FACTOID # 27: If you're itching to live in a trailer park, hitch up your home and head to South Carolina, where a whopping 18% of residences are mobile homes.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Joseph I of Portugal
Image:DjoseIportugal.jpg
Portuguese Royalty
House of Braganza

John IV
Children include
   Teodósio, Prince of Brazil
   Joana, Princess of Beira
   Infanta Catarina, Queen of England
   Afonso, Prince of Brazil (future Afonso VI)
   Infante Pedro, Duke of Beja (future Peter II)
Afonso VI
Peter II
Children include
   Isabel Luísa, Princess of Beira
   João, Prince of Brazil (future John V)
   Infante Francisco, Duke of Beja
   Infante António
   Infante Manuel, Count of Ourém
   Infanta Francisca Josefa
   Luísa, Duchess of Cadaval (natural daughter)
   José, Archbishop of Braga (natural son)
John V
Children include
   Infanta Maria Bárbara, Queen of Spain
   José, Prince of Brazil (future Joseph I)
   Pedro, Prince of Brazil (future Peter III)
Joseph I
Children include
   Maria Francisca, Princess of Beira (future Maria I)
   Infanta Maria Ana Francisca Josefa
   Infanta Maria Francisca Doroteia
    Benedita, Dowager Princess of Brazil
Maria I and Peter III
Children include
   José, Prince of Brazil
   João, Prince of Brazil (future John VI)
   Infanta Mariana
John VI
Children include
   Maria Teresa, Princess of Beira
   Infanta Maria Isabel, Queen of Spain
   Infante Pedro, Prince of Brazil (future Peter IV (I of Brazil)
   Infanta Maria Francisca, Countess of Molina
   Infanta Isabel Maria
   Infante Miguel, Duke of Braganza (future Miguel I)
   Infanta Maria da Assunção
   Infanta Ana de Jesus Maria, Duchess of Loulé
Peter IV (I of Brazil)
Children include
   Infanta Maria da Glória, Duchess of Porto (future Maria II)
   Januária, Princess Imperial of Brazil
   Princess Francisca, Princess de Joinville
   Prince Peter (Peter II of Brazil)
Michael I
Children include
   Infanta Maria das Neves, Duchess of San Jaime
   Miguel II, Duke of Braganza
   Infanta Teresa, Archduchess of Austria
   Infanta Maria Josefa, Duchess in Bavaria
   Infanta Adelgundes, Duchess of Guimarães, Countess di Bardi
   Infanta Maria Ana, Grand Duchess of Luxembourg
   Infanta Maria Antónia, Duchess of Parma
Grandchildren include
   Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza
Great-Grandchildren include
   Duarte Pio, Duke of Braganza
Maria II and Ferdinand II
Children include
   Pedro, Prince Royal of Portugal, Duke of Braganza (future Pedro V)
   Infante Luís, Duke of Porto (future Luís I)
   Infante João, Duke of Beja
   Infanta Maria Ana
   Infanta Antónia, Princess of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen
   Infante Augusto, Duke of Coimbra
Grandchildren include
   Carlos, Prince Royal of Portugal, Duke of Braganza (future Carlos I)
Great-grandchildren include
   Luís Filipe, Prince Royal of Portugal, Duke of Braganza
   Infante Manuel, Duke of Beja (future Manuel II)

