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Encyclopedia > Joy Division (band)
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Joy Division
Years active 19781980
Genre(s) Post punk
Label(s) Factory Records
Members Ian Curtis (vocals, guitars),
Bernard Sumner (guitars, keyboards)
Peter Hook (bass)
Stephen Morris (drums)

Joy Division was a rock music band formed in 1977 in Manchester, England. The band dissolved in May 1980 after the suicide of its lead singer Ian Curtis. The remaining members reformed as New Order a couple of months later. Image:Joy Division. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1978 was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1978 calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1980 is a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... Jump to: navigation, search A music genre is a category (or genre) of pieces of music that share a certain style or basic musical language (van der Merwe 1989, p. ... Post-punk was a musical movement beginning at the end of the 1970s, following on the heels of the initial punk rock explosion. For the more recent post-punk movement in rock music, see post-punk revival. ... Jump to: navigation, search A record label is a brand created by companies that specialize in manufacturing, distributing and promoting audio and video recordings, on various formats including compact discs, LPs, DVD-Audio, SACDs, and cassettes. ... FAC 115: Factory Records Stationery (1984) Factory Records was a Manchester, England based record label, started in 1978 which featured several prominent musical acts, such as Joy Division, New Order, The Durutti Column, The Happy Mondays, and (briefly) James and Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark. ... Ian Curtis performing Ian Kevin Curtis (July 15, 1956 – May 18, 1980) was a singer-songwriter born in Manchester, England. ... In music a singer or vocalist is a type of musician who sings, i. ... The classical guitar typically has nylon strings. ... Bernard in 2005 Bernard Sumner (born January 4, 1956 in Manchester, England) was the guitarist and keyboardist for Joy Division. ... The classical guitar typically has nylon strings. ... A keyboard instrument is a musical instrument played with a musical keyboard. ... Peter Hook (born February 13, 1956 in Salford, Greater Manchester, England) was the bass player for the influential British post-punk/goth band Joy Division and later New Order. ... Jump to: navigation, search A Yamaha BB400S Electric Bass A bass guitar is an electric or acoustic bass - a stringed instrument similar in design to the guitar, but with longer scale and tuned lower in pitch. ... Stephen Morris is a musician in the Manchester, England, rock band New Order. ... For other kinds of drums, see drum (disambiguation). ... Rock and roll (also spelled Rock n Roll, especially in its first decade), also called rock, is a form of popular music, usually featuring vocals (often with vocal harmony), electric guitars and a strong back beat; other instruments, such as the saxophone, are common in some styles. ... 1977 was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1977 calendar). ... This article is about the city in England. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1980 is a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... Jump to: navigation, search Suicide (from Latin sui caedere, to kill oneself) is the act of willfully ending ones own life; it is sometimes a noun for one who has committed or attempted the act. ... Ian Curtis performing Ian Kevin Curtis (July 15, 1956 – May 18, 1980) was a singer-songwriter born in Manchester, England. ... Jump to: navigation, search New Order are an English rock group formed in 1981 by the surviving members of Joy Division following the suicide of singer Ian Curtis. ...


Though they found only modest success during their career, Joy Division have since been acclaimed as one of the most inventive, evocative and influential groups of their era. Joy Division were labelled by many as a dark and depressive band due to the bleakness of their music and the suicide of Ian Curtis. The remaining members of Joy Divsion and people who knew the band have always denied this however.

Contents


History

1976

Inspired by a Sex Pistols gig at the Manchester Lesser Free Trade Hall on July 20, 1976, guitarist Bernard Sumner (also credited as "Bernard Dicken", "Bernard Albrecht" and "Bernard Albrecht-Dicken") and bass guitarist Peter Hook formed a band with friend Terry Mason, who attempted to play drums but did not last long in the band. The Sex Pistols in 1977. ... Manchester Lesser Free Trade Hall was a Victorian building formerly on a site near the G-Mex Conference Centre in the Castlefield area. ... Jump to: navigation, search July 20 is the 201st day (202nd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 164 days remaining. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1976 is a leap year starting on Thursday (link will take you to calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search The acoustic archtop guitar used in Jazz features steel strings The guitar is a stringed musical instrument. ... Bernard in 2005 Bernard Sumner (born January 4, 1956 in Manchester, England) was the guitarist and keyboardist for Joy Division. ... Jump to: navigation, search A Yamaha BB400S Electric Bass A bass guitar is an electric or acoustic bass - a stringed instrument similar in design to the guitar, but with longer scale and tuned lower in pitch. ... Peter Hook (born February 13, 1956 in Salford, Greater Manchester, England) was the bass player for the influential British post-punk/goth band Joy Division and later New Order. ...


