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Encyclopedia > Joseph Gurney Cannon
Joseph Cannon at the 1904 Republican Convention
Joseph Cannon at the 1904 Republican Convention

Joseph Gurney Cannon (May 7, 1836November 12, 1926) was a United States politician from Illinois and leader of the Republican party; historians consider him one of the most powerful Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, serving from 1903 through 1911. He was the longest-serving Republican Speaker in history (though Dennis Hastert will surpass Cannon on June 1, 2006). Speaker of the US House Joseph G. Cannon, 1904, cropped from a photo on loc. ... Speaker of the US House Joseph G. Cannon, 1904, cropped from a photo on loc. ... May 7 is the 127th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (128th in leap years). ... Charles Darwin 1836 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... November 12 is the 316th day of the year (317th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 49 days remaining. ... 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Official language(s) English Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq. ... The Republican Party was born in 1854 and is one of the two dominant parties today. ... Dennis Hastert, the current Speaker, presiding from a chair in the front of the chamber. ... Dennis Hastert John Dennis Hastert, born January 2, 1942, is an American politician, and has served as Speaker of the United States House of Representatives since 1999 (he will surpass Joseph Gurney Cannon as the longest-serving Republican Speaker on June 1, 2006). ...

Contents


Early life

He was born in Guilford, Guilford County, North Carolina, moved with his parents to Bloomingdale, Indiana, in 1840, about 30 miles north of Terre Haute, Indiana. He was the The oldest of two sons of Horace Cannon, a country doctor, who drowned when Joseph was ten years old trying to reach a sick patient by crossing Sugar Creek. Young Cannon took charge of the family farm. Guilford County is a county located in the state of North Carolina. ... Bloomingdale is a town located in Parke County, Indiana. ... Terre Haute (pronounced ) is a city located in Vigo County, Indiana on the states western border with Illinois. ...


Asked by Terre Haute lawyer John Palmer Usher to testify in a slander case, Cannon became fascinated with the law. Eventually, he asked Usher if he could study law under him and moved to Terre Haute. At age 19 he traveled to Cincinnati, Ohio to attend a semester of law school. John Palmer Usher (1816 - 1889) was a U.S. administrator. ... Nickname: The Queen City Official website: http://www. ...


He was admitted to the bar in 1858 and commenced practice in Terre Haute, Indiana, in 1858, but was disappointed when Usher refused to offer him a place in his office. In 1859 he relocated to Tuscola, Illinois and became State's attorney for the twenty-seventh judicial district of Illinois from March 1861 to December 1868. He eventually moved to Danville, Illinois, where he resided the rest of his life. Terre Haute (pronounced ) is a city located in Vigo County, Indiana on the states western border with Illinois. ... Tuscola is a city located in Douglas County, Illinois. ... Danville is a city located in Vermilion County, Illinois. ...


Political career

He became a follower of Abraham Lincoln during the Lincoln-Douglas debates of 1858. After Lincoln was elected President in 1860, Cannon received an appointment as a regional prosecutor. Abraham Lincoln (February 12, 1809 – April 15, 1865), sometimes called Abe Lincoln and nicknamed the Rail Splitter, Honest Abe and the Great Emancipator, was the 16th President of the United States (1861 to 1865), and the first president from the Republican Party. ... The Lincoln-Douglas debates of 1858 were a series of seven debates between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen A. Douglas for an Illinois seat in the United States Senate. ... The presidential seal was used by President Hayes in 1880 and last modified in 1959 by adding the 50th star for Hawaii. ... Presidential electoral votes by state. ...


Cannon, a member of the Republican Party, was elected as to the United States House of Representatives from Illinois to the Forty-second and to the eight succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1873-March 3, 1891), and was the chairman, Committee on Expenditures in the Post Office Department (Forty-seventh Congress), Committee on Appropriations (Fifty-first Congress). The Republican Party, often called the GOP (for Grand Old Party, although one early citation described it as the Gallant Old Party) [1], is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... The chamber of the United States House of Representatives is located in the south wing of the Capitol building, in Washington, D.C.. This photograph shows a rare glimpse of the four vote tallying boards (the blackish squares across the top), which display each members name and vote as... Official language(s) English Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq. ... March 4 is the 63rd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (64th in leap years). ... 1873 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calaber). ... March 3 is the 62nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (63rd in leap years). ... 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... The Post Office Department was the former name of the United States Postal Service when it was a Cabinet department. ...