Joseph I (Portuguese José, pron. IPA /ʒu'zɛ/), the Reformer (Port. o Reformador), 25th (or 26th according to some historians) King of the Kingdom of Portugal and Algarves, was born in Lisbon, on June 6, 1714. He was the third child of King John V of Portugal and his wife Mary Anne Josepha of Austria. Joseph had an older brother, Peter, but he died at the age of two. Image File history File links DjoseIportugal. ... The House of Bragança (pron. ... Image File history File links Portuguese flag 1830 - 1910 (for use at land) File links The following pages link to this file: Flag of Portugal ... John IV of Portugal (Portuguese: João IV de Portugal pron. ... Teodósio of Braganza or Teodósio of Portugal was a Portuguese Prince son of John IV of Portugal (first king of the House of Braganza) and his wife Luiza de Guzman (Luísa de Gusmão). ... Joan of Portugal or Joan of Braganza, Princess of Beira (1635-53, Portuguese: Joana, pron. ... Catherine of Braganza [1] (25 November 1638 – 30 November 1705) (Catherine Henrietta, in Portuguese Catarina Henriqueta de Bragança), was the queen consort of King Charles II of England. ... Afonso VI (English Alphonzo or Alphonse), or Affonso (Old Portuguese), (August 12, 1643 - September 12, 1683) was the twenty-second (or twenty-third according to some historians) King of Portugal, the second of the House of Braganza, known as the Victorious (Port. ... Peter II (Portuguese Pedro, pron. ... Afonso VI (English Alphonzo or Alphonse), or Affonso (Old Portuguese), (August 12, 1643 - September 12, 1683) was the twenty-second (or twenty-third according to some historians) King of Portugal, the second of the House of Braganza, known as the Victorious (Port. ... Peter II (Portuguese Pedro, pron. ... Isabel Luísa Josefa (pron. ... John V (Portuguese João pron. ... Francis of Braganza or Francis of Portugal (Portuguese: Francisco, pron. ... Anthony of Portugal or Anthony of Braganza (Portuguese: António, pron. ... Manuel of Braganza or Manuel of Portugal (pron. ... Francisca Josefa of Braganza (pron. ... Luísa of Portugal, Duchess of Cadaval (English: Louise; Lisbon, January 9, 1679-Évora, December 23, 1732) was a natural daughter of Portuguese King Peter II and a Portuguese lady named Maria da Cruz Mascarenhas. ... José of Braganza, Archbishop of Braga (English: Joseph; Lisbon, May 6, 1703-Ponte de Lima, June 3, 1756) was a natural son of Portuguese King Peter II and a Portuguese lady named Francisca Clara da Silva. ... John V (Portuguese João pron. ... Barbara of Braganza (pron. ... Peter III of Portugal (Portuguese Pedro) (July 5, 1717 - May 25, 1786) became King Consort of Portugal on the succession of his wife and niece queen Maria I in 1777, and ruled with her until his death. ... Mary I Frances or Maria I Francisca (pron. ... Mariana Francisca Josefa of Braganza (pron. ... Maria Francisca Doroteia of Braganza (pron. ... Maria Francisca Benedita of Braganza (pron. ... Mary I Frances or Maria I Francisca (pron. ... Peter III of Portugal (Portuguese Pedro) (July 5, 1717 - May 25, 1786) became King Consort of Portugal on the succession of his wife and niece queen Maria I in 1777, and ruled with her until his death. ... Joseph of Braganza (full name: José Francisco Xavier de Paula Domingos António Agostinho Anastácio de Bragança, pron. ... John VI (Portuguese João, pron. ... Mariana Vitória Josefa or Maria Ana Vitória Josefa (pron. ... John VI (Portuguese João, pron. ... Princesa dona Maria Teresa of Braganza (pron. ... Maria Isabel of Braganza (pron. ... Pedro I of Brazil (pron. ... Maria Francisca de Assis of Braganza (pron. ... Isabel Maria of Braganza and Borbón (pron. ... Miguel of Portugal (English: Michael), the Traditionalist (Port. ... Maria da Assunção of Braganza (pron. ... Ana de Jesus Maria of Braganza (pron. ... Pedro I of Brazil (pron. ... Maria II da Glória, (pron. ... Januária Maria of Bragança (pron. ... Francisca Carolina of Bragança (pron. ... Emperor Pedro II in full regalia, in the opening of the annual session of the Brazilian Imperial Parliament (General Assembly), 1873 Dom Pedro IIs family Dom Pedro II of Brazil Dom Pedro II (pron. ... Miguel of Portugal (English: Michael), the Traditionalist (Port. ... Miguel II of Bragança (pron. ... Grand Duchess Marie Anne, Maria Anna, Maria Ana de Braganca, of Portugal (Schloss Bronnbach 13 July 1861 - New York 31 July 1942) was Grand Duchess consort of Luxembourg and its Regent. ... Duarte Nuno, Duke of Bragança (1907-1976) was the son of Miguel II, Duke of Braganza and his second wife, Marie Therese Princess zu Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg. ... Duarte Pio of Bragança (born May 15, 1945), pron. ... Maria II da Glória, (pron. ... Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (October 29, 1819 - December 15, 1885) was consort king of Portugal following his marriage to Queen Maria II in 1836. ... Pedro V of Portugal (pron. ... Luis I, King of Portugal (October 31, 1838 – October 19, 1889) was the second son of Maria II da Glória and Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. ... John of Braganza (Portuguese: João, pron. ... Maria Ana of Braganza, dona Maria Ana Fernanda Leopoldina Micaela Rafaela Gabriela Carlota Antónia Júlia Vitória Praxedes Francisca de Assis Gonzaga, pron. ... Antónia of Braganza (Lisbon, February 17, 1845-Sigmaringen, December 27, 1913), pron. ... Augustus of Braganza (Portuguese: Augusto, pron. ... Carlos I of Portugal KG, RVC (pron. ... Luís Filipe of the house of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha (in English Louis Philip) was born in Lisbon, on March 21, 1887. ... King Manuel II (r: 1908–1910) Manuel II (English: Emanuel II), the Patriot Port. ... Look up pronunciation in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is a system of phonetic notation devised by linguists to accurately and uniquely represent each of the wide variety of sounds (phones or phonemes) used in spoken human language. ... Portuguese ( ) is a Romance language, of the Indo-European family. ... This is a List of Portuguese monarchs from the independence of Portugal from Castile in 1139, to the beginning of the Republic in October 5, 1910. ... Motto: none Anthem: A Portuguesa Capital Lisbon (Lisboa) Largest city Lisbon Official language(s) Portuguese1 Government Parliamentary democracy  - President Aníbal Cavaco Silva  - Prime Minister José Sócrates Formation 868   - Independence June 24, 1128   - Recognized October 5, 1143  Accession to EU January 1, 1986 Area    - Total 92,391 km² (110th... Algarve NUTS II region, and the district of Faro in Portugal Vilamouras marina Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Algarve The Algarve (pron. ... Location  - Region  - Subregion  - District or A.R.   Lisbon Grande Lisboa Lisbon Mayor  - Party Carmona Rodrigues PSD Area 84. ... June 6 is the 157th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (158th in leap years), with 208 days remaining. ... Battle of Gangut, by Maurice Baquoi, 1724-27. ... John V (Portuguese João pron. ... Mary Anne of Austria (September 7, 1683 ,Linz - August 14, 1754, Lissabon) Archduchess of Austria and Queen consort of Portugal. ...


