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Encyclopedia > Josh Gibson
Josh Gibson
Josh Gibson
Catcher
Born: December 21, 1911
Died: January 20, 1947 (aged 35)
Batted: Right Threw: Right
MLB debut
, 1930
for the Pittsburgh Crawfords
Final game
, 1946
for the Homestead Grays
Career statistics
AVG     .362
HR     146
2B     89
Teams

As Player Image File history File links Josh-gibson. ... The position of the catcher Catcher is also a general term for a fielder who catches the ball in cricket. ... is the 355th day of the year (356th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1930 (MCMXXX) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display 1930 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Pittsburgh Crawfords were a professional Negro League baseball team based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... Year 1946 (MCMXLVI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full 1946 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Homestead Grays were a professional baseball team that played in the Negro Leagues in the United States. ... Batting average is a statistic in both cricket and baseball measuring the performance of cricket batsmen and baseball hitters, respectively. ... Mark McGwire swinging for the fences. ... In baseball, a double is the act of a batter safely reaching second base by striking the ball and getting to second before being made out, without the benefit of a fielders misplay (see error) or another runner being put out on a fielders choice. ...

Career highlights and awards
  • Leading home run hitter in Negro League history (according to most sources)
  • 18th greatest player ever according to The Sporting News
  • Member of the Salón de la Fama (Mexican Baseball Hall of Fame)
Member of the National
Baseball Hall of Fame
Elected     1972
For the Australian rules footballer, see Joshua Gibson (footballer).

Joshua Gibson (December 21, 1911 in Buena Vista, Georgia - January 20, 1947 in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) was a catcher in baseball's Negro Leagues. He played for the Pittsburgh Crawfords from 1930 to 1937 before moving to the Homestead Grays from 1937 to 1946. He stood 6-foot-1 and weighed 256 pounds at the peak of his career. The Pittsburgh Crawfords were a professional Negro League baseball team based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1930 throughout the world. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1937 throughout the world. ... The Homestead Grays were a professional baseball team that played in the Negro Leagues in the United States. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1937 throughout the world. ... The following are the baseball events of the year 1946 throughout the world. ... In 1998, The Sporting News compiled a list of Baseballs Greatest Players. ... The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, located at 25 Main Street in Cooperstown, New York, is a semi-official museum operated by private interests serving as the central point for the study of the history of baseball in the United States and beyond, the display of baseball-related... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, located at 25 Main Street in Cooperstown, New York, is a semi-official museum operated by private interests serving as the central point for the study of the history of baseball in the United States and beyond, the display of baseball-related... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... High marking is a key skill and spectacular attribute of Australian rules football Precise field and goal kicking using the oval shaped ball is the key skill in Australian rules football Australian rules football, also known as Australian football, Aussie rules, or simply football or footy is a code of... Joshua Josh Gibson (born 13 March 1984) is an Australian rules footballer for the Kangaroos Football Club in the Australian Football League. ... is the 355th day of the year (356th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1911 (MCMXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Buena Vista (pronounced BYOO-nah VIHS-tah) is a city located in Marion County, Georgia. ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1947 (MCMXLVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1947 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... “Pittsburgh” redirects here. ... The position of the catcher Catcher is also a general term for a fielder who catches the ball in cricket. ... This article is about the sport. ... Bud Fowler, the first professional black baseball player with one of his teams, Western of Keokuk, Iowa The Negro Leagues were American professional baseball leagues comprising predominantly African-American teams. ... The Pittsburgh Crawfords were a professional Negro League baseball team based in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. ... The Homestead Grays were a professional baseball team that played in the Negro Leagues in the United States. ...