They placed an advertisement in a Manchester record store and recruited singer Ian Curtis. Curtis knew Sumner, Hook and Mason from previous gigs and was also in attendance at the Sex Pistols gig with his wife, Deborah. LeAnn Rimes singing in concert For other senses of this word, see singer (disambiguation). ... Ian Curtis performing Ian Kevin Curtis (July 15, 1956 – May 18, 1980) was a singer-songwriter born in Manchester, England. ...


1977

Though not much of a punk drummer, Tony Tabac joined the group in early 1977. They began practicing on a regular basis but did not have a name. Just before their first gig on May 29, 1977, supporting The Buzzcocks and Penetration at the Electric Circus, the band decided on the name Warsaw; though they had already appeared on the bill as the Stiff Kittens, a name suggested by Richard Boon and Pete Shelley of The Buzzcocks. After this gig, they renamed themselves Warsaw. Jump to: navigation, search May 29 is the 149th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (150th in leap years). ... 1977 was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1977 calendar). ... Buzzcocks were a punk rock band, formed in Manchester, England in 1976. ... Penetration was a punk rock band from formed in 1976. ... Pete Shelley was born as Peter McNeish on April 17, 1955 in Leigh. ...


Five weeks and half a dozen gigs later, Tabac was replaced by punk drummer Steve Brotherdale from another band called Panik. They recorded The Warsaw Demo on July 18, 1977, consisting of five crude punk songs. The Warsaw Demo was the first record by Joy Division (1977). ... Jump to: navigation, search July 18 is the 199th day (200th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 166 days remaining. ... 1977 was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1977 calendar). ...


After the demo, Brotherdale was fired; the remaining band members drove off without him. Brotherdale tried to get Curtis to join Panik but was rebuffed. Stephen Morris, who responded to an ad in a music store window, was hired as Brotherdale's replacement. He was hired primarily because Curtis remembered him from his academic days as Morris attended the same school two years below Curtis. Unlike the previous drummers, Morris clicked well with the three. His metronome-like drumming owed more to krautrock than the aggressive bombast typical of many punk drummers. In late 1977, in order to avoid confusion with the London punk band Warsaw Pakt, Warsaw renamed themselves Joy Division (from the book "House of Dolls" by Ka-Tzetnik 135633). Their music and style stabilized around this time. Sessions recorded in December 1977 sound considerably different from The Warsaw Demo. Stephen Morris is a musician in the Manchester, England, rock band New Order. ... A mechanical wind-up metronome in motion A metronome is a device that produces a strict rhythm. ... Krautrock is a generic name for the experimental bands who appeared in Germany in the early 1970s. ... Jump to: navigation, search The clock tower of the Palace of Westminster, which contains Big Ben London is the capital city of the United Kingdom and of England. ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... Yehiel De-Nur or Dinur, was born Yehiel Finer in 1917, in Poland, near the German border. ... The Warsaw Demo was the first record by Joy Division (1977). ...


1978

The group played their first gig as Joy Division on January 25, 1978. They played regularly in the north of England throughout early 1978, and then recorded enough material for a debut album. However, after the studio engineer added synthesizers to several tracks, the band scrapped it. The album would be released as a bootleg in 1982 and then officially 10 years later. January 25 is the 25th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1978 was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1978 calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location within the UK Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area - Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population - Total (mid-2004) - Density Ranked 1st UK... Jump to: navigation, search 1978 was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1978 calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search A classic FM synthesizer, the Yamaha DX7. ... Jump to: navigation, search A bootleg recording is a musical recording, distributed for profit or other financial compensation, that was not officially released by the artist (or their associated management or production companies), or under other legal authority. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1982 is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Rob Gretton became the band's manager in May 1978. Over the next 20 years, his addition would play an integral part in forming the Joy Division/New Order legacy. Rob Gretton (1953 - May 15, 1999) was best known as the manager of the post punk bands Joy Division and New Order. ...