At the death of his elder brother, José became Prince of Brazil as the heir-apparent of the king, and 15th Duke of Braganza. Prince of Brazil (Portuguese: Principe do Brasil) was a title used in kingdom of Portugal, normally conferred on the heir of the royal house. ... The term heir apparent is most often used to refer to someone who is first in the order of succession to a throne and who, unlike an Heir Presumptive, cannot lose this status by the birth of any other person. ... 24th Duke of Braganza The title Duke of Braganza in the House of Braganza is one of the most important titles in the peerage of Portugal, as the ancient Duchy of Braganza (Bragança), is one of the oldest and most important Dukedoms of Portugal. ...


In 1729, Joseph married a Spanish princess, Marianne Victoria of Borbón, daughter of Philip V of Spain and Elizabeth Farnese, and his elder sister Barbara married the future Ferdinand VI of Spain. Marianne loved music and hunting, but she was also a serious woman, who disliked the King's affairs and had no problems about talking about them to everybody. Joseph and Marianne had only four daughters: Events July 30 - Baltimore, Maryland is founded. ... Marianne Victoria of Bourbon (March 31, 1718 – January 15, 1781) (in Portuguese Mariana Vitória, in Spanish Mariana Victoria) was the eldest daughter of Philip V of Spain and Elizabeth Farnese. ... King Philip V of Spain (December 19, 1683 – July 9, 1746) or Philippe of Anjou was king of Spain from 1700 to 1746, the first of the Bourbon dynasty in Spain. ... Elizabeth Farnese, queen of Spain Elizabeth Farnese (October 25, 1692 – July 11, 1766), Queen consort of Spain, also known as Isabel de Farnesio or Isabella Farnese, was the only daughter of Odoardo II Farnese, Duke of Parma. ... Ferdinand VI, (September 23, 1713 - August 10, 1759), king of Spain from 1746 until his death, second son of Philip V, founder of the Spanish Bourbon dynasty (as opposed to the French Bourbons), by his first marriage with Maria Louisa of Savoy, was born at Madrid on September 23 1713. ...

Statue of Joseph in Terreiro do Paço square, Lisbon.
Statue of Joseph in Terreiro do Paço square, Lisbon.