Baseball historians consider Gibson to be among the very best catchers and power hitters in the history of any league, including the Major Leagues, and he was elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1972. He never played in the Major Leagues because, under their Gentleman's Agreement policy, they excluded non-whites during his lifetime. The position of the catcher Catcher is a position played in baseball. ... MLB and Major Leagues redirect here. ... The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, located at 62 Main Street in Cooperstown, New York, is a semi-official museum operated by private interests serving as the central point for the study of the history of baseball in the United States and beyond, the display of baseball-related... See also: 1971 in sports, other events of 1972, 1973 in sports and the list of years in sports. // Auto Racing Stock car racing: February 20: A.J. Foyt won the Daytona 500 NASCAR Championship - Richard Petty Indianapolis 500 - Mark Donohue USAC Racing - Joe Leonard won the season championship Formula... The baseball color line was the policy, unwritten for nearly its entire duration, which excluded African American baseball players from organized baseball in the United States before 1946. ...

Contents

Baseball Career and Statistics

The true statistical achievements of Negro League players are impossible to know, as the Negro Leagues did not compile complete statistics or game summaries. There exists debate as to the records held by African American, White, and Hispanic players of that era due to the fact that neither played with each other; hispanics and african americans didn't play in white leagues and vice versa. [1] So the debate over which was an inferior league or records against inferior competition may never end. [2] As such, it is difficult to separate truth from myth in regards to Negro League stars such as Josh Gibson. His Baseball Hall of Fame plaque says he hit "almost 800" homers in his 17-year career [3], although the home runs are not recognized as Major League achievement, Gibson is still considered one of the best home run hitters of all time. He is credited with several amazing years, slugging 69 home runs in 1934 and batting .467 with 55 home runs in 137 games in 1933. His lifetime batting average, according to the Hall of Fame's official data, was .359.[1] It was reported that he won nine home-run titles and four batting championships playing for the Crawfords and the Homestead Grays. In two seasons in the late 1930s, it was written that not only did he hit higher than .400, but his slugging percentage was above 1.000. The Sporting News of June 3, 1967 credits Gibson with a home run in a Negro League game at Yankee Stadium that struck two feet from the top of the wall circling the center field bleachers, about 580 feet from home plate. Although it has never been conclusively proven, Chicago American Giants infielder Jack Marshall said Gibson slugged one over the third deck next to the left field bullpen in 1934 for the only fair ball hit out of the Yankee Stadium. The National Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum, located at 62 Main Street in Cooperstown, New York, is a semi-official museum operated by private interests serving as the central point for the study of the history of baseball in the United States and beyond, the display of baseball-related... The Homestead Grays were a professional baseball team that played in the Negro Leagues in the United States. ... Face The 1930s (years from 1930–1939) were described as an abrupt shift to more radical and conservative lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the Great Depression, also known in Europe as the World Depression. ... In baseball statistics, slugging average (SLG) is a measure of the power of a hitter. ... This is about the stadium the New York Yankees currently play in. ... Chicago American Giants were a Chicago based Negro League baseball team, formed by player-manager Andrew Rube Foster. ... Year 1934 (MCMXXXIV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display full 1934 calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This is about the stadium the New York Yankees currently play in. ...


Based on research of historical accounts performed for the Special Committee on the Negro Leagues, Gibson hit 224 homers in 2,375 at-bats against top black teams, 2 in 56 at-bats against white major-league pitchers and 44 in 450 AB in the Mexican League. John Holway lists Gibson with the same home run totals and a .351 career average, plus 21 for 56 against white major-league pitchers. According to Holway, Gibson ranks third all-time in the Negro Leagues in average among players with 2,000+ AB (trailing Jud Wilson by 3 points and John Beckwith by one. Holway lists him as being second to Mule Suttles in homers, though the all-time leader in HR/AB by a considerable margin - with a homer every 10.6 AB to one every 13.6 for runner-up Suttles. George Mule Suttles (born March 2, 1901 in Brockton, Louisiana - died 1968 in Newark, New Jersey) was an American Negro League baseball player who played first base and outfield. ...


