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Encyclopedia > Joseph François Dupleix
Joseph François Dupleix

Joseph François Dupleix (January 1, 1697November 10, 1763) was governor general of the French establishment in India, and was the great rival of Robert Clive. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... January 1 is the first day of the calendar year in both the Julian and Gregorian calendars. ... Events September 20 - The Treaty of Ryswick December 2 – St Pauls Cathedral opened in London Peter the Great travels in Europe officially incognito as artilleryman Pjotr Mikhailov Use of palanquins increases in Europe Christopher Polhem starts Swedens first technical school. ... November 10 is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 51 days remaining. ... 1763 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... Governor-General (or Governor General) is a term used both historically and currently to designate the appointed representative of a head of state or their government for a particular territory, historically in a colonial context, but no longer necessarily in that form. ... French India is a general name for the former French possessions in India. ... Robert Clive, 1st Baron Clive Another Robert Clive was formerly British ambassador to Japan. ...


Dupleix was born in Landrecies, France. His father, François Dupleix, a wealthy farmer, wished to bring him up as a merchant, and, in order to distract him from his taste for science, sent him on a voyage to India in 1715 on one of the French East India Company's vessels. He made several voyages to the Americas and India, and in 1720 was named a member of the superior council at Pondicherry. He displayed great business aptitude, and, in addition to his official duties, made large ventures on his own account, and acquired a fortune. In 1730 he was made superintendent of French affairs in Chandernagore, the town prospering under his energetic administration and growing into great importance. Farmer spreading grasshopper bait in his alfalfa field. ... Merchants function as professional traders, dealing in commodities that they do not produce themselves. ... What is science? There are different theories of what science is. ... Events September 1 - King Louis XIV of France dies after a reign of 72 years, leaving the throne of his exhausted and indebted country to his great-grandson Louis XV. Regent for the new, five years old monarch is Philippe dOrléans, nephew of Louis XIV. September - First of the... The French East India Company (French Compagnie des Indes Orientales) was a commercial enterprise, founded in 1664 to compete with the British and Dutch East India companies. ... The Americas (sometimes referred to as America) is the area including the land mass located between the Pacific Ocean and the Atlantic Ocean, generally divided into North America and South America. ... Events January 6 - The Committee of Inquiry on the South Sea Bubble publishes its findings February 11 - Sweden and Prussia sign the (2nd Treaty of Stockholm) declaring peace. ... Pondicherry (पॉंडिचेरी in Hindi), currently undergoing a name change to Puduchery, is the name of a union territory and its capital in the south of India. ... Events Pope Clement XII elected September 17 - Change of emperor of the Ottoman Empire from Ahmed III (1703-1730) to Mahmud I (1730-1754) Anna Ivanova (Anna I of Russia) became czarina Births May 13 - Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (d. ... Chandannagar, formerly known as Chandernagore or Chandernagar, is a city in India. ...


His reputation procured him in 1742 the appointment of governor general of all French establishments in India. His ambition now was to acquire for France vast territories in India, and for this purpose he entered into relations with the native princes, and adopted a style of oriental splendour in his dress and surroundings. The British took the alarm. But the danger to their settlements and power was partly averted by the bitter mutual jealousy which existed between Dupleix and La Bourdonnais, French governor of the Isle of Bourbon (today's La Réunion). Events January 24 - Charles VII Albert becomes Holy Roman Emperor. ... Bertrand-François Mahé, count of La Bourdonnais or of Labourdonnais (in French: comte de La Bourdonnais) (Saint-Malo 1699 - Paris 1753) was a French naval officer and administrator, in the service of the French East India Company. ... Réunion is an island, as well as an overseas département (département doutre-mer, or DOM) of France, located in the Indian Ocean, east of Madagascar, about 200 km southwest of Mauritius. ...