Joy Division's debut on vinyl was on a compilation in the summer of 1978 called Short Circuit. Though listed as Joy Division, it was actually a track from the Warsaw days recorded live on October 2, 1977. In June 1978 their December 1977 sessions were released as a 7" EP under the title An Ideal for Living. In late 1978, An Ideal for Living was remastered and re-released as a 12". October 2 is the 275th day (276th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 90 days remaining. ... 1977 was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1977 calendar). ... Jump to: navigation, search An extended play or EP, is the name given to vinyl records or CDs which are too long to qualify as singles but too short to qualify as albums. ... An Ideal For Living is an EP released by Joy Division in 1978, shortly after changing their name from Warsaw. All tracks were recorded at the Penine Sound Studios, Oldham, on December 14, 1977. ...


On September 20, 1978, they performed on the TV show Granada Reports; then in December 1978, they appeared on the compilation EP A Factory Sample, contributing two tracks recorded a few months earlier. This EP sold out within a couple of months and was the first release to document the haunting and atmospheric sound that Joy Division had been developing since that past summer. Jump to: navigation, search September 20 is the 263rd day of the year (264th in leap years). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1978 was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1978 calendar). ...


1979

Joy Division's first album, "Unknown Pleasures"
Joy Division's first album, "Unknown Pleasures"

Early 1979 saw Joy Division gain more publicity. Ian Curtis appeared on the front cover of the New Musical Express. Joy Division recorded a radio session in January (aired on BBC Radio 1 on February 14 by the respected indie DJ John Peel). On March 4, they supported The Cure at the Marquee Club, a major venue in London. Joy Division - Unknown Pleasures cover This is an album cover. ... Joy Division - Unknown Pleasures cover This is an album cover. ... BBC Radio 1 is a British radio station, specialising in popular music aimed at a young audience (children, teenagers and young adults). ... Jump to: navigation, search February 14 is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... DJ or dj may stand for Disc jockey, dinner jacket The DeadJournal website, or Djibouti. ... Jump to: navigation, search John Peel John Robert Parker Ravenscroft, OBE (30 August 1939 – 25 October 2004), known professionally as John Peel, was a British disc jockey, radio presenter, and journalist. ... Jump to: navigation, search March 4 is the 63rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (64th in leap years). ... Jump to: navigation, search The Cure is a British rock band widely seen as one of the leading pioneers of the British alternative rock and post-punk scenes of the 1980s. ... Legendary club in Wardour St W1(now defunct) where all the great and good sweated on the tiny stage. ...


In April 1979, the band began recording their landmark debut album Unknown Pleasures. The record was far bleaker and darker than most of its contemporaries, featuring Hook's bass as the lead melodic instrument, drums soaked in icy reverb, Sumner's jagged guitar and Curtis's baritone vocal style. Whereas most punk rock bands had been extroverted and aggressive, Joy Division were more introverted and personal. However despite the insularity, the music of Joy Division could be very aggressive, chaotic and at times even violent. To this day the experience of listening to Joy Division is an intense and disturbing one for many listeners, especially those familiar with the history of the band. An album is a collection of related audio tracks, released together commercially in an audio format to the public. ... Unknown Pleasures is the first album by Joy Division, released in 1979. ... When sound is produced in an enclosed space multiple reflections build up and blend together creating reverberation or reverb. ... Jump to: navigation, search This is an article on the voice type. ... Punk rock is an anti-establishment music movement beginning around 1976 (although precursors can be found several years earlier), exemplified and popularised by The Ramones, the Sex Pistols, The Clash and The Damned. ... The terms Introvert and Extrovert (originally spelled Extravert by Carl Jung, who invented the terms) are referred to as attitudes and show how a person orients and receives their energy. ... This article deals with the psychological term Introversion. ...


The album cover, designed by Peter Saville based on a graph of 100 consecutive pulses from the pulsar CP 1919, is regarded as a classic of minimalist sleeve design. The image was found by Sumner in a book of Astronomy and represents the final flashes of a dying star. Unknown Pleasures was released in June while Joy Division were recording five songs for Piccadilly Radio. Peter Saville (born 1955) is a graphic designer based in his native city of Manchester, England. ... Jump to: navigation, search Composite Optical/X-ray image of the Crab Nebula pulsar, showing surrounding nebular gases stirred by the pulsars magnetic field and radiation. ... The first radio pulsar, CP 1919, with a pulse period of 1. ... Piccadilly Magic 1152 AM Piccadilly Magic 1152 (also known as Magic 1152) ‘Greatest Hits Non-Stop,’ was Manchesters first commercial radio station. ...


They performed on Granada TV again in July, made their first and last nationwide TV appearance in September on BBC2, supported The Buzzcocks in a 24-venue UK tour during October and November, and performed again on John Peel's BBC radio show in December.