Joseph was devoted to the Church and the opera. He succeeded to the Portuguese throne in 1750, when he was 35 years old, and almost immediately placed effective power in the hands of Sebastião José de Carvalho e Mello, better known today as the Marquis of Pombal. Indeed the history of Joseph's reign is really that of Pombal himself. King José also declared his eldest daughter Maria Francisca as the official heiress of the throne, and proclaimed her Princess of Brazil. The king did not believe that any longer a son would be born to him. Events January 8 - Premiere of George Frideric Handels opera Ariodante at the Royal Opera House, Covent Garden. ... 1816 was a leap year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Mary I Frances or Maria I Francisca (pron. ... Maria Ana Francisca Josefa of Braganza (English: Mary Anne Francis Josepha) was a Portuguese princess daughter of King Joseph I of Portugal and his wife Marianne Victoria of Borbón. ... Events January 26 - Stanislaus I of Poland abdicates his throne. ... 1813 is a common year starting on Friday (link will take you to calendar). ... Maria Francisca Doroteia of Braganza (English: Mary Francis Dorothea) was a Portuguese infanta daughter of King Joseph I of Portugal and his wife Marianne Victoria of Borbón. ... // About the number 1739 1739 is the smallest integer that can be written as sum of three perfect cubes, in two ways. ... 1771 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Maria Francisca Benedita of Braganza (English: Mary Francis Bennedicta) was a Portuguese infanta daughter of King Joseph I of Portugal and his wife Marianne Victoria of Borbón. ... // Events Catharine de Ricci (born 1522) canonized. ... Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 1829 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Image File history File linksMetadata EstatuaDJoseIemLisboa. ... Image File history File linksMetadata EstatuaDJoseIemLisboa. ... Events March 2 - Small earthquake in London, England April 4 - Small earthquake in Warrington, England August 23 - Small earthquake in Spalding, England September 30 - Small earthquake in Northampton, England November 16 – Westminster Bridge officially opened Jonas Hanway is the first Englishman to use an umbrella James Gray reveals her sex... The Marquis of Pombal, or Marquês de Pombal, (13 May 1699 - 15 May 1782) was a Portuguese politician and statesman, prime minister of king Joseph I of Portugal throughout his reign. ... Prince of Brazil (Portuguese: Principe do Brasil) was a title used in kingdom of Portugal, normally conferred on the heir of the royal house. ...


The powerful marquis sought to overhaul all aspects of economic, social and colonial policy to make Portugal a more efficient contender with the other great powers of Europe, and thus secure her own power status as a result. A conspiracy of nobles aimed (allegedly) at murdering King Joseph and the marquis gave Pombal the pretext to get rid of his personal enemies, the Távora family, and to expel the Jesuits in September 1759, thus gaining control of public education and a wealth of church lands. The Tavora affair was a political scandal of the 18th century Portuguese court. ... The Suppression of the Jesuits in Portugal, France, the Two Sicilies, Parma and the Spanish Empire by 1767 was a product of a series of political moves rather than a theological controversy. ... 1759 was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ...

The reign of Joseph was also famous for the great Lisbon earthquake of November 1, 1755, in which around 100,000 people lost their lives. The earthquake caused Joseph to develop a severe case of claustrophobia and he was never again comfortable living within a walled building. Consequently, he moved the royal court to an extensive complex of tents in the hills of Ajuda. The capital was eventually rebuilt at great cost, and an equestrian statue of King Joseph still dominates Lisbon's main plaza. This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... This 1755 copper engraving shows the ruins of Lisbon in flames and a tsunami overwhelming the ships in the harbor. ... November 1 is the 305th day of the year (306th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 60 days remaining. ... 1755 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... Sign warning of a claustrophobic area Claustrophobia is an anxiety disorder that involves the fear of enclosed or confined spaces. ... Ajuda is a Portuguese parish (freguesia) in the municipality (concelho) of Lisbon with 3. ...


With Joseph's death on 24 February 1777 the throne passed to his daughter Mary I and Pombal's iron rule was sharply brought to an end. February 24 is the 55th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 1777 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ...


