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Encyclopedia > Joseph Heller
Joseph Heller
Born: May 1, 1923 [1]
Brooklyn, New York [1]
Died: December 12, 1999 [1]
Long Island, New York [1]
Occupation: Novelist
Genres: Fiction
Influenced: Robert Altman, Kurt Vonnegut

Joseph Heller (May 1, 1923December 12, 1999) was an American satirical novelist and playwright. He wrote the influential Catch-22 about American servicemen during World War II. It was this work whose title (which was originally Catch-18) became the term commonly used to express absurdity in choice. May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Brooklyn (named after the Dutch city Breukelen) is one of the five boroughs of New York City. ... NY redirects here. ... December 12 is the 346th day (347th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 19 days remaining. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... Map showing Long Island; to the north is Connecticut and to the west are New York City and New Jersey. ... NY redirects here. ... For the album by the Kaiser Chiefs see Employment (album) Employment is a contract between two parties, one being the employer and the other being the employee. ... A literary genre is one of the divisions of literature into genres according to particular criteria such as literary technique, tone, or content. ... Robert Bernard Altman (February 20, 1925 – November 20, 2006) was an American film director known for making films that are highly naturalistic, but with a stylized perspective. ... Kurt Vonnegut, Jr. ... May 1 is the 121st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (122nd in leap years). ... 1923 (MCMXXIII) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... December 12 is the 346th day (347th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 19 days remaining. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... Satire is a literary technique of writing or art which principally ridicules its subject (individuals, organizations, states) often as an intended means of provoking or preventing change. ... A novel is an extended work of written, narrative, prose fiction, usually in story form; the writer of a novel is a novelist. ... Template:Unsourced A playwright, also known as a dramatist, is someone who writes dramatic literature or drama. ... Catch 22 can refer to: A book by Joseph Heller, or the movie based on the book; see Catch-22. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000...


Heller is widely regarded as one of the best post-World War satirists. Although he is remembered mostly by his landmark Catch-22, his works, centered on the lives of various members of the middle classes, remain exemplars of modern satire.

Contents

Biography

Joseph Heller was born in Coney Island in Brooklyn, New York, the son of poor Jewish parents. After graduating from Abraham Lincoln High School in 1941, Heller joined the Twelfth Air Force at age 19. He was stationed in Corsica, where he flew 60 combat missions as a B-25 bombardier. It was these experiences that later became the inspiration for his first novel, Catch-22. After the war, he studied English at the University of Southern California and NYU. In 1949, Heller received his M.A. from Columbia University. From 1949-1950, he was a Fulbright scholar at St. Catherine's College in Oxford University. He returned to St. Catherine's as a visiting Fellow, for a term, in 1991 and was appointed an Honorary Fellow of the college.[1] Heller died in 1999. B-25 Mitchell, England, 2001 B_25 Mitchell was a twin_engined, medium bomber manufactured by North American Aviation in the United States and used during World War II. By the time production of the plane ended, roughly 10,000 had been built, including PBJ_1 Navy Patrol Bomber and an F-10... Catch 22 can refer to: A book by Joseph Heller, or the movie based on the book; see Catch-22. ... Full name St Catherines College Motto Nova et Vetera The New and the Old Named after Previous names St. ... The University of Oxford, located in the city of Oxford in England, is the oldest university in the English-speaking world. ...


Catch-22 Controversy

In April 1998, Lewis Pollock wrote to The Sunday Times for clarification as to "the amazing similarity of characters, personality traits, eccentricities, physical descriptions, personnel injuries and incidents" in Catch-22 and a novel published in England in 1951. The book that spawned the request was written by Louis Falstein and titled The Sky is a Lonely Place in Britain and Face of a Hero in the United States. Falstein's novel was available two years before Heller wrote the first chapter of Catch-22 (1953) while he was a student at Oxford. The Times stated: "Both have central characters who are using their wits to escape the aerial carnage; both are haunted by an omnipresent injured airman, invisible inside a white body cast". Stating he had never read Falstein's novel, or heard of him,[2] Heller said: "My book came out in 1961[;] I find it funny that nobody else has noticed any similarities, including Falstein himself, who died just last year"(The Washington Post, April 27, 1998). 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean by UNESCO. [1]. // Coated in ice, power and telephone lines sag and often break, resulting in power outages. ... The Sunday Times is a Sunday broadsheet newspaper distributed in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland, published by Times Newspapers Ltd, a subsidiary of News International which is in turn owned by News Corporation. ... 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Washington Post is the largest newspaper in Washington, D.C., the capital of the United States. ... April 27 is the 117th day of the year (118th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar, with 248 days remaining. ... 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year of the Ocean by UNESCO. [1]. // Coated in ice, power and telephone lines sag and often break, resulting in power outages. ...

Something Happened (1974), 1995 Vintage paperback edition ISBN 9-780-09988980-9

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...