Despite the fact that Unknown Pleasures was selling well and receiving good reviews from the music press, all was not well. Curtis suffered from epilepsy. On stage he would often have tonic-clonic seizures that resulted in unconsciousness and convulsions, or absence seizures that would cause brief trancelike pauses. Even after disposing of their lightshow, Curtis would still have these problems; and the band decided to rest over the Christmas holiday. This article is about the medical condition. ... In medicine, there are many kinds of generalized seizures. ...


1980

In January 1980, Joy Division set out on a European tour. Several dates were cancelled though due to Curtis's deteriorating health. Jump to: navigation, search 1980 is a leap year starting on Tuesday. ...


With Martin Hannett, who also produced Unknown Pleasures, the band began recording their second album Closer at the end of the European tour in March. They released their most famous song "Love Will Tear Us Apart" (voted the number 1 single of all time by the New Musical Express in a 2003 poll), in April. Despite receiving brilliant reviews, the single failed to move beyond the independent charts. Martin Hannett (May 31, 1948 - April 18, 1991, sometimes credited as Martin Zero) was an innovative record producer who helped discover Joy Division and co-founded Factory Records with Tony Wilson. ... Closer is a July 1980 (see 1980 in music) album by Joy Division. ... Love Will Tear Us Apart is the most famous song by Joy Division. ... The New Musical Express (better known as the NME) is a weekly magazine about popular music published in the UK. It is unlike many other popular music magazines due to its intended focus on guitar-based music and indie rock bands, instead of mainstream pop acts. ... Jump to: navigation, search 2003(MMIII) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


On April 8, the band played a gig at the Derby Hall in Bury. Curtis sang only a few songs, the rest having been sung by Alan Hempstall of the support band, Crispy Ambulance. The audience reacted unfavorably to this, turning the gig into a riot in which Hook fought with angry onlookers. Jump to: navigation, search April 8 is the 98th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (99th in leap years). ... The Derby Hall, Bury in June 2003 The Derby Hall is a large Victorian neo-classical building situated on Market Street in the centre of Bury, Greater Manchester. ... Location within the British Isles Bury is a town on the northern side of Greater Manchester in North West England, between Rochdale and Bolton and just west of the M66. ...


Following a one-off gig in early May, the band took a two weeks' rest before their first American tour was scheduled to start. At the time, Curtis's relationship with his wife, Deborah Curtis, was collapsing due to his infidelity with a Belgian woman, Annick Honoré, whom he had met on tour (no photograph of Honoré has ever been published). Alone in his Macclesfield home, on May 17, 1980, Curtis reportedly watched a movie, entitled Stroszek, about an artist who commits suicide and listened to Iggy Pop's debut solo album, The Idiot. On May 18, 1980, Ian Curtis was discovered by his wife Deborah in their kitchen, having hanged himself by the neck. Deborah Curtis is the widow of Joy Divisions singer and lyricist, Ian Curtis, who committed suicide in 1980. ... Jump to: navigation, search May 17 is the 137th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (138th in leap years). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1980 is a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... Bruno S. as Der Bruno Stroszek Stroszek is a 1977 film by German director Werner Herzog. ... Jump to: navigation, search Suicide (from Latin sui caedere, to kill oneself) is the act of willfully ending ones own life; it is sometimes a noun for one who has committed or attempted the act. ... Jump to: navigation, search Image:Iggy Pop. ... The Idiot is a 1977 album by British rock musician Iggy Pop. ... Jump to: navigation, search May 18 is the 138th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (139th in leap years). ... Jump to: navigation, search 1980 is a leap year starting on Tuesday. ...


Aftermath

The band had long decided that if any one of them left or was unable to perform for any reason, they would end the band. In the summer of 1980, a reissued "Love Will Tear Us Apart" hit number 13 on the British singles chart, their biggest commercial success to date. In July 1980, Closer was finally released to overwhelmingly positive reviews; it also charted, peaking at number 6 on the British album chart. Sales of Unknown Pleasures were also robust.


