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Encyclopedia > Josh McDowell

Joslin "Josh" McDowell is a Christian apologist, evangelist, and writer. Christian apologetics is the field of study concerned with the systematic defense of Christianity. ... Evangelism is the proclaiming of the Christian Gospel. ... The term writer can apply to anyone who creates a written work, but the word more usually designates those who write creatively or professionally, or those who have written in many different forms. ...


He is within the Evangelical tradition of Protestant Christianity, and is the author or co-author of some 77 books, of which his best known titles include More Than A Carpenter, Evidence That Demands A Verdict, and Right from Wrong.

Contents

Biography

Family and education

McDowell was born in Battle Creek, Michigan in 1939 with the given name Joslin. He was one of five children born to Wilmot McDowell, Sr. Biographer Joe Musser indicates that McDowell struggled with low self-esteem in his youth, as his father was an alcoholic and abusive. He enlisted in the Air National Guard, received basic training and assumed duties in mechanical maintenance of aircraft. After sustaining a head injury he was discharged from the service. Battle Creek is a city in the U.S. state of Michigan, in northeast Calhoun County. ...


He initially intended to pursue legal studies culminating in a political career, and began preparatory studies at Kellogg College in Michigan. According to McDowell, he was as an atheist at college when he decided to prepare a paper that would examine the historical evidence of the Christian faith in order to disprove it. However, he converted to Christianity, after, as he says, he found evidence for it, not against it. He subsequently enrolled at Wheaton College, Illinois, where he was awarded a Bachelor of Arts degree. He then studied at Talbot Theological Seminary of Biola University, La Mirada, California. He completed an exit paper examining the theology of Jehovah's Witnesses, and was awarded the Master of Divinity degree graduating Magna Cum Laude. Kellogg College is one of the constituent colleges of the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom. ... Official language(s) None (English, de-facto) Capital Lansing Largest city Detroit Area  Ranked 11th  - Total 97,990 sq mi (253,793 km²)  - Width 239 miles (385 km)  - Length 491 miles (790 km)  - % water 41. ... Wheaton College is a private, independent, evangelical Protestant, coeducational, liberal arts college located in Wheaton, Illinois, USA. Wheaton has an enrollment of approximately 2,400 undergraduate students. ... Talbot Theological Seminary became Talbot School of Theology in the fall of 1983 as a result of the merger between the appropriate undergraduate and graduate level programs at Biola University. ... Biola University is a private Christian college, located in Southern California. ... La Mirada is a city located in Los Angeles County, California, United States. ... Master of Divinity is a common degree among theological seminaries and is considered the minimum academic requirement for ordination into pastoral ministry. ... Latin honors are Latin phrases used to indicate the level of academic distinction with which an academic degree was earned. ...


In 1982 McDowell was awarded an honorary Doctor of Laws degree by the Simon Greenleaf School of Law, in recognition of his ministry and writings. McDowell was also a visiting lecturer at that school in the 1980s. Trinity Law School (TLS), or the Law School, Trinity International University is a private, nonprofit law school in Santa Ana, California. ...


Josh McDowell married Dorothy Youd, with whom he has four children; they live happily married in Dallas, Texas ([1]).      Nickname: Big D Location in the state of Texas Country United States State Texas Counties Dallas, Collin, Denton, Kaufman, and Rockwall Mayor Laura Miller Area    - City 997. ...


Career and ministry

In 1964, he became a traveling representative of Campus Crusade for Christ International. Campus Crusade for Christ is a para-church ministry that operates student chapters on university and college campuses, and was established by the late Bill Bright in the 1950s. To this day, his close affiliation with the organization continues. Each March, U.S. college students spend Spring Break participating in “Big Break,” a Campus Crusade outreach to Panama City Beach vacationers Campus Crusade for Christ is an interdenominational Christian mission organization, focusing on evangelism and discipleship in over 190 countries around the world. ... Bill and Vonette Bright, 1951 Dr. William R. Bill Bright (October 19, 1921 _ July 19, 2003) was an American evangelist. ...


McDowell's full-time ministry with Campus Crusade for Christ began with his appointment as a campus speaker in Latin America, where he interacted with both Marxist and Fascist student groups. He subsequently returned to North America where he rose to notoriety as an itinerant speaker addressing campus groups about the Christian faith.


Part of his speaking ministry has focused on youth issues in relationships and sexual mores, and is reflected in seminars such as "Maximum Sex" and the "Why Wait?" campaign that encourages sexual abstinence before marriage. Other facets of his speaking ministry and writing have focused on issues of self-esteem (His Image, My Image), and developing faith and character (Evidence for Joy). In the 1980s he also co-ordinated a three month residential discipleship program in a retreat center called The Julian Center, near San Diego.


McDowell is best known for his many seminars, debates and books in Christian apologetics. In his role as a popular apologist McDowell has spoken across the United States, and in many other nations including the Republic of South Africa and Australia.


