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Encyclopedia > Joseph Weizenbaum
Joseph Weizenbaum. Berlin 2005.

Joseph Weizenbaum (born January 8, 1923) is a professor emeritus of computer science at MIT. Prof. ... January 8 is the 8th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). ...   Computer science is the study of the theoretical foundations of information and computation and their implementation and application in computer systems. ... The Massachusetts Institute of Technology, or MIT, is a private research university located in the city of Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA. Its mission and culture are guided by an emphasis on teaching and research grounded in practical applications of science and technology. ...


Born in Berlin, Germany to Jewish parents, he escaped Hitler's Germany in 1936, emigrating with his family to the United States. He started studying mathematics in 1941 in the US, but his studies were interrupted by the war, during which he served in the military. Around 1950 he worked on analog computers, and helped create a digital computer for Wayne State University. In 1955 he worked for General Electric on the first computer used for banking, and in 1963 took a position at MIT. This article is about Germanys largest city. ... This article describes some ethnic, historic, and cultural aspects of the Jewish identity; for a consideration of the Jewish religion, refer to the article Judaism. ... Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler (April 20, 1889 – April 30, 1945, standard German pronunciation in the IPA) was the Führer (leader) of the National Socialist German Workers Party (Nazi Party) and of Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... For the movie, see 1941 (film) 1941 (MCMXLI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (the link is to a full 1941 calendar). ... 1950 (MCML) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will take you to calendar). ... A page from the Bombardiers Information File (BIF) that describes the components and controls of the Norden bombsight. ... // Introduction and overview Wayne State University, located in Detroit, Michigan, in the citys Cultural Center, part of the larger Midtown area. ... 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... GE redirects here. ... For other uses, see Bank (disambiguation). ... 1963 (MCMLXIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (the link is to a full 1963 calendar). ...


In 1966, he published a comparatively simple program called ELIZA which demonstrated natural language processing by engaging humans into a conversation resembling that with an empathic psychologist. The program applied pattern matching rules to the human's statements to figure out its replies. (Programs like this are now called chatterbots.) Weizenbaum was shocked that his program was taken seriously by many users, who would open their hearts to it. He started to think philosophically about the implications of Artificial Intelligence and later became one of its leading critics. His influential 1976 book Computer Power and Human Reason displays his ambivalence towards computer technology and lays out his case: while Artificial Intelligence may be possible, we should never allow computers to make important decisions because computers will always lack human qualities such as compassion and wisdom. This he sees as a consequence of their not having been raised in the emotional environment of a human family. 1966 (MCMLXVI) was a common year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1966 calendar). ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Natural language processing (NLP) is a subfield of artificial intelligence and linguistics. ... A chatterbot is a computer program designed to simulate an intelligent conversation with one or more human users via auditory or textual methods. ... Hondas intelligent humanoid robot AI redirects here. ... Joseph Weizenbaums influential 1976 book Computer Power and Human Reason: From Judgment To Computation (San Francisco: W. H. Freeman, 1976; ISBN 0716704633) displays his ambivalence towards computer technology and lays out his case: while Artificial Intelligence may be possible, we should never allow computers to make important decisions because... Ûæ:For the Doctor Who character, see Compassion (Doctor Who). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with philosophy. ...


Weizenbaum is the creator of the SLIP programming language. SLIP is a list processing computer programming language, invented by Joseph Weizenbaum in the 1960s. ...


Today he is Chairman of the Scientific Council at the Institute of Electronic Business in Berlin.


Works

Joseph Weizenbaums influential 1976 book Computer Power and Human Reason: From Judgment To Computation (San Francisco: W. H. Freeman, 1976; ISBN 0716704633) displays his ambivalence towards computer technology and lays out his case: while Artificial Intelligence may be possible, we should never allow computers to make important decisions because...

External links

  • Joseph Weizenbaum: 1988 Winner of CPSR's Norbert Wiener Award for Professional and Social Responsibility
  • A Java applet faithfully recreating the original ELIZA
  • Institute of Electronic Business
  • Interview in which Joseph Weizenbaum discusses Eliza (German-language audio with English transcription)
  • Documentary film with and about Joseph Weizenbaum ( "WEIZENBAUM. Rebel at Work." )

  Results from FactBites:
 
Joseph Weizenbaum - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (394 words)
Joseph Weizenbaum (born January 8, 1923) is a professor emeritus of computer science at MIT.
Weizenbaum is the creator of the SLIP programming language.
Joseph Weizenbaum: 1988 Winner of CPSR's Norbert Wiener Award for Professional and Social Responsibility
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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