When the city of Madras capitulated to the French in 1746, Dupleix opposed the restoration of the town to the British, thus violating the treaty signed by La Bourdonnais. He then sent an expedition against Fort St David (1747), which was defeated on its march by the nawab of Arcot, the ally of the British. Dupleix succeeded in winning over the nawab, and again attempted the capture of Fort St David, but unsuccessfully. A midnight attack on Cuddalore was repulsed with great loss. Chennai (சென்னை in Tamil), formerly known as Madras, is a city on the east coast of Southern India. ... Events January 8 - Bonnie Prince Charlie cock sucker occupies Stirling April 16 - Battle of Culloden bitch brings an end to the Jacobite Risings October 22 - The College of New Jersey is founded (it becomes Princeton University in 1896) October 28 - An earthquake demolishes [[Lima, Peru asshole |Lima]] and Callao, in... Events January 31 - The first venereal diseases clinic opens at London Dock Hospital April 9 - The Scottish Jacobite Lord Lovat was beheaded by axe on Tower Hill, London, for high treason; he was the last man to be executed in this way in Britain May 14 - First battle of Cape... A Nawab was originally the provincial governor or viceroy of a province or region of the Mughal empire. ... Arcot is a town strategically located on the route between Madras and Bangalore, in southern India. ... The word Ally, when used alone, has several possible meanings. ... Cuddalore is a large and developing town in South India. ...


In 1748 Pondicherry was besieged by the British, but in the course of the operations news arrived of the peace concluded between the French and the British at Aix-la-Chapelle. Dupleix next entered into negotiations which had for their object the subjugation of southern India, and he sent a large body of troops to the aid of two claimants of the sovereignty of the Carnatic and the Deccan. The British were engaged on the side of their rivals. Events April 24 - A congress assembles at Aix-la-Chapelle with the intent to conclude the struggle known as the War of Austrian Succession - at October 18 - The Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle is signed to end the war Adam Smith begins to deliver public lectures in Edinburgh Building of... Map of Germany showing Aachen Aachen is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, on the border with Belgium and the Netherlands, 65 km to the west of Cologne, and the westernmost city in Germany, at 50°46 N, 6°6 E. Population: 256,605 (2003). ... Carnatic is a name given by Europeans to a region of southern India, between the Eastern Ghats and the Coromandel Coast, in the modern Indian states of Tamil Nadu and southern Andhra Pradesh. ... Introduction The Deccan Plateau is a vast plateau in India, encompassing most of Central and Southern India. ...


The conflicts between the French and the British in India continued till 1754, when the French government, anxious to make peace, sent a special commissioner to India with orders to supersede Dupleix and, if necessary, to arrest him. These orders were carried out with needless harshness. What survived of Dupleix's work was ruined at a blow, and he himself was compelled to embark for France on October 12, 1754. He had spent his private fortune in the prosecution of his public policy. The company refused to acknowledge the obligation, and the government would do nothing for a man whom they persisted in regarding as an ambitious and greedy adventurer. The greatest of French colonial governors died in obscurity and want on November 10, 1763. 1754 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... October 12 is the 285th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (286th in leap years). ... 1754 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... November 10 is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar, with 51 days remaining. ... 1763 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...


In 1741 he had married Jeanne Albert, widow of one of the councillors of the company, a woman of strong character and intellect, known to the Hindus as Joanna Begum, who proved of great use to her husband in his negotiations with the native princes. She died in 1756, and two years later he married again. Events April 10 – Austrian army attack troops of Frederick the Great at Mollwitz December 19 – Vitus Bering dies in his expedition east of Siberia December 25 – Anders Celsius develops his own thermometer scale Celsius William Browning invents mineral water Elizabeth of Russia became czarina. ... A Nawab was originally the provincial governor or viceroy of a province or region of the Mughal empire. ... 1756 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


See also

This article incorporates text from the public domain 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica. Map of the first (light blue) and second (dark blue) French colonial empires France has had colonial possessions, in various forms, since the beginning of the 17th century until the 1960s. ... The public domain comprises the body of all creative works and other knowledge—writing, artwork, music, science, inventions, and others—in which no person or organization has any proprietary interest. ... The Eleventh Edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica ( 1911) in many ways represents the sum of knowledge at the beginning of the 20th century. ...


 
 

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