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Encyclopedia > Joseph Estrada
Joseph Ejercito Estrada


13th President of the Philippines
3rd President of the 5th Republic
In office
June 30, 1998 – January 20, 2001
Vice President(s) Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
Preceded by Fidel V. Ramos
Succeeded by Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo

10th Vice President of the Philippines
2nd Vice President of the 5th Republic
In office
June 30, 1992 – June 30, 1998
Preceded by Salvador Laurel
Succeeded by Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo

Born April 19, 1937 (1937-04-19) (age 70)
Tondo, Manila
Political party Partido ng Masang Pilipino (PMP)
Spouse Luisa Pimentel
Religion Roman Catholic
Signature Joseph Estrada's signature

Joseph Ejército Estrada, more popularly known as Erap (born José Marcelo Ejército on April 19, 1937), is a popular former film actor in the Philippines and was the 13th President of the Philippines from June 30, 1998 to January 20, 2001. He was peacefully overthrown by the Second People Power Revolution after his aborted impeachment trial in the Senate, where eleven Philippine senators refused to examine the second envelope of the Jose Velarde bank account that would supposedly prove acts of political corruption. On April 4, 2001, the trial of Estrada began as Ombudsman Aniano Desierto filed before the Sandiganbayan, a Philippine anti-graft court, a PHP 4-billion plunder suit and a minor perjury charge for falsely declaring his assets and illegally using the Jose Velarde alias. On September 12, 2007, he became the first Philippine President to be convicted of a crime after the Sandiganbayan found him guilty of plunder, which is punishable by reclusion perpetua. [1] He was detained in his Tanay, Rizal resthouse but then pardoned by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo on October 25, 2007 [2] . Image File history File links Gnome_globe_current_event. ... Joseph Estrada in 1998 The trial of former Philippine president Joseph Estrada (People of the Philippines vs. ... Official portrait of Philippine president Joseph Estrada. ... The President of the Philippines is the head of state and government of the Republic of the Philippines. ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (born April 5, 1947), also known by her initials G.M.A., is the 14th and current president of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Fidel Valdez Ramos (born March 18, 1928) was the 12th President of the Philippines. ... Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (born April 5, 1947), also known by her initials G.M.A., is the 14th and current president of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Seal of the Vice President of the Philippines The Vice President of the Philippines is the second highest executive official of the Philippine government. ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1992 (MCMXCII) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display full 1992 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Salvador Doy Laurel in a portrait for the Philippine Centennial Commission Salvador Doy Hidalgo Laurel (November 18, 1928–January 27, 2004), was vice-president of the Philippines from 1986 to 1992 under Corazon Aquino. ... Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (born April 5, 1947), also known by her initials G.M.A., is the 14th and current president of the Republic of the Philippines. ... is the 109th day of the year (110th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... A tondo is also a circular painting or relief carving. ... Nickname: Motto: Linisin Ikarangal Maynila Map of Metro Manila showing the location of Manila Coordinates: 14°35 N 121° E Country Region Districts 1st to 6th districts of Manila Barangays 897 Incorporated (city) June 10, 1574 Government  - Mayor Alfredo Lim (2007-2010; GO)  - Vice Mayor Isko Moreno (AM/PDP-Laban... The Partido ng Masang Pilipino (Party of the Filipino Masses) is a populist political party in the Philippines. ... Luisa Loi Pimentel Ejercito Estrada (born June 2, 1930 in Iba, Zambales) is the wife of former Philippine President Joseph Estrada, and was the thirteenth First Lady of the Philippines from 1998 to 2001. ... The Roman Catholic Church, most often spoken of simply as the Catholic Church, is the largest Christian church, with over one billion members. ... Image File history File links Estrada_Sig. ... is the 109th day of the year (110th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1937 (MCMXXXVII) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Actors in period costume sharing a joke whilst waiting between takes during location filming. ... The President of the Philippines is the head of state and government of the Republic of the Philippines. ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... The EDSA Revolution of 2001, also called by the local media as EDSA II (pronounced as Edsa dos) or the Second People Power Revolution, is the common name of the four-day popular revolution that peacefully overthrew Philippine President Joseph Estrada in January 2001. ... Depiction of the impeachment trial of Andrew Johnson, then President of the United States, in 1868. ... The Senate of the Philippines is the upper chamber of the bicameral legislature of the Philippines, the Congress of the Philippines. ... World map of the Corruption Perceptions Index, which measures the degree to which corruption is perceived to exist among public officials and politicians. Blue colors indicate little corruption, red colors indicate much corruption In broad terms, political corruption is the misuse by government officials of their governmental powers for illegitimate... is the 94th day of the year (95th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Joseph Estrada in 1998 The trial of former Philippine president Joseph Estrada (People of the Philippines vs. ... The Philippine Ombudsman is an ombudsman responsible for investigating and prosecuting government officials in the Philippines who are allegedly guilty of crimes. ... is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice: Reynato Puno Court of Appeals Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | 1984 1981 | 1978 | 1969 | 1965 1961 | 1957 | 1953 | 1949 1946 | 1941 | 1935 Foreign relations Human rights Other countries â€¢ Politics Portal      The Sandiganbayan is... Looting (which derives via the Hindi lut from Sanskrit lunt, to rob) is the indiscriminate taking of goods by force as part of a military or political victory, or during a catastrophy or riot, such as during war [1], natural disaster [2], rioting [3], or terrorist attack [4]. The term... Reclusion perpetua (Spanish: reclusión perpetua, from Latin: reclusio perpetua) is a particular kind of sentence of imprisonment in the Philippines. ... A pardon is the forgiveness of a crime and the penalty associated with it. ... President is a title held by many leaders of organizations, companies, trade unions, universities, and countries. ... Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (born April 5, 1947), also known by her initials G.M.A., is the 14th and current president of the Republic of the Philippines. ... is the 298th day of the year (299th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ...

Contents

Early life and career

José Marcelo Ejército was born in Tondo, one of the poorest parts of Manila. He was the son of Emilio Ejército, Sr. (1898-1977), a small-scale government contractor, and the former María Marcelo (born 1905), a housewife. He is the brother of Antonio Ejercito (1932-2005) and Emilio Ejercito, Jr. (1928-1999) Tondo is one of the districts of the Philippines capital city of Manila and is the most densely populated area of land in the world. ... Nickname: Motto: Linisin Ikarangal Maynila Map of Metro Manila showing the location of Manila Coordinates: 14°35 N 121° E Country Region Districts 1st to 6th districts of Manila Barangays 897 Incorporated (city) June 10, 1574 Government  - Mayor Alfredo Lim (2007-2010; GO)  - Vice Mayor Isko Moreno (AM/PDP-Laban... Year 1898 (MDCCCXCVIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Also: 1977 (album) by Ash. ... For other uses, see 1905 (disambiguation). ...


Joseph Estrada attended the Ateneo de Manila for his elementary education, graduating in 1951. He went on to attend high school at the same institution, but was expelled during his second year of for non-academic reasons. Dropping out of college and involvement in a street gang so displeased his family that they forbade him from using his family name. He adopted the surname "Estrada" (Spanish for 'road') as a last name. As an actor he acquired the nickname "Erap" (from the reversed spelling of pare, Filipino slang for 'pal' or 'buddy'). He played the lead role in more than 100 movies, and was producer of over 70 films. He was the first FAMAS Hall of Fame awardee for Best Actor (1981) and also became a Hall of Fame award-winner as a producer (1983). He often played heroes of the downtrodden classes, which gained him the admiration of a lot of the nation's many unschooled and impoverished citizens. This later proved advantageous to his political career. Categories: | | | | | ... Year 1981 (MCMLXXXI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays the 1981 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ...


