights trilogy, first published in 1969. ... The National Book Awards is one of the most preeminent literary prizes in the United States. ... The poor poet A poet is a person who writes poetry. ... Sylvia Plath (October 27, 1932 – February 11, 1963) was an American poet, novelist, and short story writer. ... The Bell Jar is American writer Sylvia Plaths only novel, which was originally published under the pseudonym Victoria Lucas in 1963. ... Norman Kingsley Mailer (January 31, 1923 – November 10, 2007) was an American novelist, journalist, playwright, screenwriter, and film director. ... A pen name or nom de plume is a pseudonym adopted by an author. ... The University of Windsor (401 Sunset Avenue, Windsor, Ontario N9B 3P4) is a non-denominational, provincially-supported, coeducational, public comprehensive university in Windsor, Ontario, Canada. ...


Her frequently anthologized short story "Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?",[3] (1966), was dedicated to Bob Dylan.[4] Oates said she wrote the story after listening to Dylan's song, "It's All Over Now, Baby Blue".[5] The story is loosely based on the serial killer Charles Schmid, also known as "The Pied Piper of Tucson".[6] It was the basis for the film, Smooth Talk, starring Laura Dern. Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been? is a frequently anthologized short story written by Joyce Carol Oates. ... This article is about the recording artist. ... Its All Over Now, Baby Blue is a song by Bob Dylan. ... Charles Schmid Charles Howard Smitty Schmid, Jr (July 8, 1942 - March 30, 1975), also known as The Pied Piper of Tucson, is a serial killer from the 1960s. ... Smooth Talk was released on DVD in December 2004. ... Laura Elizabeth Dern-Harper (born February 10, 1967) is an American actress. ...


Oates is a member of the Board of Trustees of the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation. She is frequently cited as a perennial "favorite" to win the Nobel Prize in Literature by oddsmakers and critics.[7] The John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation was founded in 1925 by Mr. ... Nobel Prize in Literature medal. ...


Her papers, held at Syracuse University, include seventeen unpublished short stories and four unpublished or unfinished novellas. Oates has said that most of her early unpublished work was "cheerfully thrown away."[8]


Style and themes

From her first novel With Shuddering Fall in 1964, up to Kindred Passions in 1987, Oates built up a literary corpus that mixes Gothic estrangement with high social observation. Her works contain the typical elements of this type of tale: unconscious forces, seduction, incest, violence, and rape, sometimes to the point of sensationalism. She has written in a variety of genres, eras and landscapes -thus, she has works settled in a Faulkner-like Eden County, an imaginary area of upstate New York; in academia; in the Detroit slums and the Pennsylvania backwoods. But her works are not mere renderings of unusual experiences in far away places, both in space and time: novels such as A Bloodsmoor Romance, The Mysteries of Wintherthurn and Kindred Passions contain strong feminist overtones and use of the Gothic device to explore the ambiguities of gender and the sexual bases of fantasy. William Cuthbert Faulkner (September 25, 1897 – July 6, 1962) was an American novelist and poet whose works feature his native state of Mississippi. ... Motto: Speramus Meliora; Resurget Cineribus (We Hope For Better Things; It Shall Rise From the Ashes - this motto was adopted after the disastrous 1805 fire that devastated the city) Nickname: The Motor City and Motown Location in Wayne County, Michigan Founded Incorporated July 24, 1701 1815  County Wayne County Mayor... This article is about the U.S. State. ...