Works

Short stories

  • Catch As Catch Can: The Collected Stories and Other Writings (2003)
  • Three Short Stories Of Utter Annoyance

See also: 2002 in literature, other events of 2003, 2004 in literature, list of years in literature. ...

Autobiographies

See also: 1987 in literature, other events of 1988, 1989 in literature, list of years in literature. ... Now and Then is Joseph Hellers 1998 memoir. ... See also: 1997 in literature, other events of 1998, 1999 in literature, list of years in literature. ...

Novels

Catch-22 is a satirical, historical fiction novel by the American author Joseph Heller, first published in 1961. ... See also: 1960 in literature, other events of 1961, 1962 in literature, list of years in literature. ... Joseph Hellers second novel, Something Happened, appearing thirteen years after the publishing sensation Catch-22, turns the focus of the same jaundiced eye from life in the military to the work and home life of Corporate Man living the American Dream. ... See also: 1973 in literature, other events of 1974, 1975 in literature, list of years in literature. ... Good as Gold is a 1979 novel by Joseph Heller, author of Catch-22. ... See also: 1978 in literature, other events of 1979, 1980 in literature, list of years in literature. ... God Knows is a comedic novel written by Joseph Heller, narrated by the Biblical David. ... See also: 1983 in literature, other events of 1984, 1985 in literature, list of years in literature. ... Picture This is a 1988 novel from Joseph Heller, the satiric author of the acclaimed Catch-22. ... See also: 1987 in literature, other events of 1988, 1989 in literature, list of years in literature. ... Closing Time, first published in 1994, is Joseph Hellers sequel to the popular Catch-22. ... See also: 1993 in literature, other events of 1994, 1995 in literature, list of years in literature. ... Portrait of an Artist, as an Old Man was Joseph Hellers final novel. ... See also: 1999 in literature, other events of 2000, 2001 in literature, list of years in literature. ...

Plays

See also: 1966 in literature, other events of 1967, 1968 in literature, list of years in literature. ... Catch-22 is a satirical, historical fiction, theatre production by the American author Joseph Heller, first produced in 1971. ... See also: 1970 in literature, other events of 1971, 1972 in literature, list of years in literature. ... See also: 1972 in literature, other events of 1973, 1974 in literature, list of years in literature. ...

Quotations

Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to:
Joseph Heller
  • "When I read something saying I've not done anything as good as Catch-22 I'm tempted to reply, 'Who has?'"
  • "How much reverence can you have for a Supreme Being who finds it necessary to include such phenomena as phlegm and tooth decay in His divine system of Creation? What in the world was running through that warped, evil, scatological mind of His when He robbed old people of the power to control their bowel movements?"
  • "Some men are born mediocre, some men achieve mediocrity, and some men have mediocrity thrust upon them."
  • There's a big cocktail party on Martha's Vineyard. Someone comes up to Joseph Heller, and says, "Joe, see that guy over there? He's a hedge fund manager, and he made more money yesterday than you made on all the books you have ever published." Heller looks over, pauses and says, "Yeah, but I have something he'll never have: enough."
  • "Ever since Franklin Delano Roosevelt, every president has been worse than his predecessor."

Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Wikiquote is a sister project of Wikipedia, using the same MediaWiki software. ...

Trivia

  • Joseph Heller was friends with fellow satiric author (and World War II veteran and coeval) Kurt Vonnegut, who wrote a review on his Something Happened.
  • In Timequake Kurt Vonnegut cites Joseph Heller's Catch-22 as a 'must read'.
  • In LOST Season 3 Episode 17 Desmond finds a copy of Catch 22 in Portuguese(ARDIL-22).

Kurt Vonnegut, Jr. ... Timequake is a semi-autobiographical work by Kurt Vonnegut, Jr. ... Kurt Vonnegut, Jr. ... Catch 22 can refer to: A book by Joseph Heller, or the movie based on the book; see Catch-22. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Joseph Heller Biography and Summary (0 words)
Joseph Heller has established himself as a major satirist in the field of contemporary American fiction.
Joseph Heller (1923-1999) was a popular and respected writer whose first and best-known novel, Catch-22 (1961), is considered a classic of the post-World War II era.
Heller makes it clear that the real enemy, the source of the true danger, is that principle which can allow Milo so glibly to overlook Nazi crimes against human life.
Joseph Heller - MSN Encarta (482 words)
Joseph Heller (1923-1999), American novelist, whose comic absurdist novel Catch-22 (1961) is a leading example of the fl-humor movement in American fiction.
Heller is known for showing language to be a frustrating and undependable method of communication in public discourse—military, diplomatic, philosophical, religious, and political—and for creating characters who try to escape the traps and inconsistencies of language.
Heller used his combat experiences as background material for Catch-22, which features the airman Yossarian as the hero and moral center of a satirical depiction of life in the army.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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