He moved to Danville, Illinois, in 1878, and was unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1890 to the Fifty-second Congress, but was elected to the Fifty-third and to the nine succeeding Congresses 1893 to 1913. Danville is a city located in Vermilion County, Illinois. ... The U.S. House election, 1890 was an election for the United States House of Representatives in 1890 which occurred in the middle of President Benjamin Harrisons term. ... Senators Representatives Categories: Articles to be expanded | United States politics stubs | United States Congress by session ... This article needs to be wikified. ...

As Speaker Cannon recognized whomever he wished
As Speaker Cannon recognized whomever he wished

He attempted to gain the Speakership four times before succeeding. His antic speaking style, diminutive stature and pugnacious manner were his trade marks. The newspapers frequently lampooned him as a colorful rube. Image File history File links CANNON.jpg Summary Speaker Cannon, scanned cartoon 1910 Licensing This image is in the public domain in the United States. ... Image File history File links CANNON.jpg Summary Speaker Cannon, scanned cartoon 1910 Licensing This image is in the public domain in the United States. ...


"Uncle Joe" as he was known often clashed with fellow Republican Theodore Roosevelt, who Cannon remarked had "no more use for the Constitution than a tomcat has for a marriage license". Theodore Roosevelt, Jr. ...


Joseph was chairman to the Committee on Appropriations (Fifty-fourth through Fifty-seventh Congresses), Committee on Rules (Fifty-eighth through Sixty-first Congresses), and Speaker of the House of Representatives (Fifty-eighth through Sixty-first Congresses). He received fifty-eight votes for the presidential nomination at the Republican National Convention at Chicago, Illinois in 1908. The Committee on Appropriations, or Appropriations Committee (often referred to as simply Appropriations, as in Hes on Appropriations) is a committee of the United States House of Representatives. ... Dates of Sessions 1895-1897 The first session of this Congress took place in Washington, DC from December 2, 1895 to June 11, 1896. ... // Dates of Sessions 1901-1903 The first session of this Congress took place in Washington, DC from December 2, 1901 to July 1, 1902. ... Dates of Sessions 1903-1905 The first session of this Congress took place in Washington, DC from November 9, 1903 to December 7, 1903. ... // Dates of Sessions March 4, 1909, to March 3, 1911 Major Political Events Officers Senate House of Representatives Members of the Sixty-first United States Congress Senate Nelson Wilmarth Aldrich (R-RI) Augustus Octavius Bacon (D-GA) Joseph Weldon Bailey (D-TX) John Hollis Bankhead (D-AL) Albert Jeremiah Beveridge... The presidential seal was used by President Hayes in 1880 and last modified in 1959 by adding the 50th star for Hawaii. ... Nickname: The Windy City Motto: Urbs In Horto (Latin: City in a Garden), I Will Official website: http://egov. ... Major party conventions The 1908 Republican Convention was held in Chicago from 16 June to 19 June. ...

Taft tries to pour progressive ideas into Aldrich
Enlarge
Taft tries to pour progressive ideas into Aldrich

In 1910 an Insurgent revolt flared in the House as both Democrats and dissatisfied Republicans stripped the Speaker of some of his powers, such as heading the House Rules Committee and ability to appoint members of other House committees. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (556x736, 82 KB) Summary 1909 US cartoon Licensing This image is in the public domain in the United States. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (556x736, 82 KB) Summary 1909 US cartoon Licensing This image is in the public domain in the United States. ... The Democratic Party is one of the two major political parties in the United States. ... The Committee on Rules, or (more commonly) Rules Committee, is a committee of the United States House of Representatives. ...


Cannon was defeated in 1912 but returned in 1914 and was reelected through 1922. He was a critic of President Woodrow Wilson and US entry into World War I. He was also an outspoken critic of Wilson's League of Nations. Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856 – February 3, 1924) was the 28th President of the United States (1913–1921). ... Combatants Allies: Serbia, Russia, France, Romania, Belgium, British Empire, United States, Italy, and others Central Powers: Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Ottoman Empire Casualties Military dead: 5 million Civilian deaths: 3 million Total of dead: 8 million Military dead: 4 million Civilian deaths: 3 million Total dead: 7 million The First... The League of Nations was an international organization founded after the Paris Peace Conference of 1919. ...