At first glance Curtis' suicide appears to be exclusively the product of his own depression and ill health. Deborah Curtis' book Touching from a Distance gives the impression that Curtis always wanted to die young. Curtis has been an inspiration for a number of musicians that include/d Kurt Cobain, Billy Corgan, Trent Reznor (who, as Nine Inch Nails, covered "Dead Souls" for the soundtrack of the movie The Crow), and Robert Smith, who says that Curtis' suicide prevented his own. Jump to: navigation, search Clinical depression is a health condition of depression with mental and physical components reaching criteria generally accepted by clinicians. ... Jump to: navigation, search Kurt Cobain Kurt Donald Cobain (February 20, 1967 – ca. ... William Patrick Billy Corgan, Jr. ... Jump to: navigation, search Trent Reznor during The Fragile era. ... Jump to: navigation, search With Teeth album cover Nine Inch Nails (colloquially known as NIN) is a critically and commercially successful American band formed in Cleveland, Ohio in 1988 by Trent Reznor. ... Soundtrack refers to the recorded sound accompanying a visual medium such as a motion picture, television show, or video game. ... The Crow is a comic book series created by James OBarr. ... Robert Smith or Bob Smith is a common name. ...


Despite Curtis' suicide, Joy Division essentially did not end in 1980, as the surviving members immediately toured and soon recorded new music. Eventually renaming themselves "New Order," the band was accordingly reborn. Alternating between guitar-drum-bass and electronic styles, the band's music reached and inspired a variety of listeners. New Order is often cited as one of the leading techno, and dance music groups of their era, yet their use of traditional rock instruments such as guitars and acoustic drums has reached a level of influence comparable with their landmark electronic works. Jump to: navigation, search New Order are an English rock group formed in 1981 by the surviving members of Joy Division following the suicide of singer Ian Curtis. ... Techno is a form of electronic music that emerged in the mid-1980s and primarily refers to a particular style developed in and around Detroit and subsequently adopted by European producers. ... Dance music is music composed, played, or both, specifically to accompany social dancing. ...


The continuing importance of Joy Division was shown at the turn of the millennium when John Peel asked his listeners to vote for the all-time Festive 50. At number one was the haunting "Atmosphere", while "Love Will Tear Us Apart" sat at number three. Three more songs from the band sat on the list. Jump to: navigation, search John Peel John Robert Parker Ravenscroft, OBE (30 August 1939 – 25 October 2004), known professionally as John Peel, was a British disc jockey, radio presenter, and journalist. ...


Much of the history of Joy Division was portrayed in the 2002 MGM/United Artists released film 24 Hour Party People which followed the rise and fall of the record label Factory Records, with whom both Joy Division and New Order were signed. In 2005, plans for a movie - Control directed by Anton Corbijn - depicting Ian Curtis' life were also revealed. Jump to: navigation, search 2002(MMII) is a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... MGM logo Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer or MGM, is a large media company, involved primarily in the production and distribution of cinema and television programs. ... Jump to: navigation, search The current United Artists logo. ... 24 Hour Party People is a 2002 film about Manchesters popular music community from 1977 to 1997, and specifically about Factory Records. ... Jump to: navigation, search A record label is a brand created by companies that specialize in manufacturing, distributing and promoting audio and video recordings, on various formats including compact discs, LPs, DVD-Audio, SACDs, and cassettes. ... FAC 115: Factory Records Stationery (1984) Factory Records was a Manchester, England based record label, started in 1978 which featured several prominent musical acts, such as Joy Division, New Order, The Durutti Column, The Happy Mondays, and (briefly) James and Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark. ... Jump to: navigation, search 2005 (MMV) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Influence on "Goth" subculture

Some consider Joy Division to be precursors of the Goth genre. Despite the fact that Joy Division did not dress in what would today be considered a Goth style, this genre was nascent in the period of Joy Division's career, and had not at that point become so closely associated with any image. Other than the gothic description, the band and its highly original sound were categorized alongside numerous other bands of eclectic styles under the umbrella of post-punk and new wave. Jump to: navigation, search Gothic girl, medieval style, with spikes and piercings long hair and black leather coats are typical features of Goth Gothic girl with elaborate clothing of black lace and skull-shaped jewellery This article is about the contemporary goth/gothic subculture. ... Post punk generally refers to the particularly fertile and creative period following the initial punk rock explosion. During the first wave of punk, roughly spanning 1976-1983, bands such as The Sex Pistols, The Clash, The Ramones and The Damned began to challenge the current styles and conventions of rock... New Wave is a term that has been used to describe many developments in music, but is most commonly associated with a movement in American, Australian, British, Canadian and European popular music, in the late 1970s and early 1980s, growing out of the New York City punk rock scene, itself...