Influences

In 2001, Oates stated that it was hard to begin tracing her literary influences, because "[t]here are so many."[9] However, she has named several influences for her writing, both the content and her style. In her essay collection The Faith of a Writer, Oates wrote that a gift of Lewis Carroll's Alice's Adventures in Wonderland when she was eight was "the great treasure of my childhood, and the most profound literary influence of my life. This was love at first sight!"[10] She has also cited the influence of Sylvia Plath, Henry James, Henry David Thoreau, Flannery O'Connor, Bob Dylan, and William Faulkner.[citation needed] In her forays into gothic and horror fiction, Oates said she was "deeply influenced" by Franz Kafka and feels "a writerly kinship" with James Joyce.[9] Charles Lutwidge Dodgson (IPA: ) (27 January 1832 – 14 January 1898), better known by the pen name Lewis Carroll (), was an English author, mathematician, logician, Anglican clergyman and photographer. ... “Alice in Wonderland” redirects here. ... Sylvia Plath (October 27, 1932 – February 11, 1963) was an American poet, novelist, and short story writer. ... For other uses of this name, see Henry James (disambiguation). ... Henry David Thoreau (July 12, 1817 – May 6, 1862; born David Henry Thoreau[1]) was an American author, naturalist, transcendentalist, tax resister, development critic, and philosopher who is best known for Walden, a reflection upon simple living in natural surroundings, and his essay, Civil Disobedience, an argument for individual resistance... Mary Flannery OConnor (March 25, 1925 – August 3, 1964) was an American novelist, short-story writer and essayist. ... This article is about the recording artist. ... William Cuthbert Faulkner (September 25, 1897 – July 6, 1962) was an American novelist and poet whose works feature his native state of Mississippi. ... Kafka redirects here. ... This article is about the writer and poet. ...


Select awards and honors

Winner:

Nominated: The American Humanist Association (AHA) is an educational organization in the United States that advances Humanism. ... The Prix Femina is a French literary prize created in 1904 by 22 writers for the magazine La Vie heureuse (today known as Femina). ... The Falls is a novel by Joyce Carol Oates, originally published in 2004 by the Ecco Press, and winner of the 2005 Prix Femina Etranger. ... Oprahs Book Club is a book club segment of the American talk show The Oprah Winfrey Show, highlighting books chosen by host Oprah Winfrey. ... We Were the Mulvaneys book cover We Were the Mulvaneys is a novel written by Joyce Carol Oates and was published in 1996. ... The Rea Award for the Short Story is an annual award given to an American author chosen for unusually significant contributions to American short story fiction. ... The National Book Awards is one of the most preeminent literary prizes in the United States. ... them by Joyce Carol Oates is the third novel in the A Garden of Earthly Delights trilogy, first published in 1969. ...

The Orange Prize for Fiction Launched in 1996 for female writers, the prestigious Orange Prize for Fiction is the United Kingdoms largest annual literary award for a single novel. ... The Pulitzer Prize is an American award regarded as the highest national honor in print journalism, literary achievements, and musical composition. ... The National Book Awards is one of the most preeminent literary prizes in the United States. ... The Pulitzer Prize is an American award regarded as the highest national honor in print journalism, literary achievements, and musical composition. ... The Pulitzer Prize is an American award regarded as the highest national honor in print journalism, literary achievements, and musical composition. ...

Bibliography

Novels

With Shuddering Fall is the first novel by Joyce Carol Oates. ... A Garden Of Earthly Delights is one of Joyce Carol Oates earliest works, it is the first in Oates’s self-described trilogy on contemporary American life. ... them by Joyce Carol Oates is the third novel in the A Garden of Earthly Delights trilogy, first published in 1969. ... Bellefleur is a novel by Joyce Carol Oates about the generations of an upstate New York family. ... You Must Remember This is a novel by Joyce Carol Oates. ... American Appetites is a novel by Joyce Carol Oates that is about a couple in upstate New York. ... The year 1996 in film involved some significant events. ... Foxfire is a 1996 movie based on a novel by Joyce Carol Oates . ... Zombie is a 1996 novel by Joyce Carol Oates which explores the mind of a serial-killer. ... The Bram Stoker Award is a recognition presented by the Horror Writers Association (HWA) for superior achievement in horror writing. ... Nominees are listed below the winner(s) for each year 1987: Misery by Stephen King (tie) 1987: Swan Song by Robert R. McCammon (tie) Live Girls by Ray Garton Unassigned Territory by Kem Hunn Ash Wednesday by Chet Williamson 1988: The Silence of the Lambs by Thomas Harris Stinger by... Year 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full 1995 Gregorian calendar). ... We Were the Mulvaneys book cover We Were the Mulvaneys is a novel written by Joyce Carol Oates and was published in 1996. ... Man Crazy is a novel by Joyce Carol Oates. ... Blonde is a historical novel by Joyce Carol Oates that chronicles the life of world-famous actress Marilyn Monroe. ... The Falls is a novel by Joyce Carol Oates, originally published in 2004 by the Ecco Press, and winner of the 2005 Prix Femina Etranger. ... Black Girl / White Girl is a novel by Joyce Carol Oates first published in 2006. ... The Gravediggers Daughter is a 2007 novel by Joyce Carol Oates. ...