In 1983, the Josh McDowell Ministry headquarters moved to its current location in Richardson, TX. The ministry employs a staff of 75 people with affiliate offices located throughout the country.Josh McDowell is the founder of the Christian ministries Josh.org and Operation Carelift. Operation Carelift is an international humanitarian aid ministry that is run by the Global Aid Network (GAiN) in Dallas, Texas which is a branch of Campus Crusade for Christ. The ministry began in 1991 in the republics of the former Soviet Union ([2]). Each March, U.S. college students spend Spring Break participating in “Big Break,” a Campus Crusade outreach to Panama City Beach vacationers Campus Crusade for Christ is an interdenominational Christian mission organization, focusing on evangelism and discipleship in over 190 countries around the world. ...


Method of apologetics

As a practitioner of Christian apologetics, McDowell's writings have concentrated on addressing challenges to belief, questions posed by non-Christians, doubts about faith, and non-Christian religions. He has not written about apologetic theory and method. However his apologetic methodology can be deduced from his writings and it is clear that McDowell stands within the evidentialist tradition of Christian apologetics. In that tradition apologists tend to present positive arguments to commend belief in Christ by emphasising historical and legal proofs to establish the authenticity of the biblical texts and the divinity of Christ. Christian apologetics is the field of study concerned with the systematic defense of Christianity. ...


In books such as Evidence That Demands A Verdict, The Resurrection Factor, and He Walked Among Us, McDowell has arranged his arguments by pleading for a cumulative case of evidences, such as archaeological discoveries, the extant manuscripts of the biblical texts, fulfilled prophecies, and the miracle of the resurrection. In More Than A Carpenter he blended historical argument with legal arguments concerning the direct witness and circumstantial evidences for Jesus' life and resurrection. He employed a similar line of argument in his debate with the South African Muslim apologist Ahmed Deedat (The Islam Debate). Look up Resurrection in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Much of his evidentialist work reflects the views of apologists such as John Warwick Montgomery, Norman Geisler, Gleason Archer, and Gary Habermas. John Warwick Montgomery was born October 18, 1931 in Warsaw, New York. ... Dr. Norman L. Geisler is a scholar, contributor to the field of Christian apologetics, and the author or coauthor of some sixty books defending the Christian faith. ... Gleason Leonard Archer (May 22, 1916 – April 27, 2004) was a Biblical scholar, theologian, educator, and author. ... Gary Habermas is an American Christian apologist, theologian, and philosopher of religion. ...


Other foci of his apologetics have included challenging the methodology, assumptions and conclusions drawn in higher criticism of the Old Testament and form and redaction criticism of the gospels. His work in this area has consisted of a popular summarisation of scholarly debate, particularly from Evangelical discussions about higher critical theories. In the late 1980s and into the 1990s his apologetic writings interacted with challenges expressed in popular books like The Holy Blood and the Holy Grail, The Lost Years of Jesus, and the writings of the humanist George A. Wells.


He has also collated apologetic arguments concerning the doctrine of Christ's deity as in Jesus: A Biblical Defense of His Deity. In two companion volumes he and his colleague Don Stewart have addressed popular questions and objections to faith concerning biblical inerrancy and bible discrepancies, Noah's Flood, and creationism versus evolution.


McDowell and Stewart have also popularised the arguments of other apologists in the Christian countercult movement, particularly the work of Walter Martin, in the Handbook of Today's Religions. In their criticisms of cults and occult beliefs McDowell and Stewart concentrate on doctrinal apologetic questions, especially pertaining to the deity of Christ, and pointing out heretical beliefs in the non-orthodox religious groups they profile. The Christian countercult movement, also known as discernment ministries is the collective designation for many mostly unrelated ministries and individual Christians who oppose non-mainstream Christian and non-Christian religious groups, which they often call cults. ... This article or section needs to be wikified. ... This article does not discuss cult in its original sense of religious practice; for that usage see Cult (religious practice). ... The word occult comes from the Latin occultus (clandestine, hidden, secret), referring to the knowledge of the secret or knowledge of the hidden and often popularly meaning knowledge of the supernatural, as opposed to knowledge of the visible or knowledge of the measurable, usually referred to as science. ...


Controversy

McDowell's high profile as a popular apologist has led to his written work being the subject of critical scrutiny, particularly by atheists such as Gordon Stein. Counter-responses to McDowell have cited errors in quotations and documentation in his earliest writings. McDowell's later works have sought to correct some of the errors highlighted by Stein.


Other objections have centred on the cogency of the argument for miracles and Jesus's resurrection, and the inferences drawn from the biblical text about Jesus's deity. Others have complained that McDowell does not give equal space to airing the views of atheists and non-evangelical scholars, as he does to the apologists he relies on. This view is considered by some to be erroneous on the basis that McDowell is openly advancing the case for the veracity of the Christian faith. This article is about Jesus of Nazareth. ...