Origins of the name

The name Joy Division is a reference to the groups of women in Nazi concentration camps who were used as prostitutes, as described in Ka-Tzetnik 135633's 1955 book The House of Dolls. "No Love Lost", an early Joy Division/Warsaw track, contains a lyrical reference to the book; The Joy Divisions were, in Ka-tzetnik 135633s 1955 novel The House of Dolls, a group of Jewish women in the concentration camps during World War II who were kept for the sexual pleasure of Nazi soldiers. ... Jump to: navigation, search Look up Nazi on Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A concentration camp is a large detention center created for political opponents, aliens, specific ethnic or religious groups, civilians of a critical war-zone, or other groups of people, often during a war. ... Prostitution is the sale of sexual services (typically manual stimulation, oral sex, sexual intercourse, or anal sex) for cash or other kind of return, generally indiscriminately with many persons. ... Yehiel De-Nur or Dinur, was born Yehiel Finer in 1917, in Poland, near the German border. ... Jump to: navigation, search 1955 is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


"....Through the wire screen, the eyes of those standing outside looked in at her as into the cage of some rare creature in a zoo. In the hand of one of the assistants she saw the same instrument which they had that morning inserted deep into her body. She shuddered instinctively. No life at all in the house of dolls. No love lost...."


Although the choice of name was more reflective of a punk-style desire to challenge taboos, however recklessly, this choice along with other issues (such as Sumner's adoption of the surname Albrecht, their previously being known as Warsaw and, later, New Order's choice of name (another reflection of Nazi German history)) led the band to be dogged by accusations of neo-Nazism, which they strenuously denied. Jump to: navigation, search For other uses, see Warsaw (disambiguation) and Warszawa (disambiguation). ...


Equipment

Joy Division liked to experiment with different sounds, and Bernard Sumner was said to have been the main brain behind instrumental ideas and usage. He, for instance, instigated the use of synthesizers in Joy Division's music.


The synthesizer was used quite predominantly in Joy Division's music towards the end of their time together, with songs such as "Isolation", "Decades" and "The Eternal" from the Closer album featuring quite heavy electronic undertones. Interestingly, a rare Joy Division track entitled "As You Said", which can be heard on the Warsaw and Heart And Soul releases, appears to be entirely electronic in it's sound. This track, recorded in 1980, is one of two Joy Division songs that doesn't include any vocals (the other track being "Incubation") The use of the synthesizer as a more and more favoured instrument towards the end makes a good question of whether the band would have evolved towards a semblance of New Order's electronic dance music, should Curtis have remained alive.


Synthesizers were notable for being hard to use live, which is probably why on some of the band's live performances, the synthesizer sounded rather out of tune. Another problem with using a synthesizer live was that Sumner, the groups lead guitarist, was obviously not able to play both instruments at the same time. For this reason Ian Curtis took over basic guitar duties on some live tracks. "I Remember Nothing" and "Love Will Tear Us Apart" were just two tracks where Curtis was enlisted to play the electric guitar. It is known that he played guitar at live performances of certain songs and possibly in the studio as well, although this is questionable as Sumner could have played both synthesizer and guitar when recording tracks in a studio.


Footage exists of Curtis playing Sumner's Shergold Custom Masquerader and also VOX Phantom and VOX Teardrop guitars, which were apparently cheap at the time. Although not a skilled guitarist, Curtis' playing enhanced the band's ability at live gigs. Sumner, as previously mentioned, was the group's lead guitarist and used two or more different models with Joy Division; the mentioned Shergold Custom Masquerader and a Gibson SG Standard were two he is definitely known to have used.


Peter Hook chose to play his bass guitar more like a lead guitar on many tracks. This enabled songs to have more dominant bass riffs to compliment the other instruments. Hook started to use a six stringed bass guitar on the "Closer" album, which allowed for higher notes to be played on the bass. He continued to use six string bass guitars with New Order. Hook also performed backing vocals for the group and was the 'other voice' on the song "Interzone". On the track "Sound Of Music", Hook and Sumner swapped instruments so that Hook was playing electric guitar and Sumner bass guitar.


Even a melodica wind instrument was used by Joy Division during their recording sessions: briefly on "Decades" and quite predominantly on "In a Lonely Place" which only exists as a rehearsal recording (this recording can be heard in the "Heart and Soul" box set). New Order used the melodica a number of times and were said to have "inherited" it from Curtis.