Novels as "Rosamond Smith"

  • Lives of the Twins (1987) (U.K. title: Kindred Passions)
  • Soul/Mate (1989)
  • Nemesis (1990)
  • Snake Eyes (1992)
  • You Can't Catch Me (1995)
  • Double Delight (1997)
  • Starr Bright Will Be With you Soon (1999)
  • The Barrens (2001)

Novels as "Lauren Kelly"

  • Take Me, Take Me With You (2003)
  • The Stolen Heart (2005)
  • Blood Mask (2006)

Novellas

  • The Triumph of the Spider Monkey (1976)
  • I Lock My Door Upon Myself (1990)
  • The Rise of Life on Earth (1991)
  • Black Water (1992)
  • First Love: A Gothic Tale (1996)
  • Beasts (2002)
  • Rape: A Love Story (2003)
  • The Corn Maiden : A Love Story (2005)

Black Water is a novella by Joyce Carol Oates and was originally published in 1992. ... Beasts is a novella by Joyce Carol Oates and was originally published in 2002. ...

Short story collections

  • By the North Gate (1963)
  • Upon the Sweeping Flood And Other Stories (1966)
  • The Wheel of Love And Other Stories (1970)
  • Marriages and Infidelities (1972)
  • The Goddess and Other Women (1974)
  • The Hungry Ghosts: Seven Allusive Comedies (1974)
  • Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been? : Stories of Young America (1974)
  • The Poisoned Kiss And Other Stories from the Portuguese (1975)
  • The Seduction & Other Stories (1975)
  • Crossing the Border: Fifteen Tales (1976)
  • Night-Side (1977)
  • All the Good People I've Left Behind (1979)
  • A Sentimental Education: Stories (1980)
  • Last Days: Stories (1984)
  • Wild Saturday (1984)
  • Raven's Wing: Stories (1986)
  • The Assignation: Stories (1989)
  • Oates In Exile (1990)
  • Heat And Other Stories (1991)
  • Where Is Here? (1992)
  • Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been?: Selected Early Stories (1993)
  • Haunted: Tales of the Grotesque (1994)
  • Demon and other tales (1996)
  • Will You Always Love Me? And Other Stories (1996)
  • The Collector of Hearts: New Tales of the Grotesque (1998)
  • Faithless: Tales of Transgression (2001)
  • I Am No One You Know: Stories (2004)
  • The Female of the Species: Tales of Mystery and Suspense (2006)
  • High Lonesome: New & Selected Stories, 1966-2006 (2006)
  • The Museum of Dr. Moses: Tales of Mystery and Suspense (2007)

By the North Gate is a collection of short stories by Joyce Carol Oates. ... The Wheel of Live and Other Stories is the third short story collection by Joyce Carol Oates. ...

Drama

  • Miracle Play (1974)
  • Three Plays (1980)
  • In Darkest America (1991)
  • I Stand Before You Naked (1991)
  • Twelve Plays (1991) (including Black)
  • The Perfectionist and Other Plays (1995)
  • New Plays (1998)
  • Dr. Magic: Six One Act Plays (2004)

Black is a full-length play by Joyce Carol Oates first published in Twelve Plays (1991) and reprinted in The Perfectionist and Other Plays (1995). ...

