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Encyclopedia > Journalist
Journalist Heinz Abel, left, conducting an interview for German television.
Journalist Heinz Abel, left, conducting an interview for German television.

A journalist (also called a newspaperman) is a person who practises journalism, the gathering and dissemination of information about current events, trends, issues and people. Journalism is a discipline of gathering, writing and reporting news, and broadly it includes the process of editing and presenting the news articles. ...


Reporters are one type of journalist. They create reports as a profession for broadcast or publication in mass media such as newspapers, television, radio, magazines, documentary film, and the Internet. Reporters find sources for their work, their reports can be either spoken or written, and they are often expected to report in the most objective and unbiased way to serve the public good. A columnist is a journalist who writes pieces that appear regularly in newspapers or magazines. This article is about journalistic reporters. ... Popular press redirects here; note that the University of Wisconsin Press publishes under the imprint The Popular Press. Mass media is a term used to denote a section of the media specifically envisioned and designed to reach a very large audience such as the population of a nation state. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Documentary film is a broad category of visual expression that is based on the attempt, in one fashion or another, to document reality. ... Objectivity is frequently held to be essential to journalistic professionalism (particularly in the United States); however, there is some disagreement about what the concept consists of. ... For other senses of this word, see bias (disambiguation). ... A columnist is a journalist who produces a specific form of writing for publication called a column. Columns appear in newspapers, magazines and the Internet. ...


Depending on the context, the term journalist also includes various types of editors and visual journalists, such as photographers, graphic artists, and page designers. Editing is the process of preparing language, images, or sound for presentation through correction, condensation, organization, and other modifications. ... A photographer at the Calgary Folk Music Festival Paparazzi at the Tribeca Film Festival A photographer is a person who takes a photograph using a camera. ... Graphic design is the applied art of arranging image and text to communicate a message. ... News design. ...

Contents

Origin

Modern journalists

Modern media, including the creation of Internet-based news sources and the possibility that citizen journalism will greatly expand the field, has made it all but impossible to identify which journalists are notable, in the sense that they could be identified in the past. The global justice protests in Seattle (1999) gave rise to the independent media movement, exemplified by the Indymedia network,[citation needed] a collective of independent media organizations and hundreds of journalists offering grassroots, non-corporate coverage.[citation needed] Citizen journalism, also known as participatory journalism, or people journalism is the act of citizens playing an active role in the process of collecting, reporting, analyzing and disseminating news and information, according to the seminal report We Media: How Audiences are Shaping the Future of News and Information, by Shayne... The Independent Media Center, also called Indymedia or the IMC, is a loose network of amateur or alternative media organizations and journalists who organize into decentralized collectives, normally around geographic locations. ...


Ethics in journalism

Main article: Journalism ethics

Most journalists in the United States adhere[citation needed] to the standards and norms expressed in the Society of Professional Journalists ethical code.[1] Foremost in the minds of most practicing journalists is the issue of maintaining credibility, "Professional integrity is the cornerstone of a journalist's credibility."[1] Journalism ethics or journalistic ethics refers to a set of rules or morals adopted by news organizations or members of the news media. ... SPJ logo, taken from a cropped photo of a sign at the Region 10 SPJ Conference, March 2006 The Society of Professional Journalists (SPJ, formerly known as Sigma Delta Chi) is one of the oldest organizations representing journalists in the United States, debuting in 1909. ... In the context of a code adopted by a profession or by a governmental or quasi-governmental organ to regulate that profession, an ethical code may be styled as a code of professional responsibility, which may dispense with difficult issues of what behavior is ethical. Some codes of ethics are... “Cred” redirects here. ...


Educating Journalists

Journalists often either receive training directly in the type of news field that they wish to enter, or through various institutions of higher education. From Columbia University and New York University on the East Coast of America, to University of Southern California and California State University, Northridge on the West Coast, there is a broad range of options for beginning journalists to choose from when entering the field. Alma Mater Columbia University is a private university in the United States and a member of the Ivy League. ... New York University (NYU) is a private, nonsectarian, coeducational research university in New York City. ... The Trojan Shrine, better known as Tommy Trojan located in the center of University of Southern California campus. ... California State University, Northridge (also known as CSUN, Cal State Northridge, or C-Sun) is a public university in the San Fernando Valley, within the city limits of Los Angeles, California, USA. Part of the California State University system, CSUN was founded in 1958 as San Fernando Valley State College...


References

  1. ^ a b Society of Professional Journalists: Code of Ethics. Society of Professional Journalists. Retrieved on 2007-11-12.

Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 316th day of the year (317th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Journalism Portal 
  • The Project for Excellence in Journalism
  • The Committee of Concerned Journalists
  • International Federation of Journalists
  • Canadian Association of Journalists
  • National Union of Journalists (UK)&(ROI)
  • Media, Arts and Entertainment Alliance (Australia)
Image File history File links Portal. ...

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