Stephen Morris used expansive drum kits with many pieces to allow great ranges of rolls, rhythm shifts and beats. Morris seemed to be the most physically active band member behind Curtis, especially on tracks such as "She's Lost Control" and "Tranmission" where quite complex drumming was used. Morris used electronic hi-hats on some songs to achieve a variety of effects.


Live performances

Joy Division on stage in Paris
Joy Division on stage in Paris

The usual scene at a Joy Division gig was Curtis in the middle at the front, Sumner standing to Curtis' right, Hook standing to Curtis' left and Morris and his drum kit behind Curtis. The band usually played with little light, probably due to Curtis' epilepsy, which sometimes inhibited his performances. Curtis usually held onto the microphone stand for most of a song, only leaving it to dance. He sometimes walked off stage after he had finished his vocals, leaving the rest of the band to finish the song without his presence on stage. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (815x546, 79 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (815x546, 79 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...


Also, Curtis very rarely spoke to the audience at gigs apart from the occasional "thank you" at the end of a song. At the Preston Warehouse gig, he was unusually talkative, the reason being to keep the audience informed of the equipment failure the band suffered partway through the set.


Joy Division's on-stage style went hand-in-hand with the dark persona of their music.


Discography

Singles/EPs

  • An Ideal for Living: Warsaw/No Love Lost//Leaders Of Men/Failures (Jun. 1978, 7" EP, Enigma Records PSS 139, 1,000 copies; Sep. or Oct. 1978, 12" EP, Anonymous Records ANON 1, 1,200 copies)
  • Transmission/Novelty (Oct. 1979, 7", Factory Records FAC 13; Dec. 1980, 12", Factory FAC 13.12)
  • Licht und Blindheit: Atmosphere/Dead Souls (Mar. 1980, 7", Sordide Sentimental SS 33022, 1,578 copies)
  • Komakino//Incubation/As You Said (Apr. 1980, 7" flexi disc, Factory FAC 28, 10,000 British copies, unknown number of American copies w/ The Other Sound fanzine)
  • Love Will Tear Us Apart//These Days/Love Will Tear Us Apart version (Apr. 1980, 7", Factory FAC 23; Jun. 1980, 12", Factory FAC 23.12) UK #13
  • Atmosphere/She's Lost Control (Aug. 1980, 12", Factory US FACUS 2)
  • The Peel Sessions broadcast for Feb. 14 1979: Exercise One/Insight//She's Lost Control/Transmission (Nov. 1986, 12" EP, Strange Fruit SFPS 013)
  • The Peel Sessions broadcast for Dec. 10th 1979: Love Will Tear Us Apart/24 Hours//Colony/Sound Of Music (Sep. 1987, 12" EP, Strange Fruit SFPS 033)
  • Atmosphere/The Only Mistake (Jun. 1988, 7", Factory FAC 213-7)
  • Atmosphere/The Only Mistake/Sound Of Music (Jun. 1988, 12", Factory FAC 213)
  • Atmosphere/Transmission (live)/Love Will Tear Us Apart (Jun. 1988, CD, Factory FACD 213)

An Ideal For Living is an EP released by Joy Division in 1978, shortly after changing their name from Warsaw. All tracks were recorded at the Penine Sound Studios, Oldham, on December 14, 1977. ... Enigma Records was a popular rock and alternative record label in the 1980s. ... FAC 115: Factory Records Stationery (1984) Factory Records was a Manchester, England based record label, started in 1978 which featured several prominent musical acts, such as Joy Division, New Order, The Durutti Column, The Happy Mondays, and (briefly) James and Orchestral Manoeuvres in the Dark. ... Flexi disc recordings are a thin format designed to be playable on standard phonograph turntables. ... Love Will Tear Us Apart is the most famous song by Joy Division. ... Jump to: navigation, search February 14 is the 45th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search This page refers to the year 1979. ... Jump to: navigation, search December 10 is the 344th day (345th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search This page refers to the year 1979. ...