Joseph Estrada married Luisa Pimentel (former Doctor and first lady turned senator) and had three children with her: Jinggoy Estrada (former Mayor of San Juan turned Senator/married to Precy Vitug), Jackie Estrada (married to Beaver Lopez), and Jude Estrada. Joseph Estrada met his wife Loi while working as an orderly at the National Center for Mental Health (NMCH) in Mandaluyong City. Luisa Loi Pimentel Ejercito Estrada (born June 2, 1930 in Iba, Zambales) is the wife of former Philippine President Joseph Estrada, and was the thirteenth First Lady of the Philippines from 1998 to 2001. ... Jinggoy Ejercito Estrada (born Jose Pimentel Ejercito on January 23, 1963) is a senator in the Philippines. ... The City of San Juan (Filipino: Lungsod ng San Juan) is a city in Metro Manila in the Philippines. ...


He also had a child from an out-of-wedlock relationship, Joseph Victor "JV" Ejercito (from socialite Guia Gómez/married to Cindy Lotuaco), who also made a name for himself in Philippine politics by following his father's footsteps as the current mayor of San Juan City. Pagsanjan, Laguna Mayor Emilio Ramon Ejercito III, known in Philippine showbiz as George Estregan Jr. or E.R. Ejercito, is his nephew. The City of San Juan (Filipino: Siyudad ng San Juan) is a city in Metro Manila in the Philippines. ... Pagsanjan (pronounced Pag-sang-han) is a 4th class municipality in the province of Laguna, Philippines. ...


During the 2000 impeachment proceedings, reports of Estrada's numerous out-of-marriage relationships and offsprings surfaced in the press. Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ...


As an actor with no prior political experience, Estrada ran for mayor of San Juan, a municipality of Metro Manila, in 1968 and ended up losing his bid for mayor. He was only proclaimed mayor in 1969, after winning an electoral protest against Dr. Braulio Sto. Domingo. The City of San Juan (Filipino: Siyudad ng San Juan) is a city in Metro Manila in the Philippines. ... A municipality (bayan, sometimes munisipalidad, in Filipino) is a local government unit in the Philippines. ... For the capital city of the Philippines, see Manila. ... Year 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Also: 1969 (Stargate SG-1) episode. ...


When Corazon Aquino assumed the presidency in 1986, all officials of the local government suspected of malfeasance and anomalies were removed and replaced by appointed officers-in-charge. Estrada was then removed from his position as mayor. The following year, he ran and won a seat in the Senate under the Grand Alliance for Democracy (GAD). He placed 16th place in the said elections (out of 24 winners). María Corazón Sumulong Cojuangco-Aquino (born January 25, 1933), widely known as Cory Aquino, was President of the Philippines from 1986 to 1992. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... The Senate of the Philippines is the upper chamber of the bicameral legislature of the Philippines, the Congress of the Philippines. ...


Presidency

Election

U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of the Philippines Thomas Hubbard (left) and Secretary of Defense William S. Cohen (center) visit with President Joseph E. Estrada (right) at Malacanang Palace, Philippines, on Aug. 3, 1998
U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of the Philippines Thomas Hubbard (left) and Secretary of Defense William S. Cohen (center) visit with President Joseph E. Estrada (right) at Malacanang Palace, Philippines, on Aug. 3, 1998

The 1998 presidential election campaign, like most presidential election campaigns in the Philippines, had hardly anything to do with a contest between political platforms and programs. Estrada’s political strategists and financial backers were aware that a large share of the Philippine electorate, the "masa" (the poor and undereducated masses), were looking for a leadership they could relate to. Estrada’s financial backers designed a campaign strategy that reflected Estrada’s pro-poor image that he had built up throughout his movie career. Central in the campaign was Estrada’s campaign slogan "Erap para sa Mahirap" (Erap for the poor) that succeeded in inspiring the masses with the hope that Estrada would be the president of and for the masses. Estrada's running mate, Edgardo Angara, was defeated by Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. During the campaign, Estrada's political rivals tried but failed to discredit him while publicizing his womanizing, drinking and gambling. Estrada was inaugurated on June 30, 1998 in the historical town of Malolos in Bulacan province. Like all presidential election campaigns in the Philippines, billions of Pesos (hundreds of millions of US Dollars) were spent by most of the financial backers of the candidates. Presidential elections, legislative elections and local elections were held in the Philippines on May 11, 1998. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2980x1980, 1016 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Joseph Estrada List of Philippine Presidential trivias ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (2980x1980, 1016 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Joseph Estrada List of Philippine Presidential trivias ... Edgardo Javier Angara, Jr. ... Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (born April 5, 1947), also known by her initials G.M.A., is the 14th and current president of the Republic of the Philippines. ... is the 181st day of the year (182nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... Malolos (Pop. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Bulacan Region: Central Luzon (Region III) Capital: Malolos City Founded: 1572 Population: 2000 census—2,234,088 (4th largest) Density—851 per km² (5th highest) Area: 2,625. ...


Philippine Daily Inquirer

Estrada criticized The Philippine Daily Inquirer, the nation's most popular broadsheet newspaper, for "bias, malice and fabrication" against him — a charge The Inquirer denied. In 1999, several government organizations, pro-Estrada businesses, and movie producers simultaneously pulled their advertisements in The Inquirer. The presidential palace was widely implicated in the advertising boycott, prompting sharp criticism from international press freedom watchdog. The Philippine Daily Inquirer, popularly known as The Inquirer, is the most widely read broadsheet newspaper in the Philippines, with a daily circulation of 260,000 copies (a 52-percent share of total circulation of broadsheets in the country). ... This article is about the year. ... Freedom of the press (or press freedom) is the guarantee by a government of free public speech often through a state constitution for its citizens, and associations of individuals extended to members of news gathering organizations, and their published reporting. ...


Cabinet Secretaries

Title Name Term
President
Head of State
Head of Government
Joseph Ejercito Estrada 1998-2001
Vice President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo 1998-2001
Executive Secretary Ronaldo Zamora 1998-2000
Edgardo Angara 2000-2001
Press Secretary Rodolfo Reyes 1998-1999
Ricardo Puno 1999-2001
Presidential Spokesman Fernando Barican 1998-2001
National Economic and Development Authority Felipe Medalla 1998-2001
Agrarian Reform Secretary Horacio Morales 1998-2001
Agriculture Secretary William Dar 1998-1999
Edgardo Angara 1999-2001
Domingo Panganiban 2001
Budget and Management Secretary Benjamin Diokno 1998-2001
Education, Culture and Sports Secretary Bro. Andrew Gonzales 1998-2000
Energy Secretary Mario Tiaoqui 1998-2001
Environment and Natural Resources Secretary Antonio Ceriles 1998-2001
Finance Secretary Edgardo Espiritu 1998-2000
Jose Pardo 2000-2001
Flagship Programs Robert Aventajado 1998-2001
Foreign Affairs Secretary Domingo Siazon, Jr. 1998-2001
Health Secretary Dr. Felipe Estrella 1998
Dr. Alberto G. Romualdez 1998-2001
Interior and Local Government Secretary Ronaldo Puno 1998-1999
Alfredo Lim 1999-2001
Justice Secretary Serafin Cuevas 1998-2000
Artemio Tuquero 2000-2001
Labor and Employment Secretary Bienvenido Laguesma 1998-2001
National Defense Secretary Orlando Mercado 1998-2001
National Security Adviser Alexander Aguirre 1998-2001
Public Works and Highways Secretary Gregorio Vigilar 1998-2001
Science and Technology Secretary William Padolina 1998-2001
Social Welfare and Development Secretary Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo 1998-2000
Tourism Secretary Gemma Cruz Araneta 1998-2001
Transportation and Communications Secretary Vicente Rivera, Jr. 1998-2001
Trade and Industry Secretary Jose Pardo 1998
Mar Roxas 1998-2001
Presidential Chief of Staff Aprodicio Lacquian 1999-2000
Presidential Management Staff Leonora de Jesus 1998-2000
Macel Fernandez December 2000 - January 21, 2001
Director General, Philippine National Police Gen. Roberto Lastimoso 1998-1999
Gen. Edmundo L. Larozza (OIC) 1999
Gen. Panfilo Lacson 1999-2001

PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES Joseph Estrada Joseph Estrada, original name Joseph Marcelo Ejercito, and widely known as Erap (born April 19, 1937) is a popular film actor in the Philippines and was the 13th President of the Republic of the Philippines from June 30, 1998 to January 20, 2001. ... Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (born April 5, 1947), also known by her initials G.M.A., is the 14th and current president of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Edgardo Javier Angara, Jr. ... For other persons of the same name, see Andrew Gonzales. ... Domingo L. Siazon, Jr. ... Alfredo Siojo Lim (born December 21, 1929) is the newly-elected Mayor of the City of Manila and a former senator of the Philippines. ... Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (born April 5, 1947), also known by her initials G.M.A., is the 14th and current president of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Gemma Teresa Guerrero Cruz Araneta is the first Philippine delegate to win the Miss International title in the pageants fifth edition in Long Beach, California in 1964. ... Manuel Mar Araneta Roxas II (born May 13, 1957) is a senator of the Philippines. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...

Corruption charges and impeachment

The Estrada presidency was soon dogged by charges of plunder and corruption. He was reported by his Chief of Staff Aprodicio Laquian to have allegedly spent long hours drinking with shady characters as well as "midnight drinking sessions" with some of his cabinet members during meetings. In October 2000, an acknowledged gambling racketeer, Luis "Chavit" Singson, governor of the province of Ilocos Sur, alleged that he had personally given Estrada the sum of 400 million pesos ($8,255,933) as payoff from illegal gambling profits, as well as 180 million pesos ($3,715,170) from the government price subsidy for the tobacco farmers' marketing cooperative. Singson's allegation caused an uproar across the nation, which culminated in Estrada's impeachment by the House of Representatives in November 13, 2000. He was the first Philippine President to be impeached. The articles of impeachment were then transmitted to the Senate and an impeachment court was formed, with Chief Justice Hilario Davide, Jr. as presiding officer. October 2000 : January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December Events October 1 - 2 - Nine Israeli-Arabs are killed by Israeli security forces after a riot/violent demonstration of solidarity with Palestinians under military rule in the West Bank and Gaza. ... Luis “Chavit” Crisologo Singson (born June 21, 1941) is a Filipino politician. ... For other uses, see Governor (disambiguation). ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Ilocos Sur Region: Ilocos Region (Region I) Capital: Vigan City Founded: 1572 Population: 2000 census—594,206 (41st largest) Density—230 per km² (34th highest) Area: 2,579. ... ISO 4217 Code PHP User(s) Philippines Inflation 2. ... Depiction of the impeachment trial of Andrew Johnson, then President of the United States, in 1868. ... Type Lower house Houses House of Representatives House Speaker Jose De Venecia, Jr. ... is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full 2000 Gregorian calendar). ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1987 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      The Chief Justice of the Philippines presides over the Supreme Court of the... Hilario Davide, Jr. ...


Major television networks pre-empted their afternoon schedules to bring full coverage of the Impeachment Trial. There were three sets of cameras in the Impeachment Court (normally the Senate Chamber): one from ABS-CBN, one from the GMA Network, and one from NBN (Then, it was PTV, or the People's Television Network. (used as a pool camera). Categories: Corporation stubs | Philippines | Television networks ... Global Media Arts (GMA) Network, Incorporated (PSE: GMA7 and GMAP), a Philippine multi-media conglomerate, is a television network in the Philippines. ... National Broadcasting Network is the official government TV station in the Philippines. ...


During the trial, the prosecution (composed of congressmen and private prosecutors) presented witnesses and evidence to the impeachment court regarding Estrada's involvement in illegal gambling, also known as jueteng, and his maintenance of secret bank accounts. However, the president's legal team (composed of a former chief justice, former congressman, former solicitor-general and other lawyers) denied these allegations. Jueteng (pronounced wet-teng) is an illegal numbers game played in the Philippines. ...


Ilocos Sur Governor Chavit Singson was one of the witnesses who testified against President Estrada. The President and the governor of Ilocos Sur were said to be "partners" in-charge of the operations of illegal gambling in the country. Governor Singson feared that he would be charged and stripped of power (there have been talks about the governor making a deal with the opposition... he was to help incriminate Estrada and he would be compensated for his service), but he was offered immunity by anti-Estrada lawmakers. He was then asked to accuse the President of having committed several illegal acts. He gave personal accounts that may or may not have been biased. Singson's credibility has been questioned several times in the past, and he has been involved in various scandals that have not been resolved up to this day. REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Ilocos Sur Region: Ilocos Region (Region I) Capital: Vigan City Founded: 1572 Population: 2000 census—594,206 (41st largest) Density—230 per km² (34th highest) Area: 2,579. ...


EDSA II Revolution

Main articles: EDSA Revolution of 2001 and EDSA II

On the evening of January 16, 2001, the impeachment court, whose majority were political allies of Estrada,[citation needed] voted not to open an envelope that was said to contain incriminating evidence against the president. The final vote was 11-10, in favor of keeping the envelope closed. The prosecution panel (of congressmen and lawyers) walked out of the Impeachment Court in protest of this vote. Others noted that the walkout merited court contempt which Davide, intentionally or unintentionally, did not enforce.[citation needed] The EDSA Revolution of 2001, also called by the local media as EDSA II (pronounced as Edsa dos) or the Second People Power Revolution, is the common name of the four-day popular revolution that peacefully overthrew Philippine President Joseph Estrada in January 2001. ... The EDSA II revolution is depicted on the 200-peso bill. ... is the 16th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Contempt of court is a court ruling which, in the context of a court trial or hearing, deems an individual as holding contempt for the court, its process, and its invested powers. ...


The afternoon schedule of television networks covering the Impeachment were pre-empted by the prolongation of the day's court session due to the issue of this envelope. The evening telenovelas of networks were pushed back for up to two hours.


That night, anti-Estrada protesters gathered on the historical EDSA highway at EDSA Shrine, not too far away from the site of the 1986 EDSA Revolution that overthrew Ferdinand Marcos. A political turmoil ensued and the clamor for Estrada's resignation became stronger than ever. In the following days, the number of protesters grew to the hundreds of thousands. Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (EDSA) Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (also known as EDSA) is the main road in Metro Manila, Philippines. ... The EDSA Shrine is a small church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Manila located at the intersection of Ortigas Avenue and Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (EDSA) in Quezon City. ... The EDSA Revolution, also referred to as the People Power Revolution and the Philippine Revolution of 1986, was a mostly nonviolent mass demonstration in the Philippines. ... Ferdinand Emmanuel Edralín Marcos (September 11, 1917 – September 28, 1989) was President of the Philippines from 1966 to 1986. ...