Recent investigations into Negro League statistics, using box scores from newspapers from across the United States, have led to the estimate that, although as many as two thirds of Negro League team games were played against inferior competition (as traveling exhibition games), Josh Gibson still hit between 150 and 200 home runs in official Negro League games. Though this number appears very conservative next to the statements of 800 to 1000 home runs, this research also credits Gibson with a rate of one home-run every 15.9 at bats, which compares favorably with the rates of the top nine home-run hitters in Major League history. The commonly-cited home run totals in excess of 800 are not indicative of his career total in "official" games because the Negro League season was significantly shorter than the major league season; typically consisting of less than 60 games per year. The additional home runs cited were most likely accomplished in "unofficial" games against local and non-Negro League competition of varying strengths, including the oft-cited "barnstorming" competitions. Though these numbers are still based on incomplete evidence, this study does at least provide concrete proof that Josh Gibson was a power hitter of very high caliber.


Despite the fact that statistical validation continues to prove difficult for Negro League players, the lack of verifiable figures has led to various amusing "Tall Tales" about immortals such as Gibson. A good example: In the last of the ninth at Pittsburgh, down a run, with a runner on base and two outs, Gibson hits one high and deep, so far into the twilight sky that it disappears from sight, apparently winning the game. The next day, the same two teams are playing again, now in Washington. Just as the teams have positioned themselves on the field, a ball comes falling out of the sky and a Washington outfielder grabs it. The umpire yells to Gibson, "You're out! In Pittsburgh, yesterday!" In sports, an umpire is an official appointed to rule on plays and procedure. ... “Pittsburgh” redirects here. ...


In early 1943, Josh Gibson fell into a coma and was diagnosed with a brain tumor. He refused the option of surgical removal, and lived the next four years with recurring headaches. Gibson died of a stroke in 1947, at age 35, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, just three months before Jackie Robinson became the first black player in modern major league history. The stroke is generally believed to be linked to drug problems that plagued his later years. “Pittsburgh” redirects here. ... For the basketball player, see Jackie Robinson (basketball). ... The baseball color line was the policy, unwritten for nearly its entire duration, which excluded African American baseball players from organized baseball in the United States before 1946. ... Stroke (or cerebrovascular accident or CVA) is the clinical designation for a rapidly developing loss of brain function due to an interruption in the blood supply to all or part of the brain. ...


Gibson is buried in the Allegheny Cemetery in the Pittsburgh neighborhood of Lawrenceville. Allegheny Cemetery is one of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvanias largest, oldest, and most picturesque cemeteries. ... “Pittsburgh” redirects here. ...


Notes

  • According to the Macmillan Baseball Encyclopedia, Josh Gibson's Negro League stats from official games were as follows: Total years played - 16. Total games played - 501. Total career at bats - 1679. Total career hits - 607. Total career 2B hits - 89. Total career 3B hits - 35. Total career HR - 146. Total career SB 11. Career Batting Average .362
  • Current "official" statistics (as published in 'Shades of Glory, by Dr. Lawrence Hogan) show him with a .359 career average and 115 HR in 510 games over 16 seasons.
  • Barry Bonds referred to "Josh Gibson's 800 home runs" in his post-game press conference after hitting his 756th MLB home run.[2]

