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Encyclopedia > Josiah Nott

Josiah Clark Nott (31 March 180431 March 1873) was an American physician and surgeon; he was a writer on surgery, yellow fever, and a proponent of scientific racist theories. March 31 is the 90th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (91st in leap years), with 275 days remaining. ... 1804 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... March 31 is the 90th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (91st in leap years), with 275 days remaining. ... 1873 (MDCCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... A cardiothoracic surgeon performs a mitral valve replacement at the Fitzsimons Army Medical Center. ... Scientific racism is any publication or propaganda with the veneer of science which was fabricated to support a racist paradigm. ...


He was born in South Carolina, son of the Federalist politician and judge Abraham Nott, and resided from 1833 in Mobile, Alabama. Official language(s) English Capital Charleston(1670-1789) Columbia(1790-present) Largest city Columbia Largest metro area Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson Area  Ranked 40th  - Total 34,726 sq mi (82,965 km²)  - Width 200 miles (320 km)  - Length 260 miles (420 km)  - % water 6  - Latitude 32°430N to 35... The Federalist Party (or Federal Party) was an American political party during the First Party System, in the period 1793 to 1816, with remnants lasting into the 1820s. ... Abraham Nott (February 5, 1768 - June 19, 1830) was a United States Representative from South Carolina. ... Nickname: The Azalea City Coordinates: Country US State Alabama County Mobile Founded 1702 Incorporated 1814 Government  - Mayor Sam Jones Area  - City 412. ...


He took up theories that the mosquito was a vector for malaria, held by John Crawford and his contemporary Lewis Daniel Beauperthy, and applied them to yellow fever, then a serious health problem of the American South. In his 1850 Yellow Fever Contrasted with Bilious Fever he attacked the prevailing miasma theory. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Malaria is a vector-borne infectious disease that is widespread in tropical and subtropical regions, including parts of the Americas, Asia, and Africa. ... The miasma theory of disease held that diseases like cholera were caused by a miasma (Greek language: pollution), a noxious form of bad air. The miasma theory was consistent with the observations that: disease was associated with poor sanitation (and hence foul odors) and that sanitary improvements reduced disease, but...


His racial theories were put forth in a book of essays, from 1854, written with George Robins Gliddon, an Egyptologist and follower of Samuel George Morton. Entitled Types of Mankind or Ethnological Research, it successfully popularized the polygenist theory, of separate origins of races of humans. Its arguments (racist and creationist) were addressed by Charles Darwin in his 1871 The Descent of Man. George Robins Gliddon (1809-1857) was a British Egyptologist born in Devonshire in 1809. ... Samuel George Morton (1799-1851) An American physician and natural scientist. ... Creationism is generally the belief that the universe was created by a deity, or alternatively by one or more powerful and intelligent beings. ... For other people of the same surname, and places and things named after Charles Darwin, see Darwin. ... The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex by British naturalist Charles Darwin was first published in 1871. ...


In 1856, with Henry Hotz, he was responsible for a translation from the French of Arthur Gobineau's 1853 essay on racial inequality. This work of Holz and Nott has been criticised for distortion: Joseph Arthur Comte de Gobineau (July 14, 1816 - October 13, 1882) was a French aristocrat who became famous for advocating White Supremacy and developing the theory of the Aryan master race in his book An Essay on the Inequality of the Human Races (1853-1855). ...

By 1856, Josiah Nott of Mobile, Alabama, prepared an English version with the help of Henry Hotz. The result was a seriously doctored text. Nott added an Appendix of his own, and Hotz supplied numerous notes. […] Nott and Hotz omitted the laws of repulsion and attraction, which were at the heart of Gobineau's account of the role of race-mixing in the rise and fall of civilizations.[1]

Works

  • Two lectures on the connection between the Biblical and physical history of man. Delivered by invitation from the Chair of political economy, etc., of the Louisiana university, in December 1848. (1849)
  • An essay on the natural history of mankind, viewed in connection with Negro slavery delivered before the Southern Rights Association, 14th December, 1850 (1851)
  • Types of Mankind: Or, Ethnological Researches, Based Upon the Ancient Monuments, Paintings, Sculptures, and Crania of Races, and Upon Their Natural, Geographical, Philological, and Biblical History: Illustrated by Selections from the inedited Papers of Samuel George Morton, M. D and by additional contributions from Prof. L.Agassiz, LLD; W. Usher, M.D.; Prof. H.S. Patterson, M.D. (1854)

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