Essays and criticism

  • The Edge of Impossibility: Tragic Forms in Literature (1972)
  • The Hostile Sun: The Poetry of D.H. Lawrence (1974)
  • New Heaven, New Earth: The Visionary Experience in Literature (1974)
  • Contraries: Essays (1981)
  • The Profane Art: Essays & Reviews (1983)
  • On Boxing (1987)
  • (Woman) Writer: Occasions and Opportunities (1988)
  • George Bellows: American Artist (1995)
  • Where I've Been, And Where I'm Going: Essays, Reviews, and Prose (1999)
  • The Faith of A Writer: Life, Craft, Art (2003)
  • Uncensored: Views & (Re)views (2005)

Poetry

  • Women In Love and Other Poems (1968)
  • Anonymous Sins & Other Poems (1969)
  • Love and Its Derangements (1970)
  • Angel Fire (1973)
  • The Fabulous Beasts (1975)
  • Women Whose Lives Are Food, Men Whose Lives Are Money (1978)
  • Invisible Woman: New and Selected Poems, 1970-1982 (1982)
  • The Time Traveler (1989)
  • Tenderness (1996)
  • The Coming Storm (Forthcoming)

Young adult fiction

Big Mouth and Ugly Girl is Joyce Carol Oates first young adult novel. ... Small Avalanches and Other Stories is a young adult collection of short stories by Joyce Carol Oates. ... Sexy is a 2005 novel by authoress Joyce Carol Oates. ...

Children's fiction

  • Come Meet Muffin! (1998)
  • Where Is Little Reynard? (2003)

Quotes

  • "I come from people who did not go to college. They didn't even finish high school. People who one might call ordinary Americans who are very hard-working."
  • "I'm drawn to failure. I feel that I'm contending with it constantly in my own life."
  • "Boxing is a celebration of the lost religion of masculinity all the more trenchant for its being lost."
  • "The brain is a muscle" from Love and Its Derangements (1970)

References

  1. ^ http://www.princeton.edu/~visarts/cwr/faculty/jcoates.html
  2. ^ Folse, Molly. "The Mensans and Me: Intelligence and perception put to the test at American Mensa's Annual Gathering." Birmingham Weekly October 25-November 1, 2007. [1]
  3. ^ Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been? is available online here
  4. ^ Dedication Of Joyce Carol Oates Short Story To Dylan.
  5. ^ Lyrics to It's All Over Now, Baby Blue are available online here.
  6. ^ Charles Schmid, The Pied Piper of Tucson. CourtTV Crime Library.
  7. ^ New York Times, October 12, 2006
  8. ^ ""The Madness of Scholarship"", Kennesaw: The Magazine of Kennesaw State College, 1993. 
  9. ^ a b http://www.darkecho.com/darkecho/horroronline/oates.html
  10. ^ Oates (2003.) The Faith of a Writer. p. 14.
  11. ^ http://www.chfestival.org/fest2006/index.cfm?fa=home.program&id=1236&sec=adult
  12. ^ http://www2.oprah.com/obc/pastbooks/joyce_caroloates/obc_pb_20010124.jhtml
  13. ^ http://www.nationalbook.org/bookchanged_joates.html
  14. ^ http://jco.usfca.edu/awards.html

External links

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Joyce Carol Oates

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Biographies:

Websites and reviews: The Internet Book List (IBList) is an online database with information about books, authors, short stories, etc. ...

Interviews and Speeches: The reference desk or information desk of a library is a public service desk where professional librarians offer help to library users. ... University of San Francisco (USF) is a private Jesuit and Catholic University in San Francisco, California, United States. ...

Miscellaneous: The Boston Globe is the most widely-circulated daily newspaper in Boston, Massachusetts and in the greater New England region. ... Wired for Books <http://wiredforbooks. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Joyce Carol Oates - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (895 words)
Joyce Carol Oates, or "JCO," (born June 16, 1938) is an American author and is the Roger S. Berlind '52 Professor in the Humanities with the Program in Creative Writing at Princeton University, where she has taught since 1978 [1].
Oates often remarks about receiving a copy of Alice in Wonderland when she was a little girl, and how it affected her life very deeply, growing up on a farm with very few books.
Oates is a member of the Board of Trustees of the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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