Ancestors

Joseph's ancestors in three generations
Joseph I of Portugal Father:
John V of Portugal
Father's father:
Peter II of Portugal
Father's father's father:
John IV of Portugal
Father's father's mother:
Luisa of Medina-Sidonia
(Luisa de Guzmán)
Father's mother:
Maria Sophia of Neuburg
Father's mother's father:
Philipp Wilhelm, Elector Palatine
Father's mother's mother:
Magdalene of Bavaria
Mother:
Mary Anne of Austria
Mother's father:
Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor
Mother's father's father:
Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor
Mother's father's mother:
Maria Anna of Spain
Mother's mother:
Eleonore-Magdalena of Pfalz-Neuburg
Mother's mother's father:
Philipp Wilhelm, Elector Palatine
Mother's mother's mother:
Magdalene of Hesse-Darmstadt

John V (Portuguese João pron. ... Peter II (Portuguese Pedro, pron. ... John IV of Portugal (Portuguese: João IV de Portugal pron. ... Luísa de Gusmão Luisa de Guzmán (Spanish) or Luísa de Gusmão (Portuguese) (Sanlúcar de Barrameda, 1613-November 6, 1666) was a Spanish noblewoman who became queen-consort of Portugal when her husband John, Duke of Braganza became the first King of Portugal of the... Maria Sofia of the Palatinate (August 6, 1666 - August 4, 1699) was a queen of Portugal. ... Philipp Wilhelm of Neuburg, Elector Palatine (24 November 1615 - 2 September 1690), was Count Palatine of Neuburg and Duke of Jülich and Berg from 1653 to 1690. ... Magdalene of Bavaria, born 1587, died 1628. ... Mary Anne of Austria (September 7, 1683 ,Linz - August 14, 1754, Lissabon) Archduchess of Austria and Queen consort of Portugal. ... Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I Habsburg (June 9, 1640 – May 5, 1705), Holy Roman emperor, was the second son of the emperor Ferdinand III and his first wife Maria Anna of Spain. ... Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand III, Holy Roman Emperor (July 13, 1608 – April 2, 1657), ruled February 15, 1637 – 1657. ... Maria Anna (18 August 1606 – 13 May 1646), also known as Maria Anna of Austria, Infanta of Spain, was the youngest daughter of King Philip III of Spain and Margaret of Austria. ... Eleonore-Magdalena of Neuburg or Eleonore of Pfalz-Neuburg (January 6, 1655, Düsseldorf - January 19, 1720, Vienna) was empress of Austria as wife of Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor. ... Philipp Wilhelm of Neuburg, Elector Palatine (24 November 1615 - 2 September 1690), was Count Palatine of Neuburg and Duke of Jülich and Berg from 1653 to 1690. ...

Marriages and descendants

Joseph married Marianne Victoria of Borbón, daughter of Philip V of Spain and Elisabeth Farnese of Parma. He had four daughters, all named Maria. Marianne Victoria of Bourbon (March 31, 1718 – January 15, 1781) (in Portuguese Mariana Vitória, in Spanish Mariana Victoria) was the eldest daughter of Philip V of Spain and Elizabeth Farnese. ... King Philip V of Spain (December 19, 1683 – July 9, 1746) or Philippe of Anjou was king of Spain from 1700 to 1746, the first of the Bourbon dynasty in Spain. ... Elisabetta Farnese, queen of Spain Elizabeth Farnese (October 25, 1692 – July 11, 1766), Queen consort of Spain, also known as Isabel de Farnesio or Isabella Farnese, was the only daughter of Odoardo II Farnese, Duke of Parma. ...

Name Birth Death Notes
By Marianne Victoria of Borbón (March 31, 1718-January 15, 1781; married on January 19, 1729)
Princess Maria Francisca Isabel December 17, 1734 March 20, 1816 Who succeeded Joseph as 26th (or 27th according to some historians) monarch and first Queen regnant of Portugal.
Princess Maria Ana October 7, 1736 May 16, 1813
Princess Maria Francisca Doroteia September 21, 1739 January 14, 1771
Princess Maria Francisca Benedita July 25, 1746 August 18, 1829 Married her nephew Joseph, Prince of Beira.
House of Braganza
Cadet Branch of the Houses of Capet, Burgundy and Aviz
Born: 6 June 1714; Died: 24 February 1777
Preceded by:
John V
Kings of Portugal
17501777
Succeeded by:
Maria I

  Results from FactBites:
 
Spartanburg SC | GoUpstate.com | Spartanburg Herald-Journal (490 words)
The earthquake caused Joseph to develop a severe case of claustrophobia and he was never again comfortable living within a walled building.
With Joseph's death on 24 February 1777 the throne passed to his daughter Mary I and Pombal's iron rule was sharply brought to an end.
Joseph married Marianne Victoria of Borbón, daughter of Philip V of Spain and Elisabeth Farnese of Parma.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m