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Encyclopedia > Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor
Joseph I.

Joseph I (July 26, 1678April 17, 1711), Holy Roman Emperor, King of Hungary and Bohemia, Archduke of Austria, was the elder son of the emperor Leopold I and his third wife, Eleanora, Countess Palatine, daughter of Philip William of Neuburg, Elector Palatine. This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... July 26 is the 207th day (208th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 158 days remaining. ... Events August 10 - Treaty of Nijmegen ends the Dutch War. ... April 17 is the 107th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (108th in leap years). ... // Events February 24 - The London premiere of Rinaldo by George Friderich Handel, the first Italian opera written for the London stage. ... The Holy Roman Emperor was, with some variation, the ruler of the Holy Roman Empire, the predecessor of modern Germany, during its existence from the 10th century until its collapse in 1806. ... This is a list of margraves, dukes, archdukes, and emperors of Austria. ... Leopold I, Holy Roman Emperor Leopold I Habsburg (June 9, 1640 – May 5, 1705), Holy Roman emperor, was the second son of the emperor Ferdinand III and his first wife Maria Anna of Spain. ...


Born in Vienna, he was educated strictly by Prince Dietrich Otto von Salm and became a good linguist. In 1687 he received the crown of Hungary and became King of the Romans on January 6, 1690. Vienna (German: Wien ; Bosnian, Croatian, and Serbian: Beč, Czech: Vídeň, Hungarian: Bécs, Romanian: Viena, Romani: Bech or Vidnya, Russian: Вена, Slovak: Viedeň, Slovenian: Dunaj) is the capital of Austria, and also one of the nine States of Austria. ... King of the Romans (Latin: Rex Romanorum) was a title used by the rulers of the Holy Roman Empire before their coronation by the Pope, and later also by the heir designate of the Empire. ... January 6 is the 6th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events Giovanni Domenico Cassini observes differential rotation within Jupiters atmosphere. ...

Contents


Marriage and children

In 1699, he married Wilhelmina Amalia, daughter of Duke Frederick of Brunswick-Lüneburg. They had three children: John Frederick (German: Johann Friedrich; 25 April 1625, Herzberg am Harz – 18 December 1679, Augsburg) was duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg and ruled over the Calenberg subdivision of the duchy from 1665 until his death. ...

Archduchess Maria Josefa of Austria, Queen of Poland. ... December 8 is the 342nd day (343rd in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events January 26 - Treaty of Karlowitz signed March 30 - the tenth Sikh Master, Guru Gobind Singh created the Khalsa. ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... 1757 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Reign 1734 – October 5, 1763. ... October 29 is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 63 days remaining. ... Events January 1 - Russia accepts Julian calendar. ... August 4 is the 216th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (217th in leap years), with 149 days remaining. ... Events January 18 - Frederick I becomes King of Prussia. ... October 22 is the 295th day of the year (296th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 70 days remaining. ... Events January 18 - Frederick I becomes King of Prussia. ... December 11 is the 345th day (346th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1756 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Holy Roman Emperor Charles VII Emperor Charles VII Albert (Brussels August 6, 1697 – January 20, 1745 in Munich), a member of the Wittelsbach family, was Holy Roman Emperor from January 24, 1742 until his death in 1745. ...

Emperor

In 1702, on the outbreak of the War of the Spanish Succession, he saw his only military service. He joined the imperial general Louis William, Margrave of Baden-Baden in the siege of Landau. It is said that when he was advised not to go into a place of danger, he replied that those who were afraid might retire. Charles II was the last Habsburg King of Spain. ... Louis William, Margrave of Baden called the Türkenlouis or shield of the empire. ... Map of Germany showing Landau Coat of Arms of Landau, 1291 – 1955 Landau or Landau in der Pfalz is an autonomous (Kreisfrei) city surrounded by the Südliche Weinstraße (southern wineroute) district of southern Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany. ...


He succeeded his father as emperor in 1705, and it was his good fortune to govern the Austrian dominions and to be head of the Empire during the years in which his trusted general Prince Eugene of Savoy, either acting alone in Italy or with the duke of Marlborough in Germany and Flanders, was beating the armies of Louis XIV. During the whole of his reign, Hungary was disturbed by the conflict with Francis Rákóczi II, who eventually took refuge in the Ottoman Empire. // Events Construction begins on Blenheim Palace, in Oxfordshire, England. ... Eugene of Savoy (part of a statue in front of the Hofburg in Vienna) François-Eugène, Prince of Savoy-Carignan, known as Prinz Eugen in German (October 16, 1663-April 24, 1736) was a noted general. ... The coat of arms of the Dukes of Marlborough The Dukedom of Marlborough (named after Marlborough, pronounced Maulbruh - in the IPA), is an hereditary title of British nobility in the Peerage of England. ... Flanders (Flemish, Fleming) (Dutch: Vlaanderen (Vlaams, Vlaming)) has two main designations: a geographical region in the north of Belgium, corresponding to the Flemish region, a constituent part of the federal Belgian state. ... Louis XIV (Louis - Dieu donné) or (Louis - God given) (September 5, 1638 – September 1, 1715), reigned as King of France and of Navarre from May 14, 1643 until his death at the age of 77. ... Statue in Szeged, Hungary Prince Francis II Rákóczi (historically also spelled Rákóczy, in Hungarian: , in Slovak: ) (1676–1735) was a Hungarian noble from the Rákóczi family, duke of Transylvania, then leader of Å ariÅ¡/Sáros county. ...


The emperor did not himself take the field against the rebels, but he is entitled to a large share of the credit for the restoration of his authority. He reversed many of the pedantically authoritative measures of his father, thus placating all opponents who could be pacified, and he fought stoutly for what he believed to be his rights. Joseph showed himself very independent towards the pope and hostile to the Jesuits, by whom his father had been much influenced. He had a taste for art and music, which was almost hereditary in his family, and was an active hunter. He began the attempts to settle the question of the Austrian inheritance by a pragmatic sanction, which was continued by his brother Charles VI. Joseph died in Vienna of smallpox. The Society of Jesus (Latin: Societas Iesu), commonly known as the Jesuits, is a Roman Catholic religious order. ... Holy Roman Emperor Charles VI Charles VI of Austria (October 1, 1685 – October 20, 1740) was Holy Roman Emperor from 1711 to 1740 and the second son of Leopold I with his third wife, Eleonore-Magdalena of Pfalz-Neuburg, came first to the throne with the name Charles III of... Smallpox (also known by the Latin names Variola or Variola vera) is a highly contagious viral disease unique to humans. ...


See F Krones von Marchiand, Grundriss der Oesterreichischen Geschichte (1882); F Wagner, Historia Josephi Caesaris (1746); JC Herchenhahn, Geschichte der Regierung Kaiser Josephs I (1786—1789); C van Noorden, Europäische Geschichte im achtzehnten Jahrhundert (1870—1882).


References

  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.

Encyclopædia Britannica, the 11th edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ...

External links

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Joseph I, Holy Roman Emperor

Names in other languages: German: Joseph I, Czech: Josef I, Slovak: Jozef I, Hungarian: I. József. Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ...

Preceded by:
Leopold I
Holy Roman Emperor
Also King of Germany

1705-1711
Succeeded by:
Charles VI
King of Hungary
1687-1711
King of Bohemia
1705-1711
Preceded by:
Duke of Guastalla
1707-1711

 
 

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