On January 19, 2001, the Armed Forces of the Philippines, seeing the political upheaval throughout the country, decided to withdraw its support from the president and transfer its allegiance to the vice president, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo. is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Seal of the Philippine Army Seal of the Philippine Navy Seal of the Philippine Air Force Seal of the Philippine Marine Corps The Armed Forces of the Philippines or AFP (Filipino: Sandatahang Lakas ng Pilipinas) originated in the establishment of the Philippine Scouts in 1901. ... Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (born April 5, 1947), also known by her initials G.M.A., is the 14th and current president of the Republic of the Philippines. ...


On January 20, 2001, the Supreme Court declared that the seat of presidency was vacant. At noon, the Chief Justice swore in the constitutional successor, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, as President of the Philippines.[3] Estrada and his family were quickly evacuated from the presidential palace. January 20 is the 20th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday (link displays the 2001 Gregorian calendar). ... Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (born April 5, 1947), also known by her initials G.M.A., is the 14th and current president of the Republic of the Philippines. ...


Post-presidency

Estrada returned to his old home in San Juan. He maintained that he never resigned, implying that Arroyo's government was illegitimate, despite the international community's recognition of Arroyo's succession and the acknowledgment of Arroyo as the new president by all government offices, the military, and the national police. The City of San Juan (Filipino: Lungsod ng San Juan) is a city in Metro Manila in the Philippines. ...


The new government charged him with plunder and had him arrested in April. Estrada's supporters, particularly those among the poor, marched to the EDSA Shrine demanding Estrada's release and his reinstatement as president, attempting to replicate the success of the previous revolution. On the morning of May 1, the protesters marched straight to the presidential palace. Violence erupted and the government declared a State of Rebellion. Many of Estrada's supporters were arrested, including politicians accused of provoking the violence. The government called out the military and was able to quell the rebellion. The rebellion came to be known as EDSA III. The EDSA Shrine is a small church of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Manila located at the intersection of Ortigas Avenue and Epifanio de los Santos Avenue (EDSA) in Quezon City. ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... In the Philippines, a state of rebellion is a government declaration that suspends a number of civil rights for a short period of time. ... EDSA III (pronounced EDSA Tres), as was touted by some members of the Philippine media, was a very large protest rally that was sparked by the arrest in April 2001 of newly deposed President Joseph Estrada of the Philippines. ...


Estrada was initially detained at the Veteran's Memorial Medical Center in Manila and then transferred to a military facility in Tanay, Rizal, but he was later transferred to a nearby vacation home, virtually in house arrest. He is still facing the charges of plunder and corruption. Under Philippine law, plunder has a maximum penalty of death, though it is unlikely that Estrada will be given that sentence. Nickname: Motto: Linisin Ikarangal Maynila Map of Metro Manila showing the location of Manila Coordinates: 14°35 N 121° E Country Region Districts 1st to 6th districts of Manila Barangays 897 Incorporated (city) June 10, 1574 Government  - Mayor Alfredo Lim (2007-2010; GO)  - Vice Mayor Isko Moreno (AM/PDP-Laban... Tanay is a 1st class municipality in the province of Rizal, Philippines. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Rizal Region: CALABARZON (Region IV-A) Capital: Antipolo City† Founded: June 11, 1901 Population: 2000 census—1,707,218 (11th largest) Density—1,304 per km² (2nd highest) Area: 1,308. ...


On April 2, 2005, the United Opposition movement named Estrada "Chairman Emeritus". The unexpected death of Fernando Poe, Jr., after the election brought with it uncertainty as to the opposition's direction and leadership, yet with Estrada still facing charges and trial some have been left to speculate how much of an influence or support this declaration will create in the formation of an opposition front to the current Presidency, and her Lakas-CMD party. is the 92nd day of the year (93rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Fernando Poe, Jr. ...


Trial

Main article: Trial of Joseph Estrada

Teresita de Castro heads the anti-graft court’s special division on the Erap plunder case. The Sandiganbayan, has 90 days or until mid-September 2007 to decide the case of former President Joseph Ejercito Estrada, but the decision could be issued much sooner than that. Leonardo-de Castro was candidate for the vacant post of Supreme Court Associate Justice, duly nominated by the JBC for the vacancy due to retirement of Romeo Callejo, Sr. and will be a very strong candidate for the vacancy due to the forthcoming retirement of Cancio Garcia on October 20, 2007.[4] Joseph Estrada in 1998 The trial of former Philippine president Joseph Estrada (People of the Philippines vs. ... Teresita Leonardo-De Castro (born Octorer 8, 1948) is an incumbent Presiding Justice of the Sandiganbayan of the Philippines. ... Looting (which derives via the Hindi lut from Sanskrit lunt, to rob) is the indiscriminate taking of goods by force as part of a military or political victory, or during a catastrophy or riot, such as during war [1], natural disaster [2], rioting [3], or terrorist attack [4]. The term... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice: Reynato Puno Court of Appeals Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | 1984 1981 | 1978 | 1969 | 1965 1961 | 1957 | 1953 | 1949 1946 | 1941 | 1935 Foreign relations Human rights Other countries â€¢ Politics Portal      The Sandiganbayan is... Romeo J. Callejo, Sr. ... Cancio C. Garcia (born October 20, 1937) is an incumbent Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines. ...


On September 5, 2007, Leonardo-de Castro, and Sandiganbayan Associate Justices Diosdado Peralta and Francisco Villaruz were assigned 2 extra bodyguards 3 weeks ago per initiative of the Sheriff (after getting threatening messages from an anonymous person). Renato Bocar, executive clerk of court confirmed the “new face" in De Castro’s office who has been “acting like a bodyguard."[5] Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice: Reynato Puno Court of Appeals Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | 1984 1981 | 1978 | 1969 | 1965 1961 | 1957 | 1953 | 1949 1946 | 1941 | 1935 Foreign relations Human rights Other countries â€¢ Politics Portal      The Sandiganbayan is... A bodyguard is a person who protects someone from personal assault, kidnapping, assassination, loss of confidential information, or other threats. ...