The Puerto Rican Professional Baseball League (Spanish: or LBPPR) is the main professional baseball league in Puerto Rico. ... The Santurce Crabbers (Spanish: Cangrejeros de Santurce) were a professional baseball team in Santurce, San Juan, Puerto Rico for over 70 years. ... Year 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full 1996 Gregorian calendar). ... Mykelti Williamson (born March 4, 1960 in St. ... Soul of the Game is a made-for-television movie about Negro league baseball. ... Delroy Lindo (born November 18, 1952, Eltham, London, England, UK) is a British actor. ... Leroy Robert Satchel Paige (July 7, 1906–June 8, 1982)[1] was an American baseball player who pitched in several different Negro Leagues and in Major League Baseball. ... Blair Underwood (born August 25, 1964, in Tacoma, Washington) is an American television and film actor. ... For the basketball player, see Jackie Robinson (basketball). ... Edward Herrmann (born July 21, 1943) is an American television and film actor. ... Wesley Branch Rickey (December 20, 1881 – December 9, 1965) was an innovative Major League Baseball executive best known for two things: breaking baseballs color barrier by signing the African-American player Jackie Robinson, and later drafting the first Hispanic superstar, Roberto Clemente; and creating the framework to the modern... Jerry Hardin (born 20 November 1929 in Dallas Texas) is a United States actor who has made many television and film appearances. ... Albert Benjamin Happy Chandler, Sr. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... The Sporting News (TSN) is an American-based sports newspaper. ... In 1998, The Sporting News compiled a list of Baseballs Greatest Players. ... Leroy Robert Satchel Paige (July 7, 1906–June 8, 1982)[1] was an American baseball player who pitched in several different Negro Leagues and in Major League Baseball. ... Walter Buck Leonard was born on September 8, 1907 in Rocky Mount, North Carolina, USA. At the age of 14 he left school for the simple reason that no high school education was available for Blacks in his hometown. ... James Thomas Cool Papa Bell (May 17, 1903–March 7, 1991) was an American center fielder in Negro league baseball, considered by many baseball observers to have been the fastest man ever to play the game. ... Oscar Charleston Oscar McKinley Charleston (October 14, 1896 - October 5, 1954) was an American center fielder and manager in baseballs Negro Leagues from 1915 to 1945. ... MLB and Major Leagues redirect here. ... Barry Lamar Bonds (born July 24, 1964 in Riverside, California) He is the son of former Major League All-Star Bobby Bonds, cousin of Hall of Famer Reggie Jackson, and the godson of Hall of Famer Willie Mays. ...

See also

United States Senator Arlen Specter of Pennsylvania (right) is a long-term brain tumor survivor who continues to serve in public office. ...

References

  1. ^ *Hogan, Lawrence D. (2006), Shades of Glory: The Negro Leagues and the Story of African-American Baseball, Washington DC: National Geographic, ISBN 079225306X
  2. ^ Curry, Jack. "No. 757 for Bonds follows long night", The New York Times, 09 Aug 2007. 

Further Reading

  • William Brashler. Josh Gibson: a Life in the Negro Leagues. Harper & Row, 1978.
  • Pedro Treto Cisneros. The Mexican League: Comprehensive Player Statistics. McFarland & Company, 2002.
  • Jorge Figueredo. Cuban Baseball: A Statistical History. McFarland & Company, 2003.
  • John Holway. The Complete Book of Baseball's Negro Leagues. Hastings House, 2001.
  • Larry Lester. Black Baseball's National Showcase. University of Nebraska Press, 2001.
  • James Riley. The Biographical Encyclopedia of the Negro Baseball Leagues. Carrol & Graf, 1994.
  • Donn Rogosin. Invisible Men. Atheneum, 1983.
  • Buckley, James Jr. "1,001 Facts About Hitters." DK Publishing, 2004.
  • Ribowsky, Mark. "Josh Gibson The Power and The Darkness." University of Illinois Press, 2004.
  • Snyder, Brad: Beyond the Shadow of the Senators, McGraw-Hill, 2004.

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
The Josh Gibson Foundation: Home of the Josh Gibson Foundation (348 words)
It is the goal of the Foundation to establish a history and learning center in Homestead, PA to reach out to the families and youth of the community on which Josh Gibson left his mark.
In addition to direct instruction, the Josh Gibson Foundation provides motivational programming.
The goal of this is to show children at risk that there is a larger world outside of their community that is full of options for them.
Josh Gibson - BR Bullpen (2850 words)
Josh Gibson is considered one of the greatest hitters of the Negro Leagues.
Gibson tied Charleston for the East-West League lead with 10 homers, led the loop with 16 doubles and was second to Charleston with 6 triples.
Gibson died of a stroke at age 35 on January 20, 1947 in Pittsburgh, PA and was buried in the Allegheny Cemetery in the Pittsburgh neighborhood of Lawrenceville.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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