Cannon retired in 1922; he was featured on the cover of the first issue of TIME magazine on the last day of his term in office. A pocket watch. ...


Joseph Cannon died in Danville, Vermilion County, Illinois, with an interment in Spring Hill Cemetery. Vermilion County is a county located in the state of Illinois. ...

Rep. Joseph G. Cannon (R-IL), smoking a cigar, 1920.
Rep. Joseph G. Cannon (R-IL), smoking a cigar, 1920.

U.S. Congressman Joseph Gurney Cannon, smoking a cigar, 1920. ... Four cigars of different brands (from top: H. Upmann, Montecristo, Macanudo, Romeo y Julieta) An airtight cigar storage tube and a guillotine-style cutter A cigar is a tightly rolled bundle of dried and fermented tobacco, one end of which is ignited so that its smoke may be drawn into...

Legacy

Joseph Gurney Cannon brought a federal Veterans Administration Hospital to Danville; it continues to serve military veterans.


Trivia

Joseph Gurney ("Czar") Cannon appears on a 31p (£0.31) commemorative stamp from the Isle of Man Post Office, as part of a series honoring Manx-Americans.


References

  • Roger, Scott William. "Uncle Joe Cannon: The Brakeman of the House of Representatives,

1903—1911" in Raymond W Smock and Susan W Hammond, eds. Masters of the House: Congressional Leadership Over Two Centuries (1998) pp 33-62

  • His autobiography, Uncle Joe Cannon, (1927)

The first building of offices for congressmen outside of the United States Capitol building was named after Cannon. The Cannon House Office Building, completed in 1908, is the oldest congressional office building as well as a significant example of the Beaux Arts style of architecture. ... The United States Capitol Capitol Hill redirects here. ...

Preceded by:
David B. Henderson
Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
November 9, 1903March 3, 1911
Succeeded by:
Champ Clark
Speakers of the United States House of Representatives Seal of the United States House of Representatives
MuhlenbergTrumbullMuhlenbergDaytonSedgwickMaconVarnum • Clay • Cheves • Clay • TaylorBarbour • Clay • TaylorStevensonBellPolkHunterWhiteJonesDavisWinthropCobbBoydBanksOrrPenningtonGrowColfaxPomeroyBlaineKerrRandallKeiferCarlisleReedCrispReedHendersonCannonClarkGillettLongworthGarner • Rainey • ByrnsBankheadRayburnMartinRayburnMartinRayburnMcCormackAlbertO'NeillWrightFoleyGingrichHastert

  Results from FactBites:
 
Joseph Gurney Cannon - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (780 words)
Joseph Gurney Cannon (May 7, 1836 – November 12, 1926) was a United States politician from Illinois and leader of the Republican party; historians consider him one of the most powerful Speaker of the United States House of Representatives, serving from 1903 through 1911.
Cannon, a member of the Republican Party, was elected as to the United States House of Representatives from Illinois to the Forty-second and to the eight succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1873-March 3, 1891), and was the chairman, Committee on Expenditures in the Post Office Department (Forty-seventh Congress), Committee on Appropriations (Fifty-first Congress).
Joseph Cannon died in Danville, Vermilion County, Illinois, with an interment in Spring Hill Cemetery.
Joseph Gurney Cannon - definition of Joseph Gurney Cannon in Encyclopedia (450 words)
Joseph Gurney Cannon (May 7, 1836-November 12, 1926) was a United States politician who served as Speaker of the United States House of Representatives from 1903 through 1911.
Cannon, a member of the Republican Party, was elected as to the United States House of Representatives from Illinois to the Forty-third and to the eight succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1873-March 3, 1891), and was the chairman, Committee on Expenditures in the Post Office Department (Forty-seventh Congress), Committee on Appropriations (Fifty-first Congress).
Cannon was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1912 to the Sixty-third Congress, but was elected to the Sixty-fourth and to the three succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1915-March 3, 1923).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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