On September 7, 2007, the Sandiganbayan's Teresita De Castro announced that the graft court will promulgate the judgment on September 12, 2007 in the 6-year-old plunder trial (October 2001 to June 15, 2007) of ousted President Joseph Ejercito Estrada. The verdict will also inclued his son, Sen. Jinggoy Estrada; and lawyer Eduardo Serapio. Court Sheriff Ed Urieta said tight security will include 4,000 police and 2,000 soldiers, and military. Estrada is accused of stealing 4 billion pesos (US$81 million; €62 million) in illegal funds and falsely declaring his assets.[6] President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo signed Proclamation 1362 "Declaring Sept. 12, 2007 as a National Day of Prayer for Peace and Reconciliation of our Nation." She will lead the nation in praying for peace and reconciliation on that day the Sandiganbayan will promulgate the President Joseph Estrada plunder judgment. Last year, Arroyo declared September 12 as National Day of Prayer, Reparation and Consecration for our Nation.[7] On September 11, 2007, the Supreme Court of the Philippines allowed live television coverage of the Sandiganbayan's Joseph Estrada's promulgation of judgment on September 12, 2007 (granting the petition of the Kapisanan ng Brodkaster ng Pilipinas). The court, however, directed media to hook up with a video camera of the personnel of the Supreme Court public information office.[8] Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice: Reynato Puno Court of Appeals Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | 1984 1981 | 1978 | 1969 | 1965 1961 | 1957 | 1953 | 1949 1946 | 1941 | 1935 Foreign relations Human rights Other countries â€¢ Politics Portal      The Sandiganbayan is... A trial at the Old Bailey in London as drawn by Thomas Rowlandson and Augustus Pugin for Ackermanns Microcosm of London (1808-11). ... Look up Promulgation in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A judgment or judgement (see spelling note below), in a legal context, is synonymous with the formal decision made by a court following a lawsuit. ... is the 255th day of the year (256th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Looting (which derives via the Hindi lut from Sanskrit lunt, to rob) is the indiscriminate taking of goods by force as part of a military or political victory, or during a catastrophy or riot, such as during war [1], natural disaster [2], rioting [3], or terrorist attack [4]. The term... Look up trial in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Jinggoy Ejercito Estrada (born Jose Pimentel Ejercito on January 23, 1963) is a senator in the Philippines. ... For the fish called lawyer, see Burbot. ... A Norwegian soldier (a Corporal, armed with an MP-5) A soldier is a person who has enlisted with, or has been conscripted into, the armed forces of a sovereign country and has undergone training and received equipment to defend that country or its interests. ... Theft (also known as stealing) is, in general, the wrongful taking of someone elses property without that persons willful consent. ... Illegal, or unlawful, is either prohibitted or not authorized by law. ... Funding or financing is to provide capital (funds), which means money for a project, a person, a business or any other private or public institution. ... PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (born April 5, 1947), also known by her initials GMA, is the current and 14th President of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice: Reynato Puno Court of Appeals Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | 1984 1981 | 1978 | 1969 | 1965 1961 | 1957 | 1953 | 1949 1946 | 1941 | 1935 Foreign relations Human rights Other countries â€¢ Politics Portal      The Sandiganbayan is... Looting (which derives via the Hindi lut from Sanskrit lunt, to rob) is the indiscriminate taking of goods by force as part of a military or political victory, or during a catastrophy or riot, such as during war [1], natural disaster [2], rioting [3], or terrorist attack [4]. The term... A judgment or judgement (see spelling note below), in a legal context, is synonymous with the formal decision made by a court following a lawsuit. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      The Supreme Court of the Philippines (Filipino: Kataas-taasang Hukuman ng Pilipinas) is the... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice: Reynato Puno Court of Appeals Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | 1984 1981 | 1978 | 1969 | 1965 1961 | 1957 | 1953 | 1949 1946 | 1941 | 1935 Foreign relations Human rights Other countries â€¢ Politics Portal      The Sandiganbayan is... Promulgation is the act of formally proclaiming new legislation to the public. ... A judgment or judgement (see spelling note below), in a legal context, is synonymous with the formal decision made by a court following a lawsuit. ... Video cameras are used primarily in two modes. ...


Decision

On September 12, 2007, the Sandiganbayan finally gave its decision, finding Estrada not guilty on his perjury case and guilty of plunder "beyond reasonable doubt." He was sentenced to Reclusión perpetua.[9] Reclusión perpetua (Spanish, from Latin: reclusio perpetua, meaning permanent imprisonment) is a particular kind of sentence of imprisonment in the Philippines, Argentina, and several other countries. ...


Sandiganbayan's Presiding Justice Teresita De Castro and 2 other magistrates unanimously acquitted his son, Senator Jinggoy Estrada, and a lawyer Edward Serapio of plunder charges. The Fallo of the 262-page Decision declared the forfeiture in favor of the government: P542.701 million (bank accounts including interest), P189 million (Jose Velarde accounts including interest) and the Boracay mansion in New Manila, Quezon City.[10][11] Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice: Reynato Puno Court of Appeals Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | 1984 1981 | 1978 | 1969 | 1965 1961 | 1957 | 1953 | 1949 1946 | 1941 | 1935 Foreign relations Human rights Other countries â€¢ Politics Portal      The Sandiganbayan is... This article is about the concept of justice. ... Teresita Leonardo-De Castro (born Octorer 8, 1948) is an incumbent Presiding Justice of the Sandiganbayan of the Philippines. ... A magistrate is a civil or criminal (or both) judicial officer with limited authority to administer and enforce the law. ... Jinggoy Ejercito Estrada (born Jose Pimentel Ejercito on January 23, 1963) is a senator in the Philippines. ... For the fish called lawyer, see Burbot. ... Looting (which derives via the Hindi lut from Sanskrit lunt, to rob) is the indiscriminate taking of goods by force as part of a military or political victory, or during a catastrophy or riot, such as during war [1], natural disaster [2], rioting [3], or terrorist attack [4]. The term... Fallo is a comune and town in the Province of Chieti in the Abruzzo region of Italy Abruzzo · Communes of the province of Chieti Categories: | ... Look up decision in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Search and seizure is a legal tool whereby police who suspect that a crime has been committed may do a search of the property. ... For other uses, see Bank (disambiguation). ... ... For other senses of this word, see interest (disambiguation). ... Boracay is a tropical island located approximately 315km (200 miles) south of Manila and 2km off the northwest tip of the island of Panay in the Western Visayas region of the Philippines. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Nickname: Map of Metro Manila showing the location of Quezon City Coordinates: 14°38 N, 121°2 E Country Philippines Region National Capital Region Districts 1st to 4th districts of Quezon City Barangays 142 Incorporated (town) October 12, 1939 (as Balintawak) Incorporated (city) October 12, 1939 Government  - Mayor Feliciano Sonny...


Only the fallo or dispositive part of 2 judgments were read (resulting to only 15 minutes judicial proceedings).[12]During the reading of the judgment, witnesses said Joseph Estrada cried; his wife, Luisa Ejercito Estrada, Jackie Ejercito Lopez, San Juan Mayor Joseph Victor "JV" Ejercito, (Estrada's son with Guia Gomez), other family members and mistresses (including, Laarni Enriquez) all wept during the promulgation by the clerk.[13] Fallo is a comune and town in the Province of Chieti in the Abruzzo region of Italy Abruzzo · Communes of the province of Chieti Categories: | ... Judgment or judgement implies a balanced weighing up of evidence preparatory to making a decision. ... The judiciary, also referred to as the judicature, consists of justices, judges and magistrates among other types of adjudicators. ... Proceedings are the collection of academic papers that are published in the context of a conference. ... This page is about witnesses in law courts. ... For other uses, see Wife (disambiguation). ... Luisa Loi Pimentel Ejercito Estrada (born 1930 in Iba, Zambales) is the wife of former Philippine President Joseph Estrada, and was the thirteenth First Lady of the Philippines from 1998 to 2001. ... San Juan, the Spanish for Saint John, is a common toponym in parts of the world where Spanish is or was spoken: Argentina San Juan Province San Juan, Argentina, the capital of that province Cuba San Juan Hill Mexico San Juan, Campeche San Juan, Chihuahua San Juan, Coahuila San Juan... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Mistress is the feminine form of the word master. ... Tears trickling down the cheeks Lacrimation is the bodys process of producing tears, which are a liquid to clean and lubricate the eyes. ... Promulgation is the act of formally proclaiming new legislation to the public. ... The word clerk, derived from the Latin clericus meaning cleric, i. ...


Estrada's lawyer Estelito Mendoza stated that Estrada will file a motion for reconsideration (before September 27) of the 262-page Judgment and then appeal the verdict to the High Tribunal. The Philippine Chamber of Commerce and Industry said it will support a presidential pardon for Estrada. Jinggoy Estrada said The people will receive this with moral outrage and disgust. The time of reckoning will come. That time may not be too far now. ``This verdict is intended to legitimize the occupancy of an illegal tenant in Malacanang[14][15] Look up motion in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... is the 270th day of the year (271st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... A judgment or judgement (see spelling note below), in a legal context, is synonymous with the formal decision made by a court following a lawsuit. ... In law, an appeal is a process for making a formal challenge to an official decision. ... In law, a verdict indicates the judgment of a case before a court of law. ... A pardon is the forgiveness of a crime and the penalty associated with it. ... Jinggoy Ejercito Estrada (born Jose Pimentel Ejercito on January 23, 1963) is a senator in the Philippines. ...