Albums/Other Releases

  • Unknown Pleasures (LP, Factory FACT 10, June 1979)
  • Closer (LP, Factory FACT 25, July 1980) UK #6
  • Still (rare tracks, outtakes and live) (2×LP, Factory FACT 40, October 1981) UK #5
  • Substance, Joy Division 1977–1980 (singles and b-sides compilation) (CD, Factory FACD 250, June 1988) UK #7
  • The Peel Sessions (LP, Strange Fruit SFRLP 211, 1990)
  • Permanent (compilation, 1995) UK #16
  • Heart & Soul (4 CD complete works, 1997)
  • Preston Warehouse 28 February 1980 (live)
  • Les Bains Douches 18 December 1979 (live)
  • Warsaw (Very early recordings, released in 1999)
  • Fractured Box Set (Preston and Les Bains Douche live albums in special packaging!)
  • Re - Fractured Box Set (Preston and Les Bains Douche live albums together with a third disc containing recordings from a concert in Amsterdam. Also contains simple poster and a T-shirt sporting the word 'Refractured' all contained in a special box. Released in 2004 in limited numbers)

Unknown Pleasures is the first album by Joy Division, released in 1979. ... Closer is a July 1980 (see 1980 in music) album by Joy Division. ... Still is a compilation of rare Joy Division songs, along with a recording of their last ever performance which took place at Birmingham University on the 2nd of May 1980. ... Substance is a 1988 Joy Division compilation, released by Factory Records. ... Heart and Soul is a Joy Division box set containing nearly every track the band recorded (with a few exceptions). ...

Video

  • Here Are the Young Men (VHS, Ikon FACT 37V; Beta, Ikon FACT 37B, August 1982)
  • Punk (VHS, Compilation. WEA/Warner, in assosciation with Granada TV, 4 509 91011-3. Released 1992) Joy Divison perform "Shadowplay". Taken from Granada Reports, Granada TV, September 20, 1978.

Compilation appearances

  • Short Circuit: Live at the Electric Circus (10" LP, Virgin VCL 5003, June 1978) — "At a Later Date"
  • A Factory Sample (2×7", Factory FAC 2, January 1979) — "Digital," "Glass"
  • Earcom 2: Contradiction (12"EP, Fast Product FAST 9B, October 1979) — "Autosuggestion," "From Safety to Where...?"

There are also a tremendous number of bootleg recordings, both live and studio.


Reference: [1]


Trivia

  • The name change to Warsaw was purportedly inspired by the David Bowie track Warszawa, found on his 1977 album Low.
  • Video game designer Hideo Kojima named a black market store in his game Snatcher "Joy Division" in tribute to the band. However, it was changed to "Plato's Cavern" for the English release to avoid potential legal issues.
  • The title of another Kojima game, Metal Gear Solid 2: Substance, is a nod to Joy Division's Substance.
  • Warsaw track was featured on 2004's Tony Hawk's Underground 2 video game.
  • When the band had recorded Closer, Curtis was given a copy of the album on cassette. Cassette was a very new medium in 1980, so new, in fact, that he didn't have a cassette player to play it on!
  • The first song the band recorded with Hannett as producer was "Digital". This was also the last song they ever performed live before the death of Curtis.
  • In 2005 they were inducted into the UK Music Hall of Fame.

Jump to: navigation, search David Bowie David Bowie (born David Robert Jones on January 8, 1947 in London) is an English rock musician and actor. ... ... Jump to: navigation, search Hideo Kojima Hideo Kojima (小島秀夫 Kojima Hideo, born August 24, 1963) is a Japanese video game designer at Konami. ... Sega CD Snatcher, the first and only English version made. ... Metal Gear Solid 2: Substance is a stealth-based game developed by Konami for the Xbox, PlayStation 2 and PC and first released in 2002. ... Notable events of 2004 in computer and video games. ... Tony Hawks Underground 2 is the sixth installment in Neversofts Tony Hawks Pro Skater video game series, and is the sequel to 2003s Tony Hawks Underground. ... Games, like most other forms of media, may be categorized into genres based on gameplay, atmosphere, and various other factors. ... Jump to: navigation, search 2005 (MMV) is a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Jump to: navigation, search The UK Music Hall of Fame honours musicians for their lifetime achievements in music. ...

External links and references

  • Joy Division Fans Club
  • Stroszek
  • Joy Division Central
  • Most detailed Joy Division discography and articles
  • Joy Division Lyrics
  • 24 Hour Party People (film, 2002)
  • Ka-Tzetnik 135633 (pseudonym of DeNur, Yehiel). The House of Dolls. 1955. Trans. from the Hebrew by Moshe M. Kohn. New York: Simon and Schuster.
  • Curtis, Deborah. Touching from a distance: Ian Curtis and Joy Division. London: Faber, 1995 (2nd ed. 2001, 3rd ed. 2005). ISBN 0-571-17445-0
  • Ott, Chris. Unknown Pleasures. (33⅓ series) New York: Continuum, 2004. ISBN 0-8264-1549-0

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