Works

  • More Than A Carpenter, Tyndale House, Wheaton, 1977.
  • Evidence That Demands A Verdict, Revised Edition, San Bernadino, California, 1979.
  • Guide To Understanding Your Bible, Here's Life Publishers, San Bernadino, California, 1982.
  • Daniel in the Critics' Den: Historical Evidence for the Authenticity of the Book of Daniel, Here's Life Publishers, San Bernadino, California, 1979.
  • Answers to Tough Questions, with Don Stewart, Here's Life Publishers, San Bernadino, California, 1980.
  • More Evidence That Demands A Verdict, Revised edition, Here's Life Publishers, San Bernadino, California, 1981.
  • The Resurrection Factor, Here's Life Publishers, San Bernadino, California, 1981.
  • Prophecy: Fact or Fiction, (publisher unknown, date unknown)
  • Reasons Skeptics Should Consider Christianity, with Don Stewart, Here's Life Publishers, San Bernadino, California, 1981.
  • The Islam Debate, with John Gilchrist, Here's Life Publishers, San Bernadino, California, 1983.
  • Jesus: A Biblical Defense of His Deity, with Bart Larson, Here's Life Publishers, San Bernadino, California, 1983.
  • Handbook of Today's Religions, with Don Stewart, Here's Life Publishers, San Bernadino, California, 1983.
  • Evidence for Joy, with Dale Bellis, Word, Waco, 1984.
  • His Image, My Image, Here's Life Publishers, San Bernadino, California, 1984.
  • The Secret of Loving, Here's ife Publishers, San Bernadino, California, 1985.
  • Why Wait? with Dick Day, Thomas Nelson Publishers, Nashville, 1987.
  • He Walked Among Us: Evidence for the Historical Jesus, with Bill Wilson, Here's Life Publishers, San Bernadino, California, 1988.
  • Right From Wrong, with Bob Hostetler, Word, Dallas, 1994.
  • New Evidence That Demands A Verdict, Word, Nashville, 1999.
  • Disconected Generation: Saving Our Youth From Self-Destruction, Word, Nashville, 2000.
  • Beyond Belief to Convictions, with Bob Hostetler, Tyndale House, Wheaton, 2002.
  • The One Year Book of Josh McDowell's Youth Devotions", with Bob Hostetler, Tyndale House, Wheaton, 1997.

Biography

  • Josh: The Excitement of the Unexpected, by Joe Musser, Here's Life Publishers, San Bernadino, California, 1981. Also released under the title A Skeptic's Quest.

See also

The Christian countercult movement, also known as discernment ministries is the collective designation for many mostly unrelated ministries and individual Christians who oppose non-mainstream Christian and non-Christian religious groups, which they often call cults. ... The Christological argument for the existence of God is a relatively modern argument. ... Sexual abstinence is the practice of voluntarily refraining from some or all aspects of sexual activity. ... Ancient history is the study of significant cultural and political events from the beginning of human history until the Early Middle Ages. ... The article concerns the historicity of the Bible. ... Biblical archaeology involves the recovery and scientific investigation of the material remains of past cultures that can illuminate the periods and descriptions in the Bible. ... The Gospel of Mark is traditionally the second of the New Testament Gospels. ... There are no undisputed historical images of Jesus; he sat for no portraits which are preserved and of unquestioned authenticity and undoubted provenance. ... Look up Resurrection in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The term trilemma derives from the much older term dilemma, a choice between two unacceptable options. ...

References

  1. josh.org. Who is Josh McDowell?. Retrieved on June 12, 2005.
  2. GAiN USA. Operation Carelift Becomes Global Aid Network (GAiN) USA. Retrieved on June 16, 2005.
  3. The Secular Web. The Jesus of History: A Reply to Josh McDowell. Retrieved on June 12, 2005.

June 12 is the 163rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (164th in leap years), with 202 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 16 is the 167th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (168th in leap years), with 198 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... June 12 is the 163rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (164th in leap years), with 202 days remaining. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Josh McDowell - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1525 words)
Josh McDowell was born in Union City (Battle Creek), Michigan in 1939 with the given name Joslin.
In 1982 McDowell was awarded an honorary Doctor of Laws degree by the Simon Greenleaf School of Law, in recognition of his ministry and writings.
McDowell's high profile as a popular apologist has led to his written work being the subject of critical scrutiny, particularly by atheists such as Gordon Stein.
Bott Radio Network - Radio Program Ministries (153 words)
At the beginning of the cultural revolution of the 1960's several Christian students challenged a young Josh McDowell to look intelligently at the evidence for Christ in the Bible.
McDowell, head of Josh McDowell Ministries, presents this life-changing message each week on "Josh McDowell Radio." A youth communicator and author of books like "More than a Carpenter" and "The New Tolerance", McDowell has spoken live to over 7 million young people through his positions with Campus Crusade for Christ and Josh McDowell Ministries.
The phone number is 1-800-879-6600.To support this ministry, write: Josh McDowell Ministry, P.O. Box 131000, Dallas, TX 75081 or call 972-907-1000 and be sure to tell them you listen on Bott Radio Network.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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