Estrada, in Filipino Barong Tagalog (pineapple fibre dress shirt and cream trousers) with his trademark wristband stated that "I thought the role of justice would prevail here but really it's a kangaroo court." President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo stated that the court's decision must be accepted: "We hope and pray that the rule of law will prevail." Estrada's counsel Rene A.V. Saguisag issued the statement:"VICTORS' JUSTICE" - "It's victors' justice. It's ruling class justice. The special division (of the court) was programmed to convict. We never had a chance." Estrada will appeal the verdict and would be under automatic review at the Supreme Court of the Philippines.[16] A painting of Ramon Magsaysay, the first Philippine President to wear a barong in an official portrait A barong Tagalog (or simply barong) is an embroidered formal garment of the Philippines. ... For other uses, see Pineapple (disambiguation). ... For the meaning of fiber in nutrition, see dietary fiber. ... Look up dress in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Business shirt A shirt is a piece of clothing for the trunk of the body. ... Cans of cream. ... Germanic trousers of the 4th century found in the Thorsberg moor, Germany Early use of trousers in France: a sans-culotte by Louis-Léopold Boilly. ... “(TM)” redirects here. ... Wristbands are encircling strips worn on the wrist, made of any of a variety of materials depending on the purpose. ... PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (born April 5, 1947), also known by her initials GMA, is the current and 14th President of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Look up decision in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up counsel in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... In law, an appeal is a process for making a formal challenge to an official decision. ... In law, a verdict indicates the judgment of a case before a court of law. ... Automatic refers to any self-operating machine or automaton. ... Look up Review in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice Reynato Puno Court of Appeals · Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals · Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | All Foreign relations Human rights Other countries Politics Portal      The Supreme Court of the Philippines (Filipino: Kataas-taasang Hukuman ng Pilipinas) is the...


Estrada told AFP that he was resigned for the latest drama in his presidency: "last and best performance of my life." The prosecution's lead counsel Dennis Villa-Ignacio proudly asserted: "It shows that our judicial system really works.This is the last chance for the state to show that we can do it, that we can charge, prosecute and convict a public official regardless of his stature."[17] AFP is a three-letter acronym that may refer to: Advertiser funded programming Acute flaccid paralysis Active FoxPro Pages Advanced Flexible Processor, a model of Cyber computer by Control Data Corporation Advanced Function Presentation, an IBM printing architecture and file format Agence France-Presse, a major news agency Alpha-fetoprotein... For other uses, see Drama (disambiguation). ... The word Presidency is often used to describe the collective administrative and governmental entity that exists around an office of president of a state or nation. ... Criminal law (also known as penal law) is the body of law that regulates governmental sanctions (such as imprisonment and/or fines) as retaliation for crimes against the social order. ...


Joseph Estrada rose from obscurity to having been top Filipino film star, then hit the mark, by claiming the Presidency until destiny sent him to jail. He stated to AFP "I feel depressed, but it's my style not to show it." Before the release of the fatalistic judgment, he warned that he prevent his fans from making street protests.[18] This article is about motion pictures. ... The word Presidency is often used to describe the collective administrative and governmental entity that exists around an office of president of a state or nation. ... For other uses, see Destiny (disambiguation). ... AFP is a three-letter acronym that may refer to: Advertiser funded programming Acute flaccid paralysis Active FoxPro Pages Advanced Flexible Processor, a model of Cyber computer by Control Data Corporation Advanced Function Presentation, an IBM printing architecture and file format Agence France-Presse, a major news agency Alpha-fetoprotein... A judgment or judgement (see spelling note below), in a legal context, is synonymous with the formal decision made by a court following a lawsuit. ... 2003 GMO USDA protest Protest expresses relatively overt reaction to events or situations: sometimes in favour, more often opposed. ...


However Luis "Chavit" Singson said in a national television that Estrada must be punished by lethal injection. Luis “Chavit” Crisologo Singson (born June 21, 1941) is a Filipino politician. ... This article is about the execution and euthanasia method. ...


Estrada returned to his villa in Tanay, Rizal (driven on from a golf cart, to the helicopter)[19] The court permitted him to return to his villa, "until further orders".[20] The Albertian Villa Medici in Fiesole: terraced grounds on a sloping site. ... Tanay is the second largest municipality in the Rizal province of the Philippines. ... REPUBLIC OF THE PHILIPPINES Province of Rizal Region: CALABARZON (Region IV-A) Capital: Antipolo City† Founded: June 11, 1901 Population: 2000 census—1,707,218 (11th largest) Density—1,304 per km² (2nd highest) Area: 1,308. ... A Lamborghini built golf cart A golf cart (officially referred to as a golf car according to ANSI standard z130. ... For other uses, see Helicopter (disambiguation). ... The Albertian Villa Medici in Fiesole: terraced grounds on a sloping site. ...


Appeal

On September 26, 2007, Joseph Estrada appealed by filing a 63-page motion for reconsideration of the Sandiganbayan judgment penned by Teresita de Castro (submitting 5 legal grounds).[21] [22]Estrada alleged that the court erred "when it convicted him by acquitting his alleged co-conspirators."[23] is the 269th day of the year (270th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... This article is about the legal term. ... Look up motion in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice: Reynato Puno Court of Appeals Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | 1984 1981 | 1978 | 1969 | 1965 1961 | 1957 | 1953 | 1949 1946 | 1941 | 1935 Foreign relations Human rights Other countries â€¢ Politics Portal      The Sandiganbayan is... A judgment or judgement (see spelling note below), in a legal context, is synonymous with the formal decision made by a court following a lawsuit. ... Teresita Leonardo-De Castro (born Octorer 8, 1948) is an incumbent Presiding Justice of the Sandiganbayan of the Philippines. ... This article is about law in society. ...


On October 5, 2007, the Sandiganbayan's Special Division ruled to have set for October 19, oral argument (instead of a defense reply) on Joseph Estrada’s motion for reconsideration. Estrada asked court permission to attend the hearing, since it ordered the prosecution to file comment before October 11.[24] For other uses, see 5th October (Serbia). ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice: Reynato Puno Court of Appeals Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | 1984 1981 | 1978 | 1969 | 1965 1961 | 1957 | 1953 | 1949 1946 | 1941 | 1935 Foreign relations Human rights Other countries â€¢ Politics Portal      The Sandiganbayan is... is the 292nd day of the year (293rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Oral arguments are verbal presentations to a judge or appellate court by a lawyer (or the party when representing themselves) of the legal reasons why they should prevail. ...


Aftermath

On September 14, 2007, Chief presidential legal counsel Sergio Antonio Apostol officially stated that Sandiganbayan Justices Teresita de Castro, Diosdado Peralta and Francisco Villaruz Jr. should decline Judicial and Bar Council nomination and await other vacancies to ease pressure on President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo: “Para Hindi na maipit ang Presidente (In order to spare the President from pressure), they should withdraw their nomination. Parang iyong nangyari kay Justice (Gregory) Ong (Remember what happened in Justice Gregory S. Ong’s case) ...It’s a sacrifice on her part..Hindi niya maiwanan (ang posisyon) (She cannot leave the Sandiganbayan) because of the case of Joseph Estrada - Erap (Estrada’s nickname)." [25] A lawyer or attorney at law is a person licensed by the state to advise clients in legal matters and represent them in courts of law (and in other forms of dispute resolution). ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice: Reynato Puno Court of Appeals Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | 1984 1981 | 1978 | 1969 | 1965 1961 | 1957 | 1953 | 1949 1946 | 1941 | 1935 Foreign relations Human rights Other countries â€¢ Politics Portal      The Sandiganbayan is... Justice is a concept involving the fair and moral treatment of all persons, especially in law. ... Teresita Leonardo-De Castro (born Octorer 8, 1948) is an incumbent Presiding Justice of the Sandiganbayan of the Philippines. ... The Judicial and Bar Council of the Philippines is a body that recommends appointees for vacancies that may arise in the composition of the Supreme Court and other lower courts. ... Nomination is part of the process of selecting a candidate for either election to an office, or the bestowing of an honor or award. ... PRESIDENT OF THE PHILIPPINES Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo (born April 5, 1947), also known by her initials GMA, is the current and 14th President of the Republic of the Philippines. ... Gregory Santos Ong (born May 25, 1953) is an incumbent Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines. ...


In the aftermath of the verdict, De Castro, Villaruz and Peralta are now at the receiving end of two unsolicited advices from key officials. Senate of the Philippines Majority Leader Francis Pangilinan, ex-officio member, Judicial and Bar Council stated that the three Sandiganbayan justices "should have the delicadeza not to accept a promotion to the highest tribunal to dispel any suspicion that they pronounced Mr. Estrada guilty expecting a reward from Palace ... We do not want to see a cloud of suspicion over the appointees to the Supreme Court. They should always be above suspicion.”[26] Aftermath, is first attested in the 16th century in the meaning second crop (after-mowing, dialectal math, from Anglo-Saxon mæð mowing (c. ... In law, a verdict indicates the judgment of a case before a court of law. ... The Senate of the Philippines is the upper chamber of the bicameral legislature of the Philippines, the Congress of the Philippines. ... Francis Kiko Nepomuceno Pangilinan (born August 24, 1963) is a politician in the Philippines. ... This page includes English translations of several Latin phrases and abbreviations such as . ... Membership can refer to: Set membership - comprising part of a set in mathematics Social group membership - in sociology, the process of socialisation aims/results in achieving membership of a social group This is a disambiguation page — a list of articles associated with the same title. ... The Judicial and Bar Council of the Philippines is a body that recommends appointees for vacancies that may arise in the composition of the Supreme Court and other lower courts. ... Judiciary Supreme Court Chief Justice: Reynato Puno Court of Appeals Sandiganbayan Court of Tax Appeals Ombudsman Elections Commission on Elections 2007 | 2004 | 2001 | 1998 1995 | 1992 | 1986 | 1984 1981 | 1978 | 1969 | 1965 1961 | 1957 | 1953 | 1949 1946 | 1941 | 1935 Foreign relations Human rights Other countries â€¢ Politics Portal      The Sandiganbayan is... Justice is a concept involving the fair and moral treatment of all persons, especially in law. ...


Filmography

  • Sa kuko ng Aguila (1989)
  • Order to Kill (1985)
  • Bangkang Papel sa Dagat ng Apoy (1984)
  • Machonurin (1983)
  • Pedring Taruc (1982)
  • Kumander Alibasbas (1981)
  • Hoy Tukso, Layuan mo Ako (1980)
  • Okey Lang Basta't Kapiling Kita (1979)
  • Mamang Sorbetero (1979)
  • Warrant of Arrest (1979)
  • Magkaaway (1978)
  • Tatak ng Tondo (1978)
  • Yakuza Contract (1978)
  • Bakya mo Neneng (1977)
  • Huwag Mong Dungisan Ang Pisngi Ng Langit (1977)
  • Sa Dulo Ng Kris (1977)
  • Alas singko ng hapon, gising na ang mga anghel (1976)
  • Arrest the Nurse Killer (1976)
  • Bago Lumamig Ang Sabaw (1976)
  • Hoy Mister, Ako Ang Misis Mo (1976)
  • Battle of the Champions (film) (1975)
  • Counter Kill (1975)
  • Diligin Mo ng Hamog ang Uhaw na Lupa (1975)
  • Dugo at Pag-ibig sa Kapirasong Lupa (1975)
  • Hit and Run (1975)
  • Huwag mo akong Paandaran (1975)
  • Ang Nobya Kong Sexy (1975)
  • King Khayam and I (1974)
  • Manila Connection (1974)
  • Ransom (1974)
  • Tama na, Erap (1974)
  • Ang Agila at ang Araw (1973)
  • Dragnet (1973)
  • Erap Is My Guy (1973)
  • Okey ka, Erap (1973)
  • Panic (1973)
  • Blood Compact (1972)
  • Kill the Pushers (1972)
  • Magiting at Pusakal (1972)
  • Tatay na si Erap (1972)
  • Apat na Patak ng Dugo ni Adan (1971)
  • Digmaan Ng Mga Angkan (1971)
  • Valentin Walis (1971)
  • Boss Areglado (1970)
  • Padre Pugante (1970)
  • Sebastian (1970)
  • Simon Bastardo (1970)
  • Alamat ng Pitong Kilabot (1969)
  • Anim ang Dapat Patayin (1969)
  • Aragon Brothers (1969)
  • Capitan Pepe (1969)
  • Ang Ninong kong Nazareno (1969)
  • Patria Adorada (1969)
  • Sagupaan (1969)
  • Abdul Tapang (1968)
  • Azero Brothers (1968)
  • Cuadro de Jack (1968)
  • De Colores (1968)
  • Diegong Daga (1968)
  • Dos Por Dos (1968)
  • Galo Gimbal (1968)
  • Jakiri Valiente (1968)
  • Kid Brother (1968)
  • Killer Patrol (1968)
  • Quintin Salazar (1968)
  • Rancho Diablo (1968)
  • Suntok o Karate (1968)
  • Tatak: Double Cross (1968)
  • Tatlong Hari (1968)
  • Valiente Brothers (1968)
  • Alex Big Shot (1967)
  • Angkan ng Haragan (1967)
  • Boy Aguila (1967)
  • Ako'y Magbabalik (1966)
  • Badong Baldado (1966)
  • Bantay Salakay (1966)
  • Batang Iwahig (1966)
  • Bodyguard (1966)
  • Dodong Tricycle (1966)
  • Ito ang Pilipino (1966)
  • John Doe (1966)
  • Soliman Brothers (1966)
  • Stowaway (1966)
  • Totoy Bingi (1966)
  • Batang Angustia (1965)
  • Big Boss (1965)
  • Buhay sa Buhay (1965)
  • Deadly Pinoy (1965)
  • Hahamakin ang Lahat (1965)
  • Hamon sa Bandila (1965)
  • Jose Nazareno, Ang Taxi Driver (1965)
  • Labanang Lalake (1965)
  • Maskulado (1965)
  • Paalam sa Kahapon (1965)
  • Pepeng Pingas (1965)
  • Sa kamay ng mga Kilabot (1965)
  • Salonga Brothers (1965)
  • Sapang Palay (1965)
  • Valentin Galit (1965)
  • Garuda, Flight to Fury (1964)
  • Ako ang Papatay (1964)
  • Berdugo ng Mga Maton (1964)
  • Cordillera (1964)
  • Mga Daliring Ginto (1964)
  • Deadly Brothers (1964)
  • Encuentro (1964/II)
  • Geron Busabos, Ang Batang Quiapo (1964)
  • Pambato (1964)
  • Panginoon ng Pantalan (1964)
  • Siyam na Buhay ni Martin Pusa (1964)
  • Takot Mabuhay, Takot Mamatay (1964)
  • Vendetta Brothers (1964)
  • Barilan sa Pugad Lawin (1963)
  • Basagulero (1963)
  • Ginoong Itim (1963)
  • Istambay (1963)
  • Ito ang Maynila (1963)
  • Kilabot sa Daang Bakal (1963)
  • Kung Hindi ka Susuko (1963)
  • Los Paliqueros (1963)
  • Patapon (1963)
  • Pulong Diablo (1963)
  • Sugapa (1963)
  • Talahib (1963)
  • Tres Kantos (1963)
  • Via Europa (1963)
  • Asiong Meets Alembong (1962)
  • Digmaan Ng Mga Maton (1962)
  • Hari ng mga Maton (1962)
  • Kapit sa Patalim (1962)
  • Markang Rehas (1962)
  • Tondo Boy (1962)
  • Asiong Salonga (1961)
  • Baril sa Baril (1961)
  • Moises Padilla Story (1961)
  • Nag-uumpugang Bato (1961)
  • Pantalan ng Trece (1961)
  • Sa baril mag-uusap (1961)
  • Cuatro Cantos (1960)
  • True Confessions (1960)
  • Sumpa at Pangako (1959)
  • Batas ng Puso (1958)
  • Mga Liham kay Tiya Dely (1958)
  • Lo'Waist Gang (1958)
  • Matandang Tinale (1958)
  • Kandilang Bakal (1957)
  • Sampung Libong Pisong Pag-ibig (1957)
  • Kandelerong Pilak (1956)
  • The Erap Estrada Story (2008)


(159 films in all) Hit and run is the act of hitting an object with a vehicle and leaving the location of the incident. ... The term ransom refers to the practice of holding a prisoner to extort money or property extorted to secure their release, or to the sum of money involved. ... A dragnet is any system of coordinated measures for apprehending criminals or suspects; including road barricades and traffic stops, widespread DNA tests, and general increased police alertness. ... Panic is the primal urge to run and hide in the face of imminent danger. ... Billboard at Sandugo site in Bohol, Philippines Blood compact or blood covenant (in Spanish pacto de sangre) is an old ritual where two people drink each others blood as part of a native custom to seal a friendship, a pact or treaty, or to validate an agreement. ... SebastiAn (born Sebastian Akchoté) is a French electro artist who came to prominence with his first releases on Ed Banger Records in 2005 entitled Smoking Kills(?) & H.A.L.. A string of remixes followed including Annie, Daft Punk, Cut Copy, Revl9n & label-mate Uffie. ... De Colores is a traditional folk song that is well known throughout the Spanish-speaking world. ... Bodyguards of Viktor Yushchenko (far left) after leaving Gdansk city hall. ... The name John Doe is generally used in the United States as a placeholder name for a male party in a legal action or legal discussion whose true identity is unknown. ... A stowaway (also stoweaway) is a person who travels illegally, by airplane, bus, ship or train. ... This article or section contains a plot summary that is overly long. ... The Cordillera is a massive mountain range situated in the northern central part of the Philippines. ... Team 3D is a professional wrestling tag team of Brother Ray (Mark Lamonica), Brother Devon (Devon Hughes), and on occasion the team becomes a stable with Brother Runt (Matt Hyson). ... Patapon is a Japanese video game currently under development exclusively for the PlayStation Portable (PSP) handheld game console by the creators of the critically acclaimed LocoRoco. ... ... True Confessions was a magazine published by Fawcett Publications, beginning in the 1920s. ...

External links

References

  1. ^ Philippines' Estrada gets life for corruption, <http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/20734819/>. Retrieved on 2007-09-12
  2. ^ Transcript of annoucement of President Arroyo's pardon, <http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/storypage.aspx?StoryId=97046>. Retrieved on 2007-10-31
  3. ^ http://www.supremecourt.gov.ph/jurisprudence/2001/mar2001/146710_15.htm
  4. ^ GMA NEWS.TV, Sandigan may rule sooner on Estrada case; acquittal 'unlikely'
  5. ^ GMA NEWS.TV, Sandigan justices get extra guards over threats
  6. ^ IHT, Philippine court to rule on ex-president's plunder trial Sept. 12
  7. ^ GMA NEWS.TV, Arroyo declares Sept 12 as Nat'l Day of Prayers
  8. ^ Abs-Cbn Interactive, SC allows live coverage of Erap trial. As of 9:36am September 12,2007. The Sandiganbayan special division has found former President not guilty in his perjury case.
  9. ^ "Erap guilty of plunder, sentenced to reclusion perpetua", gmanews.tv, September 12, 2007.
  10. ^ GMA NEWS.TV, Sandigan forfeits Erap's 'Velarde' accounts, Boracay mansion
  11. ^ New York Times, Philippines Ex-President Convicted
  12. ^ Reuters, Philippines' Estrada deadpan when sentenced to life
  13. ^ GMA NEWS. TV, Erap plunder drama: The wife cried, and mistress, too
  14. ^ Bloomberg, Philippines' Estrada Guilty of `Plunder,' Faces Life
  15. ^ Inquirer.net, Estrada to file motion for reconsideration--lawyers
  16. ^ Reuters, Philippines' Estrada gets life
  17. ^ CNN.com, Deposed Philippine president given life sentence for plunder
  18. ^ AFP.google.com, Estrada: from movie star to Philippine president -- to jailbird
  19. ^ Inquirer.net, Estrada back in Tanay resthouse
  20. ^ Washington Post, Philippines' Estrada gets life
  21. ^ Monstersandcritics.com, Philippines' ex-president Estrada appeals conviction for plunder
  22. ^ English.people.com, Convicted Philippine ex-president files reconsideration motion
  23. ^ Inquirer.net, Estrada asks Sandiganbayan to reverse conviction, Cites acquittal of co-accused
  24. ^ ManilaBulletin, Erap wants to attend Sandigan oral arguments
  25. ^ GMA NEWS.TV, Palace urges Sandigan justices to decline SC nomination
  26. ^ Manila Standard Today, A no-win situation
Preceded by
Salvador Laurel
Vice President of the Philippines
1992–1998
Succeeded by
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo
Preceded by
Fidel V. Ramos
President of the Philippines
1998–2001
Succeeded by
Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo

  Results from FactBites:
 
Joseph Estrada - Information from Reference.com (2902 words)
Joseph Ejército Estrada, more popularly known as Erap (born José Marcelo Ejército on April 19, 1937), is a popular former film actor in the Philippines and was the 13th President of the Philippines from June 30, 1998 to January 20, 2001.
Joseph Estrada married Luisa Pimentel (former Doctor and first lady turned senator) and had three children with her: Jinggoy Estrada (former Mayor of San Juan turned Senator/married to Precy Vitug), Jackie Estrada (married to Beaver Lopez), and Jude Estrada.
Estrada was inaugurated on June 30, 1998 in the historical town of Malolos in Bulacan province.
Joseph Estrada - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1497 words)
Joseph Estrada, widely known as Erap (born April 19, 1937) is a popular film actor in the Philippines and was the 13th President of the Philippines from June 30, 1998 to January 20, 2001.
Estrada was inaugurated on June 30, 1998 in the historical town of Malolos in Bulacan province.
Estrada's herded supporters, particularly among the poor, marched to the EDSA Shrine demanding Estrada's release and his reinstatement as president, attempting to replicate the success